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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 957-964, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To describe real clinical outcomes when using systemic therapy to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who have anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion gene mutation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review from April 2008 to March 2019 sourced from 16 medical institutes that cover a population of three million people. RESULTS: There were 129 ALK rearranged NSCLC patients. Among them, 103 patients including 40 recurrent disease cases received ALK-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and chemotherapy. Our treatment results were comparable to previously reported clinical trials and clinical practice studies. First-line alectinib, treatment sequence of ALK-TKI followed by another ALK-TKI, and pemetrexed-containing chemotherapy contributed to the outcome of treatment. CONCLUSION: By arrangement of treatment such as treatment sequence of ALK-TKI and chemotherapy regimen, it might be possible to obtain a treatment outcome almost equivalent to those of clinical trials even in real clinical practice.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/etiologia , Rearranjo Gênico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 413-419, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In patients with lung cancer, there has been no study that treated 'distant metastases' as 'metastatic patterns'. This study aimed to evaluate if specific 'metastatic patterns' exist in lung cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from lung cancer patients between 2009 and 2018. Metastatic patterns were analyzed using cluster analysis in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma, those with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and those with squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC). RESULTS: In 313 patients (127 patients with EGFR mutation, 87 patients with SCLC, and 99 patients with SqCLC), metastatic patterns existed in each of the three subset groups, and metastatic patterns of these groups were statistically different. CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the metastatic patterns might be useful for clinical practice in the foreseeable future, as it enables a more efficient detection of metastatic disease through imaging, and a more effective treatment at predicted metastatic sites.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise por Conglomerados , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Probabilidade
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 421-426, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Distant organ metastases do not occur at random in lung cancer. A retrospective study was conducted in order to evaluate 1) what kinds of metastatic patterns exist in three different types of lung cancer, and 2) whether metastatic patterns affected prognosis in the different types of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from all consecutive patients with diagnosed lung cancer between April 2009 and October 2018 in our hospitals. Cluster analysis was performed to classify patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards model were used. RESULTS: Epidermal growth factor-mutated adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer, and squamous cell lung cancer had different 'metastatic patterns', survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors, respectively. CONCLUSION: There might be different metastatic patterns, survival, and unfavorable prognostic factors in each pathological and genetic type of lung cancer. It is worthwhile carrying out diagnostic imaging and treatment considering information on metastatic patterns.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Mutação/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 389-392, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are indicated for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck cancer, and combined treatment of immune checkpoint inhibitor and chemotherapy has recently been carried out in patients with NSCLC. However, there is no established standard therapy for synchronous locally advanced or metastatic cancers of lung and nasopharynx. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and locally advanced epipharyngeal carcinoma successfully treated with chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor, paclitaxel, carboplatin, bevacizumab and atezolizumab. The tumor proportion score of programmed death ligand 1 was 5-10% and 70-80% for metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and locally advanced epipharyngeal carcinoma, respectively. Shrinkage of both carcinomas was confirmed, and the treatment effect was judged to be a partial response. CONCLUSION: This was the first patient who was treated with this combination treatment. Our clinical experience suggests that this treatment could be one of the options for patients with these advanced cancers and an overall good clinical condition.

6.
Adv Respir Med ; 87(5): 301-304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680231

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer is arare disease. Among them, asubset of patients exist who exhibit relatively slowly progressing symptoms and have oligo-metastases. In this article, we present two cases of ALK rearran-ged lung adenocarcinoma in patients who experienced postoperative oligo-recurrence. Both cases were treated with surgical resection and gamma knife irradiation for oligo-recurrence. After local therapy, the first patient remained disease free for over 23 months; the second for over 18 months. It appears that some patients with ALK rearranged NSCLC experience oligo-recurrence in their clinical course. For such patients, appropriate local therapy may be beneficial in improving both the quality of life and the prognosis.

9.
Tuberk Toraks ; 67(2): 149-150, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414648
13.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1369-1372, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify, using logistic analysis, the factors associated with distant metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer patients carrying mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis up to their death and during the period from April 2009 to March 2019, were included in this study. Clinical charts and imaging studies were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 64 patients during the research period. The factors associated with pleural metastasis were "female" and "no bone metastasis". The factor associated with brain metastasis was "lung metastasis". The factors associated with liver metastasis were "age under 70" and "Exon 19 deletion". CONCLUSION: Knowing the factors associated with distant metastasis will provide useful information to conduct targeted and efficient imaging studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
15.
J Gen Fam Med ; 20(3): 101-106, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065474

RESUMO

Background: In patients with bronchial asthma and those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), inhalation therapy and rinsing of the mouth and the oropharynx by gargling ("RMOG") after inhalation are recommended. We performed a cross-sectional audit aimed at investigating (a) the proportion of patients performing "RMOG" after inhalation and (b) storage place of patients' inhaler. Methods: Patients with bronchial asthma and those with COPD were asked by medical aids at outpatient visits whether they did "RMOG every time," "RMOG sometimes," or "no RMOG" after inhalation, and where they stored their inhaler. Results: During a six month study period up to September 2017, 330 consecutive patients with asthma and those with COPD were included in the study. Two hundred and thirty-two (70.3%) of the 330 patients answered "RMOG every time" and 98 (29.7%) of them did "RMOG sometimes" and did "no RMOG." There was a difference in the proportion of patients performing RMOG after inhalation with patient age. With regard to the storage location of inhaler, we found the proportion of patients performing RMOG was higher in those who stored inhalers in a room with running water than in those who stored inhalers at other places. This difference was found in patients with both bronchial asthma and those with COPD. Conclusions: Further implementation of "patient education" on performing RMOG after inhalation for patients receiving inhaled medication is still necessary. Our results suggest that it is better to store inhalers in places where there is easy access to tap water used for RMOG.

17.
Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) ; 61(2): 57-59, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216184

RESUMO

Radiotherapy with systemic corticosteroid therapy has been used to treat intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (ISCM), but recovery of function and long-term survival of these patients has been rarely observed. We report herein a small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patient with recurrent thoracic ISCM, who was successfully treated with radiotherapy and systemic corticosteroid therapy. A 70-year-old man, who was diagnosed as having SCLC seven months previously, developed thoracic ISCM. Soon after the detection of the lesion, the patient received radiotherapy with systemic corticosteroid therapy. Sensory disturbance in both extremities and neurogenic bladder and bowel dysfunction was recovered. The patient could walk after irradiation again. The patient received additional chemotherapy and survived 20 months after the diagnosis of ISCM recurrence. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment for ISCM and effective chemotherapy for recurrent SCLC might be the favorable factors for such patients. Further studies will be required to define a favorable subset of patients most likely to benefit from a conventional approach.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/secundário , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/terapia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/secundário , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/terapia , Idoso , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia , Vértebras Torácicas/patologia
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