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Clin Plast Surg ; 49(1): 123-136, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782130


An understanding of anatomy and pathophysiology of the cleft nasal deformity is crucial to its management, including selection of correct surgical techniques for repair. Timing of intermediate and definitive rhinoplasty should be considered carefully, with definitive rhinoplasty occurring after management of facial skeletal deformities. At the time of definitive rhinoplasty, the septum, external and internal nasal valves, alar base malposition (and corresponding bony deficiency), and position and shape of the lower lateral cartilage and the columella all must be individually considered. Thorough knowledge of rhinoplasty techniques is crucial to address the cleft nasal deformity with optimal functional and aesthetic outcomes.

Fenda Labial , Rinoplastia , Cartilagem , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Estética , Humanos , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Nariz/cirurgia
Aesthet Surg J ; 41(6): NP684-NP694, 2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220052


BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidity is associated with greater 30-day postoperative complication rates in various surgical specialties, but is not well characterized for reconstructive plastic surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare reconstructive plastic surgery rates and 30-day postoperative complications between patients with and without psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing patients with and without psychiatric diagnoses. Data for January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2015 were collected from the IBM MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental Databases. Rates of reconstructive plastic surgery, demographic data, covariant diagnoses, and 30-day postoperative complications were collected. Differences between the 2 groups were assessed by multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Among 1,019,128 patients (505,715 with psychiatric diagnoses and 513,423 without psychiatric diagnoses) assessed, reconstructive plastic surgery rates were between 4.8% and 7.0% in those with psychiatric diagnoses, compared with 1.6% in patients without psychiatric diagnoses. The greatest odds of undergoing reconstructive plastic surgery were in patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 3.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.76-5.67) and anxiety disorder (aOR, 3.08; 95% CI, 2.97-3.17). When assessing 1,234,206 patients (613,400 with psychiatric diagnoses and 620,806 without psychiatric diagnoses), all of whom underwent reconstructive plastic surgery, 2-fold greater odds of any 30-day postoperative complication was associated with psychiatric diagnoses (aOR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.28-3.11), as well as greater odds of specific complications (surgical site infection, bleeding, and hospital admission). Eating disorder diagnosis was associated with the greatest odds of a complication (aOR, 4.17; 95% CI, 3.59-4.86), followed by nasal surgery (aOR, 3.65; 95% CI, 2.74-4.89), and BDD (aOR, 3.16; 95% CI, 1.76-5.67). CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of a psychiatric condition is associated with greater rates of reconstructive plastic surgery, and 2-fold greater odds of 30-day postoperative complications.

Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Cirurgia Plástica , Idoso , Humanos , Medicare , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Cirurgia Plástica/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Aesthet Surg J ; 40(12): 1373-1380, 2020 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917417


BACKGROUND: Identifying mental health disorders, including body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), is important prior to rhinoplasty surgery; however, these disorders are underdiagnosed, and screening tools are underutilized in clinical settings. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate the correlation of a rhinoplasty outcomes tool (Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey [SCHNOS]) with psychiatric screening tools. METHODS: Patients presenting for rhinoplasty consultation were prospectively enrolled and administered mental health instruments to assess depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7), and BDD (BDD Questionnaire-Aesthetic Surgery [BDDQ-AS]) as well as the SCHNOS rhinoplasty outcomes scale. Convergent validity of SCHNOS scores with these mental health instruments was assessed as well as calculation of an optimal SCHNOS-C score to screen for BDD. RESULTS: A total 76 patients were enrolled in the study. The average SCHNOS-O score (standard deviation) was 46.1 (34.0) and the average SCHNOS-C score was 61.1 (27.0). Five (7%) patients screened positive for depression, and 24 (32%) patients screened positive for mild, 5 (7%) for moderate, and 4 (5%) for severe anxiety. Twenty-four (32%) patients screened positive for BDD by BDDQ-AS scores. SCHNOS-O and SCHNOS-C did not correlate with Patient Health Questionnaire-9 or Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scores; SCHNOS-C did correlate with BDDQ-AS. A score of 73 or greater on SCHNOS-C maximized the sensitivity and specificity of also screening positive for BDD with BDDQ-AS. This score correlated with a sensitivity of 62.5%, specificity of 80.8%, and number needed to diagnose of 2.3, meaning for every 2 patients with a score of ≥73 on SCHNOS-C, 1 will have a positive BDDQ-AS score. CONCLUSIONS: SCHNOS-C correlates with BDDQ-AS and may help screen rhinoplasty patients at higher risk for BDD.

Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais , Rinoplastia , Cirurgia Plástica , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/epidemiologia , Humanos , Nariz , Inquéritos e Questionários
Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am ; 27(1): 163-170, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30420070


As cutaneous cancers are the most common malignancies affecting US citizens, they represent a significant public health problem and health care cost burden. There are a variety of treatment options available to manage cutaneous malignancies, but limited data are available regarding outcomes, including quality of life, recurrence, and mortality. Here, we examine outcomes of skin cancer surgery as they relate to sociodemographic data and treatment factors.

Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos
Am J Rhinol Allergy ; 29(5): 394-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26358354


OBJECTIVE: To quantify maxillary sinus volume and mucosal surface area (SA) that is accessible endoscopically via a middle meatal antrostomy and to explore the financial implications of using multiple disposable instruments for this procedure. METHODS: Eight cadaver maxillary sinuses configured with image guidance software were evaluated. In each sinus, a standard middle meatal antrostomy was created, through which curved microdebriders of 15, 40, 70, and 120° were placed. The SA and volume of the region accessible by each microdebrider tip was calculated. RESULTS: Mean maxillary sinus volume was 16.5 ± 2.5 cm(3) and mean SA was 31.0 ± 2.3 cm(2). The 15, 40, 70 and 120° microdebriders accessed an average of 10, 25, 41, and 66%, respectively, of the SA, and of 2, 9, 17, and 36%, respectively, of the volume. There was a trend toward improved accessibility of the superior half versus the inferior half of the maxillary sinus. When instruments of different degrees were combined to maximize accessibility, 81% of the SA of the sinus could be accessed. CONCLUSIONS: Microdebriders with increasing curvatures allowed for greater access of the maxillary sinus mucosa through an middle meatal antrostomy. No single microdebrider curvature or combination of curvatures reached the entirety of the maxillary sinus wall. Knowledge about the area of reach for these blades can lead to lower per procedure costs.

Endoscopia/métodos , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Cadáver , Humanos