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1.
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 393, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is known to be associated with a worse patient outcome in heart failure. In cardiorenal syndrome (CRS), the prognostic role of concomitant hyponatremia is unclear. We sought to evaluate potential risk factors for hyponatremia in patients with CRS presenting with or without hyponatremia on hospital admission. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we investigated 262 CRS patients without sepsis admitted to the University Hospital Halle over a course of 4 years. CRS diagnosis was derived from an electronic search of concomitant diagnoses of acute or chronic (NYHA 3-4) heart failure and acute kidney injury (AKIN 1-3) or chronic kidney disease (KDIGO G3-G5nonD). A verification of CRS diagnosis was done based on patient records. Depending on the presence (Na < 135 mmol/L) or absence (Na ≥ 135 mmol/L) of hyponatremia on admission, the CRS patients were analyzed for comorbidities such as diabetes, presence of hypovolemia on admission, need for renal replacement therapy and prognostic factors such as in-hospital and one-year mortality. RESULTS: Two hundred sixty-two CRS patients were included in this study, thereof, 90 CRS patients (34.4%) with hyponatremia (Na < 135 mmol/L). The diabetes prevalence among CRS patients was high (> 65%) and not related to the serum sodium concentration on admission. In comparison to non-hyponatremic CRS patients, the hyponatremic patients had a lower serum osmolality, hypovolemia was more prevalent (41.1% versus 16.3%, p < 0.001). As possible causes of hypovolemia, diarrhea, a higher number of diuretic drug classes and higher diuretic dosages were found. Hyponatremic and non-hyponatremic CRS patients had a comparable need for renal-replacement therapy (36.7% versus 31.4%) during the hospital stay. However, after discharge, relatively more hyponatremic CRS patients on renal replacement therapy switched to a non-dialysis therapy regimen (50.0% versus 22.2%). Hyponatremic CRS patients showed a trend for a higher in-hospital mortality (15.6% versus 7.6%, p = 0.054), but no difference in the one-year mortality (43.3% versus 40.1%, p = 0.692). CONCLUSIONS: All CRS patients showed a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and a high one-year mortality. In comparison to non-hyponatremic CRS patients, hyponatremic ones were more likely to have hypovolemia, and had a higher likelihood for temporary renal replacement therapy.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 41(34): 3255-3268, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484517

RESUMO

AIMS: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute heart failure syndrome, which shares many features with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Although TTS was initially described with angiographically normal coronary arteries, smaller studies recently indicated a potential coexistence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in TTS patients. This study aimed to determine the coexistence, features, and prognostic role of CAD in a large cohort of patients with TTS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary anatomy and CAD were studied in patients diagnosed with TTS. Inclusion criteria were compliance with the International Takotsubo Diagnostic Criteria for TTS, and availability of original coronary angiographies with ventriculography performed during the acute phase. Exclusion criteria were missing views, poor quality of angiography loops, and angiography without ventriculography. A total of 1016 TTS patients were studied. Of those, 23.0% had obstructive CAD, 41.2% had non-obstructive CAD, and 35.7% had angiographically normal coronary arteries. A total of 47 patients (4.6%) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, and 3 patients had acute and 8 had chronic coronary artery occlusion concomitant with TTS, respectively. The presence of CAD was associated with increased incidence of shock, ventilation, and death from any cause. After adjusting for confounders, the presence of obstructive CAD was associated with mortality at 30 days. Takotsubo syndrome patients with obstructive CAD were at comparable risk for shock and death and nearly at twice the risk for ventilation compared to an age- and sex-matched ACS cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary artery disease frequently coexists in TTS patients, presents with the whole spectrum of coronary pathology including acute coronary occlusion, and is associated with adverse outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT01947621.

4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392403

RESUMO

Endpoints of large-scale trials in chronic heart failure have mostly been defined to evaluate treatments with regard to hospitalizations and mortality. However, patients with heart failure are also affected by very severe reductions in exercise capacity and quality of life. We aimed to evaluate the effects of heart failure treatments on these endpoints using available evidence from randomized trials. Interventions with evidence for improvements in exercise capacity include physical exercise, intravenous iron supplementation in patients with iron deficiency, and - with less certainty - testosterone in highly selected patients. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents have been reported to improve exercise capacity in anaemic patients with heart failure. Sinus rhythm may have some advantage when compared with atrial fibrillation, particularly in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation. Studies assessing treatments for heart failure co-morbidities such as sleep-disordered breathing, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease and depression have reported improvements of exercise capacity and quality of life; however, the available data are limited and not always consistent. The available evidence for positive effects of pharmacologic interventions using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists on exercise capacity and quality of life is limited. Studies with ivabradine and with sacubitril/valsartan suggest beneficial effects at improving quality of life; however, the evidence base is limited in particular for exercise capacity. The data for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction are even less positive, only sacubitril/valsartan and spironolactone have shown some effectiveness at improving quality of life. In conclusion, the evidence for state-of-the-art heart failure treatments with regard to exercise capacity and quality of life is limited and appears not robust enough to permit recommendations for heart failure. The treatment of co-morbidities may be important for these patient-related outcomes. Additional studies on functional capacity and quality of life in heart failure are required.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(4): 1442-1451, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462801

RESUMO

AIMS: The alarmin S100A8/S100A9 (S100A8/A9) is released by activated monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils in the setting lymphocytic myocarditis (MC). We recently demonstrated its therapeutic potential in experimental acute MC. Now, we investigated the diagnostic relevance of S100A8/A9 serum levels in patients with suspected acute and chronic MC and in patients with heart failure without cardiac inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum S100A8/A9 levels were analysed in patients with a recent onset of MC [≤ 30 days, n = 32; ejection fraction (EF): 45.4 ± 12.9%], dilated cardiomyopathy patients with inflammation (n = 112; EF: 29.0 ± 11.4%), or without inflammation (n = 58; EF: 26.6 ± 9.3%), and controls (n = 25; EF: 68.5 ± 4.6%), by using specific ELISAs. Blood samples were collected at Time Point 1 (T1), where also endomyocardial biopsies (EMBs) were withdrawn. Patients with a recent onset of MC showed a 4.6-fold increase in serum S100A8/A9 levels vs. controls (MC: 1948 ± 1670 ng/mL vs. controls: 426 ± 307 ng/mL; P < 0.0001). Serum S100A8/A9 correlated with the disease activity, represented by EMB-derived counts of inflammatory cells (CD3: r = 0.486, P = 0.0047, lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1: r = 0.558, P = 0.0009, macrophage-1 antigen: r = 0.434, P = 0.013), the EMB mRNA levels of S100A8, S100A9 (r = 0.541, P = 0.002), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF: r = 0.498, P = 0.0043). EMB immunofluorescence co-stainings display macrophages/monocytes and neutrophils as the main source of S100A8 and S100A9 in recent onset MC. The diagnostic value of serum alarmin levels (cut-off 583 ng/mL) was characterized by a specificity of 92%, a sensitivity of 90.6%, positive predictive value of 93.5%, negative predictive value of 88.5%, and an accuracy of 0.949 (95% confidence interval [0.89-1]). In a subgroup of MC patients, S100A8/A9 serum levels and EMBs at T1 (n = 12) and a follow-up visit (T2, n = 12, mean follow-up 8.5 months) were available. A fall of serum S100A8/A9 (T1: 2208 ± 1843 ng/mL vs. T2: 888.8 ± 513.7 ng/mL; P = 0.00052) was associated with a reduced cardiac inflammation (CD3 T1: 70.02 ± 107.4 cells per square millimetre vs. T2: 59.18 ± 182.5 cells per square millimetre; P = 0.0342, lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 T1: 133.5 ± 187.1 cells per square millimetre vs. T2: 74.12 ± 190.5 cells per square millimetre; P = 0.0186, and macrophage-1 antigen T1: 132.6 ± 129.5 cells per square millimetre vs. T2: 54.41 ± 65.16 cells per square millimetre; P = 0.0015). Serum S100A8/A9 levels were only slightly increased in patients within the chronic phase of MC and in heart failure patients without inflammation vs. controls. CONCLUSIONS: Serum S100A8/A9 might serve as an additional tool in the diagnostic workup of suspected acute MC patients.

7.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306221

RESUMO

Cancer therapeutics induced cardiotoxicity has emerged as an important factor of long-term adverse cardiovascular outcomes in survivors of various malignant diseases. Early detection of myocardial injury in the setting of cancer treatment is important for the initiation of targeted cardioprotective therapy, in order to prevent irreversible cardiac dysfunction and heart failure, while not withholding a potentially life-saving cancer therapy. Cardiac imaging techniques including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, and nuclear cardiac imaging are the main tools for the identification of cardiotoxicity. There is also growing evidence for the detection of subclinical cardiac dysfunction in cancer patients by speckle tracking echocardiography. In this review article, we focus on current and emerging data regarding the role of cardiac imaging for the detection of changes in myocardial function related with cancer treatment in clinical practice.

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(16): 1869-1877, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) occurs predominantly in post-menopausal women but is also found in younger patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate age-related differences in TTS. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with TTS and enrolled in the International Takotsubo Registry between January 2011 and February 2017 were included in this analysis and were stratified by age (younger: ≤50 years, middle-age: 51 to 74 years, elderly: ≥75 years). Baseline characteristics, hospital course, as well as short- and long-term mortality were compared among groups. RESULTS: Of 2,098 TTS patients, 242 (11.5%) patients were ≤50 years of age, 1,194 (56.9%) were 51 to 74 years of age, and 662 (31.6%) were ≥75 years of age. Younger patients were more often men (12.4% vs. 10.9% vs. 6.3%; p = 0.002) and had an increased prevalence of acute neurological (16.3% vs. 8.4% vs. 8.8%; p = 0.001) or psychiatric disorders (14.1% vs. 10.3% vs. 5.6%; p < 0.001) compared with middle-aged and elderly TTS patients. Furthermore, younger patients had more often cardiogenic shock (15.3% vs. 9.1% vs. 8.1%; p = 0.004) and had a numerically higher in-hospital mortality (6.6% vs. 3.6% vs. 5.1%; p = 0.07). At multivariable analysis, younger (odds ratio: 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 0.86 to 3.01; p = 0.14) and older age (odds ratio: 1.09; 95% confidence interval: 0.66 to 1.80; p = 0.75) were not independently associated with in-hospital mortality using the middle-aged group as a reference. There were no differences in 60-day mortality rates among groups. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of TTS patients are younger than 50 years of age. TTS is associated with severe complications requiring intensive care, particularly in younger patients.

9.
Minerva Med ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients suffering from acute decompensated heart failure show normal or slightly reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). This syndrome, which is known as "heart failure with preserved ejection fraction" (HFpEF) is associated with increasing age. Epidemiological studies could portrait an increasing importance and an even emerging prevalence in the past decades. Still, there is currently no evidenced based medical treatment option available. Our aims were to identify upcoming trends and emerging concepts and to point out important centers in the global research of HFpEF. METHODS: We performed a bibliometric study on current science in the field of HFpEF to identify study characteristics, impact factors and the countries of origin of basic and clinical studies that were published within the years 2009 to 2016. We further prepared density equalizing maps for visualization of the obtained data. RESULTS: A total of 5413 studies was screened, of which 794 were found eligible. The scientific output in clinical studies rose from 25 in 2009 to 165 in 2016. Most of the publications had a clinical topic, followed by studies on new imaging techniques. Basic research trials were by far beyond. United States, Japan and Germany were identified as the most important national contributors to global scientific output. CONCLUSIONS: This first bibliometric study in the field of HFpEF shows a substantial increase of research within the last decade, mainly in the United States, Japan, and continental Europe. As an onholding therapeutic trend in this field, we identified RAAS-blockade and 5- phosphodiesterase-inhibition.

10.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 78, 2020 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous closure (LAAC) of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is an efficacious preventive procedure for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and considerable bleeding risk. We sought to systematically review the available LAAC data on the novel occluder device LAmbre™. METHODS: For this systematic review, a search of the literature was conducted by 3 independent reviewers, reporting the safety and therapeutic success of LAAC in patients being treated with a LAmbre™. Publications reporting the safety and therapeutic success of LAAC using LAmbre™ in n > 5 patients were included. RESULTS: The literature search retrieved n = 10 publications, encompassing n = 403 NVAF patients treated with a LAmbre™ LAAC, with relevant data regarding safety and therapeutic success of the procedure. The mean CHA2DS2-VASc Score was 4.0 + 0.9, and the mean HAS-BLED score was 3.4 + 0.5. The implantation success was 99.7%, with a mean procedure time of 45.4 ± 18.7 min, and a fluoroscopy time of 9.6 ± 5.9 min, and a contrast agent volume of 96.7 ± 0.7 ml. The anticoagulation regimen was switched to DAPT post procedure in the majority of the patients (96.8%). Partial and full recapture were done in 45.5% and in 25.6%, respectively. Major complications were reported in 2.9%, with 0.3% mortality, 1.7% pericardial tamponade, 0.3% stroke, and 0.6% major bleeding complications; no device embolization was observed. During follow up at 6 or 12 months, major adverse cardiovascular events were reported in 3.3%: Stroke or TIA in 1.7%, thrombus formation on the device in 0.7%, and residual flow > 5 mm in 1.0%. In some publications, the favorable implantion properties of the LAmbre™ for difficult anatomies such as shallow or multilobular LAA anatomies were described. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review on the LAmbre™ LAA-occluder including n = 403 NVAF patients demonstrates an excellent implantion success rate, promising follow-up clinical data, and favorable properties for also challenging LAA anatomies,. While its design seems to be helpful in preventing device embolization, pericardial tamponade may not be substantially reduced by the LAmbre™ as compared with other established LAAC devices. Further larger prospective multicenter registries and randomized trials are needed to scrutinize the value of the LAmbre™ compared with established LAAC devices.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Frequência Cardíaca , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0228292, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about morphological molecular-imaging-derived parameters to further characterize hemodynamically relevant coronary lesions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and differentiate specific parameters between hemodynamically significant and non-significant coronary lesions using various invasive and non-invasive measures. METHODS: This clinical study analyzed patients with symptoms suggestive of coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent native T1-weighted CMR and gadofosveset-enhanced CMR as well as invasive coronary angiography. OCT of the culprit vessel to determine the plaque type was performed in a subset of patients. Functional relevance of all lesions was examined using quantitative flow reserve (QFR-angiography). Hemodynamically significant lesions were defined as lesions with a QFR <0.8. Signal intensity (contrast-to-noise ratios; CNRs) on native T1-weighted CMR and gadofosveset-enhanced CMR was defined as a measure for intraplaque hemorrhage and endothelial permeability, respectively. RESULTS: Overall 29 coronary segments from 14 patients were examined. Segments containing lesions with a QFR <0.8 (n = 9) were associated with significantly higher signal enhancement on Gadofosveset-enhanced CMR as compared to segments containing a lesions without significant stenosis (lesion-QFR>0.8; n = 19) (5.32 (4.47-7.02) vs. 2.42 (1.04-5.11); p = 0.042). No differences in signal enhancement were seen on native T1-weighted CMR (2.2 (0.68-6.75) vs. 2.09 (0.91-6.57), p = 0.412). 66.7% (4 out of 6) of all vulnerable plaque and 33.3% (2 out of 6) of all non-vulnerable plaque (fibroatheroma) as assessed by OCT were hemodynamically significant lesions. CONCLUSION: The findings of this pilot study suggest that signal enhancement on albumin-binding probe-enhanced CMR but not on T1-weighted CMR is associated with hemodynamically relevant coronary lesions.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Gadolínio/administração & dosagem , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Compostos Organometálicos/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
12.
Heart Fail Rev ; 25(2): 277-294, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396762

RESUMO

Meta-analysis on immunohistological (IHC) concepts for the detection of inflammatory cardiomyopathy (InfCM) in endomyocardial biopsies (EMB). We included 61 publications, with 10,491 patients (mean age 47.1 years; men 66%) who underwent EMB and IHC evaluation. The 460 control patients were devoid of IHC proof of InfCM. The mean IHC detection rate of InfCM was 50.8% (95% CI 47.7-53.8%; range 18.4-91.7%). A publication bias was excluded (Funnel Plot p = 0.4264). This IHC detection rate was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher compared to the histological detection of myocarditis according to the Dallas criteria (mean 8.04%; 95% CI 5.08-12.5%; subset of 3274 patients in 30 publications). However, 13 different diagnostic IHC criteria were described in the publications, with various thresholds of diverse phenotypes of quantified infiltrates, and endothelial expression of diverse cell adhesion molecules (CAM), quantified either visually or by digital image analysis (DIA). The comparison of IHC with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data available in a subset of 13 publications with 1185 patients revealed a sensitivity for CMR of 69% (95% CI 58-79%), a specificity of 73% (95% CI 59-84%), and a ROC-AUC of 0.77 (95% CI 0.73-0.81). This meta-analysis encompassing 10,491 patients confirms a mean detection rate of InfCM in 50.8% of EMB, being significantly more sensitive compared to the histological Dallas criteria. IHC cannot be fully substituted by CMR. However, standardization of the diverse IHC markers and protocols seems pertinent, especially considering the published adverse prognostic impact of IHC-confirmed InfCM and its published suitability for the selection of candidates responding favorably to immunosuppression.

13.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(1): 279-287, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is characterized by acute left ventricular dysfunction, which can contribute to intraventricular thrombus and embolism. Still, prevalence and clinical impact of thrombus formation and embolic events on outcome of TTS patients remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate clinical features and outcomes of patients with and without intraventricular thrombus or embolism. Additionally, factors associated with thrombus formation or embolism, as well as predictors for mortality, were identified. Approach and Results: TTS patients enrolled in the International Takotsubo Registry at 28 centers in Australia, Europe, and the United States were dichotomized according to the occurrence/absence of intraventricular thrombus or embolism. Patients with intraventricular thrombus or embolism were defined as the ThrombEmb group. Of 1676 TTS patients, 56 (3.3%) patients developed intraventricular thrombus and/or embolism following TTS diagnosis (median time interval, 2.0 days [range, 0-38 days]). Patients in the ThrombEmb group had a different clinical profile including lower left ventricular ejection fraction, higher prevalence of the apical type, elevated levels of troponin and inflammatory markers, and higher prevalence of vascular disease. In a Firth bias-reduced penalized-likelihood logistic regression model apical type, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30%, previous vascular disease, and a white blood cell count on admission >10×103 cells/µL emerged as independent predictors for thrombus formation or embolism. CONCLUSIONS: Intraventricular thrombus or embolism occur in 3.3% of patients in the acute phase of TTS. A simple risk score including clinical parameters associated with intraventricular thrombus formation or embolism identifies patients at increased risk. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.


Assuntos
Embolia/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Eletrocardiografia , Embolia/diagnóstico , Embolia/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Incidência , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ventriculografia com Radionuclídeos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
14.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 7(1): 61-67, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796683

RESUMO

BackgroundFriedreich's ataxia (FA) is an autosomal-recessive neurodegenerative disease characterised by neurologic, cardiac and endocrine abnormalities. Currently, Friedreich cardiomyopathy (FA-CM) staging is based on early ECG findings, high sensitivity troponin (hsTNT) ≥14 ng/ml and echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) morphologic and functional evaluation. However, further parameters, accessible only by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), such as myocardial oedema, perfusion defects, replacement and/or diffuse myocardial fibrosis, may have a place in the staging of FA-CA. Our aim was to elucidate the additive value of CMR in FA-CM.MethodsThree FA cases were assessed using ECG, 24 h Holter recording, hsTNT, routine ECHO including wall dimension, valvular and ventricular function evaluation and CMR using 1.5T Ingenia system. Ventricular volumes-function, wall dimensions and fibrosis imaging using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was performed.ResultsAll FA patients had non-specific ECG changes, almost normal 24 h Holter recording, mild hypertrophy with normal function assessed by echocardiography and increased hsTNT. However, the CMR evaluation revealed the presence of LGE >5% of LV mass, indicative of severe fibrosis. Therefore, the FA patients were re-categorized as having severe FA-CA, although their LVEF remained normal.ConclusionThe combination of classical diagnostic indices and CMR may reveal early asymptomatic FA-CM and motivate the early initiation of cardiac treatment. Furthermore, these indices can be also used to validate specific treatment targets in FA, potentially useful in the prevention of FA-CM.

15.
Analyst ; 145(2): 486-496, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781708

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a leading cardiomyopathy condition and is the leading reason for heart transplantation. Due to high etiologic and genetic heterogeneity of the pathologies, different therapeutic treatment strategies are available and have been successful for different treatments. Immunoadsorption (IA) therapy removes the circulating anticardiac antibodies and improves the left ventricular function in substantial proportion of DCM patients. Powerful, non-invasive analytical tools are highly desired to investigate the efficiency and success of IA therapy. In this contribution, we followed the changes of a female DCM patient undergoing IA therapy at different treatment time points in a label-free, non-invasive manner from blood samples (plasma and serum) on the basis of vibrational spectroscopy (Raman scattering and IR absorption). Chemometric methods, including dimension reduction and statistical modeling, were used to interpret spectral data. The impact of different time points of the IA treatment can be identified in both the plasma and serum, using both techniques, with high accuracy. The removal of antibodies of immunoglobulin G (IgG) group during IA therapy and their restoration was reflected in both Raman and FTIR spectra. Relative changes in the spectral bands assigned to IgG agreed well with the immunoturbidimetry measurement of total IgG. Successful clinical treatment was accompanied by spectral differences between vibrational spectra obtained at initial disease state and 11 months after the IA treatment. The long-term follow-up of the patient reveals the stabilization of the health state after therapy. It is noteworthy that the treatment time points were distinguished with a better accuracy using spectra from plasma compared to those from serum samples, which might indicate the involvement of corresponding proteins in the coagulation. Vibrational spectroscopy is a powerful tool for personalized medicine to follow-up the treatment success of IA therapy for the DCM disorder.

16.
Heart Lung Circ ; 29(2): 202-210, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) is an established interventional treatment for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) patients with drug refractory symptoms. This study investigated the prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in relation to the late clinical outcome. METHODS: Twenty-one (21) HOCM patients underwent CPET before and 3 months after ASA and were followed yearly thereafter. Clinical success was considered to be a decrease of ≥1 (New York Heart Association or Canadian Cardiovascular Society) functional class. Cardiopulmonary exercise test parameters [maximal oxygen uptake (PeakVO2), % predicted VO2 (PeakVO2%), oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold (AT), maximal workload (W), % predicted W (W%), ventilation (VE), % predicted VE (VE%), ventilation to maximal carbon dioxide production slope (VE/VCO2), % predicted maximal heart rate (HR%), and maximal systolic blood pressure (SBP)] were compared before and 3 months after ASA. RESULTS: After follow-up of 29 ± 13 months, 16 patients had a good clinical results (clinical responders), while five did not improve (clinical non-responders). The CPET parameters did not change in non-responders, while clinical responders showed significant improvement in VO2, VO2%, W, VE/VCO2, VE, VE%, as well as an increase in HR% and SBP at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: The data confirmed a good association between the improvement in CPET parameters and the clinical results 3 months after ASA. This may therefore serve as an early marker of HOCM-ASA treatment success.

17.
Nanomedicine ; 23: 102096, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669855

RESUMO

Phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) are endogenous phospholipids with putative anti-inflammatory potential. However, studies comparing PS and PG are rare and were mainly conducted with phospholipid-dispersions of large size and broad distributions. Thus, we prepared small-sized PS- and PG-loaded liposomes exhibiting narrow distribution, and additionally studied the impact of liposome-pegylation on the reduction of the TNFα-production caused by the PS- and PG-liposomes. These PS- and PG-containing nanodispersions had a small size around 100nm and a narrow distribution (PDI<0.1). The liposome-dispersions showed no toxicity in NHDF- and 3T3-cells and virtually no hemolytic activity. They decreased the TNFα-production of LPS-(lipopolysaccharide)-stimulated mouse peritoneal macrophages in vitro. PG-liposomes always decreased the TNFα-levels more potently than PS-liposomes. Pegylation of PS- and PG-liposomes caused different Zeta potentials, but did not change biological activity. The results of the current study indicate a high potential of the tested formulations for phospholipid-based anti-inflammatory therapies.

18.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(2): 330-337, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863563

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of aspirin on prognosis in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients from the International Takotsubo (InterTAK) Registry were categorized into two groups based on aspirin prescription at discharge. A comparison of clinical outcomes between groups was performed using an adjusted analysis with propensity score (PS) stratification; results from the unadjusted analysis were also reported to note the effect of the PS adjustment. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: a composite of death, myocardial infarction, TTS recurrence, stroke or transient ischaemic attack) were assessed at 30-day and 5-year follow-up. A total of 1533 TTS patients with known status regarding aspirin prescription at discharge were included. According to the adjusted analysis based on PS stratification, aspirin was not associated with a lower hazard of MACCE at 30-day [hazard ratio (HR) 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-3.04, P = 0.64] or 5-year follow-up (HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.78-1.58, P = 0.58). These results were confirmed by sensitivity analyses performed with alternative PS-based methods, i.e. covariate adjustment and inverse probability of treatment weighting. CONCLUSION: In the present study, no association was found between aspirin use in TTS patients and a reduced risk of MACCE at 30-day and 5-year follow-up. These findings should be confirmed in adequately powered randomized controlled trials. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01947621.

19.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 477-483, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802881

RESUMO

Objectives: Treatment with lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) such as statins, cholesterol absorption inhibitors, or PCSK9 inhibitors is of major importance for the survival of patients with atherosclerotic diseases, and adherence to LLT is essential for treatment success. The intention of this study was to investigate adherence to LLT in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in a 12-month follow-up period in Saxony-Anhalt, the state with the highest incidence and mortality for CHD in Germany. Patients and methods: Data were taken from 542 hospitalized patients with angiographically documented CHD who were prospectively included in this study conducted in the Department of Medicine III of the University Clinics (Halle). We collected data concerning medication at discharge and after 3 and 12 months. Results: A total of 542 patients were included in this study. Mean age was 69.2 ± 11.8 years. In all, 68.8% were males, 165 (30.4%) were smokers, 39.7% suffered from diabetes, and 86.9% had arterial hypertension. The follow-up time of this study was 12 months. At discharge, 463 patients (85.4%) were being treated with a statin. After 3 months 409 (75.5%) and after 12 months, 395 patients (72.9%) were still on statin therapy, respectively. In total treatment, adherence for the statin medication decreased by 15.7% in 12 months. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that survival, taken as freedom of death from any cause, decreased significantly if statin treatment was stopped (p=0.001). This was confirmed by multivariate Cox regression (HR 1.78, p=0.012). Ezetemibe was prescribed for 56 patients at discharge (10.3%). After 3 months, 40 patients (7.4%) were still taking ezetemibe. After 12 months, adherence to ezetemibe treatment decreased to 4.1% (22 patients). Conclusion: During follow-up for 3 and 12 months, adherence for statin therapy decreased by 15.7% and for ezetemibe by 46.6%. Here, low adherence to statin therapy was associated with fatal outcome.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Ezetimiba/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos/sangue , Adesão à Medicação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Regulação para Baixo , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/mortalidade , Ezetimiba/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Herz ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is due to amyloid deposition in the myocardium. Transthyretin (ATTR) and light-chain (AL) amyloidosis are the main types of CA. Here, we present the clinical and imaging findings in patients with CA and discuss the controversies with the aim of finding the ideal diagnostic tool. METHODS: Ten patients suspected of having CA on the basis of electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic findings were evaluated via cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR; 1.5 T) using cine, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), T1, T2 mapping, and extracellular volume fraction. N­terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were also assessed in all patients. RESULTS: All ten patients had an echocardiogram suggestive of CA. The CMR study documented ventricular hypertrophy leading to small ventricular volumes, as assessed by echocardiography. Diffuse subendocardial LGE, supporting the diagnosis of CA, was identified in all except one patient, who had subepicardial LGE due to myocarditis that was verified by endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). Right ventricular (RV) involvement was identified in four of the ten patients, whose condition deteriorated rapidly over the next 6 months. The NT-proBNP levels were >332 pg/ml in all except two patients. Light-chain amyloidosis was identified via fat tissue biopsy in two patients and through renal biopsy in one patient. In two patients with positive technetium-99m, EMB confirmed the diagnosis of ATTR. CONCLUSION: NT-proBNP may be a sensitive but nonspecific biomarker for assessing CA. However, CMR is the only imaging modality that can assess the pathophysiologic background of cardiac hypertrophy and the severity of CA, irrespective of NT-proBNP level.

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