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Nature ; 603(7902): 610-615, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322253


The Fermi surface plays an important role in controlling the electronic, transport and thermodynamic properties of materials. As the Fermi surface consists of closed contours in the momentum space for well-defined energy bands, disconnected sections known as Fermi arcs can be signatures of unusual electronic states, such as a pseudogap1. Another way to obtain Fermi arcs is to break either the time-reversal symmetry2 or the inversion symmetry3 of a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal, which results in formation of pairs of Weyl nodes that have opposite chirality4, and their projections are connected by Fermi arcs at the bulk boundary3,5-12. Here, we present experimental evidence that pairs of hole- and electron-like Fermi arcs emerge below the Neel temperature (TN) in the antiferromagnetic state of cubic NdBi due to a new magnetic splitting effect. The observed magnetic splitting is unusual, as it creates bands of opposing curvature, which change with temperature and follow the antiferromagnetic order parameter. This is different from previous theoretically considered13,14 and experimentally reported cases15,16 of magnetic splitting, such as traditional Zeeman and Rashba, in which the curvature of the bands is preserved. Therefore, our findings demonstrate a type of magnetic band splitting in the presence of a long-range antiferromagnetic order that is not readily explained by existing theoretical ideas.

Langmuir ; 37(31): 9472-9477, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310876


Nanoscale device fabrication requires control over film growth at the atomic scale. Growth conditions must be tuned in consideration of interface parameters like chemical bonding, surface free energy, and lattice matching. In metals, electronic properties may also be utilized for control of physical parameters. Quantum size effects can induce metals to spontaneously form specific shapes and sizes according to their electronic structure. Unfortunately, such electronic growth is generally known only for a few systems and is typically only stable under cryogenic conditions. In this work, we explore a recently discovered class of electronic growth systems in which metal films are grown upon the relatively inert surfaces of van der Waals crystals. In this class of materials, the electronic growth is highly stable at room temperature and actually requires higher temperature annealing to achieve proper equilibrium. We work with the Au/MoS2 system, which shows excellent stability and can readily form discrete and atomically flat nanostructures. Here, we show how the electronic growth modes facilitate the formation of atomically flat films with nanometer scale thickness. The surface roughness of these films was found to be less than a single atom over several square microns, creating nearly perfect surfaces for studies of self-assembled monolayers or other applications.