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1.
Heart Rhythm ; 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the main preventable cause of death in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Since robust risk stratification methods are lacking, we developed a risk score model to predict SCD in patients with ACHD: the PRospEctiVE study on implaNTable cardIOverter defibrillator therapy and suddeN cardiac death in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease (PREVENTION-ACHD) risk score model. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively study predicted SCD risk using the PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model and actual SCD and sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) rates in patients with ACHD. METHODS: The PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model assigns 1 point each to coronary artery disease, New York Heart Association class II/III heart failure, supraventricular tachycardia, systemic ejection fraction < 40%, subpulmonary ejection fraction < 40%, QRS duration ≥ 120 ms, and QT dispersion ≥ 70 ms. SCD risk was calculated for each patient. An annual predicted risk of ≥3% constituted high risk. The primary outcome was SCD or VT/VF after 2 years. The secondary outcome was SCD. RESULTS: The study included 783 consecutive patients with ACHD (n=239 (31%) left-sided lesions; n=138 (18%) tetralogy of Fallot; n=108 (14%) closed atrial septal defect; median age 36 years; interquartile range 28-47 years; n=401 (51%) men). The PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model identified 58 high-risk patients. Eight patients (4 at high risk) experienced the primary outcome. The Kaplan-Meier estimates were 7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1%-13.3%) in the high-risk group and 0.6% (95% CI 0.0%-1.1%) in the low-risk group (hazard ratio 12.5; 95% CI 3.1-50.9; P < .001). The risk score model's sensitivity was 0.5 and specificity 0.93, resulting in a C-statistic of 0.75 (95% CI 0.57-0.90). The hazard ratio for SCD was 12.4 (95% CI 1.8-88.1) (P = .01); the sensitivity and specificity were 0.5 and 0.92, and the C-statistic was 0.81 (95% CI 0.67-0.95). CONCLUSION: The PREVENTION-ACHD risk score model provides greater accuracy in SCD or VT/VF risk stratification as compared with current guideline indications and identifies patients with ACHD who may benefit from preventive implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation.

2.
Can J Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial tachyarrhythmias (AAs) are the main source of morbidity and mortality in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). Direct current cardioversion (DCCV) is an effective method to acutely terminate AAs, however, many patients require repeat DCCV. Little is known about the impact of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of AAs on the incidence of repeat DCCV in ACHD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of RFCA on the incidence of DCCV in ACHD patients. METHODS: A total of 157 ACHD undergoing DCCV in our hospital from 2011 to 2018 (female n=76 [48.4%], mean age 37.8±12.5), were reviewed. The median follow-up period was 31.8 months (IQR, 16.3-55.1). RESULTS: Out of the total of 157 patients, 102 (65.0%) underwent RFCA for AAs, and 55 (35.0%) patients were treated without RFCA. Successful RFCA with termination of AAs during ablation was 62.7%. More than half of the patients had complex forms of congenital heart disease (62.4%). During follow-up, 57 (55.9%) patients who had RFCA developed recurrence of AAs, and 36 (35.2%) patients underwent repeat DCCV. Thirty-three (60.0%) out of 55 patients without RFCA required repeat cardioversion. Compared to patients without RFCA, RFCA significantly reduced the need for repeat DCCV by 40% (hazard ratio [HR] 0.60, 95% CI 0.23-0.80 P=0.009). In multivariate analysis, successful RFCA was associated with reduced risk of DCCV (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.19-0.92, P=0.031). CONCLUSION: AAs remain common despite RFCA in ACHD patients. Nevertheless, RFCA is associated with a marked reduction in the need for repeat DCCV.

3.
Heart ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Fontan circulation are known to be at high risk for developing atrial tachyarrhythmias (AAs). Our objective was to examine the efficacy and safety of amiodarone in the management of ATs in adult Fontan patients. METHODS: Primary outcomes of this single-centre, retrospective study included freedom from AAs and incidence of adverse effects of amiodarone on Fontan patients. Heart failure (HF) events and composite outcomes of death from any cause, Fontan revision and heart transplantation were evaluated as secondary outcomes. Predictors of HF and discontinuing amiodarone were also evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 61 patients (mean age 31.6±11.3 years, 40.9% female), who were treated with amiodarone in between 1995 and 2018, were included. AAs free survival at 1, 3 and 5 years were 76.2%, 56.9% and 30.6%, respectively. During a median follow-up of 50.5 months, 34 (55.7%) patients developed side effects, and 20 (32.8%) patients discontinued amiodarone due to side effects. Thyroid dysfunction was the most common side effect (n=26, 76.5%), amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) (n=16, 27.1%) being most common thyroid dysfunction. Young age (age <28.5 years) was associated with discontinuing amiodarone (HR 5.50, 95% CI 1.19 to 25.4, p=0.029). AIT significantly increased risk of HF (HR 4.82, 95% CI 1.71 to 13.6, p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Short-term efficacy of amiodarone in Fontan physiology is acceptable. However, long-term administration is associated with a reduction of efficacy and a significant prevalence of non-cardiac side effects. AIT is associated with exacerbation of HF. The judicious use of amiodarone administration should be considered in this population.

4.
Heart ; 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although a life-preserving surgery for children with single ventricle physiology, the Fontan palliation is associated with striking morbidity and mortality with advancing age. Our primary objective was to evaluate the impact of non-invasive, external, thoraco-abdominal ventilation on pulmonary blood flow (PBF) and cardiac output (CO) as measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in adult Fontan subjects. METHODS: Adults with a dominant left ventricle post-Fontan palliation (lateral tunnel or extracardiac connections) and healthy controls matched by sex and age were studied. We evaluated vascular flows using phase-contrast CMR imaging during unassisted breathing, negative pressure ventilation (NPV) and biphasic ventilation (BPV). Measurements were made within target vessels (aorta, pulmonary arteries, vena cavae and Fontan circuit) at baseline and during each ventilation mode. RESULTS: Ten Fontan subjects (50% male, 24.5 years (IQR 20.8-34.0)) and 10 matched controls were studied. Changes in PBF and CO, respectively, were greater following BPV as compared with NPV. In subjects during NPV, PBF increased by 8% (Δ0.20 L/min/m2 (0.10-0.53), p=0.011) while CO did not change significantly (Δ0.17 L/min/m2 (-0.11-0.23), p=0.432); during BPV, PBF increased by 25% (Δ0.61 L/min/m2 (0.20-0.84), p=0.002) and CO increased by 16% (Δ0.47 L/min/m2 (0.21-0.71), p=0.010). Following BPV, change in PBF and CO were both significantly higher in subjects versus controls (0.61 L/min/m2 (0.2-0.84) vs -0.27 L/min/m2 (-0.55-0.13), p=0.001; and 0.47 L/min/m2 (0.21-0.71) vs 0.07 L/min/m2 (-0.47-0.33), p=0.034, respectively). CONCLUSION: External ventilation acutely augments PBF and CO in adult Fontan subjects. Confirmation of these findings in larger populations with longer duration of ventilation and extended follow-up will be required to determine sustainability of haemodynamic effects.

5.
Can J Cardiol ; 2020 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been proven to prevent sudden cardiac death in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. Although the left side is chosen by default, implantation from the right side is often required. However, little is known about the efficacy and safety of right-sided ICDs in ACHD patients. METHODS: In this study we reviewed a total of 191 ACHD patients undergoing ICD/cardioverter resynchronisation therapy-defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation at our hospital between 2001 and 2019 (134 men and 57 women; age [mean ± standard deviation], 41.5 ± 14.8 years). RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients (14.1%) had right-sided devices. The most common causes of right-sided implantation were persistent left superior vena cava and vein occlusion (37.0%). Although procedure time (202.8 ± 60.5 minutes vs 143.8 ± 69.1 minutes, P = 0.008) was longer and the procedural success was lower (92.6% vs 99.4%, P = 0.008) for right-sided devices, no difference in R-wave and pacing threshold were noted. Among the 47 patients (24.6%) who underwent defibrillation threshold testing (DFT), no difference in DFT was observed (25.2 ± 5.3 J vs 23.8 ± 4.1 J, P = 0.460). During the median follow-up of 42.4 months, appropriate ICD therapy was observed in 5 (18.5%) and 30 (18.3%) patients for right- and left-sided ICDs/CRTDs, respectively (P = 0.978). No significant difference was seen in complications between them. CONCLUSIONS: Implantation of an ICD on the right side is technically challenging, but it is feasible as an alternative approach for ACHD patients with contraindications to left-sided device implantation.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 317: 63-69, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although morphologic abnormalities in the liver are commonly encountered post Fontan palliation, the relationships between hepatic morphology, vascular flows, and clinical status remain incompletely understood. We therefore aimed to explore flow characteristics in hepatic and intestinal vessels and to examine cardiovascular associations with liver disease. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of adults post Fontan palliation undergoing clinically indicated cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Patients were included if MRI flow quantification was available for cardiac, hepatic and intestinal vessels; patients were excluded if phase-contrast flow imaging was insufficient for analysis. RESULTS: Thirty patients were studied (median age at MRI 28.5 years [range 19-47]). Eighteen subjects (60%) were classified as having morphologic liver disease according to validated criteria based on available MRI imaging. Abdominal and cardiovascular flows were quantified. Patients with morphologic liver disease had a 41% reduction in superior mesenteric artery (211 ± 124 versus 358 ± 181 mL/min/m2, p = .004), a 36% reduction in hepatic vein (496 ± 247 versus 778 ± 220 mL/min/m2, p = .01), a 31% reduction in portal vein (399 ± 133 versus 580 ± 159 mL/min/m2, p = .004), and an 18% reduction in Fontan pathway flows (1358 ± 429 versus 1651 ± 270 mL/min/m2, p = .04) compared with the remaining population. Adverse cardiovascular events were not associated with morphologic liver disease. CONCLUSION: Morphologic liver disease appears to be associated with flow alterations within the heart, liver and intestine post Fontan palliation. These novel observations suggest that a potential relationship exists between morphologic disease and vascular flows thereby providing further insights into the pathophysiology of liver disease in this high-risk population.

7.
Cardiol Young ; 30(4): 560-567, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228736

RESUMO

Online learning has become an increasingly expected and popular component for education of the modern-day adult learner, including the medical provider. In light of the recent coronavirus pandemic, there has never been more urgency to establish opportunities for supplemental online learning. Heart University aims to be "the go-to online resource" for e-learning in CHD and paediatric-acquired heart disease. It is a carefully curated open access library of paedagogical material for all providers of care to children and adults with CHD or children with acquired heart disease, whether a trainee or a practising provider. In this manuscript, we review the aims, development, current offerings and standing, and future goals of Heart University.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/educação , Educação a Distância , Educação Médica/organização & administração , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Pediatria/educação , Adulto , Criança , Currículo , Humanos
8.
Cardiol Young ; 30(3): 402-408, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advance care planning and palliative care are gaining recognition as critical care components for adults with CHD, yet these often do not occur. Study objectives were to evaluate ACHD providers' 1) comfort managing patients' physical symptoms and psychosocial needs and 2) perspectives on the decision/timing of advance care planning initiation and palliative care referral. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of ACHD providers. Six hypothetical patients were described in case format, followed by questions regarding provider comfort managing symptoms, initiating advance care planning, and palliative care referral. RESULTS: Fifty providers (72% physicians) completed surveys. Participants reported low levels of personal palliative care knowledge, without variation by gender, years in practice, or prior palliative care training. Providers appeared more comfortable managing physical symptoms and discussing prognosis than addressing psychosocial needs. Providers recognised advance directives as important, although the percentage who would initiate advance care planning ranged from 18 to 67% and referral to palliative care from 14 to 32%. Barriers and facilitators to discussing advance care planning with patients were identified. Over 20% indicated that advance care planning and end-of-life discussions are best initiated with the development of at least one life-threatening complication/hospitalisation. CONCLUSIONS: Providers noted high value in advance directives yet were themselves less likely to initiate advance care planning or refer to palliative care. This raises the critical questions of when, how, and by whom discussion of these important matters should be initiated and how best to support ACHD providers in these endeavours.

9.
Spine J ; 20(6): 956-963, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: For over four decades, clinicians and researchers have suggested a relationship between congenital heart disease (CHD) and scoliosis, attributed to either the disease itself or to the long-term effects of cardiac surgery on the immature thoracic cage. However, no study has yet accounted for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), the second most common cause of CHD after Down syndrome. 22q11.2DS has a scoliosis risk of 50%, but within 22q11.2DS a previous report found no significant association between scoliosis and CHD. We, therefore, hypothesized that scoliosis within a CHD cohort would be related to an underlying 22q11.2 deletion. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of scoliosis in CHD patients with and without 22q11.2DS. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Cross-sectional. PATIENT SAMPLE: A well-characterized existing database of 315 adults with CHD (primarily tetralogy of Fallot), with (n=86) and without (n=229) 22q11.2DS, matched by sex and CHD severity, and excluding other known syndromic diagnoses. We compared the scoliosis prevalence of patients with 22q11.2DS and CHD patients to the prevalence of scoliosis in a cohort of adults with 22q11.2DS without CHD based on medical records. OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of scoliosis (Cobb angle ≥10°). METHODS: We systematically determined the presence of scoliosis in all included patients using chest radiographs, blind to genetic diagnosis. Besides 22q11.2DS, we analyzed other suspected risk factors for scoliosis using a regression model: thoracotomy before the age of 12 years, severe CHD type and sex. RESULTS: The prevalence of scoliosis in adults with CHD and 22q11.2DS (n=46, 53.5%) was significantly greater than in those without 22q11.2DS (n=18, 7.9%, p<.0001). The presence of a 22q11.2 deletion (odds ratio [OR] 25.4, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 11.2-57.4, p<.0001), a history of thoracotomy before the age of 12 years (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.6-8.1, p=.0027) and most complex CHD class (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.1-4.7, p=.0196), but not sex, were significant independent predictors of scoliosis. In the 22q11.2DS group, a right-sided aortic arch was associated with a left thoracic scoliotic curve (p=.036). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of scoliosis in those with CHD but without a 22q11.2 deletion approximates that of the general population. However, in the CHD population with a 22q11.2 deletion, the prevalence of scoliosis approximates that of others with 22q11.2DS. The pediatric surgical approach and severity of CHD were weaker independent contributors as compared to the 22q11.2 deletion. The results support the importance of a genetic diagnosis of 22q11.2DS to the risk of developing scoliosis in individuals with CHD. The 22q11.2 deletion may represent a common etiopathogenetic pathway for both CHD and scoliosis, possibly involving early laterality mechanisms.

11.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(12): 1664-1674, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813503

RESUMO

Eisenmenger syndrome is the most severe and extreme phenotype of pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease. A large nonrestrictive systemic left-to-right shunt triggers the development of pulmonary vascular disease, progressive pulmonary arterial hypertension, and increasing pulmonary vascular resistance at the systemic level, which ultimately results in shunt reversal. Herein, we review the changing epidemiological patterns and pathophysiology of Eisenmenger syndrome. Multiorgan disease is an integral manifestation of Eisenmenger syndrome and includes involvement of the cardiac, hematological, neurological, respiratory, gastrointestinal, urinary, immunological, musculoskeletal, and endocrinological systems. Standardized practical guidelines for the assessment, management, risk stratification, and follow-up of this very fragile and vulnerable population are discussed. Multidisciplinary care is the best clinical practice. An approach to the prevention and management of a broad spectrum of complications is provided. Relevant therapeutic questions are discussed, including anticoagulation, noncardiac surgery, physical activity, transplantation, and advanced-care planning (palliative care). Advanced pulmonary arterial hypertension therapies are indicated in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome and World Health Organization functional class II or higher symptoms to improve functional capacity, quality of life, and-less well documented-survival. Specific recommendations regarding monotherapy or combination therapy are provided according to functional class and clinical response. The ultimate challenge for all care providers remains early detection and management of intracardiac and extracardiac shunts, considering that Eisenmenger syndrome is a preventable condition.


Assuntos
Complexo de Eisenmenger/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Complexo de Eisenmenger/diagnóstico , Complexo de Eisenmenger/terapia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Masculino , Doenças Raras , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Populações Vulneráveis
12.
Congenit Heart Dis ; 14(6): 952-957, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, methods for risk stratification are not yet well-defined. The Tpeak -Tend (TpTe) interval, a measure of dispersion of ventricular repolarization, is a risk factor for SCD in non-ACHD patients. We aim to evaluate whether TpTe can be used in risk stratification for SCD in ACHD patients. DESIGN: From an international multicenter cohort of 25 790 ACHD patients, we identified all SCD cases. Cases were matched to controls by age, gender, congenital defect, and (surgical) intervention. OUTCOME MEASURES: TpTe was measured on a standard 12-lead ECG. The maximum TpTe of all ECG leads (TpTe-max), mean (TpTe-mean), and TpTe dispersion (maximum minus minimum) were obtained. Odds ratios (OR) for SCD cases vs controls were calculated using conditional logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: ECGs were available for 147 cases (median age at death 33.5 years (quartiles 26.2, 48.7), 66% male) and 267 controls. The mean TpTe-max was 97 ± 24 ms in cases vs 84 ± 17 ms in controls (P < .001); TpTe-mean was 70 ± 16 vs 63 ± 10 ms (P < .001); and dispersion was 51 ± 22 ms vs 41 ± 16 ms (P = .02), respectively. Assessing each ECG lead separately, TpTe in lead aVR predicted SCD most accurately. TpTe in lead aVR was 71 ± 23 ms in cases vs 61 ± 13 ms in controls (P < .001). After adjusting for impaired ventricular function, heart failure symptoms, and prolonged QRS duration, the OR of SCD of TpTe in lead aVR at an optimal cutoff of 80 ms was 5.8 (95% CI 2.7-12.4, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The TpTe interval is associated with SCD in ACHD patients. Particularly, TpTe in lead aVR can be used as an independent risk factor for SCD in ACHD patients and may, therefore, add precision to current risk prediction models.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Bélgica , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Ontário , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Cardiol Young ; 29(11): 1356-1360, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Subspecialisation is increasingly a fundamental part of the contemporary practice of medicine. However, little is known about how medical trainees learn in the modern era, and particularly in growing and relatively new subspecialties, such as adult CHD. The purpose of this study was to assess institutional-led and self-directed learning strategies of adult CHD fellows. METHODS: This international, cross-sectional online survey was conducted by the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease and consisted primarily of categorical questions and Likert rating scales. All current or recent (i.e., those within 2 years of training) fellows who reported training in adult CHD (within adult/paediatric cardiology training or within subspecialty fellowships) were eligible. RESULTS: A total of 75 fellows participated in the survey: mean age: 34 ± 5; 35 (47%) female. Most adult CHD subspecialty fellows considered case-based teaching (58%) as "very helpful", while topic-based teaching was considered "helpful" (67%); p = 0.003 (favouring case-based). When facing a non-urgent clinical dilemma, fellows reported that they were more likely to search for information online (58%) than consult a faculty member (29%) or textbook (3%). Many (69%) fellows use their smartphones at least once daily to search for information during regular clinical work. CONCLUSIONS: Fellows receiving adult CHD training reported a preference for case-based learning and frequent use of online material and smartphones. These findings may be incorporated into the design and enhancement of fellowships and development of online training resources.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/educação , Currículo/normas , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/normas , Guias como Assunto , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Aprendizagem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 17(7): 619-626, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29661025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Self-efficacy is a known predictor of patient-reported outcomes in individuals with acquired diseases. With an overall objective of better understanding patient-reported outcomes in adults with congenital heart disease, this study aimed to: (i) assess self-efficacy in adults with congenital heart disease, (ii) explore potential demographic and medical correlates of self-efficacy and (iii) determine whether self-efficacy explains additional variance in patient-reported outcomes above and beyond known predictors. METHODS: As part of a large cross-sectional international multi-site study (APPROACH-IS), we enrolled 454 adults (median age 32 years, range: 18-81) with congenital heart disease in two tertiary care centres in Canada and Switzerland. Self-efficacy was measured using the General Self-Efficacy (GSE) scale, which produces a total score ranging from 10 to 40. Variance in the following patient-reported outcomes was assessed: perceived health status, psychological functioning, health behaviours and quality of life. Hierarchical multivariable linear regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Patients' mean GSE score was 30.1 ± 3.3 (range: 10-40). Lower GSE was associated with female sex ( p = 0.025), not having a job ( p = 0.001) and poorer functional class ( p = 0.048). GSE positively predicted health status and quality of life, and negatively predicted symptoms of anxiety and depression, with an additional explained variance up to 13.6%. No associations between self-efficacy and health behaviours were found. CONCLUSIONS: GSE adds considerably to our understanding of patient-reported outcomes in adults with congenital heart disease. Given that self-efficacy is a modifiable psychosocial factor, it may be an important focus for interventions targeting congenital heart disease patients' well-being.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Cardiopatias Congênitas/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Suíça , Adulto Jovem
17.
Europace ; 20(2): 315-322, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28108550

RESUMO

Aims: In adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) heart failure is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality but experience with and reported outcome of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is limited. We investigated the efficacy of CRT in adults with CHD. Methods and results: This was a retrospective study including 48 adults with CHD who received CRT since 2003 in four tertiary referral centres. Responders were defined as patients who showed improvement in NYHA functional class and/or systemic ventricular ejection fraction by at least one category. Ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography and graded on a four point ordinal scale. Median age at CRT was 47 years (range 18-74 years) and 77% was male. Cardiac diagnosis included tetralogy of Fallot in 29%, (congenitally corrected) transposition of great arteries in 23%, septal defects in 25%, left sided lesions in 21%, and Marfan syndrome in 2% of the patients. The median follow-up duration after CRT was 2.6 years (range 0.1-8.8). Overall, 37 out of 48 patients (77%) responded to CRT either by improvement of NYHA functional class and/or systemic ventricular function. There were 11 non-responders to CRT. Of these, three patients died and four underwent heart transplantation. Conclusion: In this cohort of older CHD patients, CRT was accomplished with a success rate comparable to those with acquired heart disease despite the complex anatomy and technical challenges frequently encountered in this population. Further studies are needed to establish appropriate guidelines for patient selection and long term outcome.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Função Ventricular Direita , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Seleção de Pacientes , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 252: 80-87, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29103857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of premature death in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD), little population-specific data exist. This study reports early experience from a dedicated, sub-specialty adult congenital heart disease-heart failure (ACHD-HF) clinic, aiming to identify risk factors for adverse outcome. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 126 patients (57% male) attended the ACHD-HF clinic. Baseline and follow-up data were analysed and compared across 4 anatomical/physiological subgroups: cyanotic ACHD, Fontan circulation (1V), biventricular circulation with a subaortic right ventricle (2V-RV) and biventricular circulation with a subaortic left ventricle (2V-LV). Predictors of the composite primary outcome: death, transplant or ventricular assist device (VAD) were identified using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: Mean age at first visit was 38±13years. Patients were grouped as follows: cyanotic ACHD 10%, 1V 24%, 2V-RV 29% and 2V-LV 37%. During a median follow-up of 1.7 (IQR 0.8-2.9) years, 38 patients (30%) reached the primary outcome. Event-free survival was 89%, 78% and 63% at 1, 2 and 3years. Forty (31.7%) patients experienced 69 HF hospitalisations. Between-group differences were noted for systolic function, valvular regurgitation, pacing prevalence and invasive hemodynamics. Multivariable analysis revealed 2V-RV subgroup (p=0.001), NYHA class (p=0.002) B-type natriuretic peptide >164pg/ml (p=0.003) and sodium <136mmol/L (p=0.036) as independently associated with death, transplant or VAD. CONCLUSIONS: Our young ACHD-HF patients experienced high adverse event rates during a short period of follow-up. The prognostic markers identified will aid clinicians to stratify short-term risk and thereby guide advanced HF management decisions in ACHD.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Fenótipo , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Eletrocardiografia/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Cardiol Young ; 27(9): 1764-1770, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28689505

RESUMO

Introduction The adult CHD population is increasing and ageing and remains at high risk for morbidity and mortality. In a retrospective single-centre study, we conducted a comprehensive review of non-elective hospitalisations of adults with CHD and explored factors associated with length of stay. METHODS: We identified adults (⩾18 years) with CHD admitted during a 12-month period and managed by the adult CHD service. Data regarding demographics, cardiac history, hospital admission, resource utilisation, and length of stay were extracted. RESULTS: There were 103 admissions of 91 patients (age 37±10 years; 52% female). Of 91 patients, 96% had moderate or complex defects. Of 103 admissions, 45% were through the emergency department. The most common reasons for admission were arrhythmia (37%) and heart failure (28%); 29% of admissions included a stay in the ICU. The mean number of consultations by other services was 2.0. Electrophysiology and anaesthesiology departments were most frequently consulted. After removing outliers, the mean length of stay was 7.9±7.4 days (median=5 days). The length of stay was longer for patients admitted for heart failure (12.2±10.3 days; p=0.001) and admitted directly to the ward (9.6±8.9 days; p=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Among non-electively hospitalised adults with CHD in a tertiary-care centre, management often entails an interdisciplinary approach, and the length of stay is longest for patients admitted with heart failure. The healthcare system must ensure optimal resources to maintain high-quality care for this expanding patient population.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28696220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. SCD may be prevented by implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation, but patient stratification remains troublesome. The 2014 Consensus Statement on Arrhythmias in ACHD patients and the 2015 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines specified recommendations for ICD implantation in ACHD patients for the first time. We assess the discriminative ability of these ICD recommendations for SCD in ACHD patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 25 790 ACHD patients in an international multicenter registry, we identified all SCD cases, matched to living controls by age, sex, congenital defect, and surgical repair. We assessed all primary prevention ICD recommendations listed in both documents. We used conditional logistic regression models to calculate odds ratios and receiver operating characteristic curves with area under the curve. Consensus Statement: One hundred twenty-four cases (median age at death, 33 years [26-44]; 67% men) and 230 controls were studied. In total, 41% of SCD cases and 17% of controls had an ICD recommendation (odds ratio, 5.9; P<0.001). European Society of Cardiology Guidelines: Of one hundred fifty-seven cases (median age at death, 33 years [26-48]; 64% men) and 292 controls, 35% and 14% had an ICD recommendation, respectively (odds ratio, 4.8; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A minority of SCD cases had an ICD recommendation according to these guidelines, whereas the majority of SCD victims remained unrecognized. With an area under the curve of 0.6 to 0.7, the discriminative ability of both guidelines was mediocre. Critical clinical reasoning when deciding on ICD implantation in ACHD patients, therefore, remains vital.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Masculino , Prevenção Primária , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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