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1.
Ultrasound J ; 11(1): 24, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a tool in increasing use, but there is still a lack of basics for its routine use and evidence of its impact in intensive care. OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of POCUS on resource utilization, diagnostic accuracy, and clinical management in medical-surgical intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: Prospective, controlled study, in two polyvalent ICUs. The patients were randomly assigned to POCUS or control group. INTERVENTIONS: POCUS patients received systematic ultrasound examination of optic nerve, lung/pleura, heart, abdomen, and venous system, performed at the bedside by trained intensivists. Control patients were treated by critical care specialists who do not perform ultrasound in their clinical practice. RESULTS: We included 80 patients, 40 per group. There were no significant differences in age, sex, APACHE II score, or admission diagnosis. POCUS group used fewer resources per patient in the first 5 days of hospitalization: chest radiography (2.6 ± 2.0 vs 4.1 ± 3.5, P = 0.01), additional ultrasound evaluations performed by a radiology specialist (0.6 ± 0.7 vs 1.1 ± 0.7, P = 0.002), and computed tomography studies (0.5 ± 0.6 vs 0.9 ± 0.7, P = 0.007). Time to perform any requested ultrasound evaluation after ICU admission was 2.1 ± 1.6 h versus 7.7 ± 6.7 h (P = 0.001). Systematic ultrasound evaluation led to better characterization of ICU admission diagnosis in 14 (35%) patients and change in clinical management in 24 (60%). POCUS group had lower fluid balance at 48 and 96 h after admission (P = 0.01) and spent less time mechanically ventilated (5.1 ± 5.7 days vs 8.8 ± 9.4, P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Systematic application of POCUS may decrease utilization of conventional diagnostic imaging resources and time of mechanical ventilation, and facilitate meticulous intravenous fluid administration in critically ill patients during the first week of stay in the ICU. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03608202.

3.
J Crit Care ; 18(3): 156-63, 2003 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14595568

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether measuring heart rate variability (HRV) in a group of septic patients without multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) made it possible to predict which of them would later develop this syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 46 septic patients without MODS at the time of admission to an intensive care unit (ICU). During the first 24 hours of admission, a 10-minute electrocardiogram (ECG) was performed and 8 HRV indexes were calculated off-line. Eleven patients later developed MODS (MODS group) during their ICU stay, and 28 did not (non-MODS group). Seven patients were excluded. RESULTS: Although Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) scores were similar for both groups, most HRV indices on admission were reduced significantly in the MODS group. Compared with a subset from the non-MODS group (control group, n = 11) paired by age, the MODS group had significantly lower low-frequency spectral components (LF, P =.0128) and mean squared successive differences of R-R intervals (rMSSD) (P =.0473) values. Multivariable logistic regression identified LF as the best predictor of MODS and received operating characteristic (ROC) curves established its cut-off point at 18 ms(2). Mortality rates were 63.6% for the MODS group and 0% for the non-MODS group (P <.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of HRV on ICU admission may be useful in identifying septic patients at risk for development of MODS.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/diagnóstico , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
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