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1.
Plants (Basel) ; 9(12)2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256174

RESUMO

Essential oils are highly demanded substances worldwide. They can be used without modification due to their different chemical and biological properties or as natural sources of chemical compounds. The limit in the use of these metabolites is their low yield. In the present investigation, the essential oil of fruits from Dacryodes peruviana collected in the Ecuadorian Amazon was extracted and studied. The essential oil was released from the plant matrix and isolated by hydrodistillation. The yields obtained were 4.8 ± 0.2% and 11.3 ± 0.2% for fresh and dried fruits, respectively, one of the highest yields on record to date. Twenty-five chemical compounds were identified by GC/MS and GC/FID techniques. The principal constituent was α-phellandrene, with 50.32 ± 3.32%. The antimicrobial activity of the oil was assayed against five Gram negative bacteria, two Gram positive bacteria and two fungi. The essential oil exerted a moderate activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The repellent activity of the oil was assayed against mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae); the samples with 3%, 2% and 1% essential oil were class 4, and the sample with 0.5% showed to be class 3. The essential oil showed a weak antioxidant activity through the DPPH and ABTS methods.

2.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851854

RESUMO

In the present research, the essential oil from Piper ecuadorense was analysed by GC/MS and GC/FID techniques. A total of forty-four chemical compounds were identified which represent 98.65% of the essential oil composition. The main compounds were bicyclogermacrene (12.98%), 3-thujopsanone (11.59%), α-phellandrene (6.89%), (E)-nerolidol (6.88%), δ-elemene (6.83%) and shyobunol (5.79%). The essential oil from P. ecuadorense exerted a strong activity against Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) with an MIC of 250 µg/mL, and a very strong activity against Trichophyton rubrum (ATCC 28188) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (ATCC 28185) with an MIC of 62.5 µg/mL in both cases. The antioxidant activity of essential oil was explored using DPPH and ABTS method, through ABTS assay. The oils showed an IC50 of 1.81 ± 0.09 mg/mL. This is the first report on the chemical composition and biological activity of essential oil from this species.

3.
Curr Pharm Des ; 26(6): 621-641, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the major clinical challenges is to achieve a rapid and efficient treatment of complex chronic wounds. Nowadays, most wound dressings currently available are unable to find a solution to the challenges of resistance to bacterial infection, protein adsorption and increased levels of exudates. Natural inorganic ingredients (clay minerals, metal cations, zeolites, etc.) could be the key to solve the problem satisfactorily. Some of these materials have shown biocompatibility and ability to enhance cell adhesion, proliferation and cellular differentiation and uptake. Besides, some natural inorganic ingredients effectively retain drugs, allowing the design of drug delivery matrices. OBJECTIVE: Possibilities of natural inorganic ingredients in wound healing treatments have been reviewed, the following sections have been included: 1. Introduction 2. Functions of Inorganic Ingredients in wound healing 2.1. Antimicrobial effects 2.2. Hemostatic effects 3. Clay minerals for wound healing 3.1. Clay minerals 3.2. Clay mineral semisolid formulations 3.3. Clay/polymer composites and nanocomposites 3.4. Clay minerals in wound dressings 4. Other inorganic materials for wound healing 4.1. Zeolites 4.2. Silica and other silicates 4.3. Other minerals 4.4. Transition metals 5. Conclusion. Conclusion: Inorganic ingredients possess useful features for the development of chronic wounds advanced treatments. They improve physical (mechanical resistance and water vapor transmission), chemical (release of drugs, hemostasis and/or adsorption of exudates and moisture) and biological (antimicrobial effects and improvement of healing) properties of wound dressings. In summary, inorganic ingredients have proved to be a promising and easily accessible products in the treatment of wounds and, more importantly, chronic wounds.


Assuntos
Argila , Compostos Inorgânicos/farmacologia , Cicatrização , Bandagens , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Metais , Minerais , Nanocompostos , Dióxido de Silício
4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 12(1): 59-68, ene. 2013. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-722508

RESUMO

In this study we evaluated the antioxidant and antihyperglycemic activity in vitro of the extracts obtained with solvents: hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol, of the medicinal plant Oreocallis grandiflora (cucharillo), collected in the Saraguro indian community of the province Loja, southern Ecuador. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the tests: DPPH, FOLIN-CIOCALTEU and beta-CLAMS, while the antihyperglycemic activity was determined by inhibition assay á-amylase and alpha-glucosidase. The samples were diluted to different concentrations and the reading was performed in a UV spectrophotometer, using as positive control á-tocopherol for DPPH and Folin-ciocalteu test, trolox for beta-CLAMS test, and Glucobay® for testing alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase.The results are expressed as IC50, these show that the methanol extract of Oreocallis grandiflora has inhibitory effect on alpha-amylase, the IC50 is 109 ug/ml, compared to 126 ug/ ml of Glucobay®. It also shows inhibitory effect on á-glucosidase, the IC50 is 3 ug/ml compared to 1316 ug/ml of Glucobay®. It also shows antioxidant activity, its IC50 is 15 ug/ml compared to 5 ug/ml of á-tocopherol.


En el presente trabajo se evaluó la actividad antioxidante y antihiperglucemiante in vitro de los extractos obtenidos con los solventes: hexano, acetato de etilo y metanol, de la planta medicinal Oreocallis grandiflora (cucharillo), recolectada en la comunidad indígena de Saraguro en la provincia de Loja, al sur del Ecuador. La actividad antioxidante fue evaluada a través de los ensayos: DPPH, FOLIN-CIOCALTEU y beta-CLAMS, mientras que la actividad antihiperglucemiante fue determinada por el ensayo de inhibición de alfa- amilasa y alfa-glucosidasa. El extracto metanólico de Oreocallis grandiflora presenta efecto inhibitorio sobre la enzima alfa-amilasa, su concentración inhibitoria (CI50) es de 109 ug/ml, frente a 126 ug/ml del control positivo Glucobay®. Además, muestra efecto inhibitorio sobre la enzima alfa-glucosidasa, su concentración inhibitoria (CI50) es de 3 ug/ml, frente a 1316 ug/ml del Glucobay®. Muestra también actividad antioxidante, su concentración inhibitoria (CI50) es de 15 ug/ml, frente a 5 ug/ml del alfa-tocoferol.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Proteaceae/química , Compostos de Bifenilo , Equador , Fenóis/análise , Picratos , Plantas Medicinais , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Glucosidases/antagonistas & inibidores
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