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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730289

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) can be mitigated by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) co-therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with anticoagulants. We aimed to evaluate the effect of PPIs on the risk of GIB in Asian patients with AF, treated with oral anticoagulants (OACs), and with a prior history of upper GIB. METHODS: Using a nationwide claims database, OAC-naïve patients with AF and a history of upper GIB before initiating OAC treatment between January 2010 and April 2018 were included. Patients were categorized into 10 groups according to the index OAC (warfarin, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, apixaban, and edoxaban) and whether or not they received PPI co-therapy, and were followed up for incidence of major GIB. RESULTS: Among a total of 42,048 patients, 40% were prescribed PPIs as co-therapy with OACs. Over a median 0.6 years (interquartile ranges 0.2-1.7 years) of follow-up, rivaroxaban use without PPIs showed the highest crude incidence of major GIB (2.62 per 100 person-years), followed by the use of warfarin without a PPI (2.20 per 100 person-years). Compared to the patients without PPI use, PPI co-therapy was associated with a significantly lower risk of major GIB, by 40% and 36%, in the rivaroxaban and warfarin groups, respectively. In dabigatran, apixaban, and edoxaban users, PPI co-therapy did not show a significant reduction in the risk of major GIB. CONCLUSION: Among patients with AF receiving anticoagulant treatment and with a prior history of upper GIB, PPI co-therapy was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of major GIB in patients treated with rivaroxaban and warfarin.

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(6): e019072, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660526

RESUMO

Background Noninvasive cardiac radioablation is employed to treat ventricular arrhythmia. However, myocardial changes leading to early-period antiarrhythmic effects induced by high-dose irradiation are unknown. This study investigated dose-responsive histologic, ultrastructural, and functional changes within 1 month after irradiation in rat heart. Methods and Results Whole hearts of wild-type Lewis rats (N=95) were irradiated with single fraction 20, 25, 30, 40, or 50 Gy and explanted at 1 day or 1, 2, 3, or 4 weeks' postirradiation. Microscopic pathologic changes of cardiac structures by light microscope with immunohistopathologic staining, ultrastructure by electron microscopy, and functional evaluation by ECG and echocardiography were studied. Despite high-dose irradiation, no myocardial necrosis and apoptosis were observed. Intercalated discs were widened and disrupted, forming uneven and twisted junctions between adjacent myocytes. Diffuse vacuolization peaked at 3 weeks, suggesting irradiation dose-responsiveness, which was correlated with interstitial and intracellular edema. CD68 immunostaining accompanying vacuolization suggested mononuclear cell infiltration. These changes were prominent in working myocardium but not cardiac conduction tissue. Intracardiac conduction represented by PR and QTc intervals on ECG was delayed compared with baseline measurements. ST segment was initially depressed and gradually elevated. Ventricular chamber dimensions and function remained intact without pericardial effusion. Conclusions Mononuclear cell-related intracellular and extracellular edema with diffuse vacuolization and intercalated disc widening were observed within 1 month after high-dose irradiation. ECG indicated intracardiac conduction delay with prominent ST-segment changes. These observations suggest that early antiarrhythmic effects after cardiac radioablation result from conduction disturbances and membrane potential alterations without necrosis.

3.
Korean Circ J ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antithrombotic therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has changed in recent years with new data from large randomized trials and updates to clinical guidelines. This study aimed to investigate the trends in periprocedural antithrombotic regimens in Korean patients with AF undergoing PCI with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). METHODS: Using the claims database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment during 2013-2018, 27,594 patients with AF undergoing PCI were identified. The annual prevalence of PCI and prescriptions of each antithrombotic agent, including antiplatelet agents and oral anticoagulants, within 30 days after PCI were investigated. RESULTS: During 2013-2018, the number of patients with AF undergoing PCI increased up to 1.3-fold (from 3,913 to 5,075 patients per year). After the introduction of NOACs, the proportion of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) decreased from 71.9% to 49.8% but still occupied the largest proportion among antithrombotic regimens. Triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) use increased from 25.4% to 46.0%, and NOAC has rapidly replaced warfarin as the oral anticoagulant of choice. TAT was preferred to DAPT for patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2. Among various factors, prior intracranial hemorrhage was the most powerful predictor of favoring DAPT use over TAT. CONCLUSION: Since the introduction of NOACs, the patterns of periprocedural antithrombotic regimens have changed rapidly toward more use of TAT, specifically with NOAC-based regimen. Appropriate stroke prevention with oral anticoagulants is still underutilized in patients with AF undergoing PCI in Korea.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3737, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580177

RESUMO

We evaluated the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) and analyzed the impact of NAFLD on AF risk in relation to body mass index (BMI). A total of 8,048,055 subjects without significant liver disease who were available fatty liver index (FLI) values were included. Subjects were categorized into 3 groups based on FLI: < 30, 30 to < 60, and ≥ 60. During a median 8-year of follow-up, 534,442 subjects were newly diagnosed as AF (8.27 per 1000 person-years). Higher FLI was associated with an increased risk of AF (hazard ratio [HR] 1.053, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.046-1.060 in 30 ≤ FLI < 60, and HR 1.115, 95% CI 1.106-1.125 in FLI ≥ 60). In underweight subjects (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2), higher FLI raised the risk of AF (by 1.6-fold in 30 ≤ FLI < 60 and by twofold in FLI ≥ 60). In normal- and overweight subjects, higher FLI was associated with an increased risk of AF, but the HRs were attenuated. In obese subjects, higher FLI was not associated with higher risk of AF. NAFLD as assessed by FLI was independently associated with an increased risk of AF in nonobese subjects with BMI < 25 kg/m2. The impact of NAFLD on AF risk was accentuated in lean subjects with underweight.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4676, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633333

RESUMO

We evaluated the impacts of lifestyle behaviors, namely smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity, on the development of new-onset AF in patients with DM. Using the Korean Nationwide database, we identified subjects diagnosed with type 2 DM and without previous history of AF between 2009 and 2012. Self-reported lifestyle behaviors were analyzed. Among 2,551,036 included subjects, AF was newly diagnosed in 73,988 patients (median follow-up 7.1 years). Both ex-smokers (hazard ratio [HR] 1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.07) and current smokers (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03-1.08) demonstrated a higher risk of AF than never smokers. Patients with moderate (15-29 g/day) (HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.09-1.15) and heavy (≥ 30 g/day) (HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.21-1.28) alcohol consumption exhibited an increased risk of AF, while subjects with mild alcohol consumption (< 15 g/day) (HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.99-1.03) had an AF risk similar to that of non-drinkers. Patients who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity showed a lower risk of AF (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.91-0.94) than those who did not. This study suggests that smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity are associated with new-onset AF in patients with DM, and lifestyle management might reduce the risk of AF in this population.

6.
Stroke ; 52(2): 521-530, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The influence of body mass index (BMI) on clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation remains controversial, especially among Asians. We aimed to evaluate the association between BMI and clinical outcomes in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation receiving oral anticoagulants. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance database between January 2015 and December 2017, we identified oral anticoagulant new users among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who had BMI information. We analyzed ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, hospitalization for gastrointestinal bleeding, major bleeding, all-cause death, and the composite clinical outcome according to BMI categories. RESULTS: A total of 43 173 patients were included across BMI categories (kg/m2): underweight (<18.5) in 3%, normal (18.5 to <23) in 28%, overweight (23 to <25) in 24%, obese I (25 to <30) in 39%, and obese II (≥30) in 6%. Higher BMI (per 5 kg/m2 increase) was significantly associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 0.891 [95% CI, 0.801-0.992]), hospitalization for gastrointestinal bleeding (HR, 0.785 [95% CI, 0.658-0.937]), major bleeding (HR, 0.794 [95% CI, 0.686-0.919]), all-cause death (HR, 0.658 [95% CI, 0.605-0.716]), and the composite clinical outcome (HR, 0.751 [95% CI, 0.706-0.799]), except for intracranial hemorrhage (HR, 0.815 [95% CI, 0.627-1.061]). The underweight group was associated with an increased risk of composite clinical outcome (HR, 1.398 [95% CI, 1.170-1.671]), mainly driven by an increased risk of all-cause death. The effects of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant versus warfarin on clinical outcomes were similar across BMI groups. CONCLUSIONS: Higher BMI was independently associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke, major bleeding, and better survival. Underweight patients had a higher risk of all-cause death and composite clinical outcome. The optimal BMI for patients with atrial fibrillation should be defined and managed according to an integrated care pathway.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471125

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare the effectiveness and safety of off-label underdosed apixaban with on-label standard dose apixaban in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Korean nationwide claims database, we identified patients who were prescribed apixaban and did not fulfil the dose reduction criteria for apixaban between January 2015 and December 2017. A multivariable Cox hazard regression model was performed, and hazard ratios (HRs) for ischemic stroke, major bleeding (MB), all-cause death, and composite outcome were analysed. Compared to patients prescribed on-label standard dose apixaban (n = 4,194), patients prescribed off-label underdosed apixaban (n = 2,890) showed a higher risk of ischemic stroke (adjusted HR [aHR], 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-1.81), all-cause death (aHR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.01-1.39), and the composite outcome (aHR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.03-1.34), but with no significant differences in MB between the two groups. Among the patients who did not meet any dose reduction criteria, off-label underdosed apixaban use was associated with a significantly higher risk of ischemic stroke than on-label standard dose apixaban use (aHR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.25-2.73). Among the patients who met a single dose reduction criterion, off-label underdosed apixaban use was associated with a higher risk of all-cause death than on-label standard dose apixaban (aHR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.07-1.64). CONCLUSION: The off-label underdosed apixaban group showed higher risks of ischemic stroke, all-cause death, and composite clinical outcomes than the on-label standard dose apixaban group, but both showed comparable risks of MB. Label-adherence to apixaban dosing should be emphasised to achieve the best clinical outcomes for Asian patients with AF.

8.
Hypertension ; 77(3): 919-928, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486985

RESUMO

The association between the cumulative hypertension burden and the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) is unclear. We aimed to investigate the relationship between hypertension burden and the development of incident AF. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, we identified 3 726 172 subjects who underwent 4 consecutive annual health checkups between 2009 and 2013, with no history of AF. During the median follow-up of 5.2 years, AF was newly diagnosed in 22 012 patients (0.59% of the total study population; 1.168 per 1000 person-years). Using the blood pressure (BP) values at each health checkup, we determined the burden of hypertension (systolic BP ≥130 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥80 mm Hg), stratified as 0 to 4 per the hypertension criteria. The subjects were grouped according to hypertension burden scale 1 to 4: 20% (n=742 806), 19% (n=704 623), 19% (n=713 258), 21% (n=766 204), and 21% (n=799 281). Compared with normal people, subjects with hypertension burdens of 1, 2, 3, and 4 were associated with an 8%, 18%, 26%, and 27% increased risk of incident AF, respectively. On semiquantitative analyses with further stratification of stage 1 (systolic BP of 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic BP of 80-89 mm Hg) and stage 2 (systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg) hypertension, the risk of AF increased with the hypertension burden by up to 71%. In this study, both a sustained exposure and the degree of increased BP were associated with an increased risk of incident AF. Tailored BP management should be emphasized to reduce the risk of AF.

9.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 8(1): 238-246, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder associated with various morbidities. Although the relationship between cardiovascular disease and PD has been studied, a paucity of information on PD and atrial fibrillation (AF) association exists. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether patients with PD have an increased risk of AF. METHODS: This study included 57,585 patients with newly diagnosed PD (≥40-year-old, mean age 69.7 years, men 40.2%) and without a history of AF from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database between 2010 and 2015. Furthermore, an equal number of age- and sex-matched subjects without PD were selected for comparison. The primary outcome was new-onset AF. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 3.4 ± 1.8 years, AF was newly diagnosed in 3,665 patients. A significantly higher incidence rate of AF was noted among patients with PD than among patients without PD (10.75 and 7.86 per 1000 person-year, respectively). Multivariate Cox-regression analysis revealed that PD was an independent risk factor for AF (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-1.36). Furthermore, subgroup analyses revealed that AF risk was higher in the younger age subgroups, and compared with the non-PD group, the youngest PD group (age: 40-49 years) had a threefold increased risk of AF (HR: 3.06, 95% CI: 1.20-7.77). INTERPRETATION: Patients with PD, especially the younger age subgroups, have an increased risk of AF. Active surveillance and management of AF should be considered to prevent further complications.

10.
Heart Rhythm ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictors of ischemic stroke in "low-risk" patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 in men or 1 in women) are debated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with ischemic stroke in low-risk patients with AF. Imaging characteristics of their ischemic strokes were also evaluated. METHODS: This was a matched case-control study conducted at a single tertiary institution. We identified 44 patients with de novo ischemic stroke and incidentally found AF with a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score. A 1:5 age- and sex-matched control group was selected for patients with AF and a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score but without ischemic stroke and oral anticoagulant therapy. Conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, comorbidities, left atrial size, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Smokers were more prevalent in the stroke group than in the nonstroke group (24 of 44 [54.5%] vs 22 of 220 [10.0%]; P < .001). Additionally, the mean white blood cell count was significantly higher in the stroke group (P = .019). In conditional univariate logistic regression analysis, smoking and white blood cell count were significant predictors of stroke. In multivariate analysis, smoking was the only significantly associated factors (matched odds ratio 9.10; 95% confidence interval 2.48-33.42). In the stroke group, 14 of 44 patients (31.8%) had multiple vascular territory infarcts. CONCLUSION: Smoking was the predictor associated with ischemic stroke in patients with AF and a low-risk CHA2DS2-VASc score.

11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 20, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the impact of time-burden of MetS on the risk of AF is unknown. We investigated the effect of the cumulative longitudinal burden of MetS on the development of AF. METHODS: We included 2 885 189 individuals without AF who underwent four annual health examinations during 2009-2013 from the database of the Korean national health insurance service. Metabolic burdens were evaluated in the following three ways: (1) cumulative number of MetS diagnosed at each health examination (0-4 times); (2) cumulative number of each MetS component diagnosed at each health examination (0-4 times per MetS component); and (3) cumulative number of total MetS components diagnosed at each health examination (0 to a maximum of 20). The risk of AF according to the metabolic burden was estimated using Cox proportional-hazards models. RESULTS: Of all individuals, 62.4%, 14.8%, 8.7%, 6.5%, and 7.6% met the MetS diagnostic criteria 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 times, respectively. During a mean follow-up of 5.3 years, the risk of AF showed a positive association with the cumulative number of MetS diagnosed over four health examinations: adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of 1, 2, 3, and 4 times compared to 0 times were 1.18 (1.13-1.24), 1.31 (1.25-1.39), 1.46 (1.38-1.55), and 1.72 (1.63-1.82), respectively; P for trend < 0.001. All five components of MetS, when diagnosed repeatedly, were independently associated with an increased risk of AF: adjusted HR (95% CI) from 1.22 (1.15-1.29) for impaired fasting glucose to 1.96 (1.87-2.07) for elevated blood pressure. As metabolic components were accumulated from 0 to 20 counts, the risk of AF also gradually increased up to 3.1-fold (adjusted HR 3.11, 95% CI 2.52-3.83 in those with 20 cumulative components of MetS), however, recovery from MetS was linked to a decreased risk of AF. CONCLUSIONS: Given the positive correlations between the cumulative metabolic burdens and the risk of incident AF, maximal effort to detect and correct metabolic derangements even before MetS development might be important to prevent AF and related cardiovascular diseases.

12.
Stroke ; 52(2): 511-520, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data support the benefits of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) among atrial fibrillation patients with prior gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of NOACs compared with those of warfarin among atrial fibrillation patients with prior GIB. METHODS: Oral anticoagulant-naive individuals with atrial fibrillation and prior GIB between January 2010 and April 2018 were identified from the Korean claims database. NOAC users were compared with warfarin users by balancing covariates using the inverse probability of treatment weighting method. The primary outcomes were ischemic stroke, major bleeding, and the composite outcome (combined ischemic stroke and major bleeding). Fatal events from each outcome were evaluated as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 42 048 patients were included (24 781 in the NOAC group and 17 267 in the warfarin group). The mean time from prior GIB to the initiation of oral anticoagulant was 3.1±2.6 years. After inverse probability of treatment weighting, baseline characteristics were balanced between the two groups (mean age, 72 years; men, 56.8%; and mean CHA2DS2-VASc score, 3.7). Lower risks of ischemic stroke, major bleeding, and the composite outcome were associated with NOAC use than with warfarin use (weighted hazard ratio, 0.608 [95% CI, 0.543-0.680]; hazard ratio, 0.731 [95% CI, 0.642-0.832]; and hazard ratio, 0.661 [95% CI, 0.606-0.721], respectively). For all secondary outcomes, NOACs showed greater risk reductions compared with warfarin. CONCLUSIONS: NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke and major bleeding than warfarin among atrial fibrillation patients with prior GIB.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19224, 2020 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154443

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between the combination of unhealthy lifestyle and risk of AF. Subjects aged 66 years who underwent health examination from 2009 to 2015 were included. The cohort was divided into 8 groups by the combination of unhealthy lifestyle including current smoking, heavy drinking (> 30 g/day), and lack of regular exercise, and followed up for new-onset AF till December 31, 2017. Among 1,719,401 subjects, 47,334 had incident AF (5.5 per 1000 person-years) during a 5-year mean follow-up period. Lack of regular exercise was the most powerful factor to be associated with a higher risk of AF as a single factor (adjusted hazard ratio 1.11, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.13). Amongst combinations of two unhealthy lifestyle factors, current smoking with heavy drinking, lack of regular exercise with heavy drinking, and lack of regular exercise with current smoking were associated with a 6%, 15%, and 20% higher risks of AF, respectively. A cluster of three unhealthy lifestyle components was associated with a 22% higher risk of AF. Increased numbers of unhealthy lifestyle factors were associated with a higher risk of incident AF. These findings support the promotion of a healthy lifestyle to lower the risk of new-onset AF.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16102, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999348

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of dronedarone versus sotalol in real-world practice in Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Using the Korean nationwide claims database from August 2013 to December 2016, we identified patients with AF recently prescribed dronedarone or sotalol and analyzed the hospitalization risk and all-cause death until December 2017. Overall, 3119 and 1575 patients treated with dronedarone and sotalol, respectively, were included. After propensity score weighting, no significant differences were observed between the treatment groups. Dronedarone use was associated with a lower risk of all-cause hospitalization than sotalol use (hazard ratio [HR], 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70-0.88). The dronedarone group demonstrated a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular (CV) hospitalization than the sotalol group (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.53-0.72); however, no significant difference was observed in non-CV hospitalization. No difference in the risk of all-cause death was observed between groups. The dronedarone group was significantly less likely to receive nonpharmacological treatment for AF than the sotalol group (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.51-0.77). In a large-scale population of Asian patients with AF, dronedarone was associated with a lower risk of CV hospitalization and a lower need for nonpharmacological treatment for AF than sotalol.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091184

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Frequency domain analysis is a methodology for quantifying the organization of atrial fibrillation (AF) pattern to understand the pathophysiology of the electrical mechanism. We aimed to investigate whether the dominant frequency (DF) and organization index (OI) can indicate left atrial (LA) dilatation in patients with AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: This observational, retrospective, single-center cohort study assessed 100 patients with persistent AF. The study population was divided into two groups based on an anterior-posterior LA dimension (LAD of 50 mm) measured by transthoracic echocardiography. The groups were one-to-one propensity score-matched. Frequency domain analysis was performed using signals at leads II and V1 on surface electrocardiogram to calculate the DF and OI. In all patients, the DF was shown to have an inverse relationship with LAD (R = -.369, p < .001 in lead II; R = -.330, p = .001 in lead V1), while the OI was directly associated with LAD (R = .234, p = .190 in lead II; R = .283, p = .004 in lead V1). However, no significant relationship between the signal amplitude and LAD was observed. Compared to patients with LAD ≤ 50 mm, those with LAD > 50 mm had a lower DF (5.057 ± 0.740 vs. 4.542 ± 0.898, p = .002) and higher OI (0.261 ± 0.104 vs. 0.322 ± 0.116, p = .007) in lead V1. These findings were consistent with those found in lead II. CONCLUSION: Patients with persistent AF and a larger LA size had a significantly higher OI and lower DF than those with a smaller LA size. Atrial electrical properties of structural remodeling are associated with increased organization of atrial signals.

17.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240161, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057407

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: We investigated the prognostic impact of antithrombotic regimens at 1-year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHOD AND RESULTS: A total of 13,278 AF patients who underwent PCI from 2009 to 2013 were selected from Korean National Health Insurance Service database. Patients were categorized by antithrombotic regimens at 1-year after PCI: (1) OAC with or without single antiplatelet (OAC±SAPT); (2) triple therapy (TT) and (3) antiplatelets (APT) only. After propensity score matching, composite ischaemia (death, myocardial infarction, and stroke), composite bleeding (intracranial hemorrhage and gastrointestinal bleeding), and a composite clinical outcome (composite ischaemia and bleeding) were compared. Of total population, 1,100 (8.3%), 746 (5.6%), and 11,432 (86.1%) were treated with OAC±SAPT, TT, and APT only, respectively. Compared to OAC±SAPT group, the TT group had significantly higher risk of the composite clinical outcome (hazard ratio [HR] 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-2.13) attributed to a higher trend in both ischaemia (HR 1.63, 95% CI 0.99-2.67) and bleeding (HR 1.22, 95% CI 0.69-2.13). The APT only group showed a higher risk of ischaemia (HR 1.85, 95% CI 1.25-2.74), despite a lower risk of bleeding (HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.32-0.94) compared to OAC±SAPT group. CONCLUSIONS: OAC±SAPT was associated with better clinical outcomes compared to TT or APT only treatments, beyond 1-year after PCI among Asians with AF.

18.
Radiother Oncol ; 152: 126-132, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058951

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the incidence of cardiac events after chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on baseline cardiovascular risk and the heart substructures' radiation dose. METHODS: From 2008 to 2018, the cardiac events of 258 patients with stage III NSCLC who received definitive chemoradiotherapy were reviewed. The 10-year cardiovascular risk was calculated using the Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) scoring system. Dose-volume histograms were estimated for each cardiac chamber. A multivariate competing-risk regression analysis was conducted to assess each cardiac event's subhazard function (SHR). RESULTS: The median follow-up was 27.5 months overall and 38.9 months for survivors. Among the 179 deaths, none was definitely related to cardiac conditions. Altogether, 32 cardiovascular events affected 27 patients (10.5%) after chemoradiotherapy. Ten were major cardiac adverse events, including heart failure (N = 6) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS, N = 4). Most cardiovascular events were related to well-known risk factors. However, the volume percentage of the left ventricle (LV) receiving 60 Gy (LV V60) > 0 was significantly associated with ACS (SHR = 9.49, 95% CI = 1.28-70.53, P = 0.028). In patients with high cardiovascular risk (ASCVD score > 7.5%), LV V60 > 0% remained a negative ACS prognostic factor (P = 0.003). Meanwhile, in patients with low cardiovascular risk, the LV radiation dose was not associated with ACS events (P = 0.242). CONCLUSIONS: A high LV radiation dose could increase ACS events in patients with stage III NSCLC and high cardiovascular risk. Pre-treatment cardiac risk evaluation and individualized surveillance may help prevent cardiac events after chemoradiotherapy.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR), atopic dermatitis (AD), and asthma, each by itself, are known to be associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Each of these diseases often coexists with one another, but the effect of combined allergic diseases on the long-term risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and mortality remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of various combinations of the allergic triad on the risk of MI and mortality. METHODS: Adult allergic disease patients without prior MI were enrolled from the nationwide health check-up data provided by the Korean National Health Insurance Service in 2009. The primary and secondary end points were all-cause death and MI. RESULTS: A total of 9,548,939 individuals older than 20 years were selected for analysis. The prevalence of allergic diseases was 13.9% for AR, 0.4% for AD, and 2.7% for asthma. During a median 8.2 years of follow-up, 105,659 MIs and 298,769 deaths occurred. All allergic diseases were associated with an increased risk of MI (AR, adjusted hazard ratio [HRadjust], 1.11, 95% CI, 1.10-1.13; AD, HRadjust, 1.14, 95% CI, 1.06-1.24; asthma, HRadjust, 1.37, 95% CI, 1.33-1.40), whereas mortality risk was increased only for patients with AD (HRadjust, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.10-1.20) or asthma (HRadjust, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.39-1.43). Among the combinations of allergic diseases, patients with both AD and asthma had the highest risk of mortality (HRadjust, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.46-2.00) and MI (HRadjust, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.15-2.16). The results were significant after adjusting for demographic characteristics, comorbidities, socioeconomic status, and lifestyle factors. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with both AD and asthma have the highest risk of MI and mortality among all allergic disease combinations. Physicians should evaluate combinations of allergic conditions in allergic disease patients and promptly assess and manage their future risk of MI and mortality.

20.
Am Heart J ; 229: 81-91, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence of effectiveness and safety of the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) among elderly East Asians is limited. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe the effectiveness and safety outcomes associated with NOACs and warfarin among elderly Koreans aged ≥80 years. METHODS: Using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment service database, patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who were naïve to index oral anticoagulant between 2015 and 2017 were included in this study (20,573 for NOACs and 4086 for warfarin). Two treatment groups were balanced using the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method. The clinical outcomes including ischemic stroke, major bleeding including intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), and a composite of these outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Compared to warfarin, NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio 0.74 [95% confidence interval 0.62-0.89]), and composite outcome (0.78 [0.69-0.90]). NOACs showed nonsignificant trends towards to lower risks of GIB and major bleeding than warfarin. The risk of ICH of NOAC group was comparable with the warfarin group. Among NOACs, apixaban and edoxaban showed better composite outcomes than warfarin. Among the clinical outcomes, only ischemic stroke and the composite outcome had a significant interaction with age subgroups (80-89 years and ≥90 years, P-for-interaction = .097 and .040, respectively). CONCLUSION: NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke and the composite outcome (ischemic stroke and major bleeding) compared to warfarin in elderly East Asians. Physicians should be more confident in prescribing NOACs to elderly East Asians with AF.

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