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1.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 16: 101-109, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35046635

RESUMO

Purpose: Ciliary body (CB) and iris thicknesses may change with certain eye diseases as well as between different populations. Here, we report Ultrasound Biomicroscopy Measurements (UBM) of the normal thickness for the CB and the iris from a homogenous population in the Middle East. Patients and Methods: Sonomed 35-MHz (SONOMED, INC. New York, USA) images were obtained at 4 radial meridians, and the thickness was measured at 3 locations along the radial length of the iris and at the thickest part of the CB. Parameters included mean thickness, median thickness, range, and standard deviation. Results: Of 46 adult patients, 83 normal eyes were included in this analysis. The overall mean, median iris thicknesses at the iris root, midway along the radial length of the iris, and at the juxtapupillary margin in mm were 0.42, 0.41 ± 0.08, 0.52, 0.51± 0.08, and 0.72, 0.71± 0.1, respectively. The overall mean, median thicknesses of the CB and CB + ciliary processes in mm were 0.72, 0.71 ± 0.1, and 1.42, 1.37 ± 0.2 respectively. Gender, age, side, and height had no impact on iris and/or CB thickness (p>0.05). However, the iris thickness was significantly thicker in the superior quadrant than inferiorly, and in the nasal quadrant than the temporal quadrant (p=0.04), and the CB thickness and the CB + ciliary processes thickness were significantly thicker in the superior quadrant than inferiorly (P = 0.04 and 0.02 consecutively). Conclusion: We measured in this study the normal thickness of the CB and the iris in normal eyes from homogenous population in the Middle East using ultrasound biomicroscopy. Our findings are essential for the ophthalmic community worldwide and in the Middle East region and can be used as a normative thickness data for the iris and CB in healthy eyes.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(44): e27542, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871216

RESUMO

RATIONALE: This is a case report describing delayed complications of COVID-19 pneumonia, which evolved into the vascular-ischemic complications leading to quadrantanopia and MRI findings consistent with recent ischemic event in the occipital pole of the brain. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 46-year-old woman with quadrantanopia due to stroke confirmed with brain MRI, secondary to COVID-19 infection with chronically elevated D-dimers and treated with anticoagulation/antithrombotic modalities. Quadrantanopia was the only symptom recognized by the patient of a stroke localized in the occipital pole of the brain. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with quadrantanopia due to stroke confirmed with brain MRI, secondary to COVID-19 infection. INTERVENTION: Patient underwent ophthalmological examination and MRI. OUTCOMES: A thrombotic or ischemic risks in the chronic recovery from COVID-19 should be considered in patients with elevated D-dimers. LESSONS: An MRI should be considered as a long term follow up for post-COVID-19 patients reporting ophthalmic or neurologic complains.

3.
Retina ; 41(12): 2540-2548, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851885

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the radial peripapillary capillary plexus (RPCP) vessel density (VD) and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in eyes successfully treated with pars plana vitrectomy for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS: In this cross-sectional multicenter clinical study, eyes with a minimum 12-month follow-up were reexamined. The RPCP VD and RNFL thickness in the rhegmatogenous retinal detachment subfields of the affected eye (study group) were compared with the corresponding areas of the healthy fellow eyes (control group). RESULTS: Fifty-three eyes were included in the study. A significantly lower RPCP VD and RNFL thickness were observed in those subfields affected by rhegmatogenous retinal detachment compared with those of the control group (P < 0.001). No statistically significant differences were observed between undetached subfields in the study group and their corresponding images in the control group. In the study group, a significant correlation was found between RPCP VD and RNFL thickness in subfields with detached retina (r = 0.393, P < 0.001) and undetached retina (r = 0.321, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Radial peripapillary capillary plexus VD changes were found in the subfields of detached retina successfully treated with pars plana vitrectomy and they correlated with RNFL thinning. These data suggest a coexistence of neuronal and microvascular damage in patients affected by rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

4.
Biomedicines ; 9(10)2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680428

RESUMO

Uveal melanoma (UM) is a rare disease, but the most common primary intraocular cancer, mostly localized in the choroid. Currently, the first-line treatment options for UM are radiation therapy, resection, and enucleation. However, although these treatments could potentially be curative, half of all patients will develop metastatic disease, whose prognosis is still poor. Indeed, effective therapeutic options for patients with advanced or metastatic disease are still lacking. Recently, the development of new treatment modalities with a lower incidence of adverse events, a better disease control rate, and new therapeutic approaches, have merged as new potential and promising therapeutic strategies. Additionally, several clinical trials are ongoing to find new therapeutic options, mainly for those with metastatic disease. Many interventions are still in the preliminary phases of clinical development, being investigated in phase I trial or phase I/II. The success of these trials could be crucial for changing the prognosis of patients with advanced/metastatic UM. In this systematic review, we analyzed all emerging and available literature on the new perspectives in the treatment of UM and patient outcomes; furthermore, their current limitations and more common adverse events are summarized.

5.
J Clin Med ; 10(18)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575242

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To measure RNFL and vasculature around the optic disc and in the macula in patients with schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: 24 eyes of patients with SZ and 16 eyes of patients with BD as well as 30 eyes of healthy subjects were examined with OCTA. The radiant peripapillary capillary (RPC) density and RNFL thickness were measured in the peripapillary area. Moreover, macular thickness and vessel density were measured in both superficial and deep layers. RESULTS: Significantly decreased values of vessel density in the macular deep vascular complex were found in the eyes of patients with SZ, compared to BD and the control group. The macular thickness in the whole vascular complex and in the fovea was significantly lower in SZ and BD group than in the control group. The radiant peripapillary vascular density and RNFL thickness were similar across groups. CONCLUSIONS: The retinal microvascular dysfunction occurs in the macula in patients with SZ and BD, but not around optic disc. OCTA can become an essential additional diagnostic tool in detection of psychiatric disorders.

6.
J Clin Med ; 10(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207903

RESUMO

To evaluate visual outcomes and safety of the double-needle technique using flanged haptics (Yamane technique) in patients with aphakia caused by ocular trauma at a trauma referral center. Retrospective: Consecutive interventional case series of 30 patients who underwent the Yamane technique due to posttraumatic aphakia. The double-needle technique using flanged haptics was combined with anterior vitrectomy (group A) in 14 patients, and with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) (group B) due to retinal detachment, nucleus dislocation into the vitreous cavity, or intraocular lens (IOL) displacement in 16 patients. No intraoperative complications were noted. There was significant improvement in the visual acuity in both groups at the second postoperative visit. However, the visual acuity was significantly worse in the group treated with the Yamane technique combined with PPV. Silicone oil tamponade in PPV group was associated with worse visual acuity, whereas post lensectomy status was associated with poor visual function result in the anterior vitrectomy group. There was one case of slight IOL decentration and one retinal detachment during the postoperative follow-up period in the group with PPV. In this case series, the Yamane technique applied in traumatized eyes was found to be an efficacious and safe procedure. Combining the Yamane technique with PPV due to posterior segment ocular trauma was associated with worse functional results in the follow-up at three months. Further studies with longer follow-up evaluations are required to verify long-term complications.

7.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327816

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyse the spectrum of clinical features and molecular genetic data in a series of patients carrying likely disease-associated variants in the BEST1 gene. METHODS: Retrospective observational analysis of clinical data extracted from the medical records of visual function, multimodal imaging and electrophysiology of 62 eyes of 31 patients. Molecular genetic analysis was performed by means of panel-based NGS or Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The spectrum of variants in the BEST1 gene comprised 19 different variants and three of which are novel. Fundus photographs and OCT images allowed categorization of 52 eyes as Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) with stages 1 to 5 and 10 eyes with autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB), with more severe phenotype. One patient was shown to be heterozygous for a variant, which has so far been described only in ARB, but this patient had the BVMD phenotype. There was no significant progression of the visual acuity during the follow-up period of 5 years both in BVMD and ARB. The most prevalent pattern of fundus autofluorescence (FAF) in BVMD was 'patchy'. There were diverse visual field defects in static automated perimetry (SAP) depending on the stage. The Arden ratio was significantly lower in ARB patients and in eyes with stage 5 of BVMD. CONCLUSIONS: The genotype does not always predict the phenotype in patients with BVMD and ARB; however, having two mutations in the BEST1 gene causes a more severe phenotype. FAF helped to distinguish ARB from BVMD. Most of the observed eyes did not progress functionally during the follow-up. ARB and the atrophic stage of BVMD as the disease end-stage had the worst visual functions and EOG results.

8.
Life (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069386

RESUMO

(1) Background: The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that the antioxidant status in the vitreous body of eyes, which had been vitrectomized due to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with or without proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), is higher than in eyes vitrectomized due to other retinal diseases. (2) Methods: four patient groups were analyzed: 22 eyes of patients with RRD without PVR, 27 eyes with RRD and PVR, 22 eyes with macular hole (MH) and 10 eyes with epiretinal membrane (ERM). Spectrophotometric methods were used to determine the total antioxidant status (TAS) values as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities in the vitreous fluid samples. (3) Results: no significant differences in TAS values and antioxidant enzyme activities were observed among patient with RRD with and without PVR and with MH and ERM. The longer the duration of RRD leading to PVR and better postoperative visual acuity, the higher the TAS level. No significant differences were found between "macula on" and "macula off" subgroups within the RRD group and the RRD combined with PVR group. (4) Conclusions: The preliminary results do not support the thesis that the antioxidant status of vitrectomized eyes is different in patients with RRD with or without PVR in comparison to patients with MH and ERM. In patients with RRD, PVR presence and detached macula do not affect the values of TAS, SOD and GR in the vitreous fluid. The duration of the disease influences TAS in the vitreous in eyes with RRD complicated with PVR.

9.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806541

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to report on the anatomical and functional results of surgical management of seven cases of endophthalmitis related to a single day of intravitreal aflibercept injections. Patients with signs of endophthalmitis who underwent aflibercept injections (seven eyes) performed on the same day were retrospectively evaluated. The data of visual acuity and optical coherence tomography (OCT) within nine months of the follow-up and the treatment and results of microbiological cultures are reported. Four of the total seven cases had a positive bacterial culture outcome (Streptococcus mitis). All patients underwent vitrectomy combined with phacoemulsification when the eyes were not pseudophakic, vancomycin infusion, and silicone oil tamponade within 24 h; additionally, systemic antibiotics were administered intravenously. The final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after the treatment was finger counting or light perception in all cases, and all eyes were saved with disruption of the inner retinal layers and stabilization of the retina in regard to changes related to the wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Although the retinal anatomy was mostly preserved, most of the patients affected by Streptococcus mitis-induced endophthalmitis did not regain baseline vision after the therapy.

10.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0246667, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667237

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of vitrectomy in degenerative and tractional lamellar macular holes (LMHs) by meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: PubMed, Medline and Embase databases were searched up to May 2020. Included cohorts were divided into three groups: degenerative LMH group, lamellar hole associated epiretinal proliferation (LHEP) group and tractional LMH group. LHEP is likely to be associated with degenerative LMHs, but less commonly could be associated with mixed LMHs. To reduce risk of possible misclassification bias, eyes with LHEP which could not have been precisely classified by the authors, were included into the LHEP group. The primary outcome was to investigate the visual change following primary vitrectomy in the degenerative LMH and LHEP group versus the tractional LMH group. A sensitivity analysis excluding the LHEP group was also performed on the primary outcome. Mean difference (MD) in best corrected visual acuity between baseline and post-treatment was calculated, along with 95% confidence interval (CI). Rate of incidence of post-operative full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) was assessed as secondary outcome. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were included. Pooled analyses including all groups showed a significant visual improvement following vitrectomy (pre-post MD = -0.17;95%CI = -0.22,-0.12;p<0.001), with no difference in visual improvement between the degenerative LMH and LHEP group and the tractional LMH group. The sensitivity analysis excluding LHEP group confirmed no difference in visual change between the degenerative LMH group (pre-post MD = -0.18;95%CI = -0.24,-0.12;p<0.001) and the tractional LMH group (MD = -0.16;95%CI = -0.26,-0.07;p<0.001). The incidence rate of post-operative FTMH was higher in the degenerative LMH and LHEP group than in the tractional LMH group (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Primary vitrectomy for LMH ensured a favorable visual outcome, with no difference in visual gain between degenerative and tractional LMHs. However, a higher incidence of post-operative FTMHs was found in eyes with the degenerative LMH subtype.


Assuntos
Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Vitrectomia , Humanos , Perfurações Retinianas/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual
11.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 142, 2021 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare Eye Diseases (RED) are the leading cause of visual impairment and blindness for children and young adults in Europe. This heterogeneous group of conditions includes over 900 disorders ranging from relatively prevalent disorders such as retinitis pigmentosa to very rare entities such as developmental eye anomalies. A significant number of patients with RED have an underlying genetic etiology. One of the aims of the European Reference Network for Rare Eye Diseases (ERN-EYE) is to facilitate improvement in diagnosis of RED in European member states. MAIN BODY: Technological advances have allowed genetic and genomic testing for RED. The outcome of genetic testing allows better understanding of the condition and allows reproductive and therapeutic options. The increase of the number of clinical trials for RED has provided urgency for genetic testing in RED. A survey of countries participating in ERN-EYE demonstrated that the majority are able to access some forms of genomic testing. However, there is significant variability, particularly regarding testing as part of clinical service. Some countries have a well-delineated rare disease pathway and have a national plan for rare diseases combined or not with a national plan for genomics in medicine. In other countries, there is a well-established organization of genetic centres that offer reimbursed genomic testing of RED and other rare diseases. Clinicians often rely upon research-funded laboratories or private companies. Notably, some member states rely on cross-border testing by way of an academic research project. Consequently, many clinicians are either unable to access testing or are confronted with long turnaround times. Overall, while the cost of sequencing has dropped, the cumulative cost of a genomic testing service for populations remains considerable. Importantly, the majority of countries reported healthcare budgets that limit testing. SHORT CONCLUSION: Despite technological advances, critical gaps in genomic testing remain in Europe, especially in smaller countries where no formal genomic testing pathways exist. Even within larger countries, the existing arrangements are insufficient to meet the demand and to ensure access. ERN-EYE promotes access to genetic testing in RED and emphasizes the clinical need and relevance of genetic testing in RED.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatias , Doenças Raras , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Testes Genéticos , Genômica , Humanos , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Doenças Raras/genética
12.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247399, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630902

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to evaluate the progression of visual field (VF) defects over 16 years of observation and to assess abnormalities in vessels and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness in patients with optic disc drusen (ODD). Both static automated perimetry (SAP) and semi-automated kinetic perimetry (SKP) were performed in 16 eyes of 8 patients (mean age 54 years) with ODD among 26 eyes of 13 patients examined 16 years before. The area of I2e, I4e, III4e, and V4e isopters was measured in deg2. The MD and PSD parameters were estimated using SAP. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) was additionally performed in 16 ODD eyes and 16 eyes of 8 healthy subjects to estimate the RNFL thickness and vessel density of the optic nerve disc and the macula. The differences in all isopter areas of SKP and SAP parameters after 16 years were not significant. The analysis of OCT-A showed a significant reduction of the vessel density and RNFL of the peripapillary area in each segment in patients with ODD, compared with the control group. The highest reduction of RNFL was observed in the superior segment of the optic disc area (92.56µm vs 126.63µm) also the macular thickness was decreased in ODD patients, compared with the control group. In the macula, there was a significant vascular defect in the whole superficial layer and in the parafoveal deep layer. A strong significant correlation of the parafoveal deep plexus with MD and PSD parameters was detected. In conclusion, VF loss due to ODD after 16 years of the follow-up was not significant both in SKP and SAP. ODD caused a reduced vessel density and RNFL, as well as macular thickness in OCT-A. SAP parameters were influenced by parafoveal deep plexus.


Assuntos
Macula Lutea/fisiopatologia , Drusas do Disco Óptico/fisiopatologia , Disco Óptico/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Visão/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Macula Lutea/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibras Nervosas/fisiologia , Disco Óptico/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos Prospectivos , Células Ganglionares da Retina/fisiologia , Vasos Retinianos/fisiopatologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Testes de Campo Visual/métodos , Campos Visuais/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 15: 65-72, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33447011

RESUMO

Purpose: Retinoblastoma presents most commonly as advanced unilateral disease, particularly in developing countries for which primary enucleation has been the preferred method of treatment. However, with the evolution of newer treatment modalities including intravitreal chemotherapy, intra-arterial chemotherapy and newer chemotherapeutic combinations, a trend towards more conservative approaches is being observed. Our aim is to evaluate outcomes of group D eyes following conservative and non-conservative treatment options. Patients and Methods: The ocular oncology database was used to identify eyes with unilateral retinoblastoma that fulfilled the International Intraocular Retinoblastoma Classification (IIRC) group D criteria from August 2010 to August 2018 and these were retrospectively reviewed. Overall, 39 eyes were identified. Results: Nineteen (49%) eyes underwent primary enucleation and 20 (51%) received eye-conserving treatment. Eye salvage was possible in 15 (75%) eyes in the attempted salvage group. None of the patient revealed signs of metastasis. All eyes received conventional chemotherapy (carboplatin, vincristine, etoposide) and focal laser therapy. Additional treatment modalities offered included intravitreal chemotherapy, intra-arterial chemotherapy and topotecan. Three (11%) eyes in the primary enucleation group showed high-risk features on histopathology and none developed metastasis. Conclusion: The results of the study seem promising and conservative measures can be adopted in selected unilateral group D eyes.

14.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 99(3): e324-e329, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833307

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the incidence of normal vision following anatomically successful macular hole surgery and associated clinical variables. METHODS: Multicentre, retrospective chart review. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative clinical data were extracted from electronic medical records from seven European vitreoretinal units. Inclusion criteria were as follows: eyes undergoing primary vitrectomy for idiopathic full-thickness macular hole from January 2015 to January 2018; postoperative macular hole closure confirmed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT); preoperative pseudophakia or phakic eyes receiving combined cataract surgery; one-year follow-up. The primary outcome was 'normal vision' defined as a final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≥ 20/25. Univariate, multivariate and decision-tree analyses were conducted to evaluate the clinical variables associated with 'normal vision'. Odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: Of 327 eligible cases, 91 (27.8%) achieved 'normal vision' at 1 year. Multivariate analysis identified variables significantly associated with 'normal vision': shorter symptom duration (odds ratio [OR]=1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.02-1.09; p = 0.002), smaller preoperative OCT minimum linear diameter (OR per 100-micron increase = 1.65; 95%CI:1.31-2.08; p < 0.001) and better mean preoperative BCVA (OR = 15.13; 95%CI: 3.59-63.65; p < 0.001). The decision-tree analysis found that the most significant variable associated with 'normal vision' was symptom duration. 'Normal vision' was achieved in 70.6% of eyes operated within one week from symptom onset and in 45% of eyes with symptom duration between 1 and 3 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested urgent surgery is justified for small macular holes of short duration.


Assuntos
Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Vitrectomia/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pseudofacia/cirurgia , Perfurações Retinianas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ophthalmologica ; 244(5): 396-407, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805733

RESUMO

This work presents a quick clinical protocol for dark-adapted chromatic (DAC) perimetry as well as a novel clinical tool, scotopic chromatic pupil campimetry (CPC). The goal of the study was to explore the applicability of these methods in a clinical setting, their test-retest repeatability, and the congruence of the results. Local rod sensitivity was assessed at 36 locations within 30° eccentricity of the visual field in 15 healthy subjects (mean age 43 ± 16 years; 7 females and 8 males) with DAC perimetry (red and cyan stimuli) and CPC 2 times in repeated measurements. The duration of individual measurements was 370 ± 5 s for CPC and 366 ± 62 s for DAC perimetry. The intraclass correlation (ICC) coefficient was 0.53 for DAC perimetry cyan stimuli, 0.67 for red stimuli, and 0.93 for CPC. However, the spatial resolution of CPC was substantially smaller than in DAC perimetry. We did not find a correlation of DAC perimetry and CPC measurements on the global or the local level. In comparison to DAC perimetry, CPC shows a superior intervisit repeatability in detecting functional changes in the rod population in an objective way with lower spatial resolution. Our results also indicate that these 2 methods measure the rod function in different ways and could thus constitute complementary scotopic functional diagnostics.


Assuntos
Testes de Campo Visual , Campos Visuais , Adulto , Protocolos Clínicos , Adaptação à Escuridão , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
J Ophthalmol ; 2020: 2650873, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029387

RESUMO

Purpose: To study the features in OCT-angiography and microperimetry in eyes with persistent full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) closed with the secondary plana vitrectomy (PPV) with autologous internal limiting membrane (ILM) plug. Methods: Secondary PPV was performed with closing the persistent FTMH with ILM plug, C3F8 tamponade, and face-down positioning. Four patients were followed for 6 months with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, SD-OCT and OCT-A, and microperimetry. The results were compared with the fellow eye; in two patients, it was the healthy eye, and in two remaining eyes, successfully closed FTMH after primary PPV. Results: ILM flap was integrated in all cases with V-shape of closure, and atrophy was found in one case, with the largest diameter of FTMH. BCVA improved in two cases and remained the same in two cases. In OCT-A, the area of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) was larger, and foveal vessel density (FVDS) was smaller in eyes after secondary PPV in comparison to fellow eyes. In microperimetry, retinal sensitivity was lower in eyes after secondary PPV, and eccentric fixation was found in 2 of 4 patients. Conclusion: Although the anatomical results of repeated surgeries of FTMH with ILM plug are favorable, visual function results may be limited. Secondary closure of FTMH with ILM plug may lead to atrophy, changes in the macular vasculature, and eccentric fixation. The trial is registered with NCT03701542.

17.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977656

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of ocular demodicosis and ocular surface conditions in patients selected for cataract surgery. Eyelashes from 73 patients selected for cataract surgery were evaluated at × 40 and × 100 magnification using light microscopy. The anterior segment was assessed with the slit lamp. Additionally, Schirmer I and break up time (BUT) tests were carried out before surgery and 1 and 3 months postoperatively. A specially designed questionnaire containing e.g. information about chronic skin and eye diseases, previous ophthalmic surgeries, and patient's hygiene habits was used to assess the demographic variables. A majority of patients were at the age of 70-79 years, and there were more females (83%) in the study group. Demodex folliculorum was found in 48% of the patients. There was a correlation between the number of parasites and the presence of blepharitis, discharge at eyelid margins, and conjunctival hyperemia. Schirmer I and BUT test results were lower in patients with Demodex infestation before and after cataract surgery. The higher number of mites was correlated with lower Schirmer I test results postoperatively. The presence of Demodex mites influences the conjunctiva and lid margins leading to inflammation. The higher number of Demodex mites disturbs the tear film over time after cataract surgery.

18.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 9(6): 23, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821520

RESUMO

Purpose: Although the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), its expression in the vitreous of patients with primary retinal detachment (RD) and different PVR grading has not yet been investigated. We assessed the expression of miRNAs in the vitreous humor (VH) of patients diagnosed with RD and different grading of PVR. Methods: The VH was extracted from the core of the vitreous chamber in patients who had undergone standard vitrectomy for primary RD. RNA was extracted and TaqMan Low-Density Arrays (TLDAs) were used for miRNA profiling that was performed by single TaqMan assays. A gene ontology (GO) analysis was performed on the differentially expressed miRNAs. Results: A total of 15 eyes with RD, 3 eyes for each grade of PVR (A, B, C, and D) and 3 from unaffected individuals, were enrolled in this prospective comparative study. Twenty miRNAs were altered in the comparison among pathological groups. Interestingly, the expression of miR-143-3p, miR-224-5p, miR-361-5p, miR-452-5p, miR-486-3p, and miR-891a-5p increased with the worsening of PVR grading. We also identified 34 miRNAs showing differential expression in PVR compared to control vitreous samples. GO analysis showed that the deregulated miRNAs participate in processes previously associated with PVR pathogenesis. Conclusions: The present pilot study suggested that dysregulated vitreal miRNAs may be considered as a biomarker of PVR and associated with the PVR-related complications in patients with RD. Translational Relevance: The correlation between vitreal miRNAs and the pathological phenotypes are essential to identify the novel miRNA-based mechanisms underlying the PVR disease that would improve the diagnosis and treatment of the condition.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Descolamento Retiniano , Vitreorretinopatia Proliferativa , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Descolamento Retiniano/genética , Vitreorretinopatia Proliferativa/genética , Corpo Vítreo
19.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 440, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372954

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the pain intensity of two intracameral anesthetic solutions in patients undergoing cataract surgery and evaluate the factors influencing the patients' postoperative activities. Methods: Sixty-two patients undergoing cataract surgery were randomized to receive the study drug - a manufactured solution of 0.02% tropicamide/0.31% phenylephrine/1% lidocaine (Mydrane) or a traditional anesthetic formulation - solution of 1% lidocaine/0.025% adrenaline as an intraocular anesthetic. The pain intensity was assessed by Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS Pain) and Brief Pain Inventory-short form (BPI) on the next day after the surgery. Results: The mean pain score measured preoperatively with VAS Pain was 0.34 in Mydrane group and 0.09 in the reference group (p = 0.51). There were no statistically significant differences between the two anesthetic methods with respect to pain intensity during the surgery (p = 0.94) and the influence of pain during the last 24 h on activity (p = 0.79), mood (p = 0.31), social contacts (p = 0.29), sleep (p = 0.5) and the joy of life (p = 0.39). Additionally, there was no statistically significant influence of age, sex, lateralization, co-existing ophthalmological diseases (p = 0.98) and post-operative complications (p = 0.4) on the experienced pain measured during the surgery and in the last 24 h. Conclusions: New commercially available intraocular anesthetic solution (Mydrane™) seems to be as effective as off-label traditional anesthetic formulation, in reducing the pain experienced during cataract surgery under topical anesthesia.

20.
J Clin Med ; 9(5)2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455658

RESUMO

The treatment for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is surgery, including pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and scleral buckling (SB). Despite surgical advances, degeneration of the photoreceptors and post-operative complications, such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), often occurs as the result of inflammation, preventing complete visual recovery or causing RRD recurrence. There is increasing evidence that in the presence of RRD, the activation of inflammatory processes occurs and the surgery itself induces an inflammatory response. This comprehensive review focuses on the use of different formulations of corticosteroids (CCS), as an adjunctive treatment to surgery, either PPV or SB, for RRD repair. The purpose was to review the efficacy and safety of CCS in improving functional and anatomical outcomes and in preventing postoperative complications. This review is organized according to the timing of CCS administration: preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. The evidence reviewed supported the role of the pre-operative use of CCS in the treatment of combined RRD and choroidal detachment (CD), reducing CD height. No solid consensus exists on intraoperative and postoperative use of CCS to treat and prevent postoperative complications. However, a large randomized clinical trial including more than 200 eyes suggested that oral prednisone after surgery decreases the rate of postoperative grade B PVR.

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