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1.
Blood ; 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427411

RESUMO

Herein, we present the long-term follow-up of the randomized E1912 trial comparing the long-term efficacy of ibrutinib-rituximab (IR) therapy to fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) and describe the tolerability of continuous ibrutinib. The E1912 trial enrolled 529 treatment-naïve patients with CLL age <70 years. Patients were randomly assigned (2:1 ratio) to receive ibrutinib and rituximab (IR) or six cycles of FCR. With a median follow-up of 5.8 years, median PFS is superior for IR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.37; P < .001). IR improved PFS relative to FCR in both IGHV mutated (HR: 0.27; P < 0.001) and IGHV unmutated patients (HR: 0.27; P < 0.001). Among the 354 patients randomized to IR, 214 (60.5%) currently remain on ibrutinib. Among the 138 IR-treated patients who discontinued treatment, 37 (10.5% of patients who started IR) discontinued therapy due to disease progression or death, 77 (21.9% of patients who started IR) discontinued therapy for adverse events/complication, and 24 (6.8% of patients who started IR) withdrew for other reasons. Progression was uncommon among patients able to remain on ibrutinib. Median time from ibrutinib discontinuation to disease progression or death among those who discontinued treatment for a reason other than progression was 25 months. Sustained improvement in OS was observed for patients on the IR arm (HR=0.47; p=0.018). In conclusion, Ibrutinib-rituximab therapy offers superior PFS relative to FCR in both IGHV mutated and unmutated CLL patients as well as superior OS. Continuous ibrutinib therapy is tolerated beyond 5 years in the majority of CLL patients. Clinical trial at NCT02048813.

2.
Lancet Haematol ; 9(5): e327-e339, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Odronextamab is a hinge-stabilised, fully human IgG4-based CD20 × CD3 bispecific antibody that binds CD3 on T cells and CD20 on B cells. We aimed to evaluate the safety and antitumour activity of odronextamab in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: This single-arm, multicentre, phase 1, dose-escalation and dose-expansion (ELM-1) trial was conducted at ten academic sites across the USA and Germany. Patients aged 18 years or older with CD20-positive relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies who previously received CD20-directed antibody therapy and who had at least one measurable lesion, and an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 were included. Patients received intravenous odronextamab, according to a step-up dosing schedule in cycle 1, followed by treatment once per week at target doses ranging from 0·1 mg to 320 mg during cycles 2-4 (each cycle was 21 days). After cycle 4, maintenance treatment occurred every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint of safety was assessed by the incidence of adverse events and dose-limiting toxicities to determine the maximum tolerated dose or phase 2 dose of odronextamab, or both. Preliminary antitumour activity, as measured by objective response rate, was a secondary endpoint. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02290951. FINDINGS: From Feb 4, 2015, to Sept 25, 2021, 145 heavily pretreated patients (median of 3 (IQR 2-5] previous therapies) were enrolled (94 to the dose-escalation and 51 to the dose-expansion part of the study). The median age of patients was 67·0 years (IQR 57·0-73·0); 101 (70%) were male and 44 (30%) were female; most participants were White (119 [82%]) and not Hispanic or Latino (132 [91%]). 42 (29%) patients received previous CAR T therapy and 119 (82%) were refractory to the last line of therapy. Median duration of follow-up was 4·2 months (IQR 1·5-11·5). During dose escalation, odronextamab was administered up to the maximum dose of 320 mg once per week and no dose-limiting toxicities were observed. The recommended dose for expansion in patients with follicular lymphoma grade 1-3a was 80 mg and was 160 mg for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Cytokine release syndrome and neurological treatment-emergent adverse events were predominantly low grade and did not result in treatment discontinuation. The most common grade 3 or worse treatment-emergent adverse events were anaemia (36 [25%]), lymphopenia (28 [19%]), hypophosphataemia (27 [19%]), neutropenia (27 [19%]), and thrombocytopenia (20 [14%]). Serious treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 89 (61%) of 145 patients; the most frequent were cytokine release syndrome (41 [28%]), pyrexia (11 [8%]), pneumonia (nine [6%]), and infusion-related reaction (six [4%]). Four deaths were considered related to treatment (gastric perforation in a patient with gastric involvement by lymphoma, lung infection, pneumonia, and tumour-lysis syndrome). Objective response rate was 51% (95% CI 42-59; 72 of 142). In patients with follicular lymphoma who received odronextamab doses of 5 mg or higher, the objective response rate was 91% (95% CI 75-98; 29 of 32) and the complete response rate was 72% (95% CI 53-86; 23 of 32). In patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma without previous CAR T-cell therapy who received doses of 80 mg or higher, the objective response rate was 53% (eight of 15) and all responses were complete responses. In patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who had previous CAR T-cell therapy and received doses of 80 mg or higher, the objective response rate was 33% (ten of 30) and complete response rate was 27% (eight of 30). INTERPRETATION: Odronextamab monotherapy showed a manageable safety profile and encouraging preliminary activity, including durable responses in heavily pretreated patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, supporting further clinical investigation in phase 2 and 3 trials. FUNDING: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos , Antineoplásicos , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Linfoma não Hodgkin , Idoso , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/efeitos adversos , Antígenos CD20 , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-9, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227147

RESUMO

Joint and muscle pain, including arthralgia, myalgia, and musculoskeletal pain, are among the common adverse events (AEs) reported for ibrutinib, a once-daily Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of various B-cell malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). This pooled analysis from nine clinical trials of ibrutinib in CLL and MCL (N = 1178) evaluated patterns of these AEs. Any grade arthralgia, myalgia, and musculoskeletal pain occurred in 18%, 10%, and 6% of patients, respectively. AEs were primarily low-grade (grade 1/2: 97‒99%) and occurred during the first year of treatment; most resolved (67%-80%) at first occurrence. Few (<5%) patients required ibrutinib dose modification; no patients discontinued ibrutinib due to these AEs. Among patients evaluated for concomitant medication use, all those receiving concomitant medications after the first AE occurrence experienced AE resolution. These data suggest that these AEs were not treatment-limiting during ibrutinib therapy.

5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 28(4): 603-608, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789482

RESUMO

The management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has undergone unprecedented changes over the last decade. Modern targeted therapies are incorporated into clinical practice. Unfortunately, patients have begun to develop resistance or intolerance to multiple classes. Symptomatic patients previously treated with a BTK inhibitor (BTKi) and venetoclax represent a new and rapidly growing unmet need in CLL. Here, we define unmet needs in a modern treatment context. We also critically review the literature for PI3K inhibitors and chemoimmunotherapy and lack of data to support their utility following BTKis and venetoclax. Finally, we suggest opportunities to ensure the continued innovation for patients with CLL.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
7.
Br J Haematol ; 196(4): 947-953, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865212

RESUMO

TP53 aberrations [del(17p) or TP53 mutation] predict poor survival with chemoimmunotherapy in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). We evaluated long-term efficacy and safety of first-line ibrutinib-based therapy in patients with CLL bearing TP53 aberrations in a pooled analysis across four studies: PCYC-1122e, RESONATE-2 (PCYC-1115/16), iLLUMINATE (PCYC-1130) and ECOG-ACRIN E1912. The pooled analysis included 89 patients with TP53 aberrations receiving first-line treatment with single-agent ibrutinib (n = 45) or ibrutinib in combination with an anti-CD20 antibody (n = 44). All 89 patients had del(17p) (53% of 89 patients) and/or TP53 mutation (91% of 58 patients with TP53 sequencing results available). With a median follow-up of 49·8 months (range, 0·1-95·9), median progression-free survival was not reached. Progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate estimates at four years were 79% and 88%, respectively. Overall response rate was 93%, including complete response in 39% of patients. No new safety signals were identified in this analysis. Forty-six percent of patients remained on ibrutinib treatment at last follow-up. With median follow-up of four years (up to eight years), results from this large, pooled, multi-study data set suggest promising long-term outcomes of first-line ibrutinib-based therapy in patients with TP53 aberrations. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01500733, NCT01722487, NCT02264574 and NCT02048813).


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Adenina/farmacologia , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas/farmacologia
10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 720704, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858810

RESUMO

Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors represent an important therapeutic advancement for B cell malignancies. Ibrutinib, the first-in-class BTK inhibitor, is approved by the US FDA to treat patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL; after ≥1 prior therapy); and by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for adult patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) MCL and patients with CLL. Ibrutinib treatment can be limited by adverse events (AEs) including atrial fibrillation, arthralgias, rash, diarrhea, and bleeding events, leading to drug discontinuation in 4%-26% of patients. Acalabrutinib, a second-generation BTK inhibitor, is approved by the FDA to treat adult patients with CLL/SLL or MCL (relapsed after 1 prior therapy); and by the EMA to treat adult patients with CLL or R/R MCL. The most common AE associated with acalabrutinib is headache of limited duration, which occurs in 22%-51% of patients, and is mainly grade 1-2 in severity, with only 1% of patients experiencing grade ≥3 headache. Furthermore, acalabrutinib is associated with a low incidence of atrial fibrillation. Zanubrutinib, a selective next-generation covalent BTK inhibitor, is approved by the FDA to treat adult patients with MCL who have received ≥1 prior therapy, and is under investigation for the treatment of patients with CLL. In the phase 3 SEQUOIA trial in patients with CLL, the most common grade ≥3 AEs were neutropenia/neutrophil count decreased and infections. This review provides an overview of BTK inhibitor-related AEs in patients with CLL, and strategies for their management.

12.
Blood Adv ; 5(23): 5415-5419, 2021 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525185

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with t(4;11)(q21;q23)-KMT2A-AFF1 is associated with a poor prognosis. The impact of KMT2A rearrangements other than t(4;11) is uncertain, and the benefit of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is unclear. We reviewed adult patients with ALL treated at our institution from 1984 to 2019 and identified 50 out of 1102 (5%) with KMT2A rearrangement, including 42 (84%) with t(4;11)/KMT2A-AFF1 and 8 (16%) with other gene partners. The median age was 45 years (range, 18-78 years); median white blood cell count was 109.0 3 109/L (range, 0.5-1573.0). The complete remission (CR) rate was 88%, and the rate of measurable residual disease negativity by flow cytometry at CR was 41% (76% overall during follow-up). At the last follow-up, 14 patients were alive. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 18% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9% to 35%), with no difference between t(4;11) and other KMT2A rearrangements (P 5 .87). In a 4-month landmark analysis, the 5-year OS rate was 32% (95% CI, 14% to 70%) in patients who underwent HSCT vs 11% (95% CI, 3-39) in others (P 5 .10). Our study confirms the poor prognosis of ALL with any KMT2A rearrangement and the role of HSCT in these patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Adulto Jovem
14.
CNS Drugs ; 35(9): 985-997, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370283

RESUMO

Anti-CD20 therapies have demonstrated considerable efficacy in the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis, constituting a high-efficacy treatment approach for reducing relapse risk and mitigating disability progression. These therapies have been shown to strongly deplete circulating B cells and small subsets of CD3+ CD4 and CD8 T cells that express low levels of CD20. While the clinical profiles of the various anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies used in treating multiple sclerosis are well-described in the literature, greater understanding of the implications of their distinct molecular and pharmacological attributes is needed. In this review, we focus on four anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies-rituximab, ocrelizumab, ofatumumab, and ublituximab-that are currently used, approved, or in late-stage clinical development for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. We provide clinical perspectives on the potential implications of differences in molecular structures, target epitopes, dosing regimens, mechanisms and impact on B-cell depletion and reconstitution, immunogenicity, administration-related reactions, and infection risks.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD20/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerose Múltipla/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD20/metabolismo , Linfócitos B Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B Reguladores/imunologia , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo , Rituximab/administração & dosagem
15.
Blood ; 138(26): 2810-2827, 2021 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407545

RESUMO

E1912 was a randomized phase 3 trial comparing indefinite ibrutinib plus 6 cycles of rituximab (IR) to 6 cycles of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) in untreated younger patients with CLL. We describe measurable residual disease (MRD) levels in E1912 over time and correlate them with clinical outcome. Undetectable MRD rates (<1 CLL cell per 104 leukocytes) were 29.1%, 30.3%, 23.4%, and 8.6% at 3, 12, 24, and 36 months for FCR, and significantly lower at 7.9%, 4.2%, and 3.7% at 12, 24, and 36 months for IR, respectively. Undetectable MRD at 3, 12, 24, and 36 months was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) in the FCR arm, with hazard ratios (MRD detectable/MRD undetectable) of 4.29 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.89-9.71), 3.91 (95% CI, 1.39-11.03), 14.12 (95% CI, 1.78-111.73), and not estimable (no events among those with undetectable MRD), respectively. In the IR arm, patients with detectable MRD did not have significantly worse PFS compared with those in whom MRD was undetectable; however, PFS was longer in those with MRD levels <10-1 than in those with MRD levels above this threshold. Our observations provide additional support for the use of MRD as a surrogate end point for PFS in patients receiving FCR. In patients on indefinite ibrutinib-based therapy, PFS did not differ significantly by undetectable MRD status, whereas those with MRD <10-1 tended to have longer PFS, although continuation of ibrutinib would very likely be necessary to maintain treatment efficacy.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
16.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(31): 3441-3452, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310172

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Among Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors, acalabrutinib has greater selectivity than ibrutinib, which we hypothesized would improve continuous therapy tolerability. We conducted an open-label, randomized, noninferiority, phase III trial comparing acalabrutinib and ibrutinib in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). METHODS: Patients with previously treated CLL with centrally confirmed del(17)(p13.1) or del(11)(q22.3) were randomly assigned to oral acalabrutinib 100 mg twice daily or ibrutinib 420 mg once daily until progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end point was independent review committee-assessed noninferiority of progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Overall, 533 patients (acalabrutinib, n = 268; ibrutinib, n = 265) were randomly assigned. At the data cutoff, 124 (46.3%) acalabrutinib patients and 109 (41.1%) ibrutinib patients remained on treatment. After a median follow-up of 40.9 months, acalabrutinib was determined to be noninferior to ibrutinib with a median PFS of 38.4 months in both arms (95% CI acalabrutinib, 33.0 to 38.6 and ibrutinib, 33.0 to 41.6; hazard ratio: 1.00; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.27). All-grade atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter incidence was significantly lower with acalabrutinib versus ibrutinib (9.4% v 16.0%; P = .02); among other selected secondary end points, grade 3 or higher infections (30.8% v 30.0%) and Richter transformations (3.8% v 4.9%) were comparable between groups and median overall survival was not reached in either arm (hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.59 to 1.15), with 63 (23.5%) deaths with acalabrutinib and 73 (27.5%) with ibrutinib. Treatment discontinuations because of adverse events occurred in 14.7% of acalabrutinib-treated patients and 21.3% of ibrutinib-treated patients. CONCLUSION: In this first direct comparison of less versus more selective Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors in CLL, acalabrutinib demonstrated noninferior PFS with fewer cardiovascular adverse events.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adenina/administração & dosagem , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirazinas/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Cancer ; 127(18): 3381-3389, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outcome of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone plus ofatumumab hyper-CVAD + ofatumumab (hyper-CVAD + ofatumumab) has not been compared with the outcome of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone plus ofatumumab hyper-CVAD plus rituximab (hyper-CVAD + Rituximab) in Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: The authors compared the outcomes of 69 patients treated with hyper-CVAD + ofatumumab and 95 historical-control patients treated with hyper-CVAD + Rituximab. Historical-control patients were treated with hyper-CVAD + Rituximab if they had CD20 expression ≥ 20%. Ofatumumab (day 1 of course 1, 300 mg intravenously; subsequent doses, 2000 mg intravenously) was administered on days 1 and 11 of courses 1 and 3 and on days 1 and 8 of courses 2 and 4 for a total of 8 doses. A propensity score analysis with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was performed to adjust for baseline covariates between groups. RESULTS: The median event-free survival with stem cell transplantation (SCT) censoring was 33 and 65 months with hyper-CVAD + Rituximab and hyper-CVAD + ofatumumab, respectively (crude P = .064; IPTW P = .054). The median overall survival with SCT censoring was 52 months and not reached, respectively (crude P = .087; IPTW P = .097). CONCLUSIONS: Hyper-CVAD + ofatumumab was associated with better outcomes than hyper-CVAD + Rituximab among patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-negative ALL.


Assuntos
Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida , Dexametasona , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Pontuação de Propensão , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina
18.
Br J Haematol ; 194(1): 61-68, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973230

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) rarely presents in adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients (patients aged 15-39 years). Disease characteristics and outcomes of AYA patients with CLL are not well understood, particularly in the era of novel oral targeted therapies. We analysed outcomes of 227 AYA patients with CLL diagnosed in the last two decades and evaluated at our institution. Median time to first treatment (TTFT) was 2·2 years, and five- and 10-year overall survival (OS) were 90% and 78%, respectively. Pre-treatment elevated beta 2-microglobulin, advanced Rai stage, del(11q) or del(17p) by FISH, unmutated IGHV and CD38 positivity were associated with both shorter TTFT and OS. Within the subgroup of patients who received oral targeted therapy at any time, del(11q) or del(17p) and complex karyotype were associated with shorter OS. First-line treatment choice was significantly associated with time to second treatment (P < 0·001). Patients harbouring del(11q) or del(17p) experienced shorter time to Richter transformation and were more likely to undergo an allogeneic stem cell transplant. There was a significant association between age and both OS and time to Richter transformation. Our study is the first analysis of AYA patients with CLL with a large number of patients treated with oral targeted therapies.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/epidemiologia , Cariótipo Anormal , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Linfoma de Células B/epidemiologia , Masculino , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
19.
Leukemia ; 35(12): 3421-3429, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34007049

RESUMO

Chemoimmunotherapy with combined fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR) has been an effective treatment for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We initiated a phase II trial for previously untreated patients with CLL with mutated IGHV and absence of del(17p)/TP53 mutation. Patients received ibrutinib, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab (iFCG) for three cycles. Patients who achieved complete remission (CR)/CR with incomplete count recvoery (CRi) with marrow undetectable measurable residual disease (U-MRD) received additional nine cycles of ibrutinib with three cycles of obinutuzumab; all others received nine additional cycles of ibrutinib and obinutuzumab. Patients in marrow U-MRD remission after cycle 12 discontinued all treatment, including ibrutinib. Forty-five patients were treated. The median follow-up is 41.3 months. Among the total 45 treated patients, after three cycles, 38% achieved CR/CRi and 87% achieved marrow U-MRD. After cycle 12, the corresponding numbers were 67% and 91%, respectively. Overall, 44/45 (98%) patients achieved marrow U-MRD as best response. No patient had CLL progression. The 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 98% and 98%, respectively. Per trial design, all patients who completed cycle 12 discontinued ibrutinib, providing for a time-limited therapy. Grade 3-4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 58% and 40% patients, respectively. The iFCG regimen with only 3 cycles of chemotherapy is an effective, time-limited regimen for patients with CLL with mutated IGHV and without del(17p)/TP53 mutation.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cadeias Pesadas de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Adenina/administração & dosagem , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
20.
Leukemia ; 35(11): 3201-3211, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907299

RESUMO

Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibition is an effective therapy for many B-cell malignancies. Acalabrutinib is a next-generation, potent, highly selective, covalent BTK inhibitor. To characterize acalabrutinib tolerability, we pooled safety data from 1040 patients with mature B-cell malignancies treated with acalabrutinib monotherapy in nine clinical studies (treatment-naïve: n = 366 [35%], relapsed/refractory: n = 674 [65%]; median [range] age: 67 [32-90] years; median [range] prior treatments: 1 [0-13]; median [range] duration of exposure: 24.6 [0.0-58.5] months). The most common adverse events (AEs) were headache (38%), diarrhea (37%), upper respiratory tract infection (22%), contusion (22%), nausea (22%), fatigue (21%), and cough (21%). Serious AEs (SAEs) occurred in 39% of patients; pneumonia (6%) was the only SAE that occurred in ≥2%. Deaths due to AEs occurred in 52 patients (5%); pneumonia (n = 8) was the only fatal AE to occur in ≥3 patients. AEs led to treatment discontinuation in 9%. Rates for the AEs of interest (all grades) included infections (67%), hemorrhages (46%), neutropenia (16%), anemia (14%), second primary malignancies (12%), thrombocytopenia (9%), hypertension (8%), and atrial fibrillation (4%). This pooled analysis confirmed acalabrutinib's tolerability and identified no newly emerging late toxicities, supporting acalabrutinib as a long-term treatment for patients with mature B-cell malignancies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Benzamidas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazinas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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