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1.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2020 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385923

RESUMO

Endometriosis of the urinary tract is a rare condition that may lead to severe complications. At present, the major challenge appears to be the ultrasound differential diagnosis with diseases that can afflict the ureter and the bladder. Preoperative scan findings were compared with surgical and histologic records. Twenty-three cases were selected as being of interest, as they were referred for suspected endometriosis, whereas second-level ultrasound revealed a different disease in some cases. This case series aims to help in becoming familiar with the possible differential diagnosis of lesions of the urinary tract that resemble endometriosis.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18909, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prolonged culture of embryos to the blastocyst stage represents an increasing procedure in Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) laboratories. Generally, only blastocysts developing on Day 5 and Day 6 are considered suitable embryos for transfer, cryopreservation or biopsy while embryos developed at a slower rate after Day 6 are routinely discarded. However, also blastocysts developing on Day 7 can be viable and result in a healthy live birth. Unfortunately, data regarding the clinical outcomes of Day 7 blastocysts compared to blastocysts developing on Day 5 or Day 6 are controversial. In this systematic review and aggregate data meta-analysis, we aim to evaluate the real reproductive potential of delayed blastocysts on Day 7 in frozen cycles. METHODS: We will include all studies, with no restriction regarding the study design (randomized and observational trials, including cohort and case-control), investigating the clinical success of blastocysts developed on Day 7 compared to Day 5 and Day 6 blastocysts. The primary outcomes are the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) following frozen-thawed embryo transfer (Day 7 vs Day 6, and Day 5); secondary outcomes are: live birth rate (LBR) following frozen-thawed embryo transfer, euploid rate and survival rate of thawed blastocyst. Two reviewers independently will judge the methodological quality of studies included in the meta-analysis using the criteria reported in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions or the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale according to the design of the trials. The meta-analysis will be performed using random effects models and heterogeneity will be assessed using Higgins I2 value. Summary estimate of the proportion of each outcome will be expressed as pooled proportion with 95% confidence interval (CI). The effect of the day on each outcome will be evaluated using a multilevel mixed-effects model with a moderator (the day). The effect will be expressed as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). A P value less than .05 will be considered statistically significant. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This is a systematic review not requiring an ethical approval. Findings derived from this systematic review and meta-analysis will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226264, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821376

RESUMO

AIM: Women with adenomyosis are at higher risk of endometriosis recurrence after surgery. This study was to assess if the lymphatic vessel network drained from the uterus to near organs where endometriosis foci lied. METHODS: A prospective, observational study, Canadian Task Force Classification II-2, was conducted at Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar, Italy. 104 white women aged 18-43 years were enrolled consecutively for this study. All patients underwent laparoscopy for endometriosis and a tubal dye test was carried out. RESULTS: Evidence of dye dissemination through the uterine wall and outside the uterus was noted in 27 patients (26%) with adenomyosis as it permeated the uterine wall and a clear passage of the dye was shown in the pelvic lymphatic vessels regardless whether the tubes were unobstructed. Histological assessment of the uterine biopsies confirmed adenomyosis. CONCLUSION: Adenomyosis is characterized by ectatic lymphatics that allow the drainage of intrauterine fluids (the dye and, perhaps, menstrual blood) at minimal intrauterine pressure from the uterine cavity though the lymphatic network to extrauterine organs. Certainly, this may not be the only explanation for endometriosis dissemination but the correlation between the routes of the dye drainage and location of endometriosis foci is highly suggestive.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532753

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease which symptoms can provide a severe impact on patient's quality of life with subsequent impact on psychological well-being. Different therapeutic strategies are available to treat this disease, such as surgery, hormonal therapies, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Nevertheless, the efficacy of conventional medical treatments is limited or intermittent in most of the patients due to the associated side effects. Therefore, a woman with endometriosis often search for additional and alternative options, and phytotherapy might be a promising alternative and complementary strategy. Different medicinal plants, multicomponent herbal preparations, and phytochemicals were investigated for pharmacological proprieties in endometriosis therapy. In most of the cases, the effect on endometriosis was related to phenolic compounds, such as flavonoids and phenolic acids reporting anti-inflammatory, proapoptotic, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory functions. Moreover, some phytochemicals have been related to a strong phytoestrogenic effect modulating the estrogen activity. Although promising, available evidence is based on in vitro and animal models of endometriosis with a limited number of well-performed clinical studies. There are almost none randomized control trials in this area. Therefore, properly constructed clinical trials are mandatory to achieve more conclusive results about the promising role of phytotherapy in the management of endometriosis.

5.
J Reprod Immunol ; 134-135: 21-27, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382126

RESUMO

Preeclampsia is a severe complication of human pregnancy as it leads to significant maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. A prompt recognition of women that develop this syndrome can improve clinical management, increase surveillance and, finally, improve outcomes. Different methods (based on history, ultrasound, serum and urinary biomarkers) were proposed a screening tests for this disease but their performance showed limited results. Urinary inositol phosphoglycans P-type (IPG-P) were shown to identify in advance most of the women who will develop preeclampsia in case-control and longitudinal studies, so we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. Seven studies met the entry criteria so were evaluated. All case-control studies showed excellent statistical performances in a quality statistical assessment. The meta-analysis considered three longitudinal, prospective studies that showed high sensitivity and specificity with ranges of 0.82- 0.99 and 0.90-1.00, respectively. Univariate measures of accuracy revealed a positive and negative likelihood ratio respectively of 3.61 (95% CI 1.56-5.67) and -2.35 (95% CI -3.79 to -0.91). By univariate approach, we found a pooled logarithm of diagnostic odds ratio of 6.15 (95% CI 2.64-9.67). A limitation of this analysis is that, although conducted in different settings (UK, Italy, France, South Africa, and Mauritius) and different clinical groups, they were based on a single academic group. According to our findings, IPG-P test showed very encouraging results as a rapid noninvasive screening test for preeclampsia. Further studies are needed to verify and to validate the reported findings.

6.
Curr Pharm Des ; 25(22): 2467-2473, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, represents one of the most common maternal-fetal complications during pregnancy and it is associated with poor perinatal outcomes. To date, GDM is a rising condition over the last decades coinciding with the ongoing epidemic of obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to discuss the role of diet and nutritional interventions in preventing GDM with the explanation of the special role of myo-inositol (MI) in this matter. METHODS: We performed an overview of the most recent literature data on the subject with particular attention to the effectiveness of diet and nutritional interventions in the prevention of GDM with the special role of MI. RESULTS: Nutritional intervention and physical activity before and during pregnancy are mandatory in women affected by GDM. Moreover, the availability of insulin-sensitizers such as different forms of inositol has dramatically changed the scenario, allowing the treatment of several metabolic diseases, such as those related to glucose dysbalance. Although the optimal dose, frequency, and form of MI administration need to be further investigated, diet supplementation with MI appears to be an attractive alternative for the GDM prevention as well as for the reduction of GDM-related complications. CONCLUSIONS: More studies should be conducted to prove the most effective nutritional intervention in GDM. Regarding the potential effectiveness of MI, further evidence in multicenter, randomized controlled trials is needed to draw firm conclusions.

7.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 36(4): 673-683, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize evidence on the effectiveness of testosterone supplementation for poor ovarian responders (POR) on IVF outcomes. The primary outcome was live birth rate (LBR); secondary outcomes were clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), miscarriage rate (MR), total and MII oocytes, and total embryos. METHODS: This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluates the effects of testosterone administration before/during COS compared with a control group in patients defined as POR. The primary outcome was live birth rate (LBR); secondary outcomes were clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), miscarriage rate (MR), total and MII oocytes, and total embryos. Pooled results were expressed as risk ratio (RR) or mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Sources of heterogeneity were investigated through sensitivity and subgroup analysis. All analyses were performed by using the random-effects model. RESULTS: Women receiving testosterone showed higher LBR (RR 2.29, 95% CI 1.31-4.01, p = 0.004), CPR (RR 2.32, 95% CI 1.47-3.64, p = 0.0003), total oocytes (MD = 1.28 [95% CI 0.83, 1.73], p < 0.00001), MII oocytes (MD = 0.96 [95% CI 0.28, 1.65], p = 0.006), and total embryos (MD = 1.17 [95% CI 0.67, 1.67], p < 0.00001) in comparison to controls, with no difference in MR (p = ns). Sensitivity and subgroup analysis did not provide statistical changes to the pooled results. CONCLUSIONS: Testosterone therapy seems promising to improve the success at IVF in POR patients. Further RCTs with rigorous methodology and inclusion criteria are still mandatory.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/tratamento farmacológico , Fertilização In Vitro/efeitos dos fármacos , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Testosterona/uso terapêutico , Aborto Espontâneo/fisiopatologia , Hormônio Antimülleriano , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/fisiopatologia , Nascimento Vivo , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 299(2): 299-315, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30542793

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Gynaecological cancer management in older people represents a current challenge. Therefore, in the present paper, we aimed to gather all the evidence reported in the literature concerning gynecological cancers in the elderly, illustrating the state of art and the future perspectives. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, IBECS, BIOSIS, Web of Science, SCOPUS and Grey literature (Google Scholar; British Library) from January 1952 to May 2017, using the terms "ovarian cancer", "endometrial cancer", "cervical cancer", "gynecological cancers" combined with 'elderly', 'cancer', 'clinical trial' and 'geriatric assessment'. RESULTS: The search identified 81 citations, of which 65 were potentially relevant after initial evaluation and met the criteria for inclusion and were analyzed. We divided all included studies into three different issue: "Endometrial cancer", "Ovarian cancer" and "Cervical cancer". CONCLUSIONS: The present literature review shows that, in spite of the higher burden of comorbidities, elderly patients can also benefit from standard treatment to manage their gynecological cancers. It is important to overcome the common habit of undertreating the elderly patients because they are more fragile and with a lower life expectancy than their younger counterpart. Further trials with elderly women are warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos
10.
Radiol Oncol ; 52(3): 307-319, 2018 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30210049

RESUMO

Background The aim of the study was to analyze the overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) of patients with high grade and advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) with at least 60 months of follow-up treated in a single gynecologic oncology institute. We compared primary debulking surgery (PDS) versus neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus interval debulking surgery (NACT + IDS) stratifying data based on residual disease with the intent to identify the rationale for therapeutic option decision and the role of laparoscopic evaluation of resectability for that intention. Patients and methods This is observational retrospective study on consecutive patients with diagnosis of high grade and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage III/IV EOC referred to our center between January 2008 and May 2012. We selected only patients with a follow-up of at least 60 months. Primary endpoint was to compare PDS versus NACT + IDS in term of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints were PFS and OS stratifying data according to residual disease after surgery in patients receiving PDS versus NACT + IDS. Finally, through Cox hazards models, we tested the prognostic value of different variables (patient age at diagnosis, residual disease after debulking, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) stage, number of adjuvant-chemotherapy cycles) for predicting OS. Results A total number of 157 patients were included in data analysis. Comparing PDS arm (108 patients) and NACT + IDS arm (49 patients) we found no significant differences in term of OS (41.3 versus 34.5 months, respectively) and PFS (17.3 versus 18.3 months, respectively). According to residual disease we found no significant differences in term of OS between NACT + IDS patients with residual disease = 0 and PDS patients with residual disease = 0 or residual disease = 1, as well as no significant differences in PFS were found comparing NACT + IDS patients with residual disease = 0 and PDS patients with residual disease = 0; contrarily, median PFS resulted significantly lower in PDS patients receiving optimal debulking (residual disease = 1) in comparison to NACT + IDS patients receiving complete debulking (residual disease = 0). PDS arm was affected by a significant higher rate of severe post-operative complications (grade 3 and 4). Diagnostic laparoscopy before surgery was significantly associated with complete debulking. Conclusions We confirm previous findings concerning the non-superiority of NACT + IDS compared to PDS for the treatment of EOC, even if NACT + IDS treatment was associated with significant lower rate of post-operative complications. On the other hand, selecting patients for NACT + IDS, based on laparoscopic evaluation of resectabilty prolongs the PFS and does not worse the OS compared to the patients not completely debulked with PDS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 298(5): 1029-1035, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30242498

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential application of a nomogram based on woman's age and ovarian reserve markers as a tool to optimize the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) starting dose in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis enrolling 179 infertile women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS), followed by IUI. Each woman received an FSH starting dose according to clinical decision. After collecting data about COS and IUI procedures, we calculated the FSH starting dose according to the nomogram. The main outcomes measured were women's baseline characteristics, COS, and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: The FSH starting dose calculated by the nomogram was significantly lower than the one actually prescribed (p < 0.001), in only 14.8% of the cycles nomogram calculated a higher starting dose. When gonadotropin dose was decreased during COS, and similarly in case of hyper-response (more than two follicles ≥ 16 mm retrieved), the FSH starting dose calculated by the nomogram would have been lower in most of the cases (81.8% and 48.8%, respectively). Conversely, when gonadotropin dose was increased during COS and in case of low ovarian response (no follicle ≥ 16 mm retrieved), the FSH starting dose calculated by the nomogram would have been lower in most of the cases (64.7% and 100%, respectively); in these groups median anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level was 5.62 ng/mL. CONCLUSIONS: The application of this nomogram in IUI cycles would lead to a more tailored FSH starting dose and improved cost-effectiveness, although in PCOS women, particularly the ones with high AMH, it does not seem adequate.


Assuntos
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/administração & dosagem , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Inseminação Artificial/métodos , Nomogramas , Reserva Ovariana , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Adulto , Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Idade Materna , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 298(4): 675-684, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30078122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether oral myo-inositol supplementation (MI) is able to reduce the amount of gonadotropins (GA) and the length of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (SL) in both Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: We performed a systematic review (PROSPERO ID: CRD42017069439) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We searched articles published in English between January 1985 to August 2017, using the combination of the Medical Subject Headings "Inositol" with "Ovulation Induction", "follicle-stimulating hormone, human, with HCG C-terminal peptide", "Reproductive Techniques, Assisted", and "Fertilization in Vitro". We collected data about GA and SL comparing MI to no treatment or D-Chiro-Inositol (DCI) supplementation (controls). A subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate selected outcomes in PCOS and non-PCOS women. RESULTS: We included 8 studies embedding 812 participants. We found a reduction in GA (p < 0.00001) and SL (p = 0.0007) in patients receiving MI with respect to controls. MI was effective in both PCOS (p < 0.00001) and non-PCOS women (p = 0.02) in reducing GA; conversely, MI supplementation decreased the SL only in PCOS women (p < 0.00001). CONCLUSION: During IVF, MI is effective in both PCOS and non-PCOS women in saving gonadotropins, but reduces efficiently SL only in PCOS women.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Gonadotropinas/administração & dosagem , Inositol/administração & dosagem , Indução da Ovulação , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/fisiopatologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Fertil Steril ; 110(1): 103-112.e1, 2018 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29908776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of antibiotic therapy for chronic endometritis (CE) on IVF outcome. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Infertile women with history of recurrent implantation failure, defined as two or more failed ETs, undergoing one or more IVF cycle(s). INTERVENTION(S): The review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017062494) before the start of the literature search. Observational studies were identified by searching electronic databases. The following comparators were included: women with CE receiving antibiotics vs. untreated controls; women with cured CE vs. women with persistent CE; and women with cured CE vs. women with normal endometrial histology (negative for CE). The summary measures were reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), ongoing pregnancy rate/live birth rate (OPR/LBR), implantation rate (IR), miscarriage rate. RESULT(S): A total of 796 patients (from five studies) were included. Women receiving antibiotic therapy (without the histologic confirmation of CE cure) did not show any advantage in comparison with untreated controls (OPR/LBR, CPR, and IR). Patients with cured CE showed higher OPR/LBR (OR 6.81), CPR (OR 4.02), and IR (OR 3.24) in comparison with patients with persistent CE. In vitro fertilization outcome was comparable between women with cured CE and those without CE (OPR/LBR, CPR, and IR). Miscarriage rate was not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSION(S): Chronic endometritis therapy may improve IVF outcome in patients suffering from recurrent implantation failure. A control biopsy should always confirm CE resolution before proceeding with IVF.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual/epidemiologia , Aborto Habitual/terapia , Endometrite/epidemiologia , Endometrite/terapia , Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade Feminina , Resultado da Gravidez , Aborto Habitual/etiologia , Doença Crônica , Implantação do Embrião/fisiologia , Endometrite/complicações , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Fertilização In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2018: 7924021, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29743986

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a condition characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, leading to a chronic inflammatory reaction. It is one of the most widespread gynecological diseases with a 10-15% prevalence in the general female population, rising up to 30-45% in patients with infertility. Although it was first described in 1860, its etiology and pathogenesis are still unclear. It is now accepted that inflammation plays a central role in the development and progression of endometriosis. In particular, it is marked by an inflammatory process associated with the overproduction of an array of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandins, metalloproteinases, cytokines, and chemokines. In addition, the growth and adhesion of endometrial cells in the peritoneal cavity due to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and free radicals lead to disease onset, its ensuing symptoms-among which pain and infertility. The aim of our review is to evaluate the role of oxidative stress and ROS in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and the efficacy of antioxidant therapy in the treatment and mitigation of its symptoms.


Assuntos
Endometriose/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Endometriose/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29626708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Accidental ureteral injury with gynaecologic surgery, especially hysterectomy, represents a high risk of patient morbidity. The incidence may vary from centre to centre. As the introduction of new minimally invasive surgical techniques and instruments may have affected the incidence of ureteral injury, we de novo analysed the incidence data for the last seven years. STUDY DESIGN: Incidence of ureteral injury was analysed stratifying the data according to the type of hysterectomy (n = 3071). The incidence rate was reported as a confidence interval (CI). Ureteral injuries were classified as direct or indirect. RESULTS: Fifteen ureteral injuries were registered. The highest incidence was evidenced for radical hysterectomy (CI: 0.82-3.99), followed by laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (CI: 0-11.9). The incidence of direct ureteral injury was 26.6%, half of which were identified during the operative procedure. In 26.7% of the operations resulting in ureteral injury, heat-generating instruments were used. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of ureteral injury during different types of hysterectomy was low. The majority of injuries were indirect. These were injuries which resulted from a micro-trauma, and developed due to the delayed necrosis of the ureteral wall. Laparoscopic approach to radical and simple hysterectomy didn't substantially raise the incidence of ureteral injury.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Ureter/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 5727165, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675427

RESUMO

Objective: Our aim was to study the efficacy of transvaginal bilateral sacrospinous fixation (TBSF) and its impact on quality of life (QoL) and sexual functions in women affected by second recurrences of vaginal vault prolapse (VVP). Materials and Methods: We performed a prospective observational study on 20 sexually active patients affected by second recurrence of VVP, previously treated with monolateral sacrospinous fixation. TBSF was performed in all the patients. They had been evaluated before the surgery and at 12-month follow-up through pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system, Short Form-36 (SF-36), and Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Results: At 12-month follow-up, 18 out of 20 (90%) patients were cured of their recurrent VVP. No major intra- and postoperative complications occurred. We found a significant improvement in 4/5 POP-Q landmarks (excluding total vaginal length), SF-36, and PISQ-12 scores. Conclusion: According to our data analysis, TBSF appears to be safe, effective, and able to improve both QoL and sexual functions in patients affected by second recurrence of VVP after previous monolateral sacrospinous fixation.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Sexualidade/fisiologia , Vagina/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia , Prolapso Uterino/cirurgia
17.
Radiol Case Rep ; 13(1): 81-85, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552245

RESUMO

Background: Thoracic endometriosis syndrome is a rare form of extrapelvic endometriosis characterized by the presence of functioning endometrial tissue in pleura, lung parenchyma, and airways, associated with a high rate of infertility. Case Report: We have reported a case of successful management and treatment of thoracic endometriosis syndrome that occurred in a 37-year-old female patient. She underwent thoracoscopic resection of the lesion. During follow-up, we revealed the recurrence of a previously surgically treated thoracic endometriosis. She was initially treated with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist; subsequently this was replaced by a prophylactic treatment with Dienogest. Conclusion: The diagnosis of thoracic endometriosis is challenging. The first line of treatment is medical, whereas the surgical treatment is performed secondly. Moreover, surgical treatment can lead to a significant rate of recurrence, often reduced by a coadjutant medical treatment.

18.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 36(5): 524-542, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29576332

RESUMO

Despite the purported advantages of ultrasound guidance during embryo transfer, and the large number of clinical trials published on this topic, recommendations for the use of this technique in daily clinical practice are still under debate. We designed a meta-analysis based exclusively on evidence from published randomized controlled trials, with the aim of analysing the effect of trans-abdominal ultrasound guidance during embryo transfer versus clinical touch and of transvaginal ultrasound guidance (TV-US) versus the trans-abdominal approach on IVF outcomes. On the basis of 14 randomized trials, we found a moderate quality of evidence supporting the beneficial effects of transabdominal guidance during embryo transfer compared with conventional clinical touch in clinical pregnancy and ongoing or live birth rates. No significant differences were found in miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy rate, with low or very low quality of evidence, respectively. On the basis of three randomized trials, we found the quality of evidence supporting the equivalence of transvaginal versus transabdominal approach in clinical pregnancy and ongoing or live birth rates to be low. Finally, larger randomized controlled trials are necessary to explore the possible benefits of TV-US, three-dimensional ultrasound imaging modality, and uterine length measurement before transfer.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Ultrassonografia , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 297(4): 823-835, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29236171

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The influence of pregnancy on uterine fibroid size still remains an unsolved dilemma. Basing on current knowledge, physicians are not able to inform patients about the likelihood of uterine fibroids to modify their size during pregnancy. Study aim was to summarize available evidence concerning the size modifications of uterine fibroids during each trimester of pregnancy and during puerperium. METHODS: The review was reported following the PRISMA guidelines and registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42017071117). A literature search was conducted in electronic database (PubMed, Embase, Sciencedirect, the Cochrane library and Clinicaltrials.gov) until July 2017. All studies evaluating fibroids' changes during pregnancy and puerperium by ultrasound or magnetic-resonance-imaging were included. Descriptive characteristics of studies and patients were collected. The modifications of uterine fibroid diameter and volume were the outcome measures. RESULTS: Concerning the first trimester of pregnancy, all authors reported a significant growth of uterine fibroids. Contradictory evidence was found about uterine fibroid modifications during the second and third trimesters, mainly supporting a slowdown during mid pregnancy and a subsequent size reduction during late pregnancy. Concerning the overall modifications during pregnancy and puerperium, poor evidence quality suggests that uterine fibroids do not modify their volume/slightly enlarge during pregnancy and subsequently reduce in size during puerperium. CONCLUSIONS: Uterine fibroids seem to be subject to a non-linear trend of modifications during pregnancy and puerperium, which may vary from myoma to myoma. Adequate evidence supports uterine fibroid systematic enlargement during the first trimester of pregnancy, while inconsistent evidence is available about the changes of uterine fibroids during second and third trimesters. In addition, the overall modifications of myomas during pregnancy and puerperium remain unclear.


Assuntos
Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Mioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Período Pós-Parto , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia
20.
Fertil Steril ; 109(1): 84-96.e4, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29175068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of endometrial scratch injury (ESI) on the outcomes of intrauterine insemination (IUI) stimulated cycles. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Infertile women undergoing one or more IUI stimulated cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searching electronic databases. We included RCTs comparing ESI (i.e., intervention group) during the course of IUI stimulated cycle (C-ESI) or during the menstrual cycle preceding IUI treatment (P-ESI) with controls (no endometrial scratch). The summary measures were reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence-interval (CI). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, multiple pregnancy rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate. RESULT(S): Eight trials were included in the meta-analysis, comprising a total of 1,871 IUI cycles. Endometrial scratch injury was associated with a higher clinical pregnancy rate (OR 2.27) and ongoing pregnancy rate (OR 2.04) in comparison with the controls. No higher risk of multiple pregnancy (OR 1.09), miscarriage (OR 0.80), or ectopic pregnancy (OR 0.82) was observed in patients receiving ESI. Subgroup analysis based on ESI timing showed higher clinical pregnancy rate (OR 2.57) and ongoing pregnancy rate (OR 2.27) in patients receiving C-ESI and no advantage in patients receiving P-ESI. CONCLUSION(S): Available data suggest that ESI performed once, preferably during the follicular phase of the same cycle of IUI with flexible aspiration catheters, may improve clinical pregnancy and ongoing pregnancy rates in IUI cycles. Endometrial scratch injury does not appear to increase the risk of multiple pregnancy, miscarriage, or ectopic pregnancy.


Assuntos
Endométrio/lesões , Fertilidade , Infertilidade/terapia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Implantação do Embrião , Endométrio/fisiopatologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade/diagnóstico , Infertilidade/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Gravidez Múltipla , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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