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1.
Virchows Arch ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403511

RESUMO

There are unexplained geographical variations in the incidence of kidney cancer with the high rates reported in Baltic countries, as well as eastern and central Europe. Having access to a large and well-annotated collection of "tumor/non-tumor" pairs of kidney cancer patients from the Czech Republic, Romania, Serbia, UK, and Russia, we aimed to analyze the morphology of non-neoplastic renal tissue in nephrectomy specimens. By applying digital pathology, we performed a microscopic examination of 1012 frozen non-neoplastic kidney tissues from patients with renal cell carcinoma. Four components of renal parenchyma were evaluated and scored for the intensity of interstitial inflammation and fibrosis, tubular atrophy, glomerulosclerosis, and arterial wall thickening, globally called chronic renal parenchymal changes. Moderate or severe changes were observed in 54 (5.3%) of patients with predominance of occurrence in Romania (OR = 2.67, CI 1.07-6.67) and Serbia (OR = 4.37, CI 1.20-15.96) in reference to those from Russia. Further adjustment for comorbidities, tumor characteristics, and stage did not change risk estimates. In multinomial regression model, relative probability of non-glomerular changes was 5.22 times higher for Romania and Serbia compared to Russia. Our findings show that the frequency of chronic renal parenchymal changes, with the predominance of chronic interstitial nephritis pattern, in kidney cancer patients varies by country, significantly more frequent in countries located in central and southeastern Europe where the incidence of kidney cancer has been reported to be moderate to high. The observed association between these pathological features and living in certain geographic areas requires a larger population-based study to confirm this association on a large scale.

2.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3927, 2018 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30254314

RESUMO

Lung cancer has several genetic associations identified within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC); although the basis for these associations remains elusive. Here, we analyze MHC genetic variation among 26,044 lung cancer patients and 20,836 controls densely genotyped across the MHC, using the Illumina Illumina OncoArray or Illumina 660W SNP microarray. We impute sequence variation in classical HLA genes, fine-map MHC associations for lung cancer risk with major histologies and compare results between ethnicities. Independent and novel associations within HLA genes are identified in Europeans including amino acids in the HLA-B*0801 peptide binding groove and an independent HLA-DQB1*06 loci group. In Asians, associations are driven by two independent HLA allele sets that both increase risk in HLA-DQB1*0401 and HLA-DRB1*0701; the latter better represented by the amino acid Ala-104. These results implicate several HLA-tumor peptide interactions as the major MHC factor modulating lung cancer susceptibility.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Complexo Principal de Histocompatibilidade/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etnologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
5.
Cancer Causes Control ; 21(7): 1131-8, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20333461

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation, which is suspected to play a role in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), has rarely been studied in colorectal adenoma. We investigated the inter-relationships of serum levels of the inflammatory proteins CRP and in IL-6, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CRP (rs1205, rs1130864, rs1800947) and IL6 (rs1800795) genes, and lifestyle factors with colorectal adenoma in a sigmoidoscopy-based case-control study of 271 adenoma cases and 539 age-, sex-, and race/ethnicity-matched controls in Hawaii. We found no association of serum CRP or IL-6 levels with the risk of adenoma. A multiple regression with stepwise selection identified elevated BMI, Caucasian and Native Hawaiian versus Japanese race/ethnicity, and current smoking as being associated with significantly higher serum CRP and IL-6 levels. Female versus male gender was also associated with higher CRP levels and older age with higher IL-6 levels. The C allele of rs1205 and the A allele of rs1130864 were significantly associated with higher serum CRP levels (p (trend): 0.0002 and 0.01, respectively), as well as with a decreased adenoma risk [rs1205: OR for CT and CC vs. TT = 0.69 (95% CI: 0.48-0.98) and 0.53 (0.34-0.83), respectively, p (trend) = 0.008; rs1130864: OR for GA and AA versus GG = 0.65 (0.45-0.93) and 0.74 (0.31-1.76), respectively, p (trend) = 0.04]. The findings of lower serum CRP and IL-6 levels in Japanese (a group with a high CRC risk) and of a decreased adenoma risk observed for alleles associated with higher circulating CRP levels suggest a protective effect for CRP in early colorectal neoplasia that warrants further study.


Assuntos
Adenoma/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Adenoma/etnologia , Adenoma/genética , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/etnologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Hawaii/epidemiologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Regressão , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Sigmoidoscopia
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