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1.
Genet Mol Biol ; 42(1): 74-79, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30776048

RESUMO

The dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus, is a well-known and widespread marine fish assessed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Analyzing the genetic diversity of this species is, therefore, of utmost importance and necessary for conservation purposes. Microsatellites are molecular tools with advantages that are ideal for population analyses. This study provides the first set of species-specific microsatellite loci for E. marginatus that can be applied when assessing both intra- and interpopulation genetic variation. Twenty microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized for the dusky grouper by genotyping 20 individuals obtained from the North Eastern Atlantic Ocean (n = 4) and from the South Western Atlantic Ocean (n = 16). The number of alleles per locus varied from 2 to 11, while the observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.25 to 0.94 and 0.34 to 0.89, respectively. The polymorphic information content varied from moderately to highly informative. This suite of markers provides the first specific nuclear tools for E. marginatus and, thus, allows to assess with more specificity different populations' structures.

2.
Intensive Care Med ; 34(9): 1662-8, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18542920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Blood O(2) saturation and lactate concentration gradients from superior vena cava (SVC) to pulmonary artery (PA) occur in critically ill patients. These gradients (DeltaSO(2) and Delta[Lac]) may be positive or negative. We tested the hypothesis that positive DeltaSO(2) and Delta[Lac] are associated with improved survival in critically ill patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Multinational, prospective observational study conducted in six medical and surgical ICUs. PATIENTS: Consecutive sample of 106 adults requiring insertion of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Average age was 59.5 +/- 15.5 years, APACHE II score was 15.5 +/- 6.7 (mean +/- SD). Main outcome measure was 28-day mortality. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: We drew blood samples from the proximal and distal ports of PACs every 6 h from the time of PAC insertion (Initial measurement) until its removal (Final measurement). Samples were analyzed for SO(2), [Lac], glucose concentration and blood gases. Hemodynamic measurements were obtained after blood samples. We monitored patients for 30.9 +/- 11.0 h. Overall mortality rate was 25.5%. More survivors had mean and final DeltaSO(2) > or = 0 and Delta[Lac] > or = 0 than decedents (p < 0.01; p < 0.05 respectively). On the average, DeltaSO(2) and Delta[Lac] were positive in survivors and negative in decedents. Survival odds ratios for final measurements of DeltaSO(2) > or = 0 and Delta[Lac] > or = 0 were 19.22 and 7.70, respectively (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A strong association exists between positive DeltaSO(2) and Delta[Lac] and survival in critically ill patients. Whether therapy aimed at increasing DeltaSO(2) and Delta[Lac] results in improved ICU survival remains to be determined.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Lactatos/sangue , Oxigênio/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/mortalidade , APACHE , Cateterismo Venoso Central , Estado Terminal/classificação , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Sobrevida
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