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1.
Am Surg ; 85(7): 747-751, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405421

RESUMO

The ACGME work hour restrictions facilitated increased utilization of service-based advanced practice providers (APPs) to offset reduced general surgery resident work hours. Information regarding attending surgeon perceptions of APP impact is limited. The aim of this survey was to gauge these perceptions with respect to workload, length of stay (LOS), safety, best practice, level of function, and clinical judgment. Attending surgeons on surgical teams that employ service-based APPs at an urban tertiary referral center responded to a survey at the completion of academic year 2016. Perceptions regarding APP impact on workload, LOS, safety, best practice, level of function, and clinical judgment were examined. Twenty-two attending surgeons (40%) responded. Respondents agreed that APPs always/usually decrease their workload (77%), decrease LOS (64%), improve safety (68%), contribute to best practice (82%), and decrease near misses (71%). They also agreed that APPs decrease resident workload (87%), but fewer agreed that APPs contribute to resident education (68%). The majority perceived APPs function at the PGY1/2 (43%) or PGY3 (39%) level and always/usually trust their clinical judgment (72%), and felt there was variability in level of function among APPs (56%). This single-center study illustrates that attending surgeons perceive a positive impact on patient care by service-based APPs.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Internato e Residência , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Adulto , Feminino , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Carga de Trabalho
2.
Am J Surg ; 217(6): 1006-1009, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis is present in up to 15% of cholecystectomy patients. Treatment can be surgical, endoscopic, or via interventional radiology. We hypothesized significant heterogeneity between hospitals exists in the approach to suspected common duct stones. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients that had a preoperative MRCP, endoscopic ultrasound, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP), or intra-operative cholangiogram was performed. Comparisons were by Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests with significance of p < 0.05 for paired variables and p < 0.017 for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Twelve participating institutions identified 1263 patients (409 men and 854 women) with a median age of 49 years (IQR: 31-94). Liver function tests (LFT's) were elevated in 939 patients (75%), median bilirubin level 1.75 mg/dl (IQ: 0.8-3.7 mg/dl) and median common duct size 7 mm (IQR 5-10 mm). The most common initial procedure was cholecystectomy with IOC at seven institutions, endoscopy at four and MRCP at one. CONCLUSION: Significant variation exists within the surgical community regarding suspected common duct stones. These results underscore the need for a protocol for common duct stones to minimize multiple, redundant interventions.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Colecistectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Coledocolitíase/diagnóstico por imagem , Coledocolitíase/cirurgia , Endossonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sudoeste dos Estados Unidos
4.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 82(3): 435-443, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28030492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data from the trauma patient population suggests handsewn (HS) anastomoses are superior to stapled (ST). A recent retrospective study in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients had similar findings. The aim of the current study was to evaluate HS and ST anastomoses in EGS patients undergoing urgent/emergent operations. METHODS: The study was sponsored by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multi-Institutional Studies Committee. Patients undergoing urgent/emergent bowel resection for EGS pathology were prospectively enrolled from July 22, 2013 to December 31, 2015. Patients were grouped by HS/ST anastomoses, and variables were collected. The primary outcome was anastomotic failure. Similar to other studies, anastomotic failure was evaluated at the anastomosis level. Multivariable logistic regression was performed controlling for age and risk factors for anastomotic failure. RESULTS: Fifteen institutions enrolled a total of 595 patients with 649 anastomoses (253 HS and 396 ST). Mean age was 61 years, 51% were men, 7% overall mortality. Age and sex were the same between groups. The overall anastomotic failure rate was 12.5%. The HS group had higher lactate, lower albumin, and were more likely to be on vasopressors. Hospital and intensive care unit days, as well as mortality, were greater in the HS group. Anastomotic failure rates and operative time were equivalent for HS and ST. On multivariate regression, the presence of contamination at initial resection (odds ratio, 1.965; 95% confidence interval, 1.183-3.264) and the patient being managed with open abdomen (odds ratio, 2.529; 95% confidence interval, 1.492-4.286) were independently associated with anastomotic failure, while the type of anastomosis was not. CONCLUSION: EGS patients requiring bowel resection and anastomosis are at high risk for anastomotic failure. The current study illustrates an apparent bias among acute care surgeons to perform HS techniques in higher-risk patients. Despite the individualized application of technique for differing patient populations, the risk of anastomotic failure was equivalent when comparing HS and ST anastomoses. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic study, level II.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Emergências , Cirurgia Geral/métodos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico , Técnicas de Sutura , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Am J Surg ; 210(6): 1126-30; discussion 1130-1, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26520871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery patients are increasingly being managed with an open abdomen (OA). Factors associated with complications after primary fascial closure (PFC) are unknown. METHODS: Demographic and operative variables for all emergency general surgery patients managed with OA at an academic medical center were prospectively examined from June to December 2013. Primary outcome was complication requiring reoperation. RESULTS: Of 58 patients, 37 managed with OA achieved PFC. Of these, 14 needed re-exploration for dehiscence, compartment syndrome, infection, or other. Complications after PFC were not associated with age, type of operative intervention, time to closure, re-explorations, comorbidities, or mortality. Complications correlated with higher body mass index (P = .02), skin closure (P = .04), plasma infusion (P = .01), and less intraoperative bleeding (P = .05). Deep surgical site infection correlated with fascial dehiscence (P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Reoperation after PFC was more likely in obese and nonhemorrhagic patients. Recognition of these factors and strategies to reduce surgical site infection may improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos Abdominais , Fasciotomia , Cirurgia Geral , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 13: 15-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26074486

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a technique that has been shown to provide central vascular control to support proximal aortic pressure and minimize hemorrhage in a wide variety of clinic settings, however the role of REBOA for emergency general surgery is less defined. CASE DESCRIPTION: This is a report of a 44 year old man who experienced hemorrhagic shock during video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD) for necrotizing pancreatitis where REBOA was used to prevent ongoing hemorrhage and death. DISCUSSION: This is the first documented report REBOA being used during pancreatic debridement in the literature and one of the first times it has been used in emergency general surgery. The use of REBOA is an option for those in hemorrhagic shock whom conventional aortic cross-clamping or supra-celiac aortic exposure is either not possible or exceedingly dangerous. CONCLUSION: REBOA allows for adequate resuscitation and can be used as a bridge to definitive therapy in a range of surgical subspecialties with minimal morbidity and complications. The risks associated with insertion of wires, sheaths, and catheters into the arterial system, as well as the risk of visceral and spinal cord ischemia due to aortic occlusion mandate that the use of this technique be utilized in only appropriate clinical scenarios.

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