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5.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273201

RESUMO

Dural ectasia, also known as meningocele of the optic nerve sheath, is a rare benign pathology. Magnetic resonance imaging has a great role in the diagnosis of this condition, which has nonspecific symptoms such as progressive blurred vision. It is observed as cerebrospinal fluid accumulation within the expanded nerve sheath around the optic nerve. Treatment is planned after differential diagnosis of other pathologies such as mass and inflammation in addition to diagnosis with magnetic resonance imaging. Medical treatment is usually sufficient, and surgical treatment is planned for progressive patients.

7.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 56(12): 779-783, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary alveolar echinococcosis (PAE) is a chronic disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis with very low incidence in developed countries. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective study included 34 patients who were diagnosed with PAE between January 2001 and February 2019 (15 males, 19 females, mean age: 52.4 ± 15.8 years, age range: 28-78 years) in Ataturk University Medical School, Erzurum, Turkey. RESULTS: The liver was the primary involved organ in all cases. Pulmonary involvement was detected in 13.0% (34/261) of all cases with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE), and three patients (8.8%) had both pulmonary metastasis and brain metastasis. The route of spread to the lungs based on radiological data was hematogeneous in 25 patients (73.5%), transdiaphragmatic in three patients (8.8%) and both hematogeneous and transdiaphragmatic in six patients (17.7%). AE showed bilateral involvement in 19 patients (55.9%), whereas only the right lung was involved in 12 patients (35.3%) and the left lung in three patients (8.8%). Of the patients, five underwent surgery due to PAE and 29 patients received medical therapy with albendazole. A total of three patients died during the follow-up period (2, 5 and 10 years after the diagnosis of PAE), while 31 patients continued with follow-up and treatment for a mean duration of 5.4 ± 3.8 years (1-14 years). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hepatic AE must, as a matter of course, be screened for possible lung involvement. Albendazole therapy may slow down disease progression in patients with widespread pulmonary involvement who are not eligible for surgery


INTRODUCCIÓN: La equinococosis alveolar con afectación pulmonar (PAE) es una enfermedad crónica causada por Echinococcus multilocularis, cuya incidencia es muy baja en los países desarrollados. MÉTODOS: Estudio unicéntrico, retrospectivo en el cual se diagnosticaron 34 pacientes con PAE entre enero de 2001 y febrero de 2019 (15 varones y 19 mujeres, edad media: 52,4 ± 15,8 años, rango de edad: 28-78 años) en la Escuela Médica Univesitaria de Ataturk, Erzurum, Turquía. RESULTADOS: En el total de los casos incluidos en el estudio el hígado fue el principal órgano afectado. La afectación pulmonar se detectó en el 13% (34/261) de los casos con equinococosis alveolar (AE), y 3 pacientes (8,8%) presentaron tanto metástasis pulmonar como cerebral. De acuerdo con los datos radiológicos, la propagación a los pulmones fue por vía hematógena en 25 pacientes (73,5%), transdiafragmática en 3 pacientes (8,8%) y tanto hematógena como transdiafragmática en 6 pacientes (17,7%). Diecinueve pacientes (55,9%) presentaron PAE con afectación pulmonar bilateral, mientras que 12 pacientes (35,3%) presentaron afectación solo del pulmón derecho y 3 (8,8%) solo del izquierdo. De todos los pacientes, 5 fueron sometidos a cirugía debido a la PAE y 29 recibieron tratamiento médico con albendazol. Tres pacientes fallecieron durante el período de seguimiento (2,5 y 10 años después del diagnóstico de PAE), mientras que 31 continuaron con el seguimiento y el tratamiento durante 5,4±3,8 años de media (1-14 años). CONCLUSIONES: Los pacientes con AE hepática se deben cribar de manera rutinaria para detectar una posible afectación pulmonar. El tratamiento con albendazol puede ralentizar la progresión de la enfermedad en pacientes con afectación pulmonar extendida que no son aptos para cirugía

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315610

RESUMO

The os intermetatarseum is a rare accessory bone of the foot. It is commonly asymptomatic, as are other such accessory bones of the foot. Nevertheless, when it becomes symptomatic, it can cause "os intermetatarseum syndrome". The case is here reported of os intermetatarseum syndrome, which is extremely rarely seen. To the best of our knowledge, there are very few cases in the literature about os intermetatarseum syndrome.

11.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186286

RESUMO

Dystrophic calcification is the accumulation of calcium salts, especially calcium phosphate, which can occur anywhere in the body. Unlike other heterotopic calcifications, it occurs in damaged tissue when there is no calcium imbalance. The most common sites are the heart muscle and valve and it is rarely seen in the head and neck region. It can appear by any cause of soft tissue degeneration such as trauma, infection, inflammation, and neoplasia. It is not symptomatic unless a dystrophic calcification mass is present and is usually detected incidentally. Determination of the etiology plays an important role in the planning of the treatment so that the patient's history, laboratory findings, and imaging methods are very important.

12.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181609

RESUMO

Origin and course anomalies of the vertebral arteries are rare. They are considered a congenital anomaly that occurs in the early stages of embryonic development. Thanks to magnetic resonance angiography, these anomalies can be diagnosed easily. Detecting these anomalies is especially important before endovascular interventional procedures. In this case report, we present magnetic resonance angiography findings of a patient with extraforaminal vertebral artery that originated from right common carotid artery and also with aberrant right subclavian artery.

16.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003159

RESUMO

Onodi cell mucocele is a rare, benign, cystic, destructive and expansive lesion. While the sphenoid sinus mucocele is 1% to 2%, onodi cell mucocele is very rare. Because of its direct mass compression effect, its proximity to the orbital apex may cause many symptoms such as loss of vision, eye movements, and exophthalmus. Imaging methods have an important priority in diagnosis. It also plays a crucial role in planning treatment quickly and guiding the surgeon. Surgical excision is performed in the treatment, usually with an endonasal approach.

17.
18.
Skeletal Radiol ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main function of the posterior talocalcaneal ligament (PTL) is to stabilize the posterior subtalar joint in the ankle. PTL is a potential source of pain in chronic subtalar instability. Our knowledge of the anatomy and function of PTL is limited and there are not many studies regarding its morphology. The aim of this study is to provide detailed information about imaging anatomy and morphology of PTL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 197 ankle images of 184 patients (13 bilateral) obtained from MR arthrography (MRA) and conventional MRI between 2012 and 2019. The incidence of PTL was evaluated using both methods. The location of the ligament to the calcaneus, shape, and intraarticular extension was determined by MRA. In addition, thickness and lengths were measured in millimeters, and the presence of os trigonum, contrast agent extravasation into adjacent anatomical structures, was evaluated. The upper surface of the calcaneus was divided into nine regions in the axial view and three regions in the sagittal view. RESULTS: The incidence of PTL was 65.5% (n = 129). In axial view, the most common calcaneal attachment was in the 5th zone. The ligament was mostly fan-shaped (n = 104) and the extraarticular course was 87%. The average length was 15.9 mm and the average thickness was 1.1 mm. There were os trigonum in 18 cases. CONCLUSION: Having knowledge of the morphology and variations of PTL and defining its relationship with adjacent anatomical structures can help evaluate subtalar instability.

19.
Cir Esp ; 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912624
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