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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(21): 9931-9946, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.

2.
J Med Chem ; 62(7): 3228-3250, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893553

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases and is essential for B cell receptor (BCR) mediated signaling. BTK also plays a critical role in the downstream signaling pathways for the Fcγ receptor in monocytes, the Fcε receptor in granulocytes, and the RANK receptor in osteoclasts. As a result, pharmacological inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. This article will outline the evolution of our strategy to identify a covalent, irreversible inhibitor of BTK that has the intrinsic potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic properties necessary to provide a rapid rate of inactivation systemically following a very low dose. With excellent in vivo efficacy and a very desirable tolerability profile, 5a (branebrutinib, BMS-986195) has advanced into clinical studies.

3.
J Med Chem ; 60(12): 5193-5208, 2017 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541707

RESUMO

PI3Kδ plays an important role controlling immune cell function and has therefore been identified as a potential target for the treatment of immunological disorders. This article highlights our work toward the identification of a potent, selective, and efficacious PI3Kδ inhibitor. Through careful SAR, the successful replacement of a polar pyrazole group by a simple chloro or trifluoromethyl group led to improved Caco-2 permeability, reduced Caco-2 efflux, reduced hERG PC activity, and increased selectivity profile while maintaining potency in the CD69 hWB assay. The optimization of the aryl substitution then identified a 4'-CN group that improved the human/rodent correlation in microsomal metabolic stability. Our lead molecule is very potent in PK/PD assays and highly efficacious in a mouse collagen-induced arthritis model.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2/imunologia , Cães , Canal de Potássio ERG1/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/tratamento farmacológico , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Coelhos
4.
J Chromatogr A ; 1487: 116-128, 2017 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28131592

RESUMO

Atropisomers are stereoisomers resulting from hindered bond rotation. From synthesis of pure atropisomers, characterization of their interconversion thermodynamics to investigation of biological stereoselectivity, the evaluation of drug candidates subject to atropisomerism creates special challenges and can be complicated in both early drug discovery and later drug development. In this paper, we demonstrate an array of analytical techniques and systematic approaches to study the atropisomerism of drug molecules to meet these challenges. Using a case study of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor drug candidates at Bristol-Myers Squibb, we present the analytical strategies and methodologies used during drug discovery including the detection of atropisomers, the determination of their relative composition, the identification of relative chirality, the isolation of individual atropisomers, the evaluation of interconversion kinetics, and the characterization of chiral stability in the solid state and in solution. In vivo and in vitro stereo-stability and stereo-selectivity were investigated as well as the pharmacological significance of any changes in atropisomer ratios. Techniques applied in these studies include analytical and preparative enantioselective supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC), enantioselective high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), circular dichroism (CD), and mass spectrometry (MS). Our experience illustrates how atropisomerism can be a very complicated issue in drug discovery and why a thorough understanding of this phenomenon is necessary to provide guidance for pharmaceutical development. Analytical techniques and methodologies facilitate key decisions during the discovery of atropisomeric drug candidates by characterizing time-dependent physicochemical properties that can have significant biological implications and relevance to pharmaceutical development plans.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Dicroísmo Circular , Descoberta de Drogas/instrumentação , Cinética , Espectrometria de Massas , Estereoisomerismo , Termodinâmica
5.
J Med Chem ; 59(19): 9173-9200, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583770

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases. BTK plays an essential role in B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling as well as Fcγ receptor signaling in monocytes and Fcε receptor signaling in mast cells and basophils, all of which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease. As a result, inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. This article details the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel series of highly potent and selective carbazole and tetrahydrocarbazole based, reversible inhibitors of BTK. Of particular interest is that two atropisomeric centers were rotationally locked to provide a single, stable atropisomer, resulting in enhanced potency and selectivity as well as a reduction in safety liabilities. With significantly enhanced potency and selectivity, excellent in vivo properties and efficacy, and a very desirable tolerability and safety profile, 14f (BMS-986142) was advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Isomerismo , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/química , Quinazolinas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(1): 40-5, 2016 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26819663

RESUMO

Efforts to identify a potent, reversible, nonsteroidal CYP17A1 lyase inhibitor with good selectivity over CYP17A1 hydroxylase and CYPs 11B1 and 21A2 for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) culminated in the discovery of BMS-351 (compound 18), a pyridyl biaryl benzimidazole with an excellent in vivo profile. Biological evaluation of BMS-351 at a dose of 1.5 mg in castrated cynomolgus monkeys revealed a remarkable reduction in testosterone levels with minimal glucocorticoid and mineralcorticoid perturbation. Based on a favorable profile, BMS-351 was selected as a candidate for further preclinical evaluation.

7.
Bioanalysis ; 4(9): 1057-64, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22612686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & METHOD: The small sample volumes characteristic to dried blood spot (DBS) sampling enabled us to right-shift the linear dynamic range of an LC-MS/MS plasma assay tenfold and eliminate the need for extensive sample dilution in support of three discovery toxicology studies in which both plasma and DBS samples were collected. With the right-shifted DBS assay range, no DBS study samples required dilution, while all of the plasma samples were diluted 5-50-fold. RESULTS: DBS standard curves from 78-80,000 nM were linear, the performance of the curve and QC samples was within acceptable discovery-assay criteria and individual plasma and DBS data were comparable. Linear correlations of C(max) and AUC derived from DBS and plasma data resulted in R(2) > 0.9. CONCLUSION: This bioanalytical strategy represents a benefit to the bioanalyst that can expedite the return of data and minimize the potential for error and variability that can result from extensive dilutions of study samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/normas , Teste em Amostras de Sangue Seco/normas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Espectrometria de Massas/normas , Plasma/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Área Sob a Curva , Cães , Macaca fascicularis , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Ratos
8.
Prostate ; 71(5): 480-8, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20878947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen receptor (AR) antagonists are part of the standard of care for prostate cancer. Despite the almost inevitable development of resistance in prostate tumors to AR antagonists, no new AR antagonists have been approved for over a decade. Treatment failure is due in part to mutations that increase activity of AR in response to lower ligand concentrations as well as to mutations that result in AR response to a broader range of ligands. The failure to discover new AR antagonists has occurred in the face of continued research; to enable progress, a clear understanding of the reasons for failure is required. METHODS: Non-clinical drug safety studies and safety pharmacology assays were performed on previously approved AR antagonists (bicalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide), next generation antagonists in clinical testing (MDV3100, BMS-641988), and a pre-clinical drug candidate (BMS-501949). In addition, non-clinical studies with AR mutant mice, and EEG recordings in rats were performed. Non-clinical findings are compared to disclosures of clinical trial results. RESULTS: As a drug class, AR antagonists cause seizure in animals by an off-target mechanism and are found in vitro to inhibit GABA-A currents. Clinical trials of candidate next generation AR antagonists identify seizure as a clinical safety risk. CONCLUSIONS: Non-clinical drug safety profiles of the AR antagonist drug class create a significant barrier to the identification of next generation AR antagonists. GABA-A inhibition is a common off-target activity of approved and next generation AR antagonists potentially explaining some side effects and safety hazards of this class of drugs.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Androgênios/toxicidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacocinética , Animais , Cães , Descoberta de Drogas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 17(4): 880-7, 2011 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21131556

RESUMO

PURPOSE: BMS-641988 is an androgen receptor antagonist with increased potency relative to bicalutamide in both in vitro and in vivo prostate cancer models. A first-in-man phase I study was conducted to define the safety and tolerability of oral BMS-641988 in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Doses were escalated from 5 to 150 mg based on discrete pharmacokinetic parameters in cohorts of three to six subjects. After establishing safety with 20 mg of BMS-641988 in the United States, a companion study was opened in Japan to assess differences in drug metabolism between populations. RESULTS: Sixty-one men with CRPC were treated with daily BMS-641988. The pharmacokinetics (PK) of BMS-641988 and its active metabolites were proportional to dose. One patient experienced an epileptic seizure at a dose of 60 mg administered twice. Despite achieving target drug exposures, antitumor activity was limited to one partial response. Seventeen of 23 evaluable patients (74%) exhibited stable disease on imaging (median 15 weeks; range 8-32), and 10 of 61 patients (16%) achieved a ≥ 30% decline in levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Partial agonism was seen within the context of this study upon removal of the drug as evidenced by a decrease in PSA. CONCLUSIONS: Although the clinical outcomes of predominantly stable disease and partial agonism were similar to what was observed in the preclinical evaluation of the compound, the limited antitumor activity of BMS-641988 at therapeutic dose levels coupled with an episode of seizure activity led to study closure.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Imidas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antagonistas de Androgênios/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/efeitos adversos , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacocinética , Humanos , Imidas/efeitos adversos , Imidas/farmacocinética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orquiectomia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(17): 4770-3, 2008 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18707880

RESUMO

Inhibition of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2), the transporter that is responsible for renal re-uptake of glucose, leads to glucosuria in animals. SGLT-mediated glucosuria provides a mechanism to shed excess plasma glucose to ameliorate diabetes-related hyperglycemia and associated complications. The current study demonstrates that the proper relationship of a 4'-substituted benzyl group to a beta-1C-phenylglucoside is important for potent and selective SGLT2 inhibition. The lead C-arylglucoside (7a) demonstrates superior metabolic stability to its O-arylglucoside counterpart (4) and it promotes glucosuria when administered in vivo.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Animais , Glucose/química , Glicosúria Renal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Transportador 1 de Glucose-Sódio/antagonistas & inibidores
11.
J Med Chem ; 51(5): 1145-9, 2008 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18260618

RESUMO

The C-aryl glucoside 6 (dapagliflozin) was identified as a potent and selective hSGLT2 inhibitor which reduced blood glucose levels in a dose-dependent manner by as much as 55% in hyperglycemic streptozotocin (STZ) rats. These findings, combined with a favorable ADME profile, have prompted clinical evaluation of dapagliflozin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/síntese química , Hipoglicemiantes/síntese química , Rim/metabolismo , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Administração Oral , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Ratos , Estereoisomerismo
12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(2): 634-9, 2008 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18055203

RESUMO

2-Amino-5-(thioaryl)thiazoles are potent inhibitors of TrkA (e.g., 20h, TrkA IC(50)=0.6 nM) that show anti-proliferative effect in cellular assays. A proposed inhibitor binding mode to TrkA active site is consistent with key SAR observations.


Assuntos
Receptor trkA/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Fosforilação , Receptor trkA/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/química
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