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1.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 27: 41-43, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27541058

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe hollow organ injury following trivial blunt abdominal trauma is uncommon. If it occurs it can easily be missed during routine clinical evaluation. Though less than ten cases of jejunal transection following trivial trauma have been reported in literature, this is the first case of jejunal transection occurring in a patient who fell while walking. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 32year old female Ugandan, who walked into the emergency room due to abdominal pain following a fall while walking. She was found to be hemodynamically stable and was initially hesitant to do further investigations but finally accepted to go for abdominal ultrasound scan and a chest x-ray. Abdominal ultrasound scan noted free peritoneal fluid and erect chest radiograph revealed a pneumoperitoneum. She was admitted for an exploratory laparotomy. At laparotomy we found a complete jejunal transection with mesenteric laceration. Primary anastomosis was done; the patient had an uneventful recovery and was discharged on the tenth postoperative day. DISCUSSION: Any trauma to the abdomen can potentially cause devastating injury to hollow viscera and should therefore be evaluated thoroughly. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that even in a resource limited setting, basic investigations like an abdominal ultrasound scan and erect chest radiographs are important when managing a patient with blunt abdominal trauma even though the injury seems trivial.

2.
Int J Emerg Med ; 7: 20, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25097669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading cause of death in the developed world. Accurate assessment of severity of injuries is critical in informing treatment choices. Current models of assessing severity of injury are not without limitations. The objective of this study therefore was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of serum lactate assays in assessing injury severity and prediction of early outcomes among trauma patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analytical study. Consecutive series of all eligible patients had a single venous blood sample drawn for lactate assay analysis (index test) and a concurrent Kampala Trauma Score (KTS) II value determination (reference test). Admitted patients were followed up to assess early outcomes (length of hospital stay and mortality). RESULTS: Out of the 502 trauma patients recruited, 108 (22%) were severely injured, 394 (78%) had non-severe injuries, and 183 were admitted. There was a significant difference between median (interquartile range (IQR)) lactate levels among the severely injured (4.3 (2.6, 6.6)) and the non-severely injured (2.4 (1.6, 3.5), p < 0.001). After a 72-h follow-up of the admitted patients, 102 (56%) were discharged, 61 (33%) remained in the hospital, 3 (2%) remained in the ICU, and 17 (3%) had died. The area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.75 for injury severity. Serum lactate ≥2.0 mmol/l had a hazard ratio of 1.10 (p < 0.001) for emergency department disposition, 4.33 (p = 0.06) for the 72-h non-discharge disposition, and 1.19 (p < 0.001) for 72-h mortality. Serum lactate ≥2.0 mmol/l at admission was useful in discriminating severe from non-severe injuries with a sensitivity of 88%, specificity of 38%, PPV of 30%, and NPV of 92%. CONCLUSION: Hyperlactatemia in an emergency trauma patient suggests a high probability of severe injury.

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