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1.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(4): 305-311, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378571

RESUMO

Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1) infection and adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) have been shown to cause immunodeficiency. However, only a few cases have been reported on the development of Epstein-Barr virus positive-diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (EBV-DLBCL) in HTLV-1 carriers or in patients with ATL. Here we report a case of a female HTLV-1 carrier who developed cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. During the CMV retinitis treatment, she developed a liver tumor. The diagnosis of composite ATL and EBV-DLBCL was made by tumor biopsy. The patient also suffered from pulmonary cryptococcosis and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis at the time of chemotherapy initiation. She had repeated CMV antigenemia and bacterial sepsis during the course of chemotherapy, and she died of bacterial sepsis. HTLV-1 carriers who are complicated with opportunistic infections should be carefully observed not only for ATL development but also for the development of EBV-DLBCL and associated infectious complications.

2.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342603

RESUMO

The interaction between CD47 and signal-regulatory protein alpha (SIRPα) inhibits phagocytosis, thus affecting the clinical outcomes of neoplastic diseases. Although CD47 upregulation is associated with poor prognosis in several malignancies, the effect of SIRPα expression and its co-expression with CD47 remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological effect of CD47 and SIRPα expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Immunostaining of 120 biopsy samples showed that CD47 is primarily expressed in tumor cells, whereas SIRPα is expressed in non-neoplastic stromal cells, mostly macrophages. CD47high cases showed higher MYC protein expression and lower MYC translocation. SIRPαhigh cases presented significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than SIRPαlow cases in the ABC subtype of DLBCL (P = 0.04 and P = 0.02, respectively). Both CD47high and SIRPαhigh presented significantly shorter OS and PFS than other cases among all DLBCL patients (P = 0.01 and P = 0.004, respectively), and the ABC type (P = 0.04 and P = 0.008, respectively) but not the GCB type. Both CD47high and SIRPαhigh yielded a constant independent prognostic value for OS and PFS in multivariate analysis (HR, 2.93; 95% CI, 1.20-7.43; P = 0.02, and HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.42-5.85; P = 0.003, respectively). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report that combinatorial CD47 and SIRPα expression is a potential independent prognostic factor for DLBCL. Evaluation of CD47 and SIRPα expression may be useful before administration of CD47 blockade therapy.

3.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hepatic and pulmonary MALT lymphoma (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma) is clinically occasionally observed but its pathogenesis is unknown and thought to be important to establish the treatment strategy. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to clarify the characteristics of these lymphomas and the effect of Helicobacter eradication regimen and substance P antagonist. METHODS: After the long term infection of Helicobacter suis to the C57BL/6 mice stomach, the whole organ was surveyed pathologically. Histochemical characteristics of the lesion and the localization of bacteria was observed. In addition, the effect of the administration of antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor or the substance P antagonist was investigated. RESULTS: We have detected the hepatic and pulmonary MALT lymphoma after the long term infection. In situ hybridization study revealed the positive reaction of Helicobacter suis in the hepatic and pulmonary MALT lymphoma. After the administration of antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor, the bacterial number has significantly decreased and the tumor size in the fundus, liver and lung markedly reduced. Substance P immunoreactivity was clearly shown in the lymphoma cells in the liver and lung, and the spantide II administration induced the marked decrease in the size of tumors. CONCLUSION: By our experiments using the long term infection of Helicobacter suis to the C57BL/6 mice, we have detected the liver and pulmonary MALT lymphoma. In situ hybridization study suggested the direct interaction of this bacterium to the etiology of these lesions. Substane P within the lymphoma cells was suggested to work on the maintenance of the extragastric MALT lymphoma.

4.
Int J Hematol ; 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297159

RESUMO

The effects of stem cell transplantation (SCT) in patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) remain controversial. We analyzed the feasibility of SCT and risk factors associated with outcomes of PTCL-NOS and AITL patients to identify the potential clinical efficacy of SCT. We retrospectively analyzed the data of PTCL-NOS (n = 83) and AITL (n = 112) patients who received autologous (n = 10 and 16, respectively) or allogeneic (n = 12 and 4, respectively) SCT, or no SCT (n = 61 and 92, respectively) between 2008 and 2018. All PTCL-NOS and AITL diagnoses were reconfirmed by an experienced hematopathologist. Median age at PTCL-NOS and AITL diagnoses in the SCT group was younger than that in the no SCT group. Significant risk factors for lower overall survival were intermediate-high and high-risk international prognostic indexes in PTCL-NOS patients (P = 0.0052), and a > 2 modified prognostic index for T-cell lymphoma (P = 0.0079) and no SCT (P = 0.028) in AITL patients. Autologous or allogeneic SCT compared with no SCT in AITL patients resulted in 3-year overall survival of 68.6% and 100% vs. 57.2% (P = 0.018). Strategies should be developed to improve selection of PTCL-NOS and AITL patients suitable for SCT and/or additional novel therapies.

5.
Ann Hematol ; 99(5): 1093-1098, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157421

RESUMO

Acute or lymphomatous type adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is an aggressive hematopoietic malignancy with poor prognosis. We previously reported that programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression could predict ATLL outcomes. However, the roles of other immune checkpoint molecules remain largely unknown in ATLL. Our aim in this study was to explore the clinicopathological impacts of immune checkpoint molecules in ATLL. Immunohistochemistry was performed in 69 ATLL patients with antibodies against the following: PD-L1, programmed cell death ligand 2 (PD-L2), OX40, OX40 ligand (OX40L), CD137, CD137 ligand (CD137L), Galectin-9, T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (Tim-3), cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein-4 (CTLA-4), lymphocyte activating-3 (LAG-3), CD80, CD86, glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor-related protein (GITR), GITR ligand (GITRL), and programmed death-1 (PD-1). Immune checkpoint molecules were variably expressed on neoplastic and/or microenvironmental cells. Expression of PD-1, OX40L, Galectin-9, and PD-L1 was nearly mutually exclusive on neoplastic cells, suggesting that immune checkpoint pathways differ in patients. Microenvironmental expression of PD-L1, OX40L, and Tim-3 was significantly associated with better overall survival (log-rank test; P =0.0004, 0.0394, and 0.0279, respectively). Univariate and multivariate analyses with clinical prognostic factors identified microenvironmental expression of PD-L1 and OX40L, and age (> 70 years) as significant prognostic factors. This is the first comprehensive analysis of ATLL immune checkpoint molecules. Our results may provide information on new therapeutic strategies in ATLL.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Cancer Res ; 80(9): 1875-1884, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107212

RESUMO

Recurrent hotspot (p.Gly17Val) mutations in RHOA encoding a small GTPase, together with loss-of-function mutations in TET2 encoding an epigenetic regulator, are genetic hallmarks of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Mice expressing the p.Gly17Val RHOA mutant on a Tet2-null background succumbed to AITL-like T-cell lymphomas due to deregulated T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Using these mice to investigate therapeutics for AITL, we found that dasatinib, a multikinase inhibitor prolonged their survival through inhibition of hyperactivated TCR signaling. A phase I clinical trial study of dasatinib monotherapy in 5 patients with relapsed/refractory AITL was performed. Dasatinib was started at a dose of 100 mg/body once a day and continued until days 10-78 (median day 58). All the evaluable patients achieved partial responses. Our findings suggest that AITL is highly dependent on TCR signaling and that dasatinib could be a promising candidate drug for AITL treatment. SIGNIFICANCE: Deregulated T-cell receptor signaling is a critical molecular event in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and can be targeted with dasatinib.

7.
Pathol Int ; 70(5): 280-286, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052529

RESUMO

Primary splenic low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the red pulp comprises hairy cell leukemia (HCL) and splenic B-cell lymphoma/leukemia, unclassifiable (SPLL-U). SPLL-U is a rare disease that includes subtypes of a hairy cell leukemia-variant (HCL-v), splenic diffuse red pulp small B-cell lymphoma (SDRPL) and other types that are known as narrow sense SPLL-U (SPLL-U-NS). Notably, limited information is available regarding the BRAF mutation (V600E) and cyclin D3 expression in subtypes of SPLL-U. Therefore, we performed a pathological analysis of the BRAF mutation (V600E) and characterized pathological features of SPLL-U. We reviewed the pathological findings of 12 SPLL-U cases. The 12 cases considered included two cases of HCL-v, six cases of SPLL-U-NS and four undetermined cases. The BRAF mutation (V600E) was detected in three cases, which were all SPLL-U-NS. Cases with the BRAF mutation (V600E) have increased levels of CD103 expression and decreased cyclin D3 and cyclin D1 expression compared with cases that lacked the BRAF mutation. These findings suggest that the BRAF mutation might play a significant role in SPLL-U. Therefore, the significance of the BRAF mutation should be evaluated via genomic or transcriptional analyses of a large cohort of SPLL-U patients.

9.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(1): 33-38, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023600

RESUMO

CD20 antigen is an important marker for diagnosis of B-cell neoplasms that is highly expressed on the surface of neoplastic B lymphocytes. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of developing malignant lymphoma, of which diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type. We report an unusual case of CD20-negative DLBCL complicated by rheumatoid arthritis. An 81-year old female presented with a left-sided cervical tumor, enlarged tonsil, and polyarticular pain. Pathological findings of the left tonsil showed proliferation of large atypical cells with irregular shaped nuclei. Most large cells were negative for CD3 and CD20. Additionally, these cells were positive for CD79a, BCL2, and MUM1, and negative for CD10, CD138, BCL6, PAX5, EBV-ISH, HHV8, and ALK.. Therefore, she was diagnosed with CD20-negative DLBCL complicated with RA and received dose-modified CHOP that achieved partial remission. Because CD20-negative DLBCL is rare, the identification of the clinicopathological features of this disease is urgently required.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD20 , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Neprilisina
10.
Blood ; 135(17): 1467-1471, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961925

RESUMO

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) in Japan presents at a median age of 70 years and only 5% of patients are <50 years of age. We conducted RNA and targeted DNA sequencing of 8 ATLLs from Japanese patients <50 years of age and identified 3 (37.5%) with both CTLA4-CD28 and inducible costimulator (ICOS)-CD28 fusions. Mutations of PLCG1, PRKCB, and STAT3, which were frequent in other ATLL-sequencing studies, were not identified. Differential expression analysis identified the negative checkpoint molecule LAG3 as the most downregulated gene among cases with the fusions. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated expression of CD80 and CD86, the ligands for CTLA4 and CD28, on ATLL cells and tumor-associated macrophages, respectively. Expression of CTLA4-CD28 in Ba/F3 cells conferred cytokine-independent growth when cocultured with Raji cells that express CD80 and CD86. Growth was associated with recruitment of the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase to CTLA4-CD28 and phosphorylation of AKT and extracellular signal-regulated kinase. A CTLA4-blocking antibody reduced cytokine-independent growth in a dose-dependent manner. Together, these results suggest that young Japanese ATLL cases have a unique biology dependent on cell-nonautonomous interactions that drive CD28 signaling. Assessment for CD28 fusions and treatment with CTLA4 blockade should be considered in younger patients with relapsed/refractory ATLL.

11.
Neuropathology ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925841

RESUMO

Ghrelin and its receptor, growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), have been found in a variety of malignant tumor tissues, suggesting a biological function of the ghrelin/GHS-R axis in tumor growth and progression. Among central nervous system tumors, primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) are relatively rare and characterized by a rapid progression and poor prognosis. In order to clarify ghrelin expression and its functional role in promoting tumor growth and progression in PCNSLs, we undertook an immunohistochemical investigation for ghrelin and GHS-R expression in 43 patients and tested the effect of ghrelin inhibition on lymphoma cells. Furthermore, we investigated the expression of CD105, a marker for tumor angiogenesis, to explore its association with the ghrelin/GHS-R axis. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional hazards regression model were used to determine the association of ghrelin/GHS-R expression with overall survival rate. The immunohistochemical study showed moderate/strong immunostaining of cells for ghrelin and GHS-R in 40 patients (93.0%) and 39 patients (90.7%), respectively. A ghrelin inhibitor did not affect tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Expression levels of ghrelin and GHS-R were divided into high and low groups by the rate of moderate-strong staining cells to tumor cells. The survival rate was significantly lower in patients with high GHS-R expression (P = 0.0368 by log-rank test; P = 0.0219 by Wilcoxon test). In addition, multivariate analysis of overall survival using Cox's proportional hazards regression model indicated that GHS-R was a significant independent prognostic factor (P = 0.0426). CD105 expression on tumor vessels was positive in 33 patients (33/37, 89.2%). There was a positive correlation between the moderate-strong staining rate of ghrelin and CD105-positive vessel count. These results indicated that the ghrelin/GHS-R axis plays a potential role in promoting tumor growth and progression through neoangiogenesis, rather than the proliferation of tumor cells.

12.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 241-253, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897674

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the clinicopathological features of in situ follicular neoplasm (ISFN) in Japan. ISFN is a rare condition formerly considered as an early precursor of follicular lymphoma (FL). This is a first original report of ISFN from Asian country. We reviewed 19 biopsy samples of ISFN. ISFNs were categorized into two groups: (1) ISFN, consisting of ISFN with strong positivity for BCL-2 immunohistochemical staining (IHC), and obvious translocation of BCL-2; and (2) ISFN-like FL, featuring cases without obvious translocation but having morphological features and characteristic IHC findings of ISFN. As control, we adopted obvious FL. For some cases showing coexisting ISFN and FL lesions in the same lymph node, we could conduct further clonality analysis for each lesion. Nine of the 19 cases of ISFN coexisted with FL or had a history of overt B- or T-cell lymphoma including FL. Statistical comparison among ISFN-like FL and FL showed no significant differences in pathological features. Molecular analysis suggested that ISFN lesion and FL lesion in the same lymph node each have a different clonality. ISFN coexists or associates with other overt lymphomas frequently.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Japão , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/metabolismo , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia
13.
Haematologica ; 105(3): 796-807, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296577

RESUMO

Functionally rejuvenated induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are expected to be a potent immunotherapy for tumors. When L-asparaginase-containing standard chemotherapy fails in extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL), no effective salvage therapy exists. The clinical course then is miserable. We demonstrate prolonged and robust eradication of ENKL in vivo by Epstein-Barr virus-specific iPSC-derived antigen-specific CTL, with iPSC-derived antigen-specific CTL persisting as central memory T cells in the mouse spleen for at least six months. The anti-tumor response is so strong that any concomitant effect of the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) blockade is unclear. These results suggest that long-term persistent Epstein-Barr virus-specific iPSC-derived antigen-specific CTL contribute to a continuous anti-tumor effect and offer an effective salvage therapy for relapsed and refractory ENKL.

14.
Oncol Res Treat ; 43(3): 112-116, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842017

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma for which no optimal treatment has been established and prognosis remains poor. Here, we describe a human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected patient with PBL that was refractory to conventional chemotherapies but was successfully controlled with a bortezomib-based regimen followed by a lenalidomide-based regimen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old man suffered from nasal bleeding and occlusion. Whole-body computed tomography results revealed a large lesion occupying his nasal cavity. He was diagnosed with PBL based on a tumor biopsy and was treated with two lines of conventional chemotherapy. A dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin (EPOCH) regimen and an ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE) regimen were ineffective, but the bortezomib-based regimen CyBorD (bortezomib, cyclophosphamide orally, and dexamethasone orally) provided a clinical response. Due to peripheral neuropathy, the patient was then treated with a lenalidomide-based regimen (Ld; lenalidomide and dexamethasone). Although a complete response was not achieved, the Ld regimen was tolerated and was continued with a partial response (PR) for over 2 years. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: In the present case, PBL that was refractory to conventional chemotherapies responded to the CyBorD regimen and a long-term Ld-based regimen without severe adverse effects. This strategy provided and maintained a PR for over 2 years. Despite not resulting in tumor reduction and only maintaining a PR, continued Ld treatment contributed to long-term survival of the present patient with PBL.

15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-12, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833428

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) normally infects B cells, but in some persons the virus infects T or NK cells. Infection of B cells can result in infectious mononucleosis, and the virus is associated with several B cell malignancies including Hodgkin lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Infection of T or NK cells with EBV is associated with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, aggressive NK-cell leukemia, systemic EBV-associated T-cell lymphoma, and chronic active EBV disease, which in some cases can include hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disease and severe mosquito bite allergy. While NK and T cell lymphoproliferative disease is more common in Asia and Latin America, increasing numbers of cases are being reported from the United States and Europe. This review focuses on classification, clinical findings, pathogenesis, and recent genetic advances in NK and T cell lymphoproliferative diseases associated with EBV.

16.
Am J Dermatopathol ; 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567137

RESUMO

Cutaneous histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare malignant tumor. An 82-year-old woman presented with a 4 × 2-cm irregular-shaped red nodule on the left posterior scalp. A biopsy specimen revealed sheets of pleomorphic atypical cells in the dermis and subcutis. A diagnosis of HS was made based on the results of a panel of immunohistochemical stains that revealed positivity of leukocyte common antigen, CD4, CD163, and HLA-DR. At the time of resection, the tumor grew rapidly to 12 × 6.5 × 5 cm in size in 2 months. The resected tumor comprised round, oval, plasmacytoid, and spindled cells. Signet-ring cell type tumor cells were also observed. The histiocytic nature of HS was confirmed owing to the presence of cellular cannibalism, emperipolesis, Langhans giant cell-like cells, Touton giant cell-like cells, foreign-body giant cell-like cells, and hemosiderin laden cells. In some foci, a storiform pattern and fascicular pattern were occasionally observed. Local recurrence occurred shortly after resection. Subsequent radiation therapy showed insufficient effectiveness. It is challenging to make a diagnosis of HS without performing immunohistochemical studies; however, a variety of histiocytic features confirmed in hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections may suggest HS.

17.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(5): 3991-4001, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616517

RESUMO

Although the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurring after hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication has decreased, there are still reports of hepatocarcinogenesis. The present study investigated the histological changes of non-cancerous liver tissue obtained prior to interferon (IFN) therapy and after HCC development. A total of 669 HCV-infected Japanese patients who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) by IFN-based therapy were retrospectively enrolled. Of these, the present study investigated 18 patients who developed HCC after IFN-based SVR. Specimens from 9 of 18 patients were available for histological comparisons prior to IFN therapy and following HCC development. Of these 9 patients, the specimens of 5 individuals were compared via immunohistochemical staining [CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, forkhead box P3 (FOXP3), transforming growth factor-ß1 and granzyme B]. The current study included 6 control patients with HCV-associated chronic liver disease who subsequently developed HCC (non-SVR-HCC group). Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare groups. Bonferroni correction was used for multiple comparisons. P<0.05 was used as a critical P-value, and following Bonferroni's correction, P<0.017 was considered to indicate a statistically significant difference. In the 9 patients examined, continuous inflammation and fibrosis were observed after HCC development. There was also a significant decrease in the positive rate of FOXP3 in all 5 patients at the time of HCC development compared with that prior to IFN therapy (P=0.0084). Additionally, there was a significant difference in the positive rate of FOXP3 between the 5 patients after HCC development and the control individuals (P=0.0022). In patients who developed HCC after IFN-based SVR, the frequency of FOXP3 decreased, but inflammation and fibrosis remained. The extent of the reduction of FOXP3 differed in patients who developed HCC in the presence of HCV. Inflammation and fibrosis remained for a long duration after SVR, which may be associated with hepatocarcinogenesis.

18.
Haematologica ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31649127

RESUMO

CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (CD5+ DLBCL) is characterized by poor prognosis and a high frequency of central nervous system relapse after standard immunochemotherapy. We conducted a phase 2 study to investigate the efficacy and safety of dose-adjusted (DA)- EPOCH-R (etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab) combined with high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) in newly diagnosed patients with CD5+ DLBCL. Previously untreated patients with stage II to IV CD5+ DLBCL according to the 2008 WHO classification were eligible. Four cycles of DA-EPOCH-R followed by 2 cycles of HD-MTX and 4 additional cycles of DA-EPOCH-R (DA-EPOCH-R/HD-MTX) were planned as the protocol treatment. The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival. Between September 25, 2012 and November 11, 2015, we enrolled 47 evaluable patients. Forty-five (96%) patients completed the protocol treatment. There were no deviations or violations in the DA-EPOCH-R dose levels. The complete response rate was 91%, and the overall response rate was 94%. At a median follow-up of 3.1 years (range, 2.0-4.9), the 2-year progression-free survival was 79% (95% confidence interval, 64-88). The 2-year overall survival was 89% (95% confidence interval, 76-95). Toxicity included grade 4 neutropenia in 46 (98%) patients, grade 4 thrombocytopenia 12 (26%) patients, and febrile neutropenia in 31 (66%) patients. No treatment-related death was noted during the study. DA-EPOCH-R/HD-MTX might be a first-line therapy option for stage II-IV CD5+ DLBCL and warrants further investigation. UMIN-CTR: UMIN000008507.

19.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(8): 944-952, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484894

RESUMO

Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) presents with mononucleosis-like symptoms such as chronic persistent or recurrent pyrexia, lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly because of the reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as demonstrated by the recurrence of EBV-infected cells. The mechanism of CAEBV remains obscure, and CAEBV can lead to fatal conditions such as hemophagocytic syndrome and malignant lymphoma by clonal expansion of EBV-infected T- or NK-cells. Without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, CAEBV has a poor prognosis. CAEBV is listed in the revised 2016 World Health Organization classification as a chronic active EBV infection of T- and NK-cell types, systemic form, among EBV-positive T- and NK-cell lymphoproliferative diseases of childhood. However, similar clinical conditions have been reported in adult patients. Therefore, we investigated the clinical features of adult patients with CAEBV-like features (adult-onset CAEBV) in a relatively small number of cases. Additionally, genetic alterations related to CAEBV development have also been reported. Along with these results, we reviewed the clinical characteristics of adult-onset CAEBV.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Mononucleose Infecciosa , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Adulto , Criança , Doença Crônica , Humanos
20.
J Dermatol ; 46(11): 967-977, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515833

RESUMO

Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is aberrantly expressed by T-cell neoplasms such as adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) and mycosis fungoides (MF). We studied the expression of CADM1 and its splicing variants in Sézary syndrome (SS), MF, other cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), and cell lines derived from T- and B-cell lymphomas. Soluble CADM1 was measured in the patients' sera. CADM1+ cells in the blood and skin lesions were examined by flow cytometry and immunostaining, respectively. Soluble CADM1 was measured by ELISA, and the splicing variants of CADM1 transcripts were determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, followed by sequencing. As a result, circulating CADM1+ cells were significantly increased in seven out of 10 patients with SS, ranging from 7.9% to 74.5% of the CD3+CD4+ fractions (median 33.7%; cut-off value 6.5%). The percentages of CADM1+ cells were usually less than those of circulating Sézary cells. CADM1 was expressed, to various degrees, in six of nine T-cell lines derived from SS, MF, ATLL, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), but negative in B-cell lymphoma-derived cell lines. CADM1+ cells were present in the skin infiltrates of MF, SS, ATLL and ALCL. Serum levels of soluble CADM1 were not significantly elevated in SS/MF. Three major splicing variants of CADM1 expressed by neoplastic T-cells contained different combinations of the exons 7, 8, 9 and 11, including a putative oncogenic variant composed of exons 7-8-9-11. In conclusion, CADM1 is frequently expressed in Sézary cells and cell lines from CTCL.

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