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1.
Food Chem ; 369: 130927, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461517

RESUMO

Ergosterol (ES) and ergosterol peroxide (EP) are secondary metabolites common for different mushrooms and responsible for health promoting effects, including anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral activity, and reduction of the incidence of cardiovascular disease. In this study, a new method for determination of both ES and EP in mushroom extracts was developed. Two methods for UHPLC-MS/MS with the use of APCI and APPI sources were developed and compared. The UHPLC-APPI-MS/MS method was found to be more effective and convenient for the analysis of both compounds in 21 edible and 9 medicinal mushrooms. Among the investigated mushrooms, M. procera was found to contain the highest level of ES, while G. dryophilus constituted the richest source of EP. Therefore, it can be suggested that mushrooms are a valuable source of ES and EP in everyday human diet and can be used for development of nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ergosterol/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500615

RESUMO

Juniper representatives are natural sources of plenty of bioactive metabolites and have been used since ancient times as folk remedies against tapeworms, warts, cancer, etc. The antiproliferative activities of junipers are attributed to podophyllotoxin (PPT), which is a precursor for the synthesis of efficient anticancer drugs. However, the natural sources of PPT, Sinopodophyllum hexandrum (Royle) T. S. Ying and Podophyllum peltatum L., are already endangered species because of their intensive industrial exploitation. Therefore, identification of other sources of PPT is necessary. This study is a broad comparative investigation of junipers, for which original sources have been accessed from different continents of the world. The present research is aimed at the identification of species, producing PPT and other lignans at concentrations that are sufficient for the high antiproliferative activity of the corresponding extracts. Cytotoxic juniper leaf extracts demonstrated a broad spectrum of activity on a panel of cancer cell lines. The antiproliferative properties of junipers were attributed to the combined activity of great diversity of lignans (podophyllotoxin, deoxypodophyllotoxin, ß-peltatin, yatein, matairesinol, anhydropodorhizol, etc.), detected by UHPLC-HRMS and LC-ESI-MS/MS in the corresponding extracts. Several species of the genus Juniperus L. were outlined as perspective sources of drug precursors with potential pharmaceutical applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Juniperus/química , Podofilotoxina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Células HT29 , Humanos , Células K562 , Lignanas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia
3.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201147

RESUMO

Many plants that are commonly used in folk medicine have multidirectional biological properties confirmed by scientific research. One of them is Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. (F. Amaranthaceae). It is widely used, but there are very few scientific data about its chemical composition and pharmacological activity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the chemical composition of phenolic acid (PA)-rich fractions isolated from methanolic extracts of A. lanata (L.) Juss. herb using the liquid/liquid extraction method and their potential antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic properties. The free PA fraction (FA), the PA fraction (FB) released after acid hydrolysis, and the PA fraction (FC) obtained after alkaline hydrolysis were analysed using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). The phenolic profile of each sample showed a high concentration of PAs and their presence in A. lanata (L.) Juss. herb mainly in bound states. Thirteen compounds were detected and quantified in all samples, including some PAs that had not been previously detected in this plant species. Bioactivity assays of all fractions revealed high 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) (2.85 mM Trolox equivalents (TE)/g) and 2,2-azino-bis-3(ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS•+) (2.88 mM TE/g) scavenging activity. Fraction FB definitely exhibited not only the highest antiradical activity but also the strongest xanthine oxidase (XO) (EC50 = 1.77 mg/mL) and lipoxygenase (LOX)(EC50 = 1.88 mg/mL) inhibitory potential. The fraction had the best anti-diabetic properties, i.e., mild inhibition of α-amylase (EC50 = 7.46 mg/mL) and strong inhibition of α-glucosidase (EC50 = 0.30 mg/mL). The activities of all analysed samples were strongly related to the presence of PA compounds and the total PA content.


Assuntos
Amaranthaceae/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antioxidantes/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Flavonoides/química , Lipoxigenase/química , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Metanol/química , Fenóis/química , Xantina Oxidase/química , alfa-Amilases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/química
4.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205329

RESUMO

The content of plant secondary metabolites is not stable, and factors such as the region/location effect and seasonal variations have an impact on their chemical composition, especially in parasitic plants. Research in this area is an important step in the development of quality parameter standards of medicinal plants and their finished products. The effects of the time and place of harvest and the host tree species on the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of mistletoe extracts were investigated. Statistical tools were used to evaluate the results of the spectrophotometric and LC-ESI-MS/MS studies of the phenolic composition and antioxidant activity. The investigations indicate that the qualitative and quantitative composition, influencing the biological activity of mistletoe extracts, largely depends on the origin of the plant. The mistletoe extracts exhibited a rich phenol profile and high antioxidant activity. The chemometric analysis indicated that mistletoe collected from conifers (Viscum abietis and Viscum austriacum) had the most advantageous chemical composition and antioxidant activity. Moreover, the chemical profile and biological activity of the plant material were closely related to the climatic conditions and location of the harvested plant. Higher levels of phenolic compounds and high antioxidant activity were found in extracts obtained from plant material collected in cold weather with the presence of snow and less sunshine (autumn-winter period).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/fisiologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Árvores/química , Viscum album/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Erva-de-Passarinho/química , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
5.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669143

RESUMO

A new type of multigrain snack has been designed containing varied additions of Moldavian dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.) seeds. The antioxidant properties and the general health benefits of this plant material have already been widely acknowledged. The research discussed herein aimed to investigate the influence of the formulation and expansion method (frying) on the content of polyphenolic compounds, individual phenolic acids, and antiradical properties of innovative snacks enriched with dragonhead seeds. The highest content of polyphenols (0.685 mg GAE/mL), free phenolic acids (47.052 µg/g of dry matter), and highest radical scavenging activity (96.23% towards DPPH) were found in the fried snacks enriched with 22% of seeds. In these samples, 11 phenolic acids were detected. Strong positive correlations were seen between the addition of dragonhead and the polyphenol content (r = 0.989) and between the quantity of the enriching additive and the content of free phenolic acids (r = 0.953). The research has shown that such innovative snacks have the potential to supply health-benefiting free phenolic acids, e.g., salicylic, isoferulic, ferulic, p-coumaric, vanillic. Our studies provide an introduction to the development of a new range of functional foods.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/análise , Alimento Funcional/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Lamiaceae/química , Picratos/análise , Polifenóis/análise , Lanches , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Sementes/química
6.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671817

RESUMO

Early detection of the most common pediatric neoplasm, B-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), is challenging and requires invasive bone marrow biopsies. The purpose of this study was to establish new biomarkers for early screening to detect pediatric leukemia. In this small cohort study, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra were obtained from blood sera of 10 patients with BCP-ALL and were compared with the control samples from 10 children with some conditions other than neoplasm. Using various analytical approaches, including a new physical model, some significant differences were observable. The most important include: the different peak area ratio 2965/1645 cm-1 (p = 0.002); the lower average percentage of both ß-sheet and ß-turn protein structures in the sera of BCP-ALL patients (p = 0.03); an AdaBoost-based predictive model for classifying healthy vs. BCP-ALL patients with 85% accuracy; and the phase shift of the first derivative in the spectral range 1050-1042 cm-1 correlating with white blood cell (WBC) and blast cell count in BCP-ALL patients contrary to the samples obtained from healthy controls. Although verification in larger groups of patients will be necessary, these promising results suggest that FTIR spectroscopy may have future potential for the early screening of BCP-ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Proteínas de Neoplasias/química , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/sangue , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
7.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1143: 201-209, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33384118

RESUMO

Development of artificial enzymes, including nanozymes as an alternative for non-stable and expensive natural enzymes, is a booming field of modern Biosensorics and Biofuel Technology. In this study, we describe fabrication and characterization of sensitive biosensors for the detection of ethanol and glucose based on new micro/nanocomposite electrodes with peroxidase-like activity (nanozyme) coupled with microbial oxidases: alcohol oxidase (AOX) and glucose oxidase (GOX). The nanozyme was synthesized by modification of carbon microfibers (CF) by hemin (H) and gold (Au) nanoparticles. The formation of gold nanoparticles on the surface of hemin-modified carbon microfibers has been confirmed by the UV-Vis and X-ray spectroscopy as well by the SEM analysis. Compared to hemin-only modified electrodes, the resulting micro/nanocomposite CF-H-Au electrodes exhibit a higher specific catalytic activity and a better affinity for H2O2 in solution. The H2O2-sensitive CF-H-Au-modified electrodes showed a higher sensitivity (1.3-2.6-fold) compared with the nearest carbon-derived analogs and were used for the construction of highly sensitive ethanol and glucose biosensors. To eliminate diffusion limitation for substrates, AOX or GOX were fixed on the CF-H-Au-modified electrodes using a highly porous Nafion membrane. The main biosensors' characteristics have been investigated. The developed biosensors were tested for ethanol and glucose analysis in the real samples of both grape must and wine. The results are in good agreement with the results obtained using enzymatic kits as reference approaches.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanocompostos , Eletrodos , Enzimas Imobilizadas , Etanol , Glucose , Glucose Oxidase , Ouro , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oxirredutases , Peroxidases
8.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419097

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate in vitro the beneficial potential of crude polysaccharides from S. crispa (CPS) in one of the most common cancer types-colon cancer. The determination of the chemical composition of CPS has revealed that it contains mostly carbohydrates, while proteins or phenolics are present only in trace amounts. 1H NMR and GC-MS methods were used for the structural analysis of CPS. Biological activity including anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of CPS was investigated. CPS was found to be non-toxic to normal human colon epithelial CCD841 CoN cells. Simultaneously, they destroyed membrane integrity as well as inhibited the proliferation of human colon cancer cell lines: Caco-2, LS180 and HT-29. Antioxidant activity was determined by various methods and revealed the moderate potential of CPS. The enzymatic assays revealed no influence of CPS on xanthine oxidase and the inhibition of catalase activity. Moreover, pro-inflammatory enzymes such as cyclooxygenase-2 or lipooxygenase were inhibited by CPS. Therefore, it may be suggested that S. crispa is a valuable part of the regular human diet, which may contribute to a reduction in the risk of colon cancer, and possess promising activities encouraging further studies regarding its potential use as chemopreventive and therapeutic agent in more invasive stages of this type of cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/prevenção & controle , Polyporales/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Células CACO-2 , Carboidratos , Colo , Glucanos/metabolismo , Células HT29 , Humanos , Lipoxigenase , Prostaglandina-Endoperóxido Sintases
9.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198257

RESUMO

Berberine is a plant metabolite belonging to the group of isoquinoline alkaloids with strong biological and pharmacological activity. Currently, berberine is receiving considerable interest due to its anticancer activity based on many biochemical pathways, especially its proapoptotic and anti-inflammatory activity. Therefore, the growing number of papers on berberine demands summarizing the knowledge and research trends. The efficacy of berberine in breast and colon cancers seems to be the most promising aspect. Many papers focus on novel therapeutic strategies based on new formulations or search for new active derivatives. The activity of berberine is very important as regards sensitization and support of anticancer therapy in combination with well-known but in some cases inefficient therapeutics. Currently, the compound is being assessed in many important clinical trials and is one of the most promising and intensively examined natural agents.


Assuntos
Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico
10.
Molecules ; 25(19)2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022975

RESUMO

Goji fruit (Lycium barbarum L.) has been identified as a polyphenolic compound plant source of noted richness. It also contains polysaccharides, carotenoids, vitamins and minerals, fatty and organic acids. The purpose of the presented research was to produce innovative instant corn gruels with various dry goji berry contents (1, 3 and 5%), to determine the level of included polyphenolic compounds (including individual free phenolic acids) and to assess the antioxidant properties of these functional-food products. A further objective was to identify the optimum value of one of the most important production parameter, the rotational speed of the extruder's screw during gruel processing. The undertaken chromatographic analysis (LC-ESI-MS/MS) showed a wide variety of available phenolic acids. In the samples with 5% addition of fruit, eight phenolic acids were detected, whereas in the corn gruel without additives, only five were noted. The antioxidant activity, the content of free phenolic acids and the sum of polyphenols increased with increase of the functional additive. For all goji content, screw speeds of 100 and 120 rpm rather than 80 rpm resulted in higher polyphenol amounts and greater Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, as well as higher ability to scavenge DPPH.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Alimentos Fortificados , Frutas/química , Lycium/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Zea mays/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Picratos/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
11.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 9(9)2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899188

RESUMO

Evaluation of native plant resources and their efficient use is one of the current trends in phytochemistry. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the biological activities of different Rhododendron luteum Sweet leaf extracts obtained with the use of accelerated solvent extraction using different solvents and extraction temperatures. All extracts were subjected to bioactivity assays, which revealed considerable anti-lipoxygenase (23.07-90.13% lipoxygenase inhibition) and antiradical potential. All samples exhibited high 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) (234.18-621.90 mg Trolox equivalents (TE)/g) and 2,2'-azino-bis-3(ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS•+) (88.79-349.41 mg TE/g) scavenging activity, high antioxidant potential in the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assay (495.77-1011.59 mg TE/g), and moderate ion chelating (Fe2+) capacity. The chemical profile of each sample was determined using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) and spectrophotometric procedures. Twenty-three compounds representing seven polyphenol subclasses were detected and quantified, including some phenolic acids and flavonoids that had not been previously reported for this plant material. It was shown that 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid, protocatechuic acid, catechin, quercetin and its glycosides (hyperoside, isoquercetin, quercitrin), and pentacyclic triterpenes were the dominant secondary metabolites in R. luteum leaves. The antioxidant activity was found to be strongly related to different polyphenol groups and total triterpene content, while the anti-lipoxygenase potential was highly dependent on catechin.

12.
Molecules ; 25(8)2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326454

RESUMO

Fast and reliable determination of polyphenols is a quite common goal during investigation of new plant materials and herbal products, their standardization, quality control, or chemo-taxonomical studies. The aim of this study was to develop and validate methods based on the application of reversed phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) for comprehensive quantitative and qualitative analysis of phenolic acids and flavonoid aglycones. LC-MS/MS-MRM protocols were applied for the determination of free and bound phenolics in a series of plant samples prepared from leaves and achenes (true fruits) of Japanese rose (Rosa rugosa Thunb.). The presence of large amount of phenolic compounds was detected in rose leaves (786.44 µg/g and 14.46 µg/g of phenolic acids and flavonoid aglycones, respectively). Isoferulic acid and five aglycones were revealed for the first time in this plant material. Moreover, 15 phenolic acids and six aglycones were found in the rose achenes, including eight phenolic acids and four aglycones that had not been previously reported in this rose organ. It was shown that leaves and achenes may constitute an industrially relevant source of phenolic compounds for potential commercial use in pharmaceutical, food, or cosmetic industry.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida , Flavonoides/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Rosa/química , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Polifenóis/análise , Polifenóis/química
13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 109: 110570, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228922

RESUMO

In this study, we describe the fabrication of sensitive biosensor for the detection of phenolic substrates using laccase immobilized onto two types of microporous carbon fibers (CFs). The main characteristics of microporous CFs used for preparation of biosensors are given. Two CFs were characterized by different specific surface area, CFA (<1 m2·g-1) and CFB (1448 m2·g-1), but with comparable size of the micropores estimated by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. The structural analysis was shown that CFA is formed by thin interwoven fibers forming a highly porous structure, as well as CFB - by granular formations with uneven edges that shape a cellulose membrane of lower porosity. The results of amperometric analysis revealed that the laccase-bound CFs possesses better electrochemical behavior for laccase than non-modified rod carbon electrodes (control). Using chronoamperometric analysis, the operational parameters of the CFs-modified bioelectrodes were compared to control bioelectrodes. The bioelectrodes based on CFs have demonstrated 2.4-2.7 folds enhanced maximal current at substrate saturation (Imax) values, 1.2-1.4 folds increased sensitivity and twice wide linearity compared with control bioelectrodes. The sensitivity of the developed CFs-based bioelectrodes was improved compared with the laccase-bound electrodes, described in literature. The developed biosensor was tested for catechol analysis in the real communal wastewater sample.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Carbono/química , Catecóis/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Lacase/química , Polyporaceae/enzimologia , Águas Residuárias/análise
14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 8673521, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984341

RESUMO

Secondary metabolites of the roots of Eleutherococcus spp. cultivated in Poland, or the bioactivity, are not fully known. The 75% methanol extracts of five Eleutherococcus spp. (E. senticosus, E. divaricatus, E. sessiliflorus, E. gracilistylus, and E. henryi) were examined for the content of polyphenols and phenolic acids as well as for antiacetylcholinesterase, antihyaluronidase, anti-DPPH∗, and cytotoxic activities. The richest in polyphenols were the roots of E. henryi (10.4 mg/g DW), while in flavonoids the roots of E. divaricatus (6.5 mg/g DW). The richest in phenolic acids occurred the roots of E. henryi [protocatechuic acid (1865 µg/g DE), caffeic acid (244 µg/g DE), and p-coumaric and ferulic acids (55 µg/g DE)]. The highest inhibition of AChE was observed for E. gracilistylus and E. sessiliflorus (32%), at the concentration of 100 µg/0.19 mL of the reaction mixture, while that of Hyal for the roots of E. henryi (40.7%), at the concentration of 100 µg/0.16 mL of the reaction mixture. Among five species tested, the E. henryi extract exhibited the strongest HL-60 cell line growth's inhibition (IC50 270 µg/mL). The extracts reduced DPPH∗ in a time-dependent mode, at the concentration of 0.8 mg/mL. After 90 min from 14.7 to 26.2%, DPPH∗was reduced. A phytochemical composition and activity of the Eleutherococcus species, cultivated in Poland, are still under research; however, on the basis of the results obtained, it may be concluded that they may become a source of phytochemicals and be useful for Europe's citizens.


Assuntos
Eleutherococcus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Antioxidantes , Europa (Continente)
15.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959857

RESUMO

The huge health-beneficial potential of polysaccharides encourages the search for novel sources and applications of these compounds. One poorly explored source of polysaccharides is the rose. The content and biological activity of polysaccharides in rose organs is an almost completely unaddressed topic, therefore, polysaccharide-rich extracts (crude polysaccharides, CPLs) from petals, leaves, hips, and achenes of Rosa rugosa Thunb. were studied for their composition and the influence on various cellular processes involved in the development of cancer and other civilization diseases. The study revealed the presence of water-soluble and -insoluble polysaccharides (including ß-glucans) and protein-polysaccharide conjugates in rose organs. Rose hips were found to be the most abundant source of polysaccharides. Different polysaccharide-rich extracts showed the ability to inhibit pro-inflammatory enzymes (COX-1, COX-2, hyaluronidase), a radical scavenging effect (against DPPH• and ABTS•+), and antiproliferative activity (in the A549 lung and SW480 colon cancer cell lines) in in vitro assays. Therefore, rose crude polysaccharides are very promising and can potentially be used as natural chemopreventive agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Rosa/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biomarcadores
16.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(4): e1800673, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888741

RESUMO

New norcantharidin analogs were designed and obtained as compounds with biological activity. As a starting material, exo-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2,3-dicarboxylic acid anhydride was used. Three groups of compounds: dicarboximides, triazoles and thiazolidines were obtained in multistep reactions. The 1 H- and 13 C-NMR spectra were used to confirm the structures of all obtained products and they were in agreement with the proposed structure of substances. All derivatives were screened for their antioxidant activity. The most promising group was dicarboximides (1-4, 6). Derivatives 2-4 displayed antioxidant activity with EC50 =7.75-10.89 µg/ml, which may be comparable to strong antioxidant Trolox (EC50 =6.13 µg/ml). Excellent activity with EC50 =10.75 µg/ml also presented norcantharidin analog with 1,2,4-triazole system (12).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Benzotiazóis/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Ácidos Sulfônicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/química , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2019: 9052425, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729060

RESUMO

Tiliroside exhibits a wide spectrum of effects on the human body; considering expensive synthesis of tiliroside, linden trees seem to be a good source of this compound. For the first time, 46 various extraction methods were developed to receive tiliroside from Tilia L., including ultrasound-assisted extraction, maceration, maceration with stirring, accelerated solvent extraction, and extraction under reflux. The effects of extraction techniques, solvents, additives, and temperature on the content of tiliroside were studied using analytical and statistical methods. A new, rapid, simple, sensitive, and selective liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed to determine the content of tiliroside in Tilia L. flowers. The LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis demonstrated the highest content of tiliroside in Tilia L. flowers obtained using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) where 70% ethanol with addition of 1% acetic acid was used as a solvent (7.400 ± 0.019 mg of tiliroside per g dry extract).The results showed that the extracts of Tiliae inflorescentia contained large amounts of tiliroside; therefore, they are good sources of this compound. Moreover, ASE was found to be superior to other extraction techniques due to its high efficiency as well as considerable saving of time and solvent.

19.
Food Chem ; 268: 355-361, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064769

RESUMO

One of the most commonly consumed mushrooms in Europe is Cantharellus cibarius, also known as chanterelles. Therefore, the investigation of the pro-health properties of crude polysaccharides from this species was performed. The obtained results indicate that the polysaccharide fraction from C. cibarius inhibits the activity of both COX-1 and COX-2. Moreover, the prebiotic potential was revealed in relation to Lactobacillus strains. Crude polysaccharides were found to inhibit the proliferation of colon cancer cells with the simultaneous absence of toxicity towards normal cells. The purification and structural characterization of the examined polysaccharide fraction from C. cibarius indicates that it consists of one monosaccharide in the repeating unit →6)-α-D-Manp-(1→. The presented activities indicate for the first time that this edible mushroom possesses interesting chemopreventive potential, especially against colon cancer.


Assuntos
Agaricales/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/química , Carboidratos da Dieta , Humanos , Probióticos/química , Probióticos/farmacologia
20.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2018: 7830546, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29507816

RESUMO

Prohealth food contains specific components which have positive influence on the health and well-being of the consumer. An important position among bioactive compounds occurs for polyphenols. Many results have indicated that an increased intake of phenolic compounds may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The objective of the study was production of extruded corn snacks with addition (0, 2, 4, 6, and 8%) of kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. sabellica)-a polyphenol-rich plant. Afterwards, high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) and antioxidant activity analyses of snack extracts were performed. In the corn snacks enriched with kale, fifteen phenolic acids were indicated. These were protocatechuic, 4-OH-benzoic, vanillic, trans-caffeic, cis-caffeic, trans-p-coumaric, cis-p-coumaric, trans-ferulic, cis-ferulic, salicylic, gentisic, syringic, 3-OH-cinnamic, trans-sinapic, and cis-sinapic acids. Both the qualitative and quantitative content of polyphenols increased with the addition of B. oleracea. Data from spectrophotometric analyses of the samples showed high DPPH radical scavenging potential of snacks enriched with 4, 6, and 8% of kale. Snacks enriched with kale contain high level of phenolic acids and, therefore, have great potential to make a valuable source of natural antioxidants. High-temperature short-time extrusion-cooking process had no negative impact on polyphenol's activity.

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