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1.
Acta méd. colomb ; 45(1): 37-39, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124068

RESUMO

Abstract Renal crisis is a complication with significant morbidity and mortality in scleroderma patients and a rare entity in kidney transplantation. It may present with highly variable clinical manifestations, mainly arterial hypertension, acute kidney failure and multisystemic involvement. Following is the report of a patient with late reoccurrence of scleroderma crisis in kidney transplantation, who was given successful treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1215).


Resumen La crisis renal es una complicación con importante morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes con esclerodermia y una rara entidad en trasplante renal, que se puede presentar con manifestaciones clínicas muy variables, principalmente hipertensión arterial, falla renal aguda y compromiso multisistémico. A continuación se reporta el caso de una paciente con recurrencia tardía de la crisis esclerodérmica en el trasplante renal, que recibió tratamiento exitoso con inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina.(Acta Med Colomb 2020; 45. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2020.1215).

2.
Biomedica ; 39(Supl. 2): 20-25, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529830

RESUMO

Cerebral feohifomycosis are severe infections caused by dematiaceous fungi. Cladophialophora bantiana is one of the most commonly isolated species; it has central nervous system tropism and it often manifests as a brain abscess in immunocompetent patients. In immunocompromised patients, it can lead to brain abscesses and disseminated infections. Despite the availability of broad-spectrum antifungal drugs, it is a must to perform surgical management, in addition to drug therapy. However, mortality is high. The diagnostic approach must be invasive to establish a timely diagnosis and direct treatment based on culture and susceptibility tests. We report a case of brain abscess caused by C. bantiana in an immunosuppressed patient who was treated with surgical resection and voriconazole with an adequate response to therapy and without neurological sequels.


Assuntos
Abscesso Encefálico/microbiologia , Feoifomicose Cerebral/microbiologia , Transplante de Rim , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Anfotericina B/uso terapêutico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Abscesso Encefálico/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Encefálico/etiologia , Abscesso Encefálico/cirurgia , Feoifomicose Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Feoifomicose Cerebral/etiologia , Feoifomicose Cerebral/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Craniotomia , Rejeição de Enxerto/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperoxalúria Primária/complicações , Hiperoxalúria Primária/diagnóstico , Hiperoxalúria Primária/genética , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitíase/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recidiva , Diálise Renal
3.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(3): 427-432, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040255

RESUMO

Abstract Methotrexate is an effective medication to control several diseases; however, it can be very toxic, being myelosuppression one of its main adverse effects, which increases in severity and frequency in patients with renal failure. We present the case of a 68-year-old man with chronic, end-stage renal disease associated with ANCA vasculitis, under treatment with peritoneal dialysis, who received the medication at a low dose, indicated by disease activity, which presented as a complication with severe pancytopenia with mucositis that improved with support measures and multiple-exchange peritoneal dialysis. We reviewed 20 cases published to date of pancytopenia associated with methotrexate in patients on dialysis and found high morbidity and mortality, which is why its use in this type of patient is not recommended. However, when this complication occurs, a therapeutic option could be the use of multiple-exchange peritoneal dialysis in addition to supportive therapy for drug-related toxicity, although it is recognized that studies are required to show the role of multiple-exchange peritoneal dialysis in the removal of this medication.


Resumo Apesar de sua toxicidade, o metotrexato é um medicamento eficaz no controle de várias doenças. A mielossupressão, um de seus principais efeitos adversos, aumenta em gravidade e frequência nos pacientes com insuficiência renal. Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 68 anos de idade com doença renal terminal relacionada à vasculite associada ao ANCA em diálise peritoneal, que recebeu a medicação em dose baixa em função da atividade da doença e que teve como complicação pancitopenia grave com mucosite, tratada com medidas de suporte e diálise peritoneal com múltiplas trocas. Revisamos 20 casos publicados até o presente momento sobre pancitopenia associada a metotrexato em pacientes em diálise. Foi identificada alta morbidade e mortalidade, razão pela qual seu uso nesse tipo de paciente não é recomendado. No entanto, quando esta complicação ocorre, uma opção terapêutica pode ser o uso de diálise peritoneal com múltiplas trocas, além da terapia de suporte para toxicidade medicamentosa. Maiores estudos são necessários para demonstrar o papel da diálise peritoneal com múltiplas trocas na remoção desse medicamento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Pancitopenia/etiologia , Pancitopenia/terapia , Choque Séptico/etiologia , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Mucosite/etiologia , Mucosite/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/sangue , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(supl.2): 20-25, ago. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038824

RESUMO

Resumen Las feohifomicosis cerebrales son infecciones graves causadas por mohos dematiáceos, entre los cuales Cladophialophora bantiana es una de las especies más comúnmente aislada. Esta tiene tropismo por el sistema nervioso central y frecuentemente produce abscesos cerebrales en pacientes inmunocompetentes; además, en los inmunocomprometidos también puede ocasionar infección diseminada. Pese a la disponibilidad de medicamentos antifúngicos de amplio espectro, a menudo se requiere también la intervención quirúrgica; de todas maneras, la mortalidad es elevada. El diagnóstico debe hacerse interviniendo para tomar la muestra y hacer el cultivo y las pruebas de sensibilidad. Se presenta aquí el caso de un paciente con trasplante renal que presentó un absceso cerebral por C. bantiana, el cual se extrajo mediante resección quirúrgica. El paciente recibió tratamiento con voriconazol, con adecuada respuesta, mejoría y sin secuelas neurológicas.


Abstract Cerebral feohifomycosis are severe infections caused by dematiaceous fungi. Cladophialophora bantiana is one of the most commonly isolated species; it has central nervous system tropism and it often manifests as a brain abscess in immunocompetent patients. In immunocompromised patients, it can lead to brain abscesses and disseminated infections. Despite the availability of broad-spectrum antifungal drugs, it is a must to perform surgical management, in addition to drug therapy. However, mortality is high. The diagnostic approach must be invasive to establish a timely diagnosis and direct treatment based on culture and susceptibility tests. We report a case of brain abscess caused by C. bantiana in an immunosuppressed patient who was treated with surgical resection and voriconazole with an adequate response to therapy and without neurological sequels.

5.
J Bras Nefrol ; 41(3): 427-432, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281061

RESUMO

Methotrexate is an effective medication to control several diseases; however, it can be very toxic, being myelosuppression one of its main adverse effects, which increases in severity and frequency in patients with renal failure. We present the case of a 68-year-old man with chronic, end-stage renal disease associated with ANCA vasculitis, under treatment with peritoneal dialysis, who received the medication at a low dose, indicated by disease activity, which presented as a complication with severe pancytopenia with mucositis that improved with support measures and multiple-exchange peritoneal dialysis. We reviewed 20 cases published to date of pancytopenia associated with methotrexate in patients on dialysis and found high morbidity and mortality, which is why its use in this type of patient is not recommended. However, when this complication occurs, a therapeutic option could be the use of multiple-exchange peritoneal dialysis in addition to supportive therapy for drug-related toxicity, although it is recognized that studies are required to show the role of multiple-exchange peritoneal dialysis in the removal of this medication.


Assuntos
Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosite/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosite/etiologia , Pancitopenia/etiologia , Pancitopenia/terapia , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Choque Séptico/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Iatreia ; 31(3): 300-304, jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-975481

RESUMO

RESUMEN El compromiso neurológico del sistema nervioso central (SNC) en las vasculitis asociadas a anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos (ANCAS, del inglés anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies) es raro y potencialmente catastrófico. El estándar de tratamiento ha sido la ciclofosfamida con pulsos de esteroides, sin embargo, este esquema no tiene evidencia fuerte para el compromiso del sistema nervioso central y no está exento de efectos adversos graves sobre todo en la población anciana. En los últimos años, ha aparecido el rituximab como terapia alternativa a la ciclofosfamida para inducir la remisión en este tipo de vasculitis, no obstante, su uso con compromiso neurológico grave también ha sido anecdótico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 84 años de edad con poliangeítis microscópica y compromiso neurológico y renal grave, tratada con rituximab evolucionando favorablemente alcanzando la remisión de la enfermedad.


SUMMARY The neurological involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in vasculitis associated with ANCAS is rare and potentially catastrophic. The standard treatment is cyclophosphamide with pulses of steroids; however, this scheme has no strong evidence for central nervous system involvement and is not free of serious adverse effects especially in the elderly population. In recent year's rituximab has appeared as an alternative therapy to cyclophosphamide to induce remission in this type of vasculitis, however its use with severe neurological involvement has also been anecdotal. We present the case of 84-year-old patient who presented a microscopic polyangiitis with severe neurological and renal involvement, treated with rituximab with a favorable evolution in reaching remission of the disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sistema Nervoso Central , Poliangiite Microscópica
7.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 38(4): 433-437, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177523

RESUMO

El síndrome hemolítico urémico atípico es una enfermedad relacionada con alteración en la regulación del complemento que generalmente evoluciona a enfermedad renal crónica terminal, con alta tasa de recaída en el trasplante renal y elevado riesgo de pérdida del injerto. La terapia anticomplemento ha mejorado el pronóstico de estos pacientes, logrando tener remisión de la enfermedad en la mayoría de los casos, aumentando la posibilidad de un trasplante renal exitoso e incrementando la supervivencia del paciente y del injerto; igualmente el uso de medicamentos con bajo riesgo de inducción de microangiopatías trombóticas como el belatacept y micofenolato se han utilizado con resultados satisfactorios. Presentamos el caso de una paciente joven de alto riesgo inmunológico, con síndrome hemolítico urémico atípico por mutación del factor H, a quien se realizó trasplante renal exitoso con eculizumab, timoglobulina, belatacept, micofenolato y esteroides conservando excelente función del injerto y sin recaídas de su enfermedad


Atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome is a disease caused by complement regulation abnormalities that generally progresses to chronic end-stage renal disease with a high rate of recurrence in kidney transplantation and a high risk of graft loss. Anti-complement therapy has improved the prognosis of these patients, achieving disease remission in most cases, increasing the likelihood of a successful kidney transplant and increasing patient and graft survival. Drugs with low risk of induction of thrombotic microangiopathies such as belatacept and mycophenolate have also been used with satisfactory results. We present the case of a young patient at high immunological risk, with atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome due to factor H mutation, who underwent a successful kidney transplantation with eculizumab, thymoglobulin, belatacept, mycophenolate and steroids, to date preserving excellent graft function without disease recurrence


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica Atípica/cirurgia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica Atípica/genética , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica Atípica/imunologia , Fator H do Complemento/genética , Quimioterapia Combinada , Transplante de Rim , Mutação , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Gac Med Mex ; 154(3): 275-282, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30047932

RESUMO

Introducción: Estudios recientes sugieren que la lipocalina asociada con la gelatinasa del neutrófilo urinaria (NGALu) es superior a la creatinina para la detección temprana de la disfunción del injerto renal, pero son pocos los estudios que evalúan su utilidad como predictor a largo plazo de dicha función. Objetivo: Explorar si los valores de NGALu en las primeras 48 horas después del trasplante renal predicen la función del injerto a largo plazo. Método: Cohorte prospectiva en la que se evaluaron los valores de NGALu a las 2, 12, 24 y 48 horas postrasplante renal. Resultados: Se valoraron 79 pacientes trasplantados renales. Al año de seguimiento, 30.4 de los pacientes presentó disfunción del injerto. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los valores de NGALu y la función a un año del injerto renal (p = 0.65); el análisis multivariado mostró que ningún valor de NGALu fue un marcador predictor de disfunción del injerto a un año del trasplante renal. Conclusión: Los valores de NGALu obtenidos en las primeras 48 horas postrasplante no se asociaron con disfunción del injerto a un año del trasplante renal. Introduction: Recent studies suggest that urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) is superior to creatinine for renal graft dysfunction early detection, but there are only few studies assessing its usefulness as long-term predictor of said function. Objective: To explore if uNGAL values within the first 48 hours after kidney transplantation predict graft function on the long term. Method: Prospective cohort, where uNGAL values were assessed at 2, 12, 24 and 48 hours post-kidney transplantation. Results: Seventy-nine kidney transplant recipients were evaluated. At one year of follow-up, 30.4% of patients had graft dysfunction. No statistically significant differences were found between the uNGAL values and the renal graft function at one year (p = 0.65); the multivariate analysis showed that no uNGAL value was a predictor marker of graft dysfunction at one year of kidney transplantation. Conclusion: The uNGAL values obtained within the first 48 hours post-transplant were not associated with graft dysfunction at one year of kidney transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Lipocalina-2/urina , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/urina , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Iatreia ; 31(2): 191-196, ene.-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-953918

RESUMO

RESUMEN La metformina es uno de los medicamentos más utilizados como primera línea para control de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2; tiene un papel benéfico en la mortalidad cardiovascular y bajo riesgo de producir hipoglucemia; sin embargo, no está exenta de efectos adversos, de los cuales, el más temido es la acidosis láctica, cuya incidencia es de 7,4 casos por 100.000 usuarios del medicamento por año. Los principales factores de riesgo para desarrollar dicha complicación son la insuficiencia renal aguda o crónica, la falla cardíaca, la enfermedad hepática y el uso concomitante de medicamentos que bloquean la cadena respiratoria de la mitocondria. El tratamiento incluye la reanimación hídrica, el soporte y, en algunos casos, el bicarbonato. La terapia de reemplazo renal ha sido exitosa en estos pacientes, pero las indicaciones para hacerla aún no son claras porque la metformina es una molécula parcialmente dializable y se requiere hemodiálisis prolongada para reducir suficientemente sus niveles. A pesar del tratamiento intensivo, la mortalidad asociada a esta complicación continúa siendo muy alta. El diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento oportuno son fundamentales para mejorar el pronóstico.


SUMMARY Metformin lactic acidosis. Report of two cases Metformin is recommended as a first-line treatment for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2; it has a cardiovascular protective effect, and low risk of hypoglycemia. However, a severe but infrequent complication of its use is lactic acidosis, which has high morbidity and mortality rates. The estimated incidence of metformin lactic acidosis is 7,4 cases per 100.000 patients per year. Main risk factors are acute or chronic renal disease, congestive heart failure, hepatic failure, and concomitant use of drugs that affect metformin clearance or energy metabolism. Treatment includes hydration with crystalloids, support measures, and intravenous bicarbonate. Renal replacement therapy has been successful for treating metformin-associated lactic acidosis, but there are still no clear indications for it, because metformin is a partially dialyzable molecule and prolonged hemodialysis is required to reduce its levels sufficiently. Despite current treatment, mortality remains high. Early diagnosis and prompt multidisciplinary support are essential to improve outcome in these patients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso , Acidose Láctica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina
10.
Nefrologia ; 38(4): 433-437, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29778558

RESUMO

Atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome is a disease caused by complement regulation abnormalities that generally progresses to chronic end-stage renal disease with a high rate of recurrence in kidney transplantation and a high risk of graft loss. Anti-complement therapy has improved the prognosis of these patients, achieving disease remission in most cases, increasing the likelihood of a successful kidney transplant and increasing patient and graft survival. Drugs with low risk of induction of thrombotic microangiopathies such as belatacept and mycophenolate have also been used with satisfactory results. We present the case of a young patient at high immunological risk, with atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome due to factor H mutation, who underwent a successful kidney transplantation with eculizumab, thymoglobulin, belatacept, mycophenolate and steroids, to date preserving excellent graft function without disease recurrence.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica Atípica/cirurgia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica Atípica/genética , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica Atípica/imunologia , Fator H do Complemento/genética , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Biomedica ; 38(1): 32-36, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668131

RESUMO

Pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii is an uncommon infection in kidney transplant patients that can have an acute and rapid progression to respiratory failure and death. The period of greatest risk occurs in the first six months after the transplant, and it relates to the high doses of immunosuppression drugs required by patients. However, it may occur late, associated with the suspension of prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.We present two cases of renal transplant patients who had severe hypoxemic respiratory failure due to P. jirovecii six years after transplantation. In addition to steroids, they received treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. One patient died, while the other had clinical recovery, with preservation of the renal graft function.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Pneumocystis carinii/química , Insuficiência Respiratória/complicações , Humanos , Pneumocystis carinii/isolamento & purificação , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/administração & dosagem , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/efeitos adversos
12.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 38(1): 32-36, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-888544

RESUMO

Resumen La neumonitis por Pneumocystis jirovecii es una infección infrecuente en pacientes con trasplante de riñón, que se presenta de forma aguda y puede progresar rápidamente hasta la insuficiencia respiratoria y la muerte. El período de mayor riesgo es el de los primeros seis meses después del trasplante, y se asocia con las altas dosis de medicamentos inmunosupresores que reciben los pacientes. La condición también puede presentarse de manera tardía, asociada con la suspensión de la profilaxis con trimetoprim-sulfametoxazol. Se reportan dos casos de pacientes con trasplante renal que presentaron insuficiencia respiratoria hipoxémica grave por P. jirovecii pasados seis años del trasplante, y que fueron tratados con trimetoprim-sulfametoxazol y esteroides. Uno de los pacientes murió y el otro se recuperó sin que hubiera efectos en la función del injerto renal.


Abstract Pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii is an uncommon infection in kidney transplant patients that can have an acute and rapid progression to respiratory failure and death. The period of greatest risk occurs in the first six months after the transplant, and it relates to the high doses of immunosuppression drugs required by patients. However, it may occur late, associated with the suspension of prophylaxis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. We present two cases of renal transplant patients who had severe hypoxemic respiratory failure due to P. jirovecii six years after transplantation. In addition to steroids, they received treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. One patient died, while the other had clinical recovery, with preservation of the renal graft function.

13.
Biomedica ; 36(4): 498-503, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27992975

RESUMO

Light chain-associated kidney compromise is frequent in patients with monoclonal gammopathies; it affects the glomeruli or the tubules, and its most common cause is multiple myeloma. It may develop after a kidney transplant due to recurrence of a preexisting multiple myeloma or it can be a de novo disease manifesting as graft dysfunction and proteinuria. A kidney biopsy is always necessary to confirm the diagnosis.We describe three cases of kidney graft dysfunction due to multiple myeloma in patients without presence of the disease before the transplant.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Mieloma Múltiplo/etiologia , Disfunção Primária do Enxerto/etiologia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Terapia Combinada , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/análise , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Proteínas do Mieloma/análise , Proteinúria/etiologia
15.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 36(4): 498-503, dic. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-950914

RESUMO

RESUMEN La enfermedad renal asociada a cadenas ligeras es frecuente en el contexto de las gammapatías monoclonales, afecta los glomérulos o los túbulos renales, y su causa más común es el mieloma múltiple. Puede desarrollarse después de un trasplante renal por recurrencia de un mieloma múltiple ya existente, o puede ser de diagnóstico nuevo y presentarse con deterioro de la función renal y proteinuria. Siempre se requiere una biopsia renal para confirmar el diagnóstico.


ABSTRACT Light chain-associated kidney compromise is frequent in patients with monoclonal gammopathies; it affects the glomeruli or the tubules, and its most common cause is multiple myeloma. It may develop after a kidney transplant due to recurrence of a preexisting multiple myeloma or it can be a de novo disease manifesting as graft dysfunction and proteinuria. A kidney biopsy is always necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

16.
CES med ; 30(2): 148-157, jul.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-952213

RESUMO

Resumen Introducciónen el trasplante renal de donante fallecido es importante tener marcadores tempranos que ayuden a predecir la funcionalidad adecuada del injerto renal. La medición de creatinina continóa siendo el marcador de elección para definir si los riñones de un posible donante son aptos para ser trasplantados. La lipocalina asociada a la gelatinasa del neutrófilo urinaria (NGALu) es un biomarcador que ha sido utilizado para el diagnóstico temprano de lesión renal aguda, pero su comportamiento es incierto en el donante fallecido. Este estudio tiene como objetivo determinar si los niveles de NGALu del donante pueden predecir la función retardada del injerto (FRI) en los receptores. Métodología: cohorte prospectiva en la que se evaluaron los niveles de NGALu del donante al momento de la extracción renal; se aplicó estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. Se exploró el comportamiento de este biomarcador en el donante del injerto renal para determinar si es un factor predictivo de función retardada del injerto. Resultados: se evaluaron 27 donantes de criterios óptimos; el 74,1 % eran hombres, la edad tuvo una mediana de 27 años (rango: 18,8-43,3); la principal causa de muerte fue trauma encefalocraneano, seguido por el accidente cerebrovascular. La creatinina tuvo una mediana de 0,8 mg/dl y los valores de NGALu tuvieron una mediana de 11,1ng/ml (4,2-33,6). En total se realizaron 46 trasplantes, de los cuales el 15,2 % presentaron función retardada del injerto y dos pacientes necesitaron terapia de reemplazo renal en la primera semana luego del trasplante. Los valores de NGALu agrupados de acuerdo a presencia o no de función retardada del injerto fueron de 11,1 ng/ml (3-17,3) en los pacientes sin función retardada del injerto y 11,2 ng/ml en los pacientes con dicha función (7,7-39,4) (p=0,40). En el análisis multivariado no se encontró ningón factor asociado al desarrollo de función retardada del injerto. Conclusión: en este estudio la medición de uNGAL en donantes fallecidos de criterios óptimos no predijo función retardada del injerto.


Abstract Introduction: For deceased donor renal transplantation, it is important to have early markers that can predict the functional outcome of the transplant. Currently, creatinine is the marker of choice for determining whether a potential donor's kidneys are suitable for transplantation. Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) is a biomarker that has been utilized to diagnose early-stage acute kidney injury, but its behavior in deceased donors is uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine whether donor uNGAL levels can predict delayed graft function in recipients. Methodology: A prospective cohort utilizing descriptive statistics and non-parametric median tests was carried out to evaluate donor uNGAL levels at the time of kidney removal. The behavior of this biomarker was analyzed in kidney transplant donors to evaluate its use as a predictive factor for DGF. Results: A total of 27 standard criteria transplants were evaluated, including 7 (25.9%) women and 20 (74.1%) men with a median age of 27 years (18.75-43.25). The principal cause of death was traumatic head injury, followed by stroke. The median creatinine level was 0.8 mg/dl (0.57-1), and the median uNGAL level was 11.1 ng/ml (4.2-33.6). In total, 46 transplants were performed, of which 15.22% (7 patients) presented with delayed graft function and 2 patients needed renal replacement therapy within the first week after transplantation. The patients were grouped according to the presence of DGF, with median uNGAL values of 11.1 ng/ml (3-17.3) in patients without DGF and median values of 11.2 ng/ml (7.7-39.4) (p=0.4) in those with delayed graft function. No factors were found to be associated with the development of delayed graft function in the multivariate analysis. Discussion: in this study, uNGAL measurements in deceased standard criteria donors did not predict delayed graft function.

17.
Colomb. med ; 47(4): 196-202, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-952884

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders are serious complications of organ transplantation which treatment is not yet standardized. Objective: To describe the clinical response, overall and graft survival of patients in our center with this complication after kidney transplantation, which received rituximab as part of their treatment as well as conversion to m-TOR. Methods: Retrospective study, which included patients, diagnosed with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders after kidney transplantation from January 2011 to July 2014. Results: Eight cases were found with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. Most had monomorphic histology, 85% were associated with Epstein-Barr virus, 25% of patients had tumor involvement of the renal graft, and 12.5% ​​had primary central nervous system lymphoma. All patients were managed with reduction of immunosuppression, conversion to m-TOR (except one who lost the graft at diagnosis) and rituximab-based therapy. The overall response rate was 87.5% (62.5% complete response, 25% partial response). Survival was 87.5% with a median follow-up of 34 months. An additional patient lost the graft, with chronic nephropathy already known. All the remaining patients had stable renal function. Conclusions: There are no standardized treatment regimens for lymphoproliferative disorders after kidney transplantation, but these patients can be managed successfully with reduction of immunosuppression, conversion to m-TOR and rituximab-based schemes.


Resumen Antecedente: La enfermedad linfoproliferativa post-trasplante es una complicación grave del trasplante de órganos cuyo tratamiento aún no se encuentra estandarizado. Objetivo: Describir la respuesta clínica, supervivencia global y del injerto en pacientes con esta complicación post trasplante renal en nuestro centro y que recibieron rituximab como parte de su tratamiento y la conversión a m-TOR. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedad linfoproliferativa postrasplante renal entre enero de 2011 y julio de 2014. Resultados: Se encontraron ocho casos, con presentaciones clínicas variables. La mayoría correspondieron a histología monomórfica, en 85% se asoció con virus de Epstein-Barr, 25% de los pacientes tenían compromiso tumoral del injerto renal y 12.5% linfoma primario de sistema nervioso central. Todos los pacientes se manejaron con reducción de inmunosupresión, conversión a m-TOR (excepto uno que perdió el injerto al diagnóstico) y tratamiento basado en rituximab. La tasa de respuesta global fue del 87.5% (62.5% respuesta completa, 25% respuesta parcial). La supervivencia fue del 87.5% con una mediana de seguimiento de 34 meses. Un paciente adicional perdió el injerto renal, con nefropatía crónica ya conocida. Los pacientes restantes con función renal estable. Conclusiones: No existen esquemas estandarizados de tratamiento para la enfermedad linfoproliferativa post-trasplante renal, pero estos pacientes pueden ser manejados de forma exitosa con reducción de la inmunosupresión, conversión a m-TOR y esquemas basados en rituximab.

18.
Biomedica ; 36(2): 213-9, 2016 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27622482

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Delayed graft function occurs in about 20 to 50 percent of kidney transplants.  OBJECTIVE: To describe the behavior of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGALu) in deceased-donor renal transplant recipients and to compare this indicator with the percentage of creatinine decrease (PdC) for the early detection of delayed graft function.  MATERIALS AND METHODS: NGALu levels were evaluated in a prospective cohort in the first, 12th, 24th and 48th hours after kidney transplant, and compared with the daily PdC until day 5.  RESULTS: We included 79 patients in the study. Delayed graft function occurred in 13 patients (16.5%), and five patients (6.3%) required dialysis in the first week. NGALu levels at all cut-off points were higher in patients with delayed graft function (p=0.526, p=0.049, p=0.032, and p=0.001). NGALu levels above 120 ng/ml at 48 hours predicted delayed graft function with a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 71%. A PdC of 59.5% best discriminated the delayed graft function, with a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 83% at 48 hours. Using logistic regression for the adjusted delayed graft function, the only significant values to predict it were those of PdC.  CONCLUSIONS: NGALu levels measured at 48 hours after renal transplantation predicted delayed graft function, including the need for dialysis; however, this marker was not superior to the PdC for early detection.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/química , Creatinina/metabolismo , Função Retardada do Enxerto/urina , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Creatinina/química , Função Retardada do Enxerto/diagnóstico , Função Retardada do Enxerto/etiologia , Função Retardada do Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Lipocalina-2/química , Lipocalina-2/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Med. UIS ; 29(2): 41-48, may.-ago. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-829147

RESUMO

Introducción: el rechazo agudo mediado por anticuerpos es una complicación que se presenta luego del trasplante renal y es una causa importante de pérdida del injerto. La plasmaféresis es una de las terapias utilizadas para su tratamiento, algunos estudios sugieren mejor supervivencia del injerto renal con el uso de plasmaféresis; sin embargo su evidencia es débil. Objetivo: este estudio tiene como objetivo describir la experiencia del uso de plasmaféresis en el rechazo agudo mediado por anticuerpos. Materiales y Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo realizado en el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe entre agosto de 2005 y junio de 2015 en pacientes con diagnóstico de rechazo agudo mediado por anticuerpos, quienes recibieron entre tres y nueve sesiones de plasmaféresis. Resultados: se realizaron un total de 769 trasplantes renales; de los cuales 26 pacientes presentaron rechazo agudo mediado por anticuerpos y recibieron plasmaféresis como parte del tratamiento. Todos los pacientes recibieron terapia de inducción al momento del trasplante y en el 80,8% la terapia de mantenimiento utilizada fue tacrolimus-micofenolato-prednisolona. El rechazo mediado por anticuerpos se presentó en forma temprana en el 61,5% de los pacientes. A seis y doce meses el 44% y 53,8% de los pacientes respectivamente presentaron pérdida del injerto renal; las complicaciones se presentaron en el 53,8% de los pacientes, las cuales fueron hipocalcemia, hipotensión y anafilaxia. Conclusión: en esta cohorte el uso de plasmaféresis en el rechazo agudo mediado por anticuerpos no logró evitar la pérdida del injerto renal en el 50% de los pacientes; se sugiere adicionar a esta terapia otras alternativas de tratamiento entre ellas, la inmunoglobulinas intravenosas, rituximab, eculizumab y bortezomib. MÉD.UIS. 2016;29(2):41-8.


Background: antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection is a complication after kidney transplantation, and it has poor prognosis for graft survival. Plasmapheresis has been used with controversial results; few trials indicate a trend towards superior graft survival in patients receiving this treatment; however, the evidence remains weak. Objetive: the aim of this study was to describe the experience in treating Antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection with plasmapheresis in kidney transplant recipients. Methods: retrospective and descriptive study of the patients that underwent three to nine session of plasmapheresis as a treatment of severe Antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection in Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital. Results: between August 2005 and June 2015, 769 patients underwent kidney transplantation at our institution; 26 patients received plasmapheresis as part of the treatment for Antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection. All patients received induction therapy. Maintenance therapy used was tacrolimus, mycophenolic acid and steroids in 80,8% of the patients and cyclosporine, micophenolic acid and steroids in 19,2%. Antibody mediated rejection had an early onset in 61,5% of the cases. At six and 12 months after therapy, 44% and 53,8% patients respectively were back on dialysis. Complications were reported in 53,8% of the patients (hypocalcaemia, hypotension and anaphylaxis). Conclusion: in this cohort, 50% of patients who received Plasmapheresis as therapy for severe Antibody-mediated renal allograft rejection presented loss graft after one year of follow up. It is necessary adding to this therapy new treatment alternatives, among them intravenous immunoglobulin, rituximab, eculizumab and bortezomib. MÉD.UIS. 2016;29(2):41-8.


Assuntos
Humanos , Plasmaferese , Transplante de Rim , Rejeição de Enxerto , Sobrevivência de Enxerto
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