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Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 64(10): 564-566, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29137963
Thyroid ; 23(8): 964-70, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23528137


BACKGROUND: The relationship between thyrotropin (TSH) concentrations and body mass index (BMI) in euthyroid subjects has been demonstrated only in some studies. Leptin regulates TSH secretion and TSH stimulates leptin secretion. The main aims of our study were to assess the relationship between leptin, the thyroid axis, and thyroid autoimmunity in a representative sample of a nonhospitalized euthyroid adult population of Catalonia and to determine whether smoking status could influence this relationship. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study includes 894 euthyroid iodine-sufficient adults (390 men, 44.87±15.03 years old) with BMI 26.19±4.61 kg/m(2), representative of people living in Catalonia. The study analyzes the relationship between TSH, free thyroxine (FT4), leptin, thyroperoxidase and/or thyroglobulin antibodies (thyroid autoimmunity), smoking status, and BMI. Measurements also include glycemia and insulinemia to calculate homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index as a measure of insulin sensitivity. RESULTS: In the univariate analysis and in the overall group, TSH correlated directly with BMI, leptin, and HOMA-IR (p=0.039, p<0.001, and p=0.010, respectively). In all men, TSH correlated directly with leptin (p=0.004), and in all women, directly with leptin (p=0.002) and HOMA-IR (p=0.031) and inversely with FT4 (p=0.024). Only in men who smoke, TSH correlated directly with leptin (p=0.010) and HOMA-IR (p=0.024). In women, TSH correlated directly with leptin (p=0.004) and in nonsmoking women, inversely with FT4 (p=0.047). In the multiple regression analysis, age (ß=-0.00310, p=0.0265), smoking status (ß=-0.24085, p=0.0202), and thyroid autoimmunity (ß=0.20652, p=0.0075) were independent predictors of TSH variations. Leptin was a significant independent predictor of TSH variations only in smokers (ß=0.16451, p=0.047). CONCLUSIONS: Leptin is an independent predictor of TSH concentration variations only in euthyroid smoker subjects of both sexes at all ranges of BMI, but not in nonsmokers. Age, smoking status, and positive thyroid autoimmunity also influenced TSH variability.

Leptina/sangue , Fumar/fisiopatologia , Glândula Tireoide/fisiologia , Tireotropina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Homeostase , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Iodeto Peroxidase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândula Tireoide/imunologia , Tiroxina/sangue
Eur J Endocrinol ; 168(1): 9-13, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23038625


OBJECTIVE: Most cases of familial isolated pituitary adenomas with mutated aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP:HGNC:358) gene develop somatotropinomas. They are characterised by an aggressive clinical phenotype including early age at diagnosis, large tumours and frequent invasiveness. There is little information on AIP gene mutations' prevalence in isolated somatotropinomas characterised by poor response to somatostatin analogue treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AIP mutations in non-familial cases of somatotropinomas with poor response to conventional treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty patients with acromegaly (22 males/28 females, age 51±18 years) and 60 controls were included in this study performed at eight University Hospitals in Spain. None had family history of pituitary adenomas or other endocrine tumors. All patients failed to respond to conventional treatment including surgery and somatostatin analogues. Some patients received adjuvant radiotherapy and most cases required pegvisomant (PEG) treatment for normalisation of IGF1. AIP analysis was performed in DNA extracted from peripheral leucocytes, using standardised PCR protocol in which the coding regions of exons 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 were amplified. Possible deletions/duplications were studied using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. RESULTS: SEQUENCE CHANGES OF POTENTIAL DIFFERENT SIGNIFICANCE THAT COULD BE CONSIDERED AS MUTATIONS OR VARIATIONS OF UNKNOWN SIGNIFICANCE (VUS) OF THE AIP GENE WERE FOUND IN FOUR PATIENTS (8%). IN TWO CASES, TWO DIFFERENT MUTATIONS PREVIOUSLY DESCRIBED WERE FOUND: p.Arg9Gln and p.Phe269Phe. Two other VUS were also found: c.787+24C>T in intron 5 and c.100-18C>T in intron 1. Age at diagnosis ranged from 21 to 50 years old, and in all patients, the tumor was a macroadenoma depicting IGF1 normalisation under PEG treatment. CONCLUSIONS: AIP germline mutations show a low, but non-negligible, prevalence in non-familial acromegaly patients with tumors resistant to treatment with somatostatin analogues.

Acromegalia/genética , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Acromegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Adenoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenoma/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico
Obes Surg ; 22(12): 1835-42, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22923309


BACKGROUND: The effect of weight loss by bariatric surgery on gonadal hormones in morbidly obese males is not entirely known. The main objective of the study was to analyze gonadal hormonal changes after weight loss. METHODS: An observational study was conducted before and after 12 months of weight loss at a clinical research center. Thirty-three men [age 40.5 ± 9.9, body mass index (BMI) 50.3 ± 6.1 kg/m(2)] undergoing bariatric surgery were included. The main outcome measures were as follows: changes in total (TT) and free testosterone (FT), estradiol (E2), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B, and prolactin (PRL). RESULTS: Baseline prevalence of hypogonadism (defined by TT < 300 ng/dl or FT < 65 pg/ml) was 78.8 and 51.5%, respectively. Hypogonadal patients were older and showed inhibin B and AMH significantly lower than those with normal TT. BMI correlated negatively with TT, LH, and SHBG. Regression analyses showed a significant and independent association of hypogonadism with age (OR = 1.2, p = 0.01), BMI (OR = 1.3, p = 0.03), and AMH (OR = 0.4, p = 0.03) after adjustments. After 1 year, percentage of weight loss (%WL) was 18.8 ± 5.2%, and there was a significant increase of TT, FT, SHBG, and FSH and a decrease of E2 and PRL. Prevalence of persistent hypogonadism after surgery was 6% (low TT) and 15% (low FT). %WL was significantly associated with percent changes in SHBG (r = -0.4, p = 0.04), inhibin B (r = -0.4, p = 0.03), and AMH (r = -0.4, p = 0.01). Age and %WL were the only significant and independent parameters associated with %TT change. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity-associated hypogonadism is very prevalent in males with morbid obesity and is mostly reversed after sustained weight loss by bariatric surgery.

Cirurgia Bariátrica , Hipogonadismo/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estradiol/sangue , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Humanos , Inibinas/sangue , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Masculino , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Prolactina/sangue , Valores de Referência , Indução de Remissão , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo , Testosterona/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento