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1.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009075

RESUMO

AIM: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident dramatically changed the lifestyle of residents who lived near the plant. We evaluated the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents following the accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 20,920 residents who underwent both the Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Associations between MetS and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress (post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), were estimated using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors, in 2019. RESULTS: MetS was present in 30.4% of men and 11.5% of women. There were significant differences in smoking, drinking status, and PTSD prevalence between subjects with and without MetS. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, quitting smoking, light to moderate drinking, and low physical activity were significantly associated with MetS. Moreover, PTSD was also significantly associated with MetS in women. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including PTSD, were associated with MetS among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

2.
Pediatr Int ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the longer-term trends in childhood obesity and hyperlipidemia among residents of Fukushima Prefecture 5 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We evaluated the changes in height, weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI SD score, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-CHO), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-CHO), and triglyceride (TG) in residents aged 7 to 15 years who had lived in the evacuation zone between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: 1) The mean BMI SD score in all residents in 2011 was 0.113, and the mean BMI SD score in all residents gradually decreased from 2011 to 2015. 2) Serum LDL-CHO levels and TG levels in all residents with a BMI value≧+2SD in 2011 were higher than those in residents with a BMI value < +2SD. 3) The frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2012, 2013, 2014 did not decrease in comparison with that in 2011, whereas the frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2015 was lower than that in 2011. The frequency of residents with a TG level ≧120 mg/dl increased over the 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a number of pediatric residents suffered from obesity and hyperlipidemia. Furthermore, the long-term observation indicated an improvement in obesity, although the improvement in lipid abnormalities was delayed compared with that in obesity. Thus, it is necessary to continue with health checks for these residents with obesity and/or hyperlipidemia.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895781

RESUMO

We have been examining the Comprehensive Health Check of the Fukushima Health Management Survey of residents of 13 municipalities who were forced by the government to evacuate due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Our findings showed that evacuation is a risk factor for polycythemia and suggested that experiencing an unprecedented disaster and exposure to chronic stress due to evacuation might be a cause of polycythemia.We analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of polycythemia and the following factors observed in the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey in an observational study with a cross-sectional design: traumatic symptoms, depression status, socioeconomic factors such as residential environment, and working situation after the GEJE. Target population of the survey included men and women who were at least 15 years of age and who lived in the evacuation zones specified by the government. Participants analyzed consisted of 29,474 persons (12,379 men and 16,888 women) who had participated in both the 2011 Comprehensive Health Check and Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 through March 2012.The prevalence of polycythemia was not associated with mental states associated with traumatic symptoms (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Scale ≥ 44) and depression status (Kessler 6-item Scale ≥ 13). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that there was a tendency for males to develop polycythemia, with characteristics such as being aged 65 years and older, highly educated, obese (body mass index ≥ 25), hypertensive, diabetic, having liver dysfunction, and a smoker being significantly related to the prevalence of polycythemia.Our findings conclusively demonstrated that polycythemia was not significantly related to psychological factors, but was significantly related to the onset of lifestyle-related disease after the GEJE.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Policitemia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia/etiologia , Policitemia/psicologia , Prevalência , Tsunamis , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875902

RESUMO

Individual external doses for the first 4 months after the Fukushima accident have been estimated by the 'Basic Survey' of the Fukushima Health Management Survey. On the other hand, the UNSCEAR 2013 report presented the first-year effective dose due to external radiation for each municipality in nonevacuated areas of Fukushima Prefecture. In this study, the doses estimated by the Basic Survey were averaged for each of three age groups (infants, 0-5 y; children, 6-15 y; and adults, >16 y), in accordance with the categories adopted by the UNSCEAR report. The average dose ratios (infants/adults and children/adults) obtained from the Basic Survey were 1.08 and 1.06 for nonevacuated areas, respectively. These were smaller than the estimation by the UNSCEAR report (1.7 and 1.4, respectively). Three factors (body size factor, location factor and occupancy factor) were discussed and the location and occupancy factors were likely to be reasons for the difference.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867629

RESUMO

Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, a survey for estimating individual external doses for the first 4 months after the accident was started, and it remains ongoing. Since the authors' previous paper, 44 605 new dose estimates have been made. The new dose estimates increase the number of dose estimates to 465 999 and are reported in this note. Since the previous paper, most of the recently collected responses have been gotten through public relations activities to encourage responses across the prefecture. Thus, recent respondents might be biased ('selection bias'). Also, the dose estimates were based on self-administered responses about personal behaviour, which relied on memories of residents. In this respect, incorrect behaviour records possibly resulted as memories have faded over time ('recall bias'). However, the effects of these biases on dose distribution on a whole-prefecture basis seemed to be small.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694186

RESUMO

A paradigm shift in plastic and reconstructive surgery is brought about the usage of cell-based therapies for wound healing and regeneration. Considering the imitations in the reconstructive surgeries in restoring tissue loss and deficiency, stem cell-based therapy, in particular, has been expected to pave the way for a new solution to the regenerative approaches. Limitations in the reconstructive surgeries in restoring tissue loss and deficiency have paved the way for new regenerative approaches. Among them, adipose-derived stem/progenitor cells (ADSCs)-based therapy could be the most promising clue, since ADSCs have pluripotent differentiation capabilities not only in adipocytes but also in a variety of cell types. Accumulating evidences have indicated that the unfavorable development of adipose-tissue damage, namely, lipodystrophy, is a systemic complication, which is closely related to metabolic abnormality. Considering ADSC-based regenerative medicine should be applied for the treatment of lipodystrophy, it is inevitable to ascertain whether the ADSCs obtained from the patients with lipodystrophy are capable of being used. It will be very promising and realistic if this concept is applied to lipoatrophy; one form of lipodystrophies that deteriorates the patients' quality of life because of excessive loss of soft tissue in the exposed areas such as face and extremities. Since lipodystrophy is frequently observed in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the present study aims to examine the biological potentials of ADSCs isolated from the HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy associated with the HAART treatment. Growth properties, adipogenic differentiation, and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were examined in ADSCs from HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients. Our results clearly demonstrated that ADSCs from both patients showed indistinguishable growth properties and potentials for adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Thus, although the number of cases were limited, ADSCs isolated from the patients with lipodystrophy retain sufficient physiological and biological activity for the reconstitution of adipose-tissue, suggesting that ADSCs from the patients with lipodystrophy could be used for autologous ADSC-based regenerative therapy.

8.
Epidemiology ; 30(6): 853-860, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake led to a nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. This study examines the associations of radiation dose and lifestyle factors with incidence of thyroid cancer in Fukushima. METHODS: We designed a prospective study with 300,473 participants aged 18 years or younger, who underwent thyroid examinations from October 2011. Follow-up surveys were conducted through June 2017, and 245,530 participants (123,480 men and 122,050 women, 82% follow-up) received follow-up examinations. Fukushima Prefecture was divided into five areas based on individual external radiation dose. We calculated relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for thyroid cancer in each area, with area of lowest dose as reference, using age-adjusted Poisson regression models. We also calculated risks associated with overweight and obesity. RESULTS: The incidence per 100,000 for Groups A (highest dose), B, C, D, and E (lowest dose) were 13.5, 19.2, 17.3, 9.0, and 8.3, respectively. Compared with Group E, the age-adjusted risks (95% CIs) were 1.62 (0.59, 4.47) for group A, 2.32 (0.86, 6.24) for group B, 2.21 (0.82, 5.94) for group C, and 1.02 (0.36, 2.86) for group D. Obesity was positively associated with thyroid cancer incidence; the multivariable-adjusted risk of thyroid cancer was 2.23 (1.01, 4.90) for obese individuals compared with nonobese individuals. CONCLUSION: Regional differences in radiation dose were not associated with increased risk of thyroid cancer among children in Fukushima within 4 to 6 years after the nuclear power plant accident. Obesity may be an important factor for further follow-up in Fukushima.

11.
J Epidemiol ; 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, a preliminary ultrasound-based screening for thyroid cancer was conducted to establish a baseline for subsequent evaluations. In this survey, we assessed the relationship between the proportion of non-examinees and characteristics of the target populations. METHODS: After summarizing a regional difference of non-examinees among the population of 359,200 (primary evaluation) and 2,246 (confirmatory testing) individuals who were living in the Fukushima prefecture on 11 March 2011, we estimated odds ratios (ORs) for each characteristic including age, sex, area of residence, and moving after the accident, based on the proportion of non-examinees for the primary examination and the confirmatory testing, using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: The dataset included 64,117 non-examinees (primary evaluation) and 194 (confirmatory testing). The logistic regression result indicated that girls were not likely to be non-examinees compared to boys with adjusted OR of 0.80 (95% confidence interval[CI]:0.78-0.81) for the primary evaluation. OR was the lowest for children 6-10 years old (y/o) (OR=0.26, CI:0.25-0.27), and higher for those 11-15 y/o (OR=1.28, CI:1.25-1.32) and over 16 y/o (OR=5.30, CI:5.16-5.43) when compared to children 0-5 y/o. Individuals residing in the western part of the prefecture showed higher ORs. There was a higher proportion of non-examinees among those who moved after the accident compared to those who did not in the primary evaluation (OR=1.72, CI:1.64-1.79). CONCLUSIONS: In addition to the demographic characteristics, a change of residence could be a potential factor that influenced the proportion of non-examinees. Our results will help proper interpretation of reports and prospective management of the survey.

12.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 145(1): 4-11, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30489622

RESUMO

Importance: Ultrasonographic (US) screening for thyroid cancer was performed in the Fukushima Health Management Survey after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident. Clinical characteristics of thyroid cancers screened by US among children and young adults during the first 5 years after the accident were analyzed. Objectives: To evaluate the number of detected thyroid cancers by age group within 5 years of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident and to compare the basic clinical characteristics and demographic patterns in first- and second-round examinations. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this observational study, 324 301 individuals 18 years or younger at the time of accident were included. Patients received a cytologic diagnosis of malignant or suspected malignant thyroid cancer during the first (fiscal years 2011-2013) or second round (fiscal years 2014-2015) of screening. Number of detected cases of cancer was evaluated, correcting for the number of examinees by age group at the time of the accident and for the incidence of detected cancers according to age group at the time of the screening (age groups were divided into 3-year intervals). Results were compared using the age-specific incidence of unscreened cancers from a national cancer registry. Main Outcomes and Measures: Clinical baseline characteristics of the patients and the age-specific number and incidence of thyroid cancers detected during the second round. Results: Among 299 905 individuals screened in the first round (50.5% male; mean [SD] age at screening, 14.9 [2.6] years), malignant or suspected thyroid cancer was diagnosed in 116. Among 271 083 individuals screened in the second round (50.4% male; age at screening, 12.6 [3.2] years), malignant or suspected thyroid cancer was diagnosed in 71. The most common pathologic diagnosis in surgical cases was papillary thyroid cancer (149 of 152 [98.0%]). The distribution pattern by age group at the time of the accident, where the number of detected thyroid cancer cases was corrected by the number of examinees, increased with older age in both screening rounds. This demographic pattern was similar between the first and second examinations. The distribution pattern of the incidence rate by age group at the time of screening in the second round also increased with older age. The incidence rate detected by screening was 29 cases per 100 000 person-years for those aged 15 to 17 years, 48 cases per 100 000 person-years for those aged 18 to 20 years, and 64 cases per 100 000 person-years for those aged 21 to 22 years. Conclusions and Relevance: Large-scale mass US screening of young people resulted in the diagnosis of a number of thyroid cancers, with no major changes in overall characteristics within 5 years of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power station accident. These results suggest that US screening can identify many detectable cancers from a large pool of nonclinical and subclinical thyroid cancers among individuals of a relatively young age, in an age-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Sleep Med ; 68: 63-70, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, few studies have thoroughly investigated the socioeconomic factors related to sleep problems among evacuees following a disaster. OBJECTIVES: To examine sleep problems in evacuees using data from a large-scale cohort survey of evacuees conducted after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). METHODS: In sum, 73,433 residents who were living in evacuation zones responded to The 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey. We excluded 16,659 participants who did not answer the question about sleep problems or those younger than 20 years. Thus, data from 56,774 participants (24,959 men and 31,815 women) were used for this analysis. Evacuees' self-reported sleep dissatisfaction was determined based on their response to the question 'Are you satisfied with the quality of your sleep? '. The response options 'Unsatisfied' and 'Very unsatisfied' were considered as the outcome for the present study. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the prevalence of self-reported sleep disturbance were estimated using modified Poisson regression models. RESULTS: Of the qualifying survey respondents, 20.3% (4387 men and 7128 women) reported sleep dissatisfaction. Compared with participants living in their own or a relative's home (PR = 1), those living in temporary housing or rental accommodation had a higher prevalence of sleep dissatisfaction (1.47; 95% CI 1.44-1.50 and 2.16; 95% CI 2.07-2.26 in men; 1.39; 95% CI 1.36-1.41 and 1.92; 95% CI 1.86-1.99 in women). Higher educational attainment was also associated with a higher prevalence of sleep dissatisfaction in men, as were job loss and decreased income in both men and women. CONCLUSION: Self-reported sleep dissatisfaction after the GEJE was associated with a deteriorated socioeconomic status among evacuees. However, future longitudinal studies are warranted.

14.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 17661, 2018 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518765

RESUMO

Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident on 11 March 2011, there have been concerns regarding the health impacts of the ensuing radioactive environmental contamination, which was spatially heterogeneous. This study aimed to assess the geographical variability of thyroid cancer prevalence among children and adolescents in Fukushima Prefecture. We computed the sex- and age-standardised prevalence ratio using 115 diagnosed or suspected thyroid cancer cases among approximately 300,000 examinees at the first-round ultrasound examination during 2011-2015 from 59 municipalities in the prefecture, under the Fukushima Health Management Survey. We applied flexibly shaped spatial scan statistics and the maximised excess events test on the dataset to detect locally anomalous high-prevalence regions. We also conducted Poisson regression with selected regional indicators. Furthermore, approximately 200 examinees showed positive ultrasound examination results but did not undergo confirmatory testing; thus, we employed simulation-based sensitivity tests to evaluate the possible effect of such undiagnosed cases in the statistical analysis. In conclusion, this study found no significant spatial anomalies/clusters or geographic trends of thyroid cancer prevalence among the ultrasound examinees, indicating that the thyroid cancer cases detected are unlikely to be attributable to regional factors, including radiation exposure resulting from the FNPP accident.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Análise Espacial , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(42): e12890, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335013

RESUMO

Dramatic lifestyle changes due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident increased the prevalence of hepatobiliary enzyme abnormalities (HEA). We aimed to evaluate associations of HEA with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.This cross-sectional study included 22,246 residents who underwent a Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Residents were divided into 2 groups based on residential area and housing status after the accident. Associations between HEA and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress, were estimated using logistic regression analysis adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors.HEA was present in 27.3% of subjects. The prevalence of HEA was significantly higher in evacuees than controls (29.5% vs 25.7%, P < .001). There were significant differences in various lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder between evacuees and controls. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, sex, moderate to heavy drinking, and low/no physical activity were significantly associated with HEA regardless of evacuation status. Changes in jobs and unemployment were significantly associated with HEA in controls and evacuees, respectively.Lifestyle and disaster-related factors, but not psychological distress, were associated with HEA among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.


Assuntos
Doenças Biliares/psicologia , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Estilo de Vida , Hepatopatias/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Sistema Biliar/enzimologia , Doenças Biliares/epidemiologia , Doenças Biliares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Eliminação Hepatobiliar , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Fígado/enzimologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
16.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 182(1): 120-127, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165706

RESUMO

Since the Fukushima disaster, medical professionals have been involved in risk communication with residents affected. This is an urgent issue, and an important aspect of global disaster preparedness is defining the essential characteristics of professional risk communication, and training medical professionals and students to conduct effective risk communication. Using a narrative of risk trade-offs between radionuclides in the diet and traffic accidents as an example, we introduce the seven essential characteristics required by medical professionals and authorities involved in risk communication: (1) risk assessment, (2) differentiating between risk acceptance and risk trade-offs, (3) understanding differences in risk quality, (4) understanding how to frame information given residents' values, (5) giving attention to coping with too-high risk, (6) building trust and (7) fully considering how information is provided. Furthermore, we introduce an example of lectures at which participants can voluntarily learn the seven essential characteristics of risk communication through group discussions.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Medicina de Desastres/educação , Comunicação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Monitoramento de Radiação , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes de Medicina
17.
BMJ Open ; 8(6): e018943, 2018 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29961000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have comprehensively examined changes in smoking status and related factors after a disaster. We examined these factors among residents of an evacuation area in Fukushima after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: The study participants included 58 755 men and women aged ≥20 years who participated in the Fukushima Health Management Survey in 2012 after the disaster. Smoking status was classified as either current smokers or current non-smokers before and after the disaster. The participants were divided into the following groups: (1) non-smokers both before and after the disaster, (2) non-smokers before and smokers after the disaster, (3) smokers before and non-smokers after the disaster and (4) smokers both before and after the disaster. The adjusted prevalence ratios and 95% CIs of changes in smoking status for demographic, disaster-related and psychosocial factors were tested using logistic regression analysis that was stratified by smoking status before the disaster. RESULTS: Among the 44 729 participants, who were non-smokers before the disaster, 634 (1.4%) began smoking after the disaster. Among the 14 025 smokers before the disaster, 1564 (11.1%) quit smoking after the disaster, and the proportion of smokers in the evacuation area consequently decreased from 21.2% to 19.6%. In the multivariable model, factors significantly associated with beginning smoking included being a male, being younger, having a lower education, staying in a rental house/apartment, house being damaged, having experienced a tsunami, change jobs and the presence of traumatic symptoms and non-specific psychological distress. On the contrary, factors associated with quitting smoking included being a female, being older, having a higher education and having a stable income. CONCLUSION: The proportion of smokers slightly decreased among residents in the evacuation area. The changes in smoking statuses were associated with disaster-associated psychosocial factors, particularly changes in living conditions, having experienced a tsunami, change jobs and developing post-traumatic stress disorder.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Fumar/epidemiologia , Tsunamis , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Ex-Fumantes/psicologia , Ex-Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes/psicologia , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fumantes/psicologia , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890768

RESUMO

After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, numerous evacuees reported poor mental health status and high-risk perceptions of the health effects of radiation. However, the temporal associations between these variables have not yet been examined. Using data from the Fukushima Health Survey, we examined changes in risk perception of the health effects of radiation over time and assessed the effects of mental health on such changes using logistic regression analysis. Risk perception for delayed effect pertains a brief on health effect in later life (delayed effect), whereas that of genetic effect pertains a brief on health effect of future children and grandchildren (genetic effect). We found that many participants showed consistently high or low-risk perceptions over all three study years (2011⁻2013) (for delayed effect: 59% and 41% of participants were in the low and high-risk perception groups, respectively; for genetic effect: 47% and 53%, respectively). Stronger traumatic reactions (≥50 on the PTSD Checklist⁻Specific) significantly affected the odds of being in the high-risk perception group for the delayed and genetic effects, with the associations being strongest soon after the disaster: The adjusted ORs (95%CIs) were 2.05 (1.82⁻2.31), 1.86 (1.61⁻2.15), and 1.88 (1.62⁻2.17) for the delayed effect in 2011, 2012, and 2013, respectively, and 2.18 (1.92⁻2.48), 2.05 (1.75⁻2.40), and 1.82 (1.55⁻2.15) for the genetic effect. As initial mental health status had the strongest impact on later risk perceptions of radiation, it should be considered in early response and communication efforts.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Radiat Res ; 59(suppl_2): ii108-ii113, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668971

RESUMO

Work-related mental health impairment is recognized as a real problem in the context of helping responders, including health professionals, due to adverse health outcomes after a severe disaster. The Great East-Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011, was an unprecedented complex disaster that caused a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). In addition to disaster stress and daily work, medical and health-care professionals, particularly nurses, provided counseling services to residents concerned about radiation health risks or mental health issues. This review focuses on the psychological aspects of the complex nuclear disaster, which was a combined artificial nuclear accident and natural disaster, and we investigated the psychological effects on hospital nurses associated with their experiences during the disaster. We looked at several investigations into the mental health of nurses after a nuclear disaster and in other situations. It was shown that mental health of nurses is impacted, not only after nuclear disasters but also in other circumstances. Furthermore, we noted the effects of extended periods of a heavy workload and daily life. Regarding anxiety about radiation exposure, nurses who had more knowledge of radiation tended to have better mental health, suggesting that education about the health risks of radiation exposure is important for health-care professionals. In summary, it is essential that nurses are provided with education about radiation exposure and its associated health risks, and also that there is a comprehensive approach to mental health care for nurses during the chronic phase of a disaster.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Desastres , Humanos , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos
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