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Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155211036956, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344230


OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the clinical and psychological effects of low and high-intensity aerobic training combined with resistance training in community-dwelling older men with post-COVID-19 sarcopenia symptoms. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SETTING: University physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Men in the age range of 60-80 years with post-COVID-19 Sarcopenia. INTERVENTION: All participants received resistance training for whatever time of the day that they received it, and that in addition they were randomized into two groups like low-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) and high-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) for 30 minutes/session, 1 session/day, 4 days/week for 8 weeks. OUTCOMES: Clinical (muscle strength and muscle mass) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life scales) measures were measured at the baseline, fourth week, the eighth week, and at six months follow-up. RESULTS: The 2 × 4 group by time repeated measures MANOVA with corrected post-hoc tests for six dependent variables shows a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.001). At the end of six months follow up, the handgrip strength, -3.9 (95% CI -4.26 to -3.53), kinesiophobia level 4.7 (95% CI 4.24 to 5.15), and quality of life -10.4 (95% CI -10.81 to -9.9) shows more improvement (P < 0.001) in low-intensity aerobic training group than high-intensity aerobic training group, but in muscle mass both groups did not show any significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-intensity aerobic training exercises are more effective in improving the clinical (muscle strength) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life) measures than high-intensity aerobic training in post-COVID 19 Sarcopenia.

Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e26176, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032779


ABSTRACT: We aimed to establish the local prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among faculty members in Saudi Arabia and describe the patient's risk factors and preventive measures that may reduce its burden.An observational, quantitative, cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and its risk factors among male faculty members in the College of Medicine and Dentistry, using a designed questionnaire based on the Standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Chi-square testing at a significance level of P < .05, was used for comparative analysis. SPSS version 26 was used for all analyses.Ninety responders participated in the survey analysis. The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among faculty members was 77.8%, and the most common site of musculoskeletal pain occurred at two different sites of the three (low back, neck, and shoulder), with a prevalence of 38.9%. As for risk factors of musculoskeletal pain, only age group showed a significant correlation with the site of musculoskeletal pain (P = .024), where patients in the younger age group (25-35 years old) were at higher risk of lower back pain, while participants in the older age group (36 to 44 years old and 45 years or older) were at higher risk of musculoskeletal pain in two different sites.Musculoskeletal pain affects more than two-thirds of faculty members. In particular, low back pain is a common problem among faculty members. Age is a significant risk factor for the occurrence of musculoskeletal pain, with more than one site involvement in older age.

Docentes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Dor Lombar/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/prevenção & controle , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/prevenção & controle
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8866093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628339


Sarcopenia is the most common feature of hepatic cirrhosis characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and function and increases permanently the mortality and morbidity rates among those patients. The incidence of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients ranged 40-70% associating with impaired quality of life and augmented rates of infection. Based on these issues, this review is aimed at determining the prevalence and main causes of sarcopenia among cirrhotic patients and recognizing the recent diagnostic and physical treatment modalities that prevent risk factors for sarcopenia in those patients. No ideal modality is currently demonstrated for diagnosing sarcopenia in hepatic diseases, particularly cirrhosis; however, recent studies reported different diagnostic modalities for muscle function in different individuals including handgrip strength, skeletal muscle index, six-min walk test, liver frailty index, short physical performance battery, and radiological assessments for quadriceps and psoas muscles. Exercise training and therapeutic nutrition are strongly recommended for controlling sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. The exercise program is designed and carried out on a frequent basis within an extensive scheduled time aimed at improving functional performance, aerobic capacity, and healthy conditions. Finally, a combination of exercise training and therapeutic nutrition is powerfully recommended to control sarcopenia in cirrhosis.

Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Sarcopenia/terapia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520948754, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811271


OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to obtain normative data of the distal femoral cartilage thickness in healthy adults by ultrasound. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 72 healthy adults. The demographic characteristics of the participants were recorded, and the thickness of the femoral articular cartilage was measured using a 5- to 18-MHz linear probe. RESULTS: Significant statistical difference towards the male side at left medial condyle (P = 0.001) and left lateral condyle (P = 0.009). Weakly positive statistical difference was noted towards the male side at right medial condyle (P = 0.06) and right lateral condyle (P = 0.07). The femoral cartilage thickness in the study participants did not correlate with weight, body mass index, and age (P >0.05). Positive statistical correlation with height noted in right medial condyle, right lateral condyle, right intercondylar area, and left medial condyle. CONCLUSION: This study increases the pool of normative data of femoral cartilage thickness measurements. Additionally, the findings of this study emphasize the fact that women have thinner cartilage than men in four of the studied parameters.

Cartilagem Articular , Articulação do Joelho , Adulto , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Ultrassonografia