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IEEE Comput Graph Appl ; 41(6): 7-12, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890313


The increasing use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies across application domains has prompted our society to pay closer attention to AI's trustworthiness, fairness, interpretability, and accountability. In order to foster trust in AI, it is important to consider the potential of interactive visualization, and how such visualizations help build trust in AI systems. This manifesto discusses the relevance of interactive visualizations and makes the following four claims: i) trust is not a technical problem, ii) trust is dynamic, iii) visualization cannot address all aspects of trust, and iv) visualization is crucial for human agency in AI.

Inteligência Artificial , Confiança , Humanos , Responsabilidade Social
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 22(5): 1637, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27045918


Presents corrections for the paper, "Guidelines for effective usage of text highlighting techniques," (Strobelt, H., et al), IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput.Graph., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 489-498, Jan. 2016.

IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 22(1): 489-98, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26529715


Semi-automatic text analysis involves manual inspection of text. Often, different text annotations (like part-of-speech or named entities) are indicated by using distinctive text highlighting techniques. In typesetting there exist well-known formatting conventions, such as bold typeface, italics, or background coloring, that are useful for highlighting certain parts of a given text. Also, many advanced techniques for visualization and highlighting of text exist; yet, standard typesetting is common, and the effects of standard typesetting on the perception of text are not fully understood. As such, we surveyed and tested the effectiveness of common text highlighting techniques, both individually and in combination, to discover how to maximize pop-out effects while minimizing visual interference between techniques. To validate our findings, we conducted a series of crowdsourced experiments to determine: i) a ranking of nine commonly-used text highlighting techniques; ii) the degree of visual interference between pairs of text highlighting techniques; iii) the effectiveness of techniques for visual conjunctive search. Our results show that increasing font size works best as a single highlighting technique, and that there are significant visual interferences between some pairs of highlighting techniques. We discuss the pros and cons of different combinations as a design guideline to choose text highlighting techniques for text viewers.

Gráficos por Computador , Curadoria de Dados/métodos , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Adulto , Crowdsourcing , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Adulto Jovem
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 18(5): 662-74, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22025750


We present a tool that is specifically designed to support a writer in revising a draft version of a document. In addition to showing which paragraphs and sentences are difficult to read and understand, we assist the reader in understanding why this is the case. This requires features that are expressive predictors of readability, and are also semantically understandable. In the first part of the paper, we, therefore, discuss a semiautomatic feature selection approach that is used to choose appropriate measures from a collection of 141 candidate readability features. In the second part, we present the visual analysis tool VisRA, which allows the user to analyze the feature values across the text and within single sentences. Users can choose between different visual representations accounting for differences in the size of the documents and the availability of information about the physical and logical layout of the documents. We put special emphasis on providing as much transparency as possible to ensure that the user can purposefully improve the readability of a sentence. Several case studies are presented that show the wide range of applicability of our tool. Furthermore, an in-depth evaluation assesses the quality of the measure and investigates how well users do in revising a text with the help of the tool.

Gráficos por Computador , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Leitura , Software , Livros , Compreensão , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Linguística , Redação
IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph ; 15(6): 1145-52, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19834183


Finding suitable, less space consuming views for a document's main content is crucial to provide convenient access to large document collections on display devices of different size. We present a novel compact visualization which represents the document's key semantic as a mixture of images and important key terms, similar to cards in a top trumps game. The key terms are extracted using an advanced text mining approach based on a fully automatic document structure extraction. The images and their captions are extracted using a graphical heuristic and the captions are used for a semi-semantic image weighting. Furthermore, we use the image color histogram for classification and show at least one representative from each non-empty image class. The approach is demonstrated for the IEEE InfoVis publications of a complete year. The method can easily be applied to other publication collections and sets of documents which contain images.