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1.
World J Urol ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess differences in referral and pathologic outcomes for uro-oncology cases prior to and during the COVID pandemic, comparing clinical and pathological data of cancer surgeries performed at an academic referral center between 2019 and 2020. METHODS: We collected data of 880 prostate biopsies, 393 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies (RARP) for prostate cancer (PCa), 767 trans-urethral resections of bladder tumor (TURB) and 134 radical cystectomies (RC) for bladder cancer (BCa), 29 radical nephro-ureterectomies (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma, 130 partial nephrectomies (PN) and 12 radical nephrectomies (RN) for renal cancer, and 41 orchifunicolectomies for testicular cancer. Data of patients treated in 2019 (before COVID-19 pandemic) were compared to patients treated in 2020 (during pandemic). RESULTS: No significant decline in uro-oncological surgical activity was seen between 2019 and 2020. No significant increase in time between diagnosis and surgery was observed for all considered cancers. No differences in terms of main pathologic features were observed in patients undergoing RARP, TURB, RNU, RN/PN, or orchifunicolectomy. A higher proportion of ISUP grade 3 and 4 PCa were diagnosed in 2020 at biopsy (p = 0.001), but this did not translate into worse pathological grade/stage at RARP. In 2020, more advanced disease features were seen after RC, including lymph node involvement (p = 0.01) and non-organ confined disease (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Neither decline in uro-oncologic activity nor delay between diagnosis and treatment was observed at our institution during the first year of COVID-19 pandemic. No significant worsening of cancer disease features was found in 2020 except for muscle-invasive BCa.

3.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387593

RESUMO

Several novel androgen receptor (AR)-inhibitors have been introduced for nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) treatment, with the improvement of survival outcomes which need to be balanced against the risk of adverse events. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating enzalutamide, apalutamide and darolutamide in nmCRPC patients, to assess overall survival (OS), incidence and risk of adverse drug events, adverse-events-related death and adverse-events-related treatment discontinuation. We selected three RCTs (SPARTAN, PROSPER and ARAMIS). New hormonal agents administration resulted in better OS, despite the increased risk of several any grade and grade 3-4 adverse events. In the decision-making process, careful evaluation of expected adverse events, patients' comorbidities and maintenance of quality of life are mandatory.

4.
Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol ; 17(10): 1237-1243, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407702

RESUMO

Background: With hormonal agents quickly expanding as novel therapeutic options in nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC), the toxicity profile of enzalutamide, apalutamide, and darolutamide should be kept in mind.Methods: We performed an updated meta-analysis with the aim to analyze the risk of treatment-related cardiovascular (CV) events, any grade, and grade 3-4 (G3-4) hypertension in nmCRPC patients treated with enzalutamide, apalutamide, and darolutamide plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) versus ADT plus placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Results were compared by calculating Relative Risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs); RRs were combined with Mantel-Haenszel method.Results: Three RCTs involving 4110 patients were available for the meta-analysis. According to our results, the addition of novel hormonal agents was associated with a significantly increased risk of CV events (RR = 1.71; 95% CI 1.29-2.27) and G3-4 hypertension (RR = 1.53; 95% CI 1.19-1.97). In addition, a trend toward a higher risk of any grade hypertension was reported in the experimental arm.Conclusions: The use of enzalutamide, apalutamide, and darolutamide in nmCRPC patients implies a careful benefit-risk assessment. Real-world, large-cohort studies are warranted to confirm the findings of our meta-analysis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(14)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298784

RESUMO

Serum prostatic specific antigen (PSA) has proven to have limited accuracy in early diagnosis and in making clinical decisions about different therapies for prostate cancer (PCa). This is partially due to the fact that an increase in PSA in the blood is due to the compromised architecture of the prostate, which is only observed in advanced cancer. On the contrary, PSA observed in the urine (uPSA) reflects the quantity produced by the prostate, and therefore can give more information about the presence of disease. We enrolled 574 men scheduled for prostate biopsy at the urology clinic, and levels of uPSA were evaluated. uPSA levels resulted lower among subjects with PCa when compared to patients with negative biopsies. An indirect correlation was observed between uPSA amount and the stage of disease. Loss of expression of PSA appears as a characteristic of prostate cancer development and its evaluation in urine represents an interesting approach for the early detection of the disease and the stratification of patients.

6.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(8): 41, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128107

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present the latest evidence related to the outcomes and cost of single-use, disposable ureteric stent removal system (Isiris). RECENT FINDINGS: Our review suggests that compared to a reusable flexible cystoscope (re-FC), a disposable flexible cystoscope (d-FC) with built-in grasper (Isiris) significantly reduced procedural time and provided a cost benefit when the latter was used in a ward or outpatient clinic-based setting. The use of d-FC also allowed endoscopy slots to be used for other urgent diagnostic procedures. Disposable FCs are effective and safe for ureteric stent removal. They offer greater flexibility and, in most cases, have been demonstrated to be cost-effective compared to re-FCs. They are at their most useful in remote, low-volume centres, in less well-developed countries and in centres where large demand is placed on endoscopy resources.


Assuntos
Custos e Análise de Custo , Remoção de Dispositivo/economia , Stents/economia , Ureter/cirurgia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Cistoscopia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Urologia ; : 3915603211026103, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34171983

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Late Wilms tumour (WT) recurrences are rare events with poorly understood pathogenesis. They could be induced by previous chemo- and radiotherapy regimens, which can also prompt a rhabdomyomatous differentiation. Prostatic embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (PER) is an extremely rare disease in adults, with an aggressive behaviour and abysmal prognosis. Radio-induced PER have been described. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 29 years old man, with a history of WT, diagnosed with a symptomatic prostatic mass. Blastemic elements were shown at the transrectal biopsy, suggesting the possibility of a late WT recurrence. After laparoscopic resection, an unexpected pathologic diagnosis was reached: PER. CONCLUSION: We retrace and analyse the diagnostic and therapeutic path of the case that represents a mixture of two different conditions which might be unrelated or intertwined in a causal relationship. Among the differential diagnosis of a prostatic mass, the possibility of a prostatic sarcoma should not be overlooked, in presence of blastemic elements, even in a patient with a WT history.

8.
Urology ; 152: 195, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811978

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The management of localized penile cancer is based on organ-sparing approaches. Our aim is to report surgical outcomes of glansectomy (GS) and split thickness skin graft (STSG) reconstruction in a consecutive series of penile cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a localized penile cancer underwent GS and STSG reconstruction in tertiary referral center. Data were extrapolated from a single center prospective database starting from May 2013 to August 2019. Two different techniques are presented in the video abstract: - a standard GS with dissection over the Bucks' fascia. - a salvage GS with dissection under Bucks' fascia. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were enrolled. 30 patients underwent a standard GS, whether a salvage GS was performed in the remainders. The apex of corpora cavernosa was transected in 5 cases due to suspicious of local invasion. Median follow-up was 12 (12-41) months. Operative time was 150 (105-180) minutes. Hospital stay was 2 (1-3) days. A modified TODGA compressive dressing and a catheter were applied and left in place for 5 days. After that a saline washing was used for 2 weeks. The incidence of intraoperative complications was minimal (2.9%). Positive surgical margins were detected in 2.9% of cases, requiring a salvage surgery. The incidence of postoperative complications was 29.4%: 11.7% were classified as Grade 1, 8.8% as Grade 2 and 8.8% as Grade 3a according to Clavien-Dindo classification. 1-year recurrence free-survival (RFS) was 88.2%. 1-y cancer-specific (CSS) and overall survival (OS) resulted 91.2% in both cases. Limitations of the study were the retrospective and single centre nature of the study, the lack of comparative group, the limited number of cases and of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: GS and STSG reconstruction represents a safe procedure burden by a low incidence of postoperative complications providing a satisfactory cancer control, with a minimal risk of local recurrence.

9.
Urologia ; 88(1): 3-8, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632087

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has dramatically hit all Europe and Northern Italy in particular. The reallocation of medical resources has caused a sharp reduction in the activity of many medical disciplines, including urology. The restricted availability of resources is expected to cause a delay in the treatment of urological cancers and to negatively influence the clinical history of many cancer patients. In this study, we describe COVID-19 impact on uro-oncological management in Piedmont/Valle d'Aosta, estimating its future impact. METHODS: We performed an online survey in 12 urological centers, belonging to the Oncological Network of Piedmont/Valle d'Aosta, to estimate the impact of COVID-19 emergency on their practice. On this basis, we then estimated the medical working capacity needed to absorb all postponed uro-oncological procedures. RESULTS: Most centers (77%) declared to be "much"/"very much" affected by COVID-19 emergency. If uro-oncological consultations for newly diagnosed cancers were often maintained, follow-up consultations were more than halved or even suspended in around two out of three centers. In-office and day-hospital procedures were generally only mildly reduced, whereas major uro-oncological procedures were more than halved or even suspended in 60% of centers. To clear waiting list backlog, the urological working capacity should dramatically increase in the next months; delays greater than 1 month are expected for more than 50% of uro-oncological procedures. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 emergency has dramatically slowed down uro-oncological activity in Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta. Ideally, uro-oncological patients should be referred to COVID-19-free tertiary urological centers to ensure a timely management.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Oncologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Urologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Agendamento de Consultas , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Oncologia/organização & administração , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Neoplasias Urológicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Urológicas/cirurgia , Urologia/organização & administração
10.
Urol Oncol ; 39(5): 296.e21-296.e29, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salvage radical prostatectomy (sRP) historically yields poor functional outcomes and high complication rates. However, recent reports on robotic sRP show improved results. Our objectives were to evaluate sRP oncological outcomes and predictors of positive margins and biochemical recurrence (BCR). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of sRP for recurrent prostate cancer after local nonsurgical treatment at 18 tertiary referral centers in United States, Australia and Europe, from 2000 to 2016. SM and BCR were evaluated in a univariate and multivariable analysis. Overall and cancer-specific survival were also assessed. RESULTS: We included 414 cases, 63.5% of them performed after radiotherapy. Before sRP the majority of patients had biopsy Gleason score (GS) ≤7 (55.5%) and imaging negative or with prostatic bed involvement only (93.3%). Final pathology showed aggressive histology in 39.7% (GS ≥9 27.6%), with 52.9% having ≥pT3 disease and 16% pN+. SM was positive in 29.7%. Five years BCR-Free, cancer-specific survival and OS were 56.7%, 97.7% and 92.1%, respectively. On multivariable analysis pathological T (pT3a odds ratio [OR] 2.939, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.469-5.879; ≥pT3b OR 2.428-95% CI 1.333-4.423) and N stage (pN1 OR 2.871, 95% CI 1.503-5.897) were independent predictors of positive margins. Pathological T stage ≥T3b (OR 2.348 95% CI 1.338-4.117) and GS (up to OR 7.183, 95% CI 1.906-27.068 for GS >8) were independent predictors for BCR. Limitations include the retrospective nature of the study and limited follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In a contemporary series, sRP showed promising oncological control in the medium term despite aggressive pathological features. BCR risk increased in case of locally advanced disease and higher GS. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings.

11.
Minerva Urol Nefrol ; 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal Therapy (FT) for Prostate Cancer (PCa) is promising. However, long-term oncological results are awaited and there is no consensus on follow-up strategies. Molecular biomarkers (MB) may be useful in selecting, treating and following up men undergoing FT, though there is limited evidence in this field to guide practice. We aimed to conduct a consensus meeting, endorsed by the Focal Therapy Society, amongst a large group of experts, to understand the potential utility of MB in FT for localised PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-item questionnaire was built following a literature search. The authors then performed three rounds of a Delphi Consensus using DelphiManager, using the GRADE grid scoring system, followed by a face-to-face expert meeting. Three areas of interest were identified and covered concerning MB for FT, i) the current/present role; ii) the potential/future role; iii) the recommended features for future studies. Consensus was defined using a 70% agreement threshold. RESULTS: Of 95 invited experts, 42 (44.2%) completed the three Delphi rounds. Twenty-four items reached a consensus and they were then approved at the meeting involving (n=15) experts. Fourteen items reached a consensus on uncertainty, or they did not reach a consensus. They were re-discussed, resulting in a consensus (n=3), a consensus on a partial agreement (n=1), and a consensus on uncertainty (n=10). A final list of statements were derived from the approved and discussed items, with the addition of three generated statements, to provide guidance regarding MB in the context of FT for localised PCa. Research efforts in this field should be considered a priority. CONCLUSIONS: The present study detailed an initial consensus on the use of MB in FT for PCa. This is until evidence becomes available on the subject.

12.
Scand J Urol ; 55(2): 129-134, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the premalignant potential of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) and atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with monofocal HGPIN (mHGPIN), widespread HGPIN (≥4 cores, wHGPIN) and/or ASAP who underwent at least one rebiopsy during their follow-up, were enrolled. All enrollment biopsies underwent central pathologic revision. Risks for PCa were estimated using Fine and Gray method for competing risk. RESULTS: Pathologic revision changed the original diagnosis in 32.3% of cases. Among 336 cases enrolled, PCa was diagnosed in 164 (48.8%), and more specifically in 20 (30.3%) mHGPIN, 10 (34.5%) wHGPIN, 101 (54.0%) ASAP, and 33 (61.1%) HGPIN + ASAP (mean follow-up 124 months). Most PCa were Gleason score 6(3 + 3) (51.0%) and 7(3 + 4) (34.3%). On multivariate analysis, HGPIN + ASAP (HR 2.76, p < 0.001) and ASAP alone (HR 2.41, p < 0.001) were the only lesions significantly associated with PCa development. Of all cancers detected, 64.3% were at first rebiopsy. A rebiopsy performed within 3 months after ASAP diagnosis had a 45% chance of finding PCa. At Kaplan-Meier survival curves, median PCa-free survival was 48.1 months for HGPIN + ASAP and 64.9 months for ASAP (p 0.0005 at Log-rank test). At 1 year, 70% of HGPIN + ASAP, 73% of ASAP, 89% of wHGPIN, and 84% of mHGPIN were PCa-free. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of ASAP and HGPIN strongly relies on the expertise of dedicated uro-pathologists. Finding of ASAP is a strong risk factor for a subsequent PCa diagnosis, advising a rebiopsy, possibly within 3 months. m/wHGPIN should not be routinely rebiopsied.


Assuntos
Biópsia , Neoplasia Prostática Intraepitelial , Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Prostática Intraepitelial/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Urol Oncol ; 39(5): 296.e1-296.e9, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intermediate-risk prostate cancer regroups heterogeneous patients with different oncologic outcomes. Aim of the study is to validate a novel intermediate-risk subclassification ("magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] subclassification") that defines favorable and unfavorable diseases based on multiparametric MRI parameters and compare it to NCCN and AUA intermediate-risk subclassifications. METHODS: A total of 429 patients treated with radical prostatectomy for NCCN intermediate-risk prostate cancer were identified. Using MRI subclassification, a favorable disease was defined as an organ-confined disease on MRI and international society of urological pathology Grade Group 1 to 2 on targeted biopsy. Remaining was classified as unfavorable. Univariable and multivariable analysis tested MRI subclassification in predicting overall unfavorable disease (OUD: pT3-4 and/or pN1 and/or International Society of Urological Pathology Grade Group ≥ 3), the need for adjuvant therapy and early biochemical recurrence (eBCR). Performance of NCCN, AUA, and MRI models was compared in term of OUD proportion and eBCR prediction using Harrell's c-index, calibrations plots, and decision curve analysis. RESULTS: Median (interquartile range) follow-up was 12 months (4-28). In multivariable analysis, MRI subclassification was an independent factor for OUD (odds ratio [OR]: 4.54 [2.85-7.22], P < 0.001), the need for adjuvant therapy (OR: 3.42 [1.36-8.57], P = 0.009), and eBCR (HR: 2.62 [1.18-5.83], P = 0.018). Using this model, the proportion of unfavorable disease decreased from 73.7% and 63.9% to 35.9% (P < 0.001) associated to an increasing proportion of OUD when compared to NCCN and AUA models (63.9% and 67.1%-77.9% respectively, P < 0.001). Performance of the 3 models for eBCR prediction tended to be similar with a poor accuracy ranged from 58.7% to 66.7% (P > 0.05), permanent miscalibration and a net benefit at decision curve analysis. CONCLUSIONS: We validated an intermediate-risk subclassification based on MRI and targeted biopsy that potentially improves patient selection by reducing the number of patients considered at unfavorable risk while increasing proportion of patients harboring poor oncologic outcomes. Its performance for eBCR detection was comparable to NCCN and AUA models.

14.
World J Urol ; 39(6): 1789-1796, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776243

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current COVID-19 pandemic is transforming our urologic practice and most urologic societies recommend to defer any surgical treatment for prostate cancer (PCa) patients. It is unclear whether a delay between diagnosis and surgical management (i.e., surgical delay) may have a detrimental effect on oncologic outcomes of PCa patients. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of surgical delay on oncologic outcomes. METHODS: Data of 926 men undergoing radical prostatectomy across Europe for intermediate and high-risk PCa according to EAU classification were identified. Multivariable analysis using binary logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard model tested association between surgical delay and upgrading on final pathology, lymph-node invasion (LNI), pathological locally advanced disease (pT3-4 and/or pN1), need for adjuvant therapy, and biochemical recurrence. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate BCR-free survival after surgery as a function of surgical delay using a 3 month cut-off. RESULTS: Median follow-up and surgical delay were 26 months (IQR 10-40) and 3 months (IQR 2-5), respectively. We did not find any significant association between surgical delay and oncologic outcomes when adjusted to pre- and post-operative variables. The lack of such association was observed across EAU risk categories. CONCLUSION: Delay of several months did not appear to adversely impact oncologic results for intermediate and high-risk PCa, and support an attitude of deferring surgery in line with the current recommendation of urologic societies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Serviço Hospitalar de Oncologia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Serviço Hospitalar de Oncologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Oncologia/tendências , Inovação Organizacional , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Prostatectomia/métodos , Prostatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
BJU Int ; 127(1): 56-63, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the trend in surgical volume in urology in Italy during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, as a result of the abrupt reorganisation of the Italian national health system to augment care provision to symptomatic patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 33 urological units with physicians affiliated to the AGILE consortium (Italian Group for Advanced Laparo-Endoscopic Surgery; www.agilegroup.it) were surveyed. Urologists were asked to report the amount of surgical elective procedures week-by-week, from the beginning of the emergency to the following month. RESULTS: The 33 hospitals involved in the study account overall for 22 945 beds and are distributed in 13/20 Italian regions. Before the outbreak, the involved urology units performed overall 1213 procedures/week, half of which were oncological. A month later, the number of surgeries had declined by 78%. Lombardy, the first region with positive COVID-19 cases, experienced a 94% reduction. The decrease in oncological and non-oncological surgical activity was 35.9% and 89%, respectively. The trend of the decline showed a delay of roughly 2 weeks for the other regions. CONCLUSION: Italy, a country with a high fatality rate from COVID-19, experienced a sudden decline in surgical activity. This decline was inversely related to the increase in COVID-19 care, with potential harm particularly in the oncological field. The Italian experience may be helpful for future surgical pre-planning in other countries not so drastically affected by the disease to date.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Doenças Urológicas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comorbidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Doenças Urológicas/epidemiologia
16.
Eur Urol Focus ; 7(4): 807-811, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414618

RESUMO

There is little evidence regarding salvage radical prostatectomy (sRP) for M0 castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We reviewed oncological results and complications for 23 men with radiographically recurrent M0 CRPC undergoing sRP at six institutions. Sixteen and ten men experienced at least one and one major (Clavien >2) complication, respectively. After sRP, nine men became incontinent, including two with severe incontinence. The majority of men had aggressive extraprostatic disease (≥pT3b 56.5%; pN1 30.4%; Gleason ≥8 65.2%). Postoperatively 69.6% reached undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) without androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Seven men had postoperative PSA persistence and six had CRPC persistence. Among the others, biochemical recurrence (BCR) occurred in 68.7% and CRPC in 58.8% at a median of 11 and 31 mo from sRP, respectively. At median follow-up of 4 yr, 17.4% were disease-free, 34.4% had died from PC, and 4.3% had died from other causes. sRP for M0 CRPC is feasible although the risk of complications is significant. A minority of patients can be cured and a significant proportion experience prolonged BCR- and CRPC-free status, thus delaying the need for systemic treatments. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of sRP for M0 CRPC in the era of new antiandrogen therapies. PATIENT SUMMARY: Salvage radical prostatectomy for radiorecurrent M0 castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is feasible, although continence outcomes are suboptimal and the risk of complications is significant. Survival is promising: some men can be cured and others experience a period without evidence of PC or CRPC. More research is needed to confirm our findings and demonstrate survival benefits.

17.
BJU Int ; 127(1): 122-130, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) transperineal targeted fusion biopsy (TPFBx) under local anaesthesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively screened 1327 patients with a positive mpMRI undergoing TPFBx (targeted cores and systematic cores) under local anaesthesia, at two tertiary referral institutions, between September 2016 and May 2019, for inclusion in the present study. Primary outcomes were detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) defined as (1) International Society of Urological Pathologists (ISUP) grade >1 or ISUP grade 1 with >50% involvement of prostate cancer (PCa) in a single core or in >2 cores (D1) and (2) ISUP grade >1 PCa (D2). Secondary outcomes were: assessment of peri-procedural pain (numerical rating scale [NRS]) and procedure timings; erectile (International Index of Erectile Function) and urinary (International Prostate Symptom Score) function changes; and complications. We also investigated the value of systematic sampling and concordance with radical prostatectomy (RP). RESULTS: A total of 1014 patients were included, of whom csPCa was diagnosed in 39.4% (n = 400). The procedure was tolerable (NRS pain score 3.1 ± 2.3), with no impact on erectile (P = 0.45) or urinary (P = 0.58) function, and a low rate of complications (Clavien-Dindo grades 1 or 2, n = 8; grade >2, n = 0). No post-biopsy sepsis was recorded. Twenty-two men (95% confidence interval [CI] 17-29) needed to undergo additional systematic biopsy to diagnose one csPCa missed by targeted biopsies (D1). ISUP grade concordance of biopsies with RP was as follows: k = 0.40 (95% CI 0.31-0.49) for targeted cores alone and k = 0.65 (95% CI 0.57-0.72; P < 0.05) overall. CONCLUSIONS: The use of TPFBx under local anaesthesia yielded good csPCa detection and was feasible, quick, well tolerated and safe. Infectious risk was negligible. Addition of systematic to targeted cores may not be needed in all men, although it improves csPCa detection and concordance with RP.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/efeitos adversos , Hematúria/etiologia , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ereção Peniana , Períneo , Estudos Prospectivos , Micção
18.
BJU Int ; 127(3): 318-325, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To externally validate the currently available nomograms for predicting lymph node invasion (LNI) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and to assess the potential risk of complications of extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) when using the recommended threshold. METHODS: A total of 14 921 patients, who underwent radical prostatectomy with ePLND at eight European tertiary referral centres, were retrospectively identified. After exclusion of patients with incomplete biopsy or pathological data, 12 009 were included. Of these, 609 had undergone multiparametic magnetic resonance imaging-targeted biopsies. Among ePLND-related complications we included lymphocele, lymphoedema, haemorrhage, infection and sepsis. The performances of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre (MSKCC), Briganti 2012, Briganti 2017, Briganti 2019, Partin 2016 and Yale models were evaluated using receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis (area under the curve [AUC]), calibration plots, and decision-curve analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 1158 patients (9.6%) had LNI, with a mean of 17.7 and 3.2 resected and positive nodes, respectively. No significant differences in AUCs were observed between the MSKCC (0.79), Briganti 2012 (0.79), Partin 2016 (0.78), Yale (0.80), Briganti 2017 (0.81) and Briganti 2019 (0.76) models. A direct comparison of older models showed that better discrimination was achieved with the MSKCC and Briganti 2012 nomograms. A tendency for underestimation was seen for all the older models, whereas the Briganti 2017 and 2019 nomograms tended to overestimate LNI risk. Decision-curve analysis showed a net benefit for all models, with a lower net benefit for the Partin 2016 and Briganti 2019 models. ePLND-related complications were experienced by 1027 patients (8.9%), and 12.6% of patients with pN1 disease. CONCLUSIONS: The currently available nomograms have similar performances and limitations in the prediction of LNI. Miscalibration was present, however, for all nomograms showing a net benefit. In patients with only systematic biopsy, the MSKCC and Briganti 2012 nomograms were superior in the prediction of LNI.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfocele/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Pelve , Prostatectomia , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/etiologia
19.
Eur Urol ; 79(2): 180-185, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023770

RESUMO

The nomogram reported by Gandaglia et al (The key combined value of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging-targeted and concomitant systematic biopsies for the prediction of adverse pathological features in prostate cancer patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Eur Urol 2020;77:733-41) predicting extracapsular extension (ECE) or seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) has been developed using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters and MRI-targeted biopsy. We aimed to validate this nomogram externally by analyzing 566 patients harboring prostate cancer diagnosed on MRI-targeted biopsy followed by radical prostatectomy. At final pathology, 37% and 12% patients had ECE and SVI, respectively. Performance of the nomogram, in comparison with the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) model and Partin tables, was evaluated using discrimination, calibration, and decision curve analysis. Regarding ECE prediction, the nomogram showed higher discrimination (71.8% vs 69.8%, p = 0.3 and 71.8% vs 61.3%, p < 0.001), and similar miscalibration and net benefit for probability threshold above 30% when compared with MSKCC model and Partin tables, respectively. Performance of the nomogram with regard to SVI was comparable in terms of discrimination (68.5% vs 70.4% vs 67.8%, p ≥ 0.6), presenting a slight overestimation on calibration plots and a net benefit for probability threshold above 7.5%. This is the first multicentric study that externally validates a nomogram predicting ECE and SVI in patients diagnosed with MRI-targeted biopsy. Its performance was less optimistic than expected, and implementation of MRI in this setting was not associated with a clear improvement in patient selection and clinical usefulness when compared with available models. We proposed an updated version of the nomogram predicting ECE using the recalibration method, which leads to an improvement in its performance and needs to be validated in another external set. PATIENT SUMMARY: We validate a prediction tool based on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters and MRI-targeted biopsy predicting extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion at radical prostatectomy. An improvement of patient selection was not clearly demonstrated when compared with available models based on clinical parameters, and implementation of MRI in this setting still needs to be clarified.


Assuntos
Extensão Extranodal , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Glândulas Seminais/patologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
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