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1.
J Radiat Res ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030428

RESUMO

The identification of thyroid cancers among children after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident propelled concerns regarding long-term radiation effects on thyroid cancer in children affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in Fukushima, Japan. Herein we consider the potential association between absorbed dose in the thyroid and the risk of developing thyroid cancer as detected by ultrasonography on 300 473 children and adolescents aged 0-18 years in Fukushima. The absorbed dose mentioned in the present study indicates the sum of that from external exposure and that from internally deposited radionuclides. We grouped participants according to estimated absorbed doses in each of 59 municipalities in Fukushima Prefecture, based on The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 2013 report. The 59 municipalities were assigned to quartiles by dose. We limited our analyses to participants aged ≥6 years because only one case of thyroid cancer was observed in participants aged ≤5 years; 164 299 participants were included in the final analysis. Compared with the lowest dose quartile, the age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the low-middle, high-middle and highest quartiles were 2.00 (0.84-4.80), 1.34 (0.50-3.59) and 1.42 (0.55-3.67) for the 6-14-year-old groups and 1.99 (0.70-5.70), 0.54 (0.13-2.31) and 0.51 (0.12-2.15) for the >15-year-old group, respectively. No dose-dependent pattern emerged from the geographical distribution of absorbed doses by municipality, as estimated by UNSCEAR, and the detection of thyroid cancer among participants within 4-6 years after the accident. Ongoing surveillance might further clarify the effects of low-dose radiation exposure on thyroid cancer in Fukushima.

2.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009075

RESUMO

AIM: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident dramatically changed the lifestyle of residents who lived near the plant. We evaluated the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents following the accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 20,920 residents who underwent both the Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Associations between MetS and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress (post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), were estimated using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors, in 2019. RESULTS: MetS was present in 30.4% of men and 11.5% of women. There were significant differences in smoking, drinking status, and PTSD prevalence between subjects with and without MetS. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, quitting smoking, light to moderate drinking, and low physical activity were significantly associated with MetS. Moreover, PTSD was also significantly associated with MetS in women. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including PTSD, were associated with MetS among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

3.
Pediatr Int ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the longer-term trends in childhood obesity and hyperlipidemia among residents of Fukushima Prefecture 5 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We evaluated the changes in height, weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI SD score, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-CHO), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-CHO), and triglyceride (TG) in residents aged 7 to 15 years who had lived in the evacuation zone between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: 1) The mean BMI SD score in all residents in 2011 was 0.113, and the mean BMI SD score in all residents gradually decreased from 2011 to 2015. 2) Serum LDL-CHO levels and TG levels in all residents with a BMI value≧+2SD in 2011 were higher than those in residents with a BMI value < +2SD. 3) The frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2012, 2013, 2014 did not decrease in comparison with that in 2011, whereas the frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2015 was lower than that in 2011. The frequency of residents with a TG level ≧120 mg/dl increased over the 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a number of pediatric residents suffered from obesity and hyperlipidemia. Furthermore, the long-term observation indicated an improvement in obesity, although the improvement in lipid abnormalities was delayed compared with that in obesity. Thus, it is necessary to continue with health checks for these residents with obesity and/or hyperlipidemia.

4.
Hypertens Res ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988479

RESUMO

The role of serum uric acid as a predictor of stroke among the general Japanese population remains controversial. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 5235 men and 8185 women aged 40-79 years at baseline between 1985 and 1994 in four Japanese communities, who were initially free from stroke, coronary heart disease, and medication for hyperuricemia or gout. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate sex-specific hazard ratios of stroke and its types in relation to serum uric acid level. During a median follow-up of 23.1 years, we recorded 1018 (488 men and 530 women) incident strokes, including 222 (99 and 123) intraparenchymal hemorrhages, 113 (33 and 80) subarachnoid hemorrhages and 667 (347 and 320) ischemic strokes. After adjustment for age, community and known cardiovascular risk factors, the multivariable hazard ratios (95% CIs) in the highest vs. lowest quintile of serum uric acid were 1.45 (1.07-1.96) for total stroke, 1.20 (0.65-2.20) for intraparenchymal hemorrhage, 1.46 (0.69-3.09) for subarachnoid hemorrhage and 1.61 (1.07-2.41) for ischemic stroke in women. The corresponding multivariable hazard ratios (95% CIs) in men were 1.02 (0.74-1.35), 0.83 (0.40-1.72), 1.19 (0.38-3.75) and 1.00 (0.70-1.41). Furthermore, those positive associations with risks of total and ischemic strokes in women were more evident in nonusers of antihypertensive medication than the users. In conclusion, elevated serum uric acid level is an independent predictor of total stroke in women but not in men. The positive association in women was mostly attributable to ischemic stroke and was more pronounced among nonusers of antihypertensive medication.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895781

RESUMO

We have been examining the Comprehensive Health Check of the Fukushima Health Management Survey of residents of 13 municipalities who were forced by the government to evacuate due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Our findings showed that evacuation is a risk factor for polycythemia and suggested that experiencing an unprecedented disaster and exposure to chronic stress due to evacuation might be a cause of polycythemia.We analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of polycythemia and the following factors observed in the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey in an observational study with a cross-sectional design: traumatic symptoms, depression status, socioeconomic factors such as residential environment, and working situation after the GEJE. Target population of the survey included men and women who were at least 15 years of age and who lived in the evacuation zones specified by the government. Participants analyzed consisted of 29,474 persons (12,379 men and 16,888 women) who had participated in both the 2011 Comprehensive Health Check and Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 through March 2012.The prevalence of polycythemia was not associated with mental states associated with traumatic symptoms (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Scale ≥ 44) and depression status (Kessler 6-item Scale ≥ 13). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that there was a tendency for males to develop polycythemia, with characteristics such as being aged 65 years and older, highly educated, obese (body mass index ≥ 25), hypertensive, diabetic, having liver dysfunction, and a smoker being significantly related to the prevalence of polycythemia.Our findings conclusively demonstrated that polycythemia was not significantly related to psychological factors, but was significantly related to the onset of lifestyle-related disease after the GEJE.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Policitemia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia/etiologia , Policitemia/psicologia , Prevalência , Tsunamis , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932552

RESUMO

AIM: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), frequently used as a biochemical marker for detecting and monitoring heart failure, is also a risk marker for development of coronary heart disease and total stroke. However, studies that explore subtypes of ischemic stroke with regard to NT-proBNP are scarce. Here, we examined NT-proBNP and its impact upon subtypes of ischemic stroke (lacunar stroke, large-artery occlusive stroke and embolic stroke) among Japanese. METHODS: We measured NT-proBNP and categorized 4,393 participants of the Circulatory Risk in Communities Study into four groups (<55, 55-124, 125-399, and ≥ 400 pg/ml). We used a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model to examine association with risks of stroke and subtypes. RESULTS: During 4.7 years of follow-up, we identified 50 strokes, including 35 ischemic (15 lacunar, 6 largeartery occlusive, 10 embolic strokes) and 14 hemorrhagic strokes. NT-proBNP was associated with stroke risk: the multivariable hazard ratio of total strokes was 7.29 (2.82-18.9) for the highest and 2.78 (1.25-6.16) for the second highest NT-proBNP groups compared with the lowest group. The respective hazard ratios for the highest NT-proBNP group were 9.37 (3.14-28.0) for ischemic stroke and 6.81 (1.11-41.7) for lacunar stroke. Further adjustment for atrial fibrillation did not attenuate these associations. The associations were similarly observed for large-artery occlusive and embolic strokes. CONCLUSION: We found that even moderate serum levels of NT-proBNP were associated with the risk of total and ischemic strokes among Japanese whose NT-proBNP levels were relatively low compared with Westerners.

7.
Nutrients ; 12(1)2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906499

RESUMO

: Cardiometabolic risks were increasing in Fukushima residents after the Great East Japan Earthquake. We examined the association between dietary patterns and cardiometabolic risks in those aged ≥16 years. Dietary patterns were derived by principal component analysis for participants who underwent at least one diet assessment using a short-form food frequency questionnaire during 2011-2013 and a health checkup in 2014 and 2015 (n = 15,409 and 14,999, respectively). In 2014, the adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) in the highest versus lowest quartile of accumulative mean scores were 0.97 (0.96-0.99) for overweight/obesity, 0.96 (0.95-0.97) for total cholesterol (TC) ≥220 mg/dL, 0.96 (0.95-0.98) for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥140 mg/dL, and 0.97 (0.96-0.99) for triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL for a vegetable diet and 1.03 (1.01-1.04) for TC ≥220 mg/dL and 1.02 (1.01-1.04) for LDL-C ≥140 mg/dL for a juice/milk diet. In 2015, we found consistently significant associations for the vegetable and juice/milk diets, and the PR and 95% CI were 0.99 (0.98-1.00) for HDL-C <40 mg/dL for a meat diet. The continuous promotion of the vegetable pattern diet is necessary to reduce cardiometabolic risks, particularly dyslipidemia, in Japan.

8.
Korean J Intern Med ; 35(1): 249, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099863
9.
J Med Ultrason (2001) ; 47(1): 97-105, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792638

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tacrolimus (TAC) is used for the prophylaxis and treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). However, few have reported on TAC-induced left ventricular hypertrophy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between blood concentration of TAC and development of TAC-induced left ventricular (TI-LV) dysfunction in adult BMT patients with hematologic malignant diseases, and to evaluate whether TAC concentration can predict TI-LV dysfunction occurrence in these patients. METHODS: We enrolled 16 consecutive patients (mean age 44.6 ± 13.0 years) who received TAC after BMT. Echocardiography was performed before and after BMT, and blood concentrations of TAC were evaluated in terms of AUC15 (area sum of TAC > 15 ng/ml during follow-up). We assessed the relationship between AUC15 and development of TI-LV dysfunction after TAC. RESULTS: During the follow-up period (mean duration 47.6 ± 13.7 days), interventricular septum thickness (IVST, P = 0.001) and posterior wall thickness (PWT, P < 0.001) increased, and E' decreased (P = 0.006). AUC15 was associated with post-IVST (R = 0.627, P = 0.009), post-PWT (R = 0.669, P = 0.005), and post-E' (R = - 0.767, P = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, AUC15 and age independently predicted the increase in IVST and PWT and decrease in E' after BMT. The combination of AUC15 and older age predicted post-PWT with a sensitivity of 77.8% and specificity of 71.4%. CONCLUSION: TAC concentrations should be maintained at < 15 ng/ml and age should be considered in patients undergoing BMT to avoid TI-LV dysfunction.

10.
Psychosom Med ; 82(2): 215-223, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that urbanization, which has been expanding rapidly for the past several decades, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with psychological factors such as anger, but the evidence is limited. We examined the hypothesis that urbanicity modifies the association of anger expression with the risk of CVD. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 5936 residents of urban and rural communities aged 40 to 79 years who had completed an annual health checkup including a questionnaire on anger expression between 1995 and 1998. Associations of anger expression with the risk of CVDs were examined using Cox proportional hazards models, after adjusting for classical cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 16.6 years, we identified 312 incident CVDs. The means (SDs) of anger expression were 24.7 (5.8) among urban residents and 24.6 (5.7) among rural participants (p = .87). Among urban residents, anger expression was positively associated with the risk of total CVD: the multivariable hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) was 1.27 (1.05-1.54). In contrast, no association was found among rural residents: the corresponding ratio (interval) was 0.96 (0.85-1.09), with a significant interaction between urban and rural residency with anger expression for incident CVD (p = .047). Similar associations were observed with the risk of CVD subtypes, including ischemic stroke and ischemic CVD. CONCLUSIONS: We found a positive association between anger expression and the risk of CVD among urban residents but not rural residents, suggesting that urbanicity enhances the anger-CVD association.

11.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 432-439, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study examined the data from the Fukushima Health Management Survey conducted after the Great East Japan Earthquake to identify disaster-related factors affecting the mental health status of adolescents following the disaster and obtained basic data necessary in providing mental healthcare. METHODS: The study included 2808 adolescents aged 15-19 years (male: 1327; female: 1481) who completed the 2011 edition of the registered questionnaire. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale scores, age, sex, health status, sleep satisfaction level, Great East Japan Earthquake experience, experience of losing a loved one, change in employment status, change in residence, and awareness of the impact of radiation on health were examined. RESULTS: Psychological distress was significantly correlated with sex, health status, sleep satisfaction of, experience of losing a loved one, change in employment status, extreme anxiety regarding the acute health impact of radiation, and extreme anxiety regarding the impact of radiation on health in adolescents and the next generation. LIMITATIONS: The present study is limited because of its cross-sectional design, due to which, the causal relationship between each factor and psychological distress could not be clarified. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest that appropriate mental healthcare should be administered immediately following an earthquake to adolescents who have lost a loved one and experienced anxiety regarding the health impact of radiation following a nuclear accident.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875902

RESUMO

Individual external doses for the first 4 months after the Fukushima accident have been estimated by the 'Basic Survey' of the Fukushima Health Management Survey. On the other hand, the UNSCEAR 2013 report presented the first-year effective dose due to external radiation for each municipality in nonevacuated areas of Fukushima Prefecture. In this study, the doses estimated by the Basic Survey were averaged for each of three age groups (infants, 0-5 y; children, 6-15 y; and adults, >16 y), in accordance with the categories adopted by the UNSCEAR report. The average dose ratios (infants/adults and children/adults) obtained from the Basic Survey were 1.08 and 1.06 for nonevacuated areas, respectively. These were smaller than the estimation by the UNSCEAR report (1.7 and 1.4, respectively). Three factors (body size factor, location factor and occupancy factor) were discussed and the location and occupancy factors were likely to be reasons for the difference.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867629

RESUMO

Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, a survey for estimating individual external doses for the first 4 months after the accident was started, and it remains ongoing. Since the authors' previous paper, 44 605 new dose estimates have been made. The new dose estimates increase the number of dose estimates to 465 999 and are reported in this note. Since the previous paper, most of the recently collected responses have been gotten through public relations activities to encourage responses across the prefecture. Thus, recent respondents might be biased ('selection bias'). Also, the dose estimates were based on self-administered responses about personal behaviour, which relied on memories of residents. In this respect, incorrect behaviour records possibly resulted as memories have faded over time ('recall bias'). However, the effects of these biases on dose distribution on a whole-prefecture basis seemed to be small.

14.
Spine Surg Relat Res ; 3(4): 377-384, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768459

RESUMO

Introduction: Chronic low back pain (CLBP), defined as low back pain persisting for at least 3 months, leads to limitations in the activities of daily living and decreased quality of life. Individualized self-exercise education could be a preferable treatment option, especially in community-dwelling people with CLBP. Previous studies, however, did not directly compare the effects of therapist-led self-exercise education and material-only education, and there are only a few studies investigating the effects of low-dose (comprising a few sessions) self-exercise education on CLBP. We present a protocol of community-based, randomized study to evaluate the effects of low-dose (comprising a few sessions), therapist-led self-exercise education on CLBP. Methods: Forty-eight participants with CLBP (men and women, aged 40-74 years) will be allocated to therapeutic self-exercise education programs, either a therapist-led group (2-week therapist's consultation and material use) or material-only group (material use only), in a randomized controlled trial. Pain intensity (NRS, numeric rating scale), pain disability (RDQ, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire), pain self-efficacy (PSEQ, pain self-efficacy questionnaire), and quality of life score (EQ-5D, European quality of life-5 dimensions) will be measured at baseline and at 4, 12, and 24 weeks. We will apply a repeated-measures design with mixed-effect models to estimate group differences from the baseline. Ethics/Trial registration number: The protocol was approved by the Ethics Committees of the Osaka Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Osaka University. The trial registration number is registered on the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN000024537).

15.
Echocardiography ; 36(12): 2227-2233, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kinking of the internal carotid artery is a cardiovascular (CV) risk factor. However, it remains unclear as to whether kinking of the common carotid artery (CCA) can also predict CV events. We conducted a long-term follow-up study to examine whether CCA kinking as assessed by carotid ultrasonography is a predictor of CV events in asymptomatic patients with CV risk factors. METHODS: We enrolled 598 patients (mean age, 66.8 ± 11.8 years) who were divided into two groups according to CCA kinking severity: kinking of 0-29° (Group I); and kinking at ≥30° (Group II). We assessed whether CCA kinking predicts CV events during follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 91 CV events were observed during the follow-up period (median, 124 months). Hypertension (P < .0001), prior CV events (P < .0001), CCA kinking (P < .0001), intima-media thickness (P < .0001), and max plaque score (P < .0001) were significantly higher in patients with CV events than those without. The age-adjusted hazard ratio of CCA kinking for CV events was 3.42 (95% CI: 2.2-5.3) in Group II compared to Group I. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed that CCA kinking (HR: 3.02, 95% CI: 1.97-4.67), prior CV events (HR: 2.53 95% CI: 1.604.00), hypertension (HR: 2.19 95% CI: 1.17-4.57), and age (HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.02-1.07) were independent predictors of CV events. CONCLUSION: CCA kinking is a powerful independent predictor of CV events in asymptomatic patients with CV risk factors.

16.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1253-1258, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666454

RESUMO

On March 11, 2011, a great earthquake, known as the Great East Japan Earthquake, hit northeastern Japan, resulting in a tsunami that caused a nuclear disaster, the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, forcing about 160,000 people to evacuate. We, therefore, sought to examine the effects of this evacuation on the onset of cardiovascular diseases and sudden death (SD) in Fukushima Prefecture, three years after the earthquake. We divided the evacuation zone into two areas, whole evacuation zone (Area 1) and partial evacuation zone (Area 2), and we defined the north district of the prefecture as the control area (Area 3). We cross-referenced the death certificate data with data from the Fukushima Prefecture acute myocardial infarction registration survey. For each area, we tallied the number of people who fell into the SD, myocardial infarction (MI), and MI suspected groups. We calculated the age-adjusted incidence rates and analyzed the differences in the adjusted incidence rates across three years using a Poisson regression model. The age-adjusted death rate of the SD group was significantly higher in 2011 in all areas than in 2012 or 2013 (P < 0.05). The total death rate was higher in Area 1 in March 2011, just after the disaster, than in the other two areas. The rate of SD was also higher in Area 1 than in the other areas in March 2011. The incidence of sudden cardiac death might have increased just after the Great East Japan Earthquake in the evacuation area, but not in other areas in Fukushima Prefecture.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita/epidemiologia , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Tsunamis , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson
17.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 248(4): 239-252, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406089

RESUMO

Many studies have consistently reported the bidirectional relationship between problem drinking and psychological distress following a disaster, but the risk factors of problem drinking following a disaster remain unclear. In this study, we therefore aimed to explore the risk factors associated with the incidence of problem drinking among evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. We used the data for evacuees of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, obtained from the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey. A total of 12,490 individuals from 13 municipalities, which included the evacuation order areas after the accident, completed surveys between 2012 and 2013. The CAGE (Cutting down, Annoyed by criticism, Guilty feeling, and Eye-opener) questionnaire was used to screen the participants for alcohol dependence, and a score ≥ 2 indicated problem drinking. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate the possible predictors of problem drinking. The results showed that insufficient sleep and heavy drinking (≥ 4 drinks per day) were significant risk factors for the incidence of problem drinking in both men and women. Additional risk factors included family financial issues due to the disaster and trauma symptoms among men and a diagnosed history of mental illness among women. Other remaining variables were not significantly associated with problem drinking. The present study is the first to identify the risk factors for problem drinking following a compound disaster. Our findings could be used to develop a primary intervention program to improve evacuees' health and lives following a disaster.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Surg Today ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407166

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Inflammation-based markers predict the long-term outcomes of various malignancies. We investigated the relationship between the modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) and the long-term outcomes of obstructive colorectal cancer in patients who underwent self-expandable metallic colonic stent placement and subsequently received curative surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 63 consecutive patients with pathological stage II and III obstructive colorectal cancer from 2013 to 2018. The mGPS was calculated before stenting and surgery, and the difference of the scores was defined as the d-mGPS. RESULTS: All d-mGPS = 2 patients were > 70 years of age (p = 0.01). Postoperative complications were more common in the preoperative mGPS = 2 group (p = 0.02). The postoperative hospital stay was significantly longer in the mGPS = 2 group (p = 0.007). Multivariate analyses revealed that d-mGPS was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 9.18, p = 0.004) and cancer-specific survival (HR = 9.98, p = 0.01). Preoperative mGPS = 2 was significantly associated with poor OS (HR = 5.53, p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The results indicated that mGPS might serve as a valuable indicator of the immunonutritional status of preoperative patients, and a preoperative change of the status might affect the long-term outcomes of patients with obstructive colorectal cancer.

19.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 248(4): 261-272, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434813

RESUMO

After the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, there was confusion among the public caused by uncoordinated information about radiation provided by diverse channels. We explored the association between information sources regarding reconstruction progress after the disaster and mental fatigue in Fukushima. We used data from the annual public opinion survey by the Fukushima Prefectural Government on its policies from 2013 to 2015, which contained survey responses from 1,300 community residents randomly selected from the 28 municipalities in the Fukushima Prefecture. The survey contained a question assessing mental fatigue: "How often do you usually feel mentally tired or depressed?" In total, 2,130 participants (758 participants in 2013, 699 participants in 2014, and 673 participants in 2015) were analyzed. The respondents were classified as two categories, "high mental fatigue" and "low mental fatigue," based on their responses to this question. Overall, the proportion of participants with high mental fatigue was 13.2%. There was no association between the year of survey or occupation and high mental fatigue. Cluster analysis was performed to classify information sources. Then, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the associations between clusters of information sources and high mental fatigue. We found that unreliable information sources, such as "Internet" and "a combination of TV, radio, and word of mouth," were significantly associated with high mental fatigue, compared with reliable information sources, such as "municipal public relations in addition to major media (newspaper, TV, and radio)." These findings provide important insights into how information sources affect mental fatigue following a disaster.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Fadiga Mental/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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