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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113181, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687960

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Poincianella pyramidalis (Tul.) LP Queiroz (Fabaceae) is an endemic tree in the Northeast of Brazil. Its flowers, leaves, stem bark and root have been used over the years to treat infections, abdominal pain, inflammation, diarrhea, heartburn, and dyspepsia. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study is a critical assessment of the state-of-the-art concerning traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of P. pyramidalis performed through the application of a robust research strategy to explore the therapeutic potential of P. pyramidalis extracts and isolated compounds for the treatment of human disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information related to this review was systematically collected from scientific literature databases for P. pyramidalis, including papers and patents (PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Google scholar, INPI, WIPO, EPO and USPTO), published books (e.g. Plantas Forrageiras das Caatingas), dissertations and theses. Plant taxonomy has been confirmed in the "The Plant List" database (www.theplantlist.org). RESULTS: Phytochemical analysis of P. pyramidalis shows several constituents such as flavonoids, triterpenoids and phenylpropanoids. The extract and isolated constituents exhibited a wide range of in vitro and in vivo pharmacological effects including antimicrobial, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective and neuroprotective activities. In addition, toxicity studies showed that the administration of P. pyramidalis extract was safe in non-pregnant rats but displayed teratogenic effects in rats and goats. On the other hand, the search in patent databases reported a single filing, which highlights the disparity between a large number of published scientific articles versus the almost nonexistent filing of patents. This fact evidences a still little explored technological potential of the species. CONCLUSION: P. pyramidalis represents an important therapeutic resource for the population from the Northeast of Brazil. Pharmacological studies confirmed the effectiveness of the extract or isolated compounds in the treatment of various pathologies traditionally treated with P. pyramidalis. The authors emphasize the need for in-depth research and future clinical trials in order to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of P. pyramidalis.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 164: 1683-1692, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750476

RESUMO

Natural polysaccharides have been investigated as vehicles for oral insulin administration. Because of their non-toxic, renewable, low cost and readily available properties, gums find multiple applications in the pharmaceutical industry. This work aimed to develop a Sterculia striata gum-based formulation associated with additional biopolymers (dextran sulfate, chitosan, and albumin), a crosslinking agent (calcium chloride) and stabilizing agents (polyethylene glycol and poloxamer 188), to increase the oral bioavailability of proteins. Insulin was used as a model drug and the methods used to prepare the formulation were based on ionotropic pregelation followed by electrolytic complexation of oppositely charged biopolymers under controlled pH conditions. The developed formulation was characterized to validate its efficacy, by the determination of its average particle size (622 nm), the insulin encapsulation efficiency (70%), stability in storage for 30 days, and the in vitro mucoadhesion strength (92.46 mN). Additionally, the developed formulation preserved about 64% of initial insulin dose in a simulated gastric medium. This study proposed, for the first time, a Sterculia striata gum-based insulin delivery system with potential for the oral administration of protein drugs, being considered a valid alternative for efficient delivery of those drugs.

3.
Curr Pharm Des ; 24(29): 3440-3453, 2018 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30207226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ß-caryophyllene (BCP), a phytocannabinoid present in various essential oils, demonstrated selective action on the CB2 endocannabinoid receptor and attracted considerable attention because of its several pharmacological activities. Despite this recognized potential, this hydrophobic compound is a volatile and acid-sensitive sesquiterpene that readily oxidizes when exposed to air, and has low bioavailability in oral formulations. Thus, the development of formulations that guarantee its stability and increase its bioavailability is a challenge for its use in the pharmaceutical field. METHODS: The present review brings for the first time a comprehensive overview of the controlled and vectorized release formulations tested for BCP administration. Among these, we have addressed nanoemulsions, inclusion complexes with cyclodextrins, liposomes, wound dressings, nanocomposites and nanoparticles. A literature search was performed on Pubmed, Web of Science and Science direct, and patents documents were also searched on European Patent Office, World Intellectual Property Organization and Brazilian National Institute of Industrial Property. RESULTS: The systems presented here may represent an interesting approach to overcome the limitations already mentioned for this terpene. These systems proved to be promising for improving solubility, stability and controlled release of this pharmacological relevant sesquiterpene. In the industrial field, some companies have filed patent applications for the commercial use of the BCP, however, the use of pharmaceutical formulations still appeared moderate. CONCLUSION: This prospective study evidenced the new perspectives related to BCP vectorization systems in the pharmaceutical and industrial marketing field and may serve as a basis for further research and pharmaceutical use of this powerful cannabinoid.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Sesquiterpenos/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos , Sesquiterpenos/administração & dosagem , Sesquiterpenos/química , Solubilidade
4.
ACS Omega ; 2(12): 9080-9094, 2017 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023600

RESUMO

ß-Caryophyllene (BCP) is a sesquiterpene that shows high potential in pharmacological applications. However, these have been drastically limited by the respective volatility and poor water solubility. The present study investigates the formation of inclusion complexes between BCP and methyl-ß-cyclodextrin (MßCD) and shows that these complexes promote a significant improvement of the anti-inflammatory, gastric protection, and antioxidant activities relative to neat BCP. It is shown that the solubility of BCP is significantly increased through complexation in phase solubility studies. Inclusion complexes with MßCD in solid state were prepared by three different methods, kneading, rotary evaporation, and lyophilization, with the latter confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics studies. This study provides for the first time a full characterization of inclusion complexes between BCP and MßCD and highlights the impact of complex formation upon pharmacological activity.

5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 147: 188-200, 2016 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27178924

RESUMO

The development of delivery systems using natural polymers such as gums offers distinct advantages, such as, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and cost effectiveness. Cashew gum (CG) has rheological and mucoadhesive properties that can find many applications, among which the design of delivery systems for drugs and other actives such as larvicide compounds. In this review CG is characterized from its source through to the process of purification and chemical modification highlighting its physicochemical properties and discussing its potential either for micro and nanoparticulate delivery systems. Chemical modifications of CG increase its reactivity towards the design of delivery systems, which provide a sustained release effect for larvicide compounds. The purification and, the consequent characterization of CG either original or modified are of utmost importance and is still a continuing challenge when selecting the suitable CG derivative for the delivery of larvicide compounds.


Assuntos
Anacardium/química , Gomas Vegetais/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Gomas Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 86: 362-75, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26812113

RESUMO

In the last years has increased the study about the using of natural biopolymers and theirs derivatives in the removal (adsorption/incorporation) of contaminats of medium aqueous, and theirs utilization in the desorption (release) de drugs. However, there not in the literature studies about the utilization of the cellulose and cellulose phosphate in the adsorption (incorporation)/desorption (release) of the drug amitriptyline (AMI). Therefore, in this study was accomplished the synthesized of the phosphated cellulose (PC) through the reaction of pure cellulose (C) with sodium trimetaphosphate (P) under-reflux, for 4h and at 393K. The efficiency of the reaction was observed by XRD, TG/DTG, (31)P NMR and EDS. The adsorption study for the AMI in aqueous medium was carried out by varying the time, pH, concentration, temperature and ionic strength. The results showed that the PC showed a greater adsorption capacity of AMI than pure cellulose, presenting an increase of about 102.72% in the adsorption capacity of the drug by cellulose after the phosphating reaction. In desorption of drug from the surface of biomaterials was performed by varying the pH and time, where it was observed that PC showed a maximum release of 40.98% ± 0.31% at pH 7.


Assuntos
Amitriptilina/química , Amitriptilina/isolamento & purificação , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Desenho de Fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Celulose/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Concentração Osmolar , Polifosfatos/química , Temperatura , Purificação da Água
7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 89(2): 323-30, 2012 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24750726

RESUMO

Benznidazole (BNZ) is the drug of choice for Chagas disease treatment, which affects about 9.8 million people worldwide. It has low solubility and high toxicity. The present study aimed to develop and characterize inclusion complexes (IC) in binary systems (BS) with BNZ and randomly methylated-ß-cyclodextrin (RMßCD) and in ternary systems (TS) with BNZ, RMßCD and hydrophilic polymers. The results showed that the solid BS had a large increase in dissolution rate (Q>80%). For the solid IC obtained, the kneading method, in ratio of 1:0.17 (77.8% in 60 min), appeared to be the most suitable for the development of a solid oral pharmaceutical product, with possible industrial scale-up and low concentration of CD. The solid TS containing 0.1% of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) showed no significant advantages compared to the binary IC in solid state. The use of cyclodextrins proved to be a viable tool for effective, standardized and safe drug delivery.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Nitroimidazóis/química , Tripanossomicidas/química , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Derivados da Hipromelose/química , Metilação , Povidona/química , Solubilidade
8.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 18(3): 447-454, jul.-set. 2008. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-496124

RESUMO

Própolis é uma mistura complexa, formada por material resinoso e balsâmico. Sua composição química é complexa e variada, estando relacionada com a flora de cada região visitada pelas abelhas e com o período de coleta da resina. Inclui flavonóides, ácidos aromáticos, terpenóides e fenilpropanóides, ácidos graxos e vários outros compostos. A própolis tem sido objeto de intensos estudos farmacológicos e químicos nos últimos 30 anos. Em várias partes do mundo é indicada para melhorar a saúde e prevenir doenças. Atualmente, é disponível em várias formas farmacêuticas como cápsulas, extratos, enxaguatório bucal, na forma de pó, entre outras. Ainda são necessários estudos correlacionando a composição química com a atividade biológica, definindo cada tipo de própolis com a sua aplicação terapêutica. É uma tarefa imprescindível para um mercado cada vez maior e exigente em todo o mundo.


Propolis (bee glue) is a complex mixture, formed by resinous and balsamic material. Its chemical composition is variable and complex, being related with the flora of each region visited by the bees and with the period of resins collection. Flavonoids, aromatic acids, terpenoids and phenylpropanoids, fatty acids, and other compounds are found in propolis. In the last 30 years, propolis has become subject of intense pharmacological and chemical studies. In different parts of the world it is indicated to improve health and prevent illnesses. Currently, it is available in some pharmaceutical forms as capsules, extracts, mouthrinses, powder form, among others. Indeed, studies correlating the chemical composition with the biological activity are necessary, defining each type of propolis with its therapeutic application. It is an essential task for a market ever bigger and demanding in the whole word.

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