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1.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-6, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284031

RESUMO

Background: In this study we aim to determine and compare short term outcomes of all type bundle branch blocks (BBB) according to their onset time among those patients presented with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).Method: Three thousand fifty-seven ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients who underwent pPCI were retrospectively evaluated. Those patients with BBB in their ECG on admission were re-evaluated for their prior ECG records. A composite of death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI) and stroke in one moth follow up were defined as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).Results: Three thousand fifty-seven STEMI patients underwent pPCI were enrolled to the study. Among these patients 134 (4.4%) had LBBB, and 120 (3.9%) had RBBB. Bundle brunch block was classified according to the timing of their onset as follows; New or Presumably New BBB, Old BBB, Indeterminate Onset BBB. At one month, 4.8% of the patients died, 2.6% had re-MI/stent thrombosis, 0.5% had stroke. MACE occurred in 7.6% of patients. Left ventricle ejection fraction, BBB, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), shock and age were ranked as the strongest predictors of MACE. Compared to non-BBB, all BBBs except for old RBBB was found to be associated with increased MACE. New onset LBBB was the strongest predictor (OR:13.1, 95%CI:3.98-43.4, p < .001) at one month MACE.Conclusion: Compared to non-BBB, all BBBs except for old RBBB was found to be associated with increased MACE. New onset LBBB was the strongest predictor for MACE at one month.

2.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(4): 270-276, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026233

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study is to identify the predictors of angiographic no-reflow development in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention and to investigate the long-term (median follow-up time=59 months) clinical endpoints. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 3205 patients (824 females, mean age: 58.6 years) with acute myocardial infarction (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) admitted within the first 12 h of chest pain and treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention between January 2006 and January 2010. The patients were divided into angiographic no-reflow [final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI)<3 flow] (n=324) and reflow (final TIMI 3) (n=2881) groups. RESULTS: On multivariate logistic regression analysis age [odds ratio (OR)=1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00-1.04, P=0.003], Killip class≥2 (OR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.30-3.04, P=0.002), pain-to-balloon time more than 4 h (OR=3.98, 95% CI: 2.50-6.32, P<0.001), baseline TIMI≤1 flow (OR=2.55, 95% CI: 1.05-6.22, P=0.038), lesion length of at least 15 mm (OR=4.31, 95% CI: 2.89-6.41, P<0.001), reference vessel diameter of at least 3.5 mm (OR=2.83, 95% CI: 1.87-4.27, P<0.001), cutoff occlusion pattern (OR=1.93, 95% CI: 1.03-3.62, P=0.04), and SYNTAX score of at least 19 (OR=1.76, 95% CI: 1.1.23-3.07, P<0.001)] were found as significant predictors for the development of no-reflow phenomenon. In no-reflow patients, in-hospital mortality (10.8 vs. 2.9%), heart failure (32.1 vs. 8.7%), and severe arrhythmias (23.1 vs. 9.3%) were significantly more common (P<0.001), for all. In the long-term follow-up, death (33.3 vs. 13.4%, P<0.001), advanced heart failure (12.5 vs. 5.4%, P<0.001), and stroke (3.5 vs. 1.7%, P=0.035) rates were significantly higher in the no-reflow group. CONCLUSION: The no-reflow predictors that were identified in this study might be useful in the determination of the patients who could benefit from aggressive pharmaco-invasive therapy. Development of no-reflow is associated with both in-hospital and long-term very high morbidity and mortality rates.


Assuntos
Fenômeno de não Refluxo/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Angiografia Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/mortalidade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/fisiopatologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Interv Cardiol ; 31(2): 144-149, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29193382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No-reflow is associated with a poor prognosis in STEMI patients. There are many factors and mechanisms that contribute to the development of no-reflow, including age, reperfusion time, a high thrombus burden, Killip class, long stent use, ejection fraction ≤40, and a high Syntax score. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the parameters associated with no-reflow prediction by creating a new scoring system. METHODS: The study included 515 consecutive STEMI patients who underwent PCI; 632 STEMI patients who had undergone PCI in another center were included in the external validation of the scoring system. The correlations between 1-year major adverse cardiac events and low/high risk score were assessed. RESULTS: In this study, seven independent variables were used to build a risk score for predicting no-reflow. The predictors of no-reflow are age, EF ≤40, SS ≥22, stent length ≥20, thrombus grade ≥4, Killip class ≥3, and pain-balloon time ≥4 h. In the derivation group, the optimal threshold score for predicting no-reflow was >10, with a 75% sensitivity and 77.7% specificity (Area under the curve (AUC) = 0.809, 95%CI: 0.772-0.842, P < 0.001). In the validation group, AUC was 0.793 (95%CI: 0.760-0.824, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This new score, which can be calculated in STEMI patients before PCI and used to predict no-reflow in STEMI patients, may help physicians to estimate the development of no-reflow in the pre-PCI period.


Assuntos
Fenômeno de não Refluxo/diagnóstico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Medição de Risco/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Stents/classificação , Turquia/epidemiologia
4.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 45(2): 153-159, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28424437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Aim of the present study was to investigate correlation between left atrial (LA) deformation parameters assessed using 2-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and complexity of coronary artery disease according to SYNTAX score (SXscore) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD). STUDY DESIGN: Total of 60 moderate-risk SCAD patients (40 men, 20 women) who underwent coronary angiography and 30 healthy controls were included. Measurements of conventional echocardiographic parameters as well as peak LA strain during ventricular systole (LA-RES), peak LA strain during atrial systole (LA-PUMP), peak LA strain rate during ventricular systole (LA-SRS), peak LA strain rate during early diastole (LA-SRE), and peak LA strain rate during atrial systole (LA-SRA) were obtained. RESULTS: Patients were categorized into 2 groups: low SXscore of <20 (Group I) and high SXscore of ≥20 (Group II). Left ventricular (LV) diastolic functions were significantly impaired and LV filling pressure was significantly higher in high SXscore group. LA-RES (Control Group: 42.3±7.9, Group I: 36.4±8.2, Group II: 27.5±8.1; p<0.001) and LA-PUMP (Control Group: 17.6±3.4, Group I: 15.7±2.5, Group II: 13.1±3.2; p<0.001) were significantly lower in high SXscore group compared with low SXscore group. There was no statistical difference in LA-SRS, LA-SRE, or LA-SRA between the 3 groups. Correlation analysis indicated negative correlation between SXscore level and LA-RES function (r=-0.49; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: 2D-STE-based LA deformation parameters are significantly impaired in patients with SCAD who have high SXscore. In addition, evaluation of LA-RES and LA-PUMP functions might be useful in estimating severity of disease in patients with SCAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Clin Cardiol ; 39(10): 615-620, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27511965

RESUMO

Recent trials reported that risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increased in patients using ivabradine compared with controls. We performed this meta-analysis to investigate the risk of AF association with ivabradine treatment on the basis of data obtained from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library for RCTs that comprised >100 patients. The incidence of AF was assessed. We obtained data from European Medicines Agency (EMA) scientific reports for the RCTs in which the incidence of AF was not reported. We used trial sequential analysis (TSA) to provide information on when we had reached firm evidence of new AF based on a 15% relative risk increase (RRI) in ivabradine treatment. Three RCTs and 1 EMA overall oral safety set (OOSS) pooled analysis (included 5 RCTs) were included in the meta-analysis (N = 40 437). The incidence of AF was 5.34% in patients using ivabradine and 4.56% in placebo. There was significantly higher incidence of AF (24% RRI) in the ivabradine group when compared with placebo before (RR: 1.24, 95% confidence interval: 1.08-1.42, P = 0.003, I 1980 = 53%) and after excluding OOSS (RR: 1.24, 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.44, P = 0.008). In the TSA, the cumulative z-curve crossed both the traditional boundary (P = 0.05) and the trial sequential monitoring boundary, indicating firm evidence for ≥15% increase in ivabradine treatment when compared with placebo. Study results indicate that AF is more common in the ivabradine group (24% RRI) than in controls.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/induzido quimicamente , Benzazepinas/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Ivabradina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
6.
Turk J Med Sci ; 46(6): 1688-1693, 2016 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28081310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate if the modified ACEF (age, creatinine, and ejection fraction) score is a predictor of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events during 1 year of follow-up in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 1632 consecutive patients who were admitted to our emergency department diagnosed with STEMI within 12 h of chest pain and treated with primary PCI. The modified ACEF score, determined with a simplified scoring system, was calculated. The patients were grouped into tertiles according to this score (group I mACEF < 1.03, group II mACEF 1.03-1.37, group III > 1.37) . The clinical and angiographic data were compared among the tertiles. RESULTS: In patients with the highest mACEF tertile, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (1.3%, 1.8%, and 4.1% consecutively; P = 0.003), Killip class ≥ II (P < 0.001), and cardiogenic shock were more common and ejection fraction was lower (P < 0.001). Moreover, in the 1-year follow-up, there was a statistically significant difference between cardiac mortality, target vessel revascularization, stroke, reinfarction, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events of the groups, while the rates of stent thrombosis were similar. CONCLUSION: The modified ACEF score is a predictor of cardiac mortality and morbidity during 1-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Creatinina , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 15(3): 175-87, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25880174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The mortality rate is high in some patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) because of ineffective epicardial and myocardial perfusion. The use of thrombus aspiration (TA) might be beneficial in this group but there is contradictory evidence in current trials. Therefore, using PRISMA statement, we performed a meta-analysis that compares PPCI+TA with PPCI alone. METHODS: Sixteen studies in which PPCI (n=5262) versus PPCI+TA (n=5256) were performed, were included in this meta-analysis. We calculated the risk ratio (RR) for epicardial and myocardial perfusion, such as the Thrombolysis In myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, myocardial blush grade (MBG) and stent thrombosis (ST) resolution (STR), and clinical outcomes, such as all-cause death, recurrent infarction (Re-MI), target vessel revascularization/target lesion revascularization (TVR/TLR), stent thrombosis (ST), and stroke. RESULTS: Postprocedural TIMI-III flow frequency, postprocedural MBG II-III flow frequency, and postprocedural STR were significantly high in TA+PPCI compared with the PPCI alone group. However, neither all-cause mortality [6.6% vs. 7.4%, RR=0.903, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.785-1.038, p=0.149] nor Re-MI (2.3% vs. 2.6%, RR=0.884, 95% CI: 0.693-1.127, p=0.319), TVR/TLR (8.2% vs. 8.0%, RR=1.028, 95% CI: 0.900-1.174, p=0.687), ST (0.93% vs. 0.90%, RR=1.029, 95% CI: 0.668-1.583, p=0.898), and stroke (0.5% vs. 0.5%, RR=1.073, 95% CI: 0.588-1.959, p=0.819) rates were comparable between the groups. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis is the first updated analysis after publishing the 1-year result of the "Thrombus Aspiration during ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction" trial, and it showed that TA did not reduce the rate of all-cause mortality, Re-MI, TVR/TLR, ST, and stroke.


Assuntos
Trombose Coronária/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose Coronária/complicações , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sucção , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 21(8): 712-9, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24500763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The SYNTAX score (SXscore) has emerged as a reproducible angiographic tool to quantify the extent of coronary artery disease based on the location and complexity of each lesion. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the SXscore is an independent predictor of long-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: A total of 2993 patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary PCI were stratified into the 4 groups according to the SXscore quartiles; quartile 1(Q1, SXscore ≤ 9, n = 819), Q2 (9 < SXscore < 16, n = 715), Q3 (16 ≤ SXscore < 20, n = 710), and Q4 (SXscore ≥ 20, n = 749). RESULTS: There were significant differences among the quartiles with respect to age, basal creatinine and glucose levels, and the incidences of diabetes mellitus, Killip ≥2, and anemia. From Q1 to Q4, there were increasing rates of culprit left anterior descending lesion (P < .001), multivessel disease (P < .001), chronic total occlusion (P < .001), and proximal lesion localization (P < .001). At long-term follow-up, all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, rehospitalization due to heart failure, and the need of revascularization were significantly more frequent among the patients in the highest SXscore quartile. In multivariate analysis, after including the SXscore as a numerical variable into the model, every point of increase was determined as an independent predictor for long-term mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.05, P = .008) and for overall major adverse cardiac events (MACEs; HR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.04, P < .001). CONCLUSION: The SXscore is an independent predictor of both in-hospital and long-term mortality and MACE in patients with acute STEMI undergoing primary PCI.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Creatinina/sangue , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 15(2): 189-96, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25245871

RESUMO

Although the effects of chronic alcoholism on left ventricular (LV) systolic function are well established, diastolic impairment has been evaluated partially. In addition, there are scarce data available about the relation of LV diastolic function to either or both duration and quantity of drinking among alcoholics. The aim of the study was to evaluate the left atrial (LA) function in chronic asymptomatic alcoholic patients by using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). We enrolled 30 healthy subjects (age 34.8 ± 5.8 years) and 75 asymptomatic male alcoholics (age 39.8 ± 6.5 years) divided into two groups, according to total lifetime dose of ethanol: group I, <15 kg/kg and group II, ≥15 kg/kg. In the 2D-STE analysis of the LA, strain during ventricular systole (LA-Res), during late diastole (LA-Pump) and strain rate during ventricular contraction (LA-SRs), during passive ventricular filling (LA-SRe), during active atrial contraction (LA-SRa) were obtained. Deceleration time was longer, E/A and V(p) were smaller, and E/E(m) was higher in alcoholics. Although parameters of diastolic dysfunction were comparable in alcoholic groups, LA-Res and LA-Pump were found significantly different among the alcoholics. However, there were no differences in LA-SRs and LA-SRe between the controls and alcoholic groups. LA function is reduced in chronic alcohol abuse, and heavy alcohol consumption may play an important role in LA function impairment.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Assintomáticas , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Alcoolismo/complicações , Ecocardiografia Doppler/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Thromb J ; 12: 17, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25161389

RESUMO

To evaluate the association between angiotensin I-converting enzyme insertion/deletion (ACE I/D) gene polymorphism and retinal vein occlusion (RVO). A total of 80 patients with retinal vein occlusion who was admitted to the Eye Department of Kartal Training and Research Hospital between 2008 and 2011, and 80 subjects were enrolled in this retrospective case-control study. Patients who experienced RVO within one week to six months of study enrolment were included, and those with coronary artery diseases, prior myocardial infarction history and coagulation disturbances were excluded from the study. The diagnosis was made by ophthalmoscopic fundus examination and fluorescein angiography. The ACE gene I/D polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction, and the ACE gene was classified into three types: I/I, I/D and D/D. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, ACE D/D genotype (p = 0.035), diabetes-mellitus (p = 0.019) and hypertension (p = 0.001) were found to be independent predictive factors for RVO. The results of the present study reveal that ACE D/D polymorphism is an independent predictive factor for RVO. However, one cannot definitely conclude that ACE gene polymorphism is a risk factor for retinal vein occlusion.

11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 30(8): 1435-44, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25053515

RESUMO

The clinical and angiographic predictors of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) formation in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are not clear. This study aims to assess the predictors of CAA formation after primary PCI. 3,428 patients who underwent PCI for STEMI were enrolled. The average period of follow-up was mean 48 months (range 35-56 months) after PCI. During this time, 1,304 patients were underwent follow-up coronary angiography. CAA was detected in 21 patients (1.6 %). CAA occurred at the segment of stent implantation in all patients. The clinical and angiographic data were compared between patients with CAA group (n = 21) and without CAA group (n = 1,283). Patients who developed CAA had longer reperfusion time, higher high-sensitiviy C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio than those who had without CAA. Angiographically, CAA developed proximally located lesions and lesion length was significantly greater in patients with CAA than without CAA. Statin and beta-blocker discontinuation were found higher in stent-associated CAA. Every 1 mg/l increase in hs-CRP and implantation of drug eluting stent (DES) were independent predictor of CAA formation after STEMI. Baseline elevated inflammation status and DES implantation in the setting of STEMI may predict the CAA formation.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Coronário/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents , Idoso , Aneurisma Coronário/sangue , Aneurisma Coronário/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Masculino , Metais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
12.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 38(3): 339-47, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24407374

RESUMO

D-dimer is a final product of fibrin degradation and gives an indirect estimation of the thrombotic burden. We aimed to investigate the value of plasma D-dimer levels on admission in predicting no-reflow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) and long-term prognosis in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We retrospectively involved 569 patients treated with p-PCI for acute STEMIs. We prospectively followed up the patients for a median duration of 38 months. Angiographic no-reflow was defined as postprocedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade <3 or TIMI 3 with a myocardial blush grade <2. Electrocardiographic no-reflow was defined as ST-segment resolution <70%. The primary clinical end points were mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The incidences of angiographic and electrocardiographic no-reflow were 31 and 39% respectively. At multivariable analysis, D-dimer was found to be an independent predictor of both angiographic (p < 0.001), and electrocardiographic (p < 0.001) no-reflow. Both mortality (from Q1 to Q4, 5.7, 6.4, 11.3 and 34.1%, respectively, p < 0.001) and MACE (from Q1 to Q4, 17.9, 29.3, 36.9 and 52.2%, respectively, p < 0.001) rates at long-term follow-up were highest in patients with admission D-dimer levels in the highest quartile (Q4), compared to the rates in other quartiles. However, Cox proportional hazard model revealed that high D-dimer on admission (Q4) was not an independent predictor of mortality or MACE. In contrast, electrocardiographic no-reflow was independently predictive of both mortality [Hazard ratio (HR) 2.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-8.58, p = 0.041] and MACE [HR 1.90, 95% CI 1.32-4.71, p = 0.042]. In conclusion, plasma D-dimer level on admission independently predicts no-reflow after p-PCI. However, D-dimer has no independent prognostic value in patients with STEMI.


Assuntos
Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 26(3): 325-31, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24161963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a disease spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We aimed to evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic function using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in patients with NAFLD and to investigate whether any changes exist among the subgroups of NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 55 NAFLD patients and 21 healthy controls. The diagnosis of NAFLD was made on the basis of liver biopsy. After the patients were categorized into groups according to their histopathological analysis (simple steatosis, borderline NASH, and definitive NASH), all patients underwent echocardiography. In the 2D-STE analysis of the LV global longitudinal strain (G-LS), strain rate in systole (G-SRsys), strain rate in early diastole (G-SRearly), and strain rate in late diastole (G-SRlate) values were obtained. RESULTS: G-LS and G-SRsys values were lower in the NAFLD group. Although there was a significant difference in the G-LS between controls and simple steatosis, borderline NASH, and definitive NASH, no significant differences were found between NAFLD groups. To investigate whether impaired LV systolic dysfunction, determined using 2D-STE, is the consequence of NAFLD components, we included a subgroup. A total of 11 patients with NAFLD who were normotensive, nondiabetic, nonobese, and had a normal lipid profile and low homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values were included. Echocardiographic abnormalities in systolic function were not different between this subgroup of NAFLD and healthy individuals. CONCLUSION: Patients with NAFLD and its subgroups have evidence of subclinical myocardial dysfunction in relation to the presence of insulin resistance. 2D-STE could not be used for differentiation of the NAFLD subgroups.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Adulto , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
14.
Am J Med Sci ; 348(1): 37-42, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24172233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous early patency of infarct-related artery (IRA) on arrival for primary percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with better short- and long-term prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to investigate whether the hemographic parameters on admission are associated with spontaneous IRA patency. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 1,625 patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention<12 hours after the onset of symptoms. RESULTS: Angiography showed patent IRA (prethrombolysis in myocardial infarction [TIMI] grade 3 flow) in 160 (9.8%) patients. Neutrophil count on admission (7.8±2.4×10³/µL versus 9.7±3.8×10³/µL; P<0.001) was significantly lower and lymphocyte count (2.4±1.0×10³/µL versus 1.9±1.1×10³/µL; P<0.001) on admission was significantly higher in the patent IRA group. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was significantly lower in the patent IRA group (4.1±3.2 versus 6.9±5.5; P<0.001). Admission leukocyte counts (13±4.0×10³/µL versus 12±3.4×10³/µL; P<0.001) and NLR (7.2±5.8 versus 5.5±4.4; P<0.001) of the patients with TIMI thrombus score≥4 were significantly higher than patients with TIMI thrombus score<4. In the multivariate analysis, NLR≥4.5 (3.17 [95% confidence interval: 2.04-4.92]; P<0.001) was found to be independently predicting an occluded IRA on initial angiography with a sensitivity of 62.7% and a specificity of 70%. CONCLUSIONS: NLR on admission is significantly related to angiographic thrombus burden and spontaneous early IRA patency in patients with acute STEMI.


Assuntos
Linfócitos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Método Simples-Cego
15.
J Electrocardiol ; 47(1): 113-7, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24119748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: YouTube has become a useful resource for knowledge and is widely used by medical students as an e-learning source. The purpose of this study was to assess the videos relating electrocardiogram (ECG) on YouTube. METHODS: YouTube was searched on May 28, 2013 for the search terms "AF ecg" for atrial fibrillation, "AVNRT" for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, "AVRT" for atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia, "AV block or heart block" for atrioventricular block, "LBBB, RBBB" for bundle branch block, "left anterior fascicular block or left posterior fascicular block" for fascicular blocks, "VT ecg" for ventricular tachycardia, "long QT" and "Brugada ecg". Non-English language, unrelated and non-educational videos were excluded. Remaining videos were assessed for usefulness, source and characteristics. Usefulness was assessed with using a checklist developed by the authors. RESULTS: One hundred nineteen videos were included in the analysis. Sources of the videos were as follows: individuals n=70, 58.8%, universities/hospitals n=10, 8.4% and medical organizations n=3, 2.5%, health ads n=10 8.4%, health websites n=26, 21.8%. Fifty-six (47.1%) videos were classified as very useful and 16 (13.4%) videos were misleading. 90% of the videos uploaded by universities/hospitals were grouped as very useful videos, the same ratio was 45% for the individual uploads. There were statistically significant differences in ECG diagnosis among the groups (for very useful, useful and misleading, p<0.001, 0.02 and 0.008, respectively). The ratio of the misleading information in ventricular tachycardia videos was found to be 42.9%. CONCLUSIONS: YouTube has a substantial amount of videos on ECG with a wide diversity from useful to misleading content. The lack of quality content relating to ECG on YouTube necessitates that videos should be selected with utmost care.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Instrução por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Software , Interface Usuário-Computador , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Humanos
16.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 126(4): 297-304, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23947743

RESUMO

The presence of the metabolic syndrome is a strong predictor for the presence of NASH (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis) in patients with NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease). In the present study, we assessed LA (left atrial) deformation parameters in patients with NAFLD using 2D-STE (speckle tracking echocardiography) and to investigate if any changes exist between subgroups of the NAFLD. A total of 55 NAFLD patients and 21 healthy controls were included in the study. The diagnosis of NAFLD was based on liver biopsy. After patients were categorized into groups according to histopathological analysis (simple steatosis, borderline NASH, definitive NASH), all patients underwent echocardiography with Doppler examination. In the 2D-STE analysis of the left atrium, LA-Res (peak LA strain during ventricular systole), LA-Pump (peak LA strain during atrial systole), LA-SR(S) (peak LA strain rate during ventricular systole), LA-SR(E) (peak LA strain rate during early diastole) and LA-SR(A) (peak LA strain rate during atrial systole) were obtained. LA-Res, LA-Pump and LA-SR(A) were lower in the NAFLD group than in the control group. LA-Res was found to be significantly lower in NAFLD subgroups compared with healthy subjects (43.9±14.2 in healthy controls compared with 31.4±8.3 with simple steatosis, 32.8±12.8 with borderline NASH and 33.8±9.0 with definitive NASH). LA-Pump was significantly lower in the NAFLD group (18.2±3.1 in healthy controls compared with 13.3±4.7 with borderline NASH and 14.4±4.7 with definitive NASH). There were significant differences in LA-SR(A) between healthy controls compared with simple steatosis and borderline NASH (-1.56±0.36 compared with 1.14±0.38 and 1.24±0.32 respectively). Correlation analysis showed significant correlation of LA-Res values with E (early diastolic peak velocity)/E(m) (early diastolic mitral annular velocity) ratio (r=-0.50, P≤0.001), with LAVI (LA volume index; r=-0.45, P≤0.001) and with V(p) (propagation velocity; r=0.39, P≤0.001). 2D-STE-based LA deformation parameters are impaired in patients with NAFLD with normal systolic function. Although LA-Res and pump function parameters might be useful in estimating LV (left ventricular) filling pressure in the NAFLD patient group, it could not be used for differentiating the subgroups.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Sístole/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 30(1): 39-45, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24036922

RESUMO

Although very high gradient levels were measured during the evaluation of ventricular septal defect (VSD) in daily practice, these measurements are generally interpreted as erroneous and thus neglected. Our aim was to assess the features of VSD's having erroneous interventricular pressure gradients by echocardiography. A 46 patients were enrolled in the study. The patients with higher Doppler-derived interventricular gradient than brachial systolic blood pressure were compared with patients with lower gradient (group 1, n = 26; group 2, n = 20, respectively) in terms of echocardiographic characteristics of VSD. No significant relations were observed in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and interventricular synchronicity between two groups (117.1 ± 6.7 vs 110.2 ± 6.3 mmHg, p = 0.145; 74.7 ± 4.3 vs 73.2 ± 4.9 mmHg, p = 0.32; 31.2 ± 5.5 vs 33.2 ± 4.9 msn, p = 0.29, respectively). Left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters were greater in group 2 (46.6 ± 3.5 vs 49.5 ± 4.5, p = 0.022; 30.3 ± 2.5 vs 32.9 ± 3.2, p = 0.004, respectively). Doppler-derived interventricular pressure gradients were significantly higher in group 1 (144.4 ± 13.6 vs 75.7 ± 5.1 mmHg, p < 0.001, respectively). Defect width was significantly lower (3.20 ± 0.40 vs 4.8 ± 1.8 mm, respectively, p < 0.05), and length was greater in group 1 patients (5.75 ± 0.90 vs 2.80 ± 0.80 mm, p < 0.05, respectively). There was a significant positive correlation between pressure gradient and defect length (r = 0.84, p < 0.001), and a negative correlation between pressure gradient and defect width (r = -0.66, p < 0.001). Defect length/width was significantly greater in group 1. With the cut-off value of 1.2, defect length/width was able to predict tunnel-type VSD with sensitivity of 88.5% and specificity of 72.7%. Continuous-wave Doppler method may overestimate interventricular pressure gradients in patients with tunnel-type ventricular septal defect.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico , Pressão Ventricular , Adolescente , Pressão Arterial , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interventricular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Contração Miocárdica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto Jovem
18.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 41(8): 675-82, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24351940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation on soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) levels in patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing stent replacement. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-nine consecutive patients (33 women, 56 men; mean age 61±10 years) with stable coronary artery disease undergoing stent replacement were recruited. Pre- and post-procedural blood samples were collected for sCD40L analysis, and differences in plasma levels were calculated and expressed as delta sCD40L. Total size and length of implanted stents and pre- and post-dilatation procedures were recorded for each patient, for possible impact on sCD40L release. Patients were followed for one year following procedures for possible adverse cardiac events such as death, myocardial infarction and revascularization. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients received bare metal stent (BMS) and 40 patients received DES. There were no differences between BMS- and DES-implanted patients in terms of age, stent size and length, and delta sCD40L plasma levels. Delta sCD40L was correlated only with total implanted stent length (r=0.374, p<0.001). Delta sCD40L levels were divided into quartiles for better determination of the procedural parameters that are effective on biomarker release. Total stent length (p=0.008), stent size (p=0.038) and pre-dilatation procedure (p=0.034) were the statistically differing parameters between delta sCD40L quartiles. Although statistically non-significant, all three adverse events were observed in patients with the highest quartile (p=0.179). CONCLUSION: Procedural sCD40L release did not differ between DES- and BMS-implanted stable coronary artery disease patients. Total implanted stent length, stent size and pre-dilatation procedure were the influential parameters on procedural sCD40L release.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Ligante de CD40/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents , Idoso , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 41(7): 617-24, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24164993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Enhanced matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) activity in the early post-myocardial infarction (MI) period has been related to early remodeling. However, it has been demonstrated that plasma MMP-8 level has a biphasic profile, and the relation between the late plasma levels and remodeling is unclear. We evaluated the plasma MMP-8 levels and its correlates 20±3 months after acute MI. STUDY DESIGN: 58 post-MI patients and 26 control subjects underwent quantitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and echocardiography. The plasma MMP-8 levels were measured and its correlates were investigated. RESULTS: The MMP-8 levels were significantly higher in post-MI patients [median 3.88 ng/ml, interquartile range (1.88-6.43) vs. 0.67 ng/ml (0.34-2.47); p<0.001]. Plasma MMP-8 levels were significantly correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (ρ=0.34, p=0.009), end diastolic volume index (EDVi) (ρ=-0.39, p=0.002) and end systolic volume index (ESVi) (ρ=-0.40, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Plasma MMP-8 levels were found to still be high in post-MI patients 20±3 months after the index event. The levels were significantly correlated with left ventricular volume indices and LVEF. We speculate that, in contrast to the relation between the higher early MMP-8 activity and the extent of cardiac remodeling, higher late levels may be associated with relative preservation of left ventricular systolic function.


Assuntos
Coração/fisiopatologia , Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/enzimologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
20.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 41(6): 486-94, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24104972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the predictors of angiographically visible distal embolization (AVDE) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) as well as to assess its impact on short- and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively enrolled 2007 patients with STEMI who underwent p-PCI. We assessed the clinical and angiographic characteristics of patients in order to identify the predictors of AVDE and compared the outcomes of patients with and without AVDE during p-PCI. RESULTS: Distal embolization developed in 135 (6.7%) patients. Age (for each 10- year increase, Odds Ratio (OR) 1.34, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.16-1.52, p<0.001), treatment of right coronary artery (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.30-4.87, p=0.034), repeated balloon dilatation (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.16-2.94, p=0.009), cut-off occlusion pattern (OR 2.17, 95% CI 1.38-3.42, p=0.001), lesion length >15 mm (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.09-2.58, p=0.019), and reference vessel diameter >3.5 mm (OR 5.08, 95% CI 3.32-7.65, p<0.001) were independent predictors of AVDE. In-hospital (8.1% vs. 3.8%, p=0.014) and one-month (10.8% vs. 4.9%, p=0.004) all-cause mortality rates were higher in patients with AVDE. At the long-term follow-up (median: 42 months), both all-cause (21.5% vs. 10.4%, p<0.001) and cardiac mortality rates (18.4% vs. 8.0%, p<0.001) were higher in patients with AVDE. CONCLUSION: AVDE is associated with worse clinical outcome at both the short- and long-term follow-up of STEMI patients treated early with p-PCI.


Assuntos
Embolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Angiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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