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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379772

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Metastatic medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a rare malignancy with minimal treatment options. Many, but not all, MTCs express somatostatin receptors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the role of 68Ga-DOTA-somatostatin analogue (SSA) PET/CT in patients with metastatic MTC, and to determine their eligibility for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with metastatic MTC who had 68Ga-DOTA-SSA PET/CT at five centers. We collected characteristics on contrast-enhanced CT, 68Ga-DOTA-SSA and 18F-FDG PET/CT. The efficacy of PRRT was explored in a subgroup of patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate time to treatment failure (TTF) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were included (10 local recurrence, 61 distant disease). Of the patients with distant disease, 16 (26%) had ≥50% of disease sites with tracer avidity greater than background liver, including 10 (10/61, 16%) with >90%. In 19 patients with contemporaneous contrast-enhanced CT, no disease regions were independently identified on 68Ga-DOTA-SSA PET/CT. Thirty-five patients had an 18F-FDG PET/CT, with 18F-FDG positive/ 68Ga-DOTA-SSA negative metastases identified in 15 (43%). Twenty-one patients had PRRT with a median TTF of 14 months (95%CI 8-25) and a median OS of 63 months (95%CI 21-not reached). Of the entire cohort, the median OS was 323 months (95%CI 152-not reached). Predictors of poorer overall survival included a short calcitonin doubling-time (≤24 months), strong 18F-FDG avidity and age ≥60 years. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of high tumour avidity on 68Ga-DOTA-SSA PET/CT is low in the setting of metastatic MTC; nevertheless, PRRT may still be a viable treatment option in select patients.

3.
EJNMMI Phys ; 8(1): 63, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Following each cycle of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), absorbed doses by tumors and normal organs are typically calculated from three quantitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) studies acquired at t1 = 24 h, t2 = 96 h, t3 = 168 h after the first cycle of treatment and from a single study at t1 after the subsequent cycles. In the present study, we have assessed the feasibility of a single SPECT/CT study after each PRRT cycle using a trained multiple linear regression (MLR) model for absorbed dose calculation and have evaluated its impact on patient management. Quantitative [177Lu]-DOTA-TATE SPECT/CT data after PRRT of seventy-two consecutive metastatic neuroendocrine tumors patients were retrospectively evaluated. A set of 40 consecutive studies was used to train the MLR model. The two independent variables of the model included the time of imaging after administration of the treatment and the radiopharmaceutical activity concentration in a given  organ/tumor. The dependent variable was the dose absorbed by the organ/tumor obtained with the standard protocol. For bone marrow dosimetry, the independent variables included the time of imaging, and the blood and remainder of the body activity concentration. The model was evaluated in 32 consecutive patients. Absorbed doses were assessed for kidneys, bone marrow, liver, spleen and tumor sites. RESULTS: There was no difference in management decisions, whether PRRT can be safely continued or not because unsafe absorbed dose to risk organs between the standard and the MLR model-based protocol using a single SPECT/CT study performed at t3 = 168 h after the first cycle and at t1 = 24 h after the subsequent cycles. Cumulative absorbed doses were obtained with mean relative differences of - 0.5% ± 5.4%, 1.6% ± 15.1%, - 6.2% ± 7.3%, - 5.5% ± 5.8% and 2.9% ± 12.7% for kidneys, bone marrow, liver, spleen and tumors, respectively (Pearson's r correlation coefficient 0.99, 0.91, 0.99, 0.99 and 0.97, respectively). CONCLUSION: Dosimetry calculations using a MLR model with a single SPECT/CT study are in good agreement with the standard protocol, while avoiding the use of dosimetry software and enabling improved patient comfort and reduced scanner and staff time.

4.
Eur J Cancer ; 154: 246-252, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Specific data regarding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of patients with NENs who tested severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a worldwide study collecting cases of patients with NENs along with a positive nasopharyngeal swab reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test for SARS-CoV-2 between June 1, 2020, and March 31, 2021. Centres treating patients with NENs were directly contacted by the principal investigator. Patients with NENs of any primary site, grade and stage were included, excluding small-cell lung carcinoma and mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma. RESULTS: Among 81 centres directly contacted, 88.8% responded and 48.6% of them declined due to lack of cases or interest. On March 31st, 2021, eight recruiting centres enrolled 89 patients. The median age was 64 years at the time of COVID-19 diagnosis. Most patients had metastatic, non-functioning, low-/intermediate-grade gastroenteropancreatic NENs on treatment with somatostatin analogues and radioligand therapy. Most of them had comorbidities. Only 8% of patients had high-grade NENs and 12% were receiving chemotherapy. Most patients had symptoms or signs of COVID-19, mainly fever and cough. Only 3 patients underwent sub-intensive treatment, whereas most of them received medical therapies, mostly antibiotics. In two third of cases, no changes occurred for the anti-NEN therapy. More than 80% of patients completely recovered without sequelae, whereas 7.8% patients died due to COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Patients included in this study reflect the typical NEN population regardless of SARS-CoV-2. In most cases, they overcome COVID-19 without need of intensive care, short-term sequelae and discontinuation of systemic oncological therapy.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/terapia , Saúde Global , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/virologia , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/imunologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados Preliminares , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Harefuah ; 160(7): 419-424, 2021 07.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263567

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive power of the absorbed dose to kidneys after the first course of treatment with [177Lu]-DOTA-TATE on the cumulative kidney absorbed dose after 3 or 4 cycles of treatment. BACKGROUND: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with [177Lu]-DOTA-TATE is an effective treatment for somatostatin receptor positive neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Post-treatment scans (PTS) are required after each cycle of treatment for personalized radiation dosimetry in order to calculate the dose to organs and tumors and to ensure a cumulative absorbed dose to kidneys under a safety threshold of 25 Gy. METHODS: A total of 187 patients who completed treatment and underwent PTS for dosimetry calculation were included in this retrospective study. The correlation between the cumulative absorbed dose to the kidneys after completion of treatment and the absorbed dose after the first cycle(s) was studied. Multilinear regression analysis was performed to predict the cumulative absorbed dose by the kidneys in the subsequent cycles. An algorithm for the follow-up of the kidney absorbed dose is proposed. RESULTS: When the absorbed dose to kidneys after the first cycle of treatment is below 5.6 Gy, four cycles of treatment can be safely administered with a cumulative dose less than 25 Gy (p < 0.1). For the remaining patients, the cumulative dose absorbed after 3 or 4 cycles of treatment can be predicted after the second cycle of treatment. This protocol enabled early decisions on the number of treatment cycles and reduced the number of post-treatment SPECT/CT studies for dosimetry in 34% of patients, as well as hospitalization time for 56% of the treatment cycles. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of the kidney absorbed dose after PRRT can be simplified with the algorithm presented in this study. This approach enabled early decisions on the number of therapy cycles in 75% of patients. DISCUSSION: The validity of these results is limited to the protocol of dosimetry calculation used in our institution. Implementation in other centers may require standardization of the acquisition parameters and the dosimetry protocol.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Exposição à Radiação , Humanos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/radioterapia , Radioisótopos , Radiometria , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Endocrine ; 74(2): 421-429, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120313

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Type III gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (g-NENs) have historically been regarded as aggressive tumours, hence current guidelines advocate radical surgery with lymph node dissection. Data on the roles of endoscopic or less extensive surgical resections are more limited. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinicopathological features and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing endoscopic or limited surgical resection for localised grade 1 or 2 type III g-NENs when compared to radical surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with a localised grade 1 or 2 type III g-NENs across six tertiary NEN centers between 2006 and 2019. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were diagnosed with a potentially resectable grade 1 or 2 type III g-NEN of whom 36 underwent either endoscopic or surgical resection. No statistically significant differences were found between the three resection groups in terms of patient age, tumour location, grade or size. Only tumour size was found to be significantly associated with poor clinical outcome (p = 0.012) and ROC curve analysis identified tumour size >10 mm as a negative predictor (AUC:0.8030, p = 0.0021). Tumours >10 mm were also more likely to be associated with lymph node metastases on imaging and histology (p = 0.039 and p = 0.026 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Localised grade 1 or 2 type III g-NENs had a good prognosis in this series. Tumour size >10 mm was the most significant prognostic factor affecting patient outcome. Endoscopic resection or limited surgical resection is feasible and safe in small type III g-NENs which demonstrate favourable grade 1/2, well differentiated histology.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
7.
J Nucl Med ; 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049983

RESUMO

To assess the efficacy and safety of 177Lu-DOTATATE in patients with somatostatin receptor (SSR) positive lung neuroendocrine tumor (NET). Methods: This is a retrospective review of the outcome of patients with typical carcinoid (TC) and atypical carcinoid (AC), treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE at two ENETS Centres of Excellence. Morphological imaging (RECIST 1.1) and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT responses were assessed at 3 months after completion of 177Lu-DOTATATE. Concordance between two response assessment methods was evaluated by Kappa statistics. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared by Log-rank test. Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were graded based on CTCAE version 5. Results: Of 48 patients (median age, 63 years, 13 female), 43 (90%) had AC and 5 (10%) TC. Almost all patients (47, 98%) were treated due to progression. Majority (40, 83%) received somatostatin analogs and 10 patients (20%) had prior everolimus, chemotherapy or both. All patients had high SSR expression (≥ modified Krenning score 3) on pre-treatment 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT. Patients received a median 4 (range 1-4) cycles of 177Lu-DOTATATE (33% with concurrent radiosensitizing chemotherapy) to a median cumulative activity of 27GBq (range 6-43GBq). At median follow-up of 42 months, the median PFS and OS were 23 months (95% CI 18-28 months) and 59 months (95% CI 50-not reached [NR]), respectively. Of 40 patients with RECIST-measurable disease and 39 patients with available 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT response categories were: partial response, 20% (95% CI 10-35%) and 44% (95% CI 30-59%); stable disease, 68% (95% CI 52-80%) and 44% (95% CI 30-59%) and progressive disease 12% (95% CI 5-27%) by both, respectively. There was a moderate concordance between response categories by RECIST and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT, weighted Kappa of 0.51 (95% CI 0.21-0.68). Of patients with stable disease by RECIST, those with partial response on 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT had longer OS compared to those with no response, NR vs 52 months (95% CI 28-64), HR 0.2 (95% CI 0.1-0.6), p 0.001. Most grade 3/4 AEs were reversible and the most common was lymphopenia (14%) with no incidence of myelodysplasia/leukemia. Conclusion: In patients with advanced progressive lung NET and satisfactory SSR expression, 177Lu-DOTATATE is effective and safe with a high disease control rate and encouraging PFS and OS.

8.
EJNMMI Phys ; 8(1): 13, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Image quality and quantitative accuracy of positron emission tomography (PET) depend on several factors such as uptake time, scanner characteristics and image reconstruction methods. Ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) is considered the gold standard for image reconstruction. Penalized-likelihood estimation (PL) algorithms have been recently developed for PET reconstruction to improve quantitation accuracy while maintaining or even improving image quality. In PL algorithms, a regularization parameter ß controls the penalization of relative differences between neighboring pixels and determines image characteristics. In the present study, we aim to compare the performance of Q.Clear (PL algorithm, GE Healthcare) and OSEM (3 iterations, 8 subsets, 6-mm post-processing filter) for 68Ga-DOTATATE (68Ga-DOTA) PET studies, both visually and quantitatively. Thirty consecutive whole-body 68Ga-DOTA studies were included. The data were acquired in list mode and were reconstructed using 3D OSEM and Q.Clear with various values of ß and various acquisition times per bed position (bp), thus generating images with reduced injected dose (1.5 min/bp: ß = 300-1100; 1.0 min/bp: ß = 600-1400 and 0.5 min/bp: ß = 800-2200). An additional analysis adding ß values up to 1500, 1700 and 3000 for 1.5, 1.0 and 0.5 min/bp, respectively, was performed for a random sample of 8 studies. Evaluation was performed using a phantom and clinical data. Two experienced nuclear medicine physicians blinded to the variables assessed the image quality visually. RESULTS: Clinical images reconstructed with Q.Clear, set at 1.5, 1.0 and 0.5 min/bp using ß = 1100, 1300 and 3000, respectively, resulted in images with noise equivalence to 3D OSEM (1.5 min/bp) with a mean increase in SUVmax of 14%, 13% and 4%, an increase in SNR of 30%, 24% and 10%, and an increase in SBR of 13%, 13% and 2%. Visual assessment yielded similar results for ß values of 1100-1400 and 1300-1600 for 1.5 and 1.0 min/bp, respectively, although for 0.5 min/bp there was no significant improvement compared to OSEM. CONCLUSION: 68Ga-DOTA reconstructions with Q.Clear, 1.5 and 1.0 min/bp, resulted in increased tumor SUVmax and in improved SNR and SBR at a similar level of noise compared to 3D OSEM. Q.Clear with ß = 1300-1600 enables one-third reduction of acquisition time or injected dose, with similar image quality compared to 3D OSEM.

9.
Rev Endocr Metab Disord ; 22(3): 553-561, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443717

RESUMO

Carcinoid heart disease (CHD) is a paraneoplastic cardiac manifestation occurring in patients with carcinoid syndrome (CS) and advanced neuroendocrine malignancy. In about 20-40% of patients with CS, chronic exposure to tumor-released circulating vasoactive peptides typically results in right-sided valvular fibrosis leading to valve dysfunction and right heart failure. CHD remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The management of patients with CHD is complex, as both the systemic malignant disease and the heart involvement have to be addressed. Early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention in selected patients are of utmost importance and offer a survival benefit. In patients with advanced carcinoid heart disease, valve replacement surgery is the most effective option to alleviate cardiac symptoms and contribute to survival outcomes. A collaboration of a multidisciplinary team in centers with experience is required to provide optimal patient management. Here, we review the current literature regarding CHD presentation, pathophysiology, diagnostic tools, and available treatment strategies.

10.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(9): 153092, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825959

RESUMO

Goblet cell carcinoma, a tumor that is assumed to originate from crypt base stem cells, is a distinct type of tumor, that occurs typically in the appendix, however, extra-appendiceal locations were also described in few cases. We herein present a unique case of a 48-year-old male with a diagnosis of primary gastric Goblet cell carcinoma that was initially discovered at the time of an endoscopy performed to evaluate an unremitting abdominal pain that was accompanied by remarkable weight loss; four polypoid fragments of the gastric mucosa were sent for histopathologic examination which showed a moderately differentiated goblet cell carcinoma in addition to classical neuroendocrine tumor. Later, laparoscopic D2 total gastrectomy with appendectomy were performed and confirmed the previously mentioned findings along with a normal histopathology of the appendix.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Células Caliciformes/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Apendicectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Apêndice/cirurgia , Tumor Carcinoide/patologia , Tumor Carcinoide/cirurgia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia
11.
Endocrine ; 70(1): 178-186, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long-term outcomes are understudied in patients with well-differentiated appendiceal neuroendocrine neoplasms (WD-ANENs). We aimed to evaluate the validity of currently applied criteria for completion prophylactic right hemicolectomy (pRHC) and determine its association with patient outcomes, including health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Eligible patients from five European referral centers were divided between those who underwent appendectomy alone and those who underwent completion pRHC. HRQoL EORTC-QLC-C30 questionnaires and cross-sectional imaging data were prospectively collected. Age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited for HRQoL analysis' validation. RESULTS: We included 166 patients (119 women [71.2%]: mean age at baseline: 31 ± 16 years). Mean follow-up was 50.9 ± 54 months. Most patients (152 [92%]) had tumors ≤20 mm in size. Fifty-eight patients (34.9%) underwent pRHC that in final analysis was regarded as an overtreatment in 38/58 (65.5%). In multivariable analysis, tumor size >20 mm was the only independent predictor for lymph node (LN) involvement (p = 0.002). No mortality was reported, whereas 2-, 5- and 10-year recurrence-free survival in patients subjected to postoperative cross-sectional imaging (n = 136) was 98.5%, 97.8%, and 97.8%, respectively. Global HRQoL was not significantly impaired in patients with WD-ANEN compared with age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (median scores 0.83[0.08-1] vs 0.83[0.4-1], respectively; p = 0.929). Among patients with WD-ANEN impaired social functioning (p = 0.016), diarrhea (p = 0.003) and financial difficulties (0.024) were more frequently reported in the pRHC group. CONCLUSIONS: WD-ANEN is a low-malignant neoplasm with unconfirmed associated mortality, low recurrence rate, and overall preserved HRQoL. pRHC comes at a price of excessive surgery, functional HRQoL issues, and diarrhea. The value per se of a prophylactic surgical approach to patients with WD-ANENs <20 mm is challenged.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias do Apêndice/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Nucl Med ; 61(9): 1326-1330, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005769

RESUMO

Esthesioneuroblastoma is rare, with limited therapeutic options when unresectable or metastatic; however, expression of somatostatin receptors qualifies it for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). We report outcomes of PRRT in esthesioneuroblastoma from 2 referral centers. Methods: Using PRRT databases at 2 European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society Centers of Excellence, cases were sought between 2004 and 2018 of patients who had PRRT with recurrent or metastatic esthesioneuroblastoma deemed unsuitable for further conventional therapies. Evaluations of survival and of response using a composite reference standard were performed. Results: Of 7 patients, 4 had partial response, 2 had disease stabilization, and one had early progression. Possible side effects include worsening cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Median progression-free survival was 17 mo (range, 0-30 mo), and median overall survival was 32 mo (range, 4-53 mo). Conclusion: PRRT shows promising efficacy and moderate survival duration in unresectable locally advanced or metastatic esthesioneuroblastoma warranting larger cohort studies incorporating measures of quality of life.


Assuntos
Estesioneuroblastoma Olfatório/radioterapia , Receptores de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Estesioneuroblastoma Olfatório/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Endocrine ; 68(1): 222-229, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036501

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The decreased life expectancy of MEN-1 patients is mainly related to pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs). At best, limited data is available on the natural history of MEN-1-associated pNETs, as these tumors are rare and have a wide range of biologic behavior. Our study aims to explore the clinical course of patients with MEN-1-associated pNETs and the long-term outcomes. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted on the MEN-1 cohort treated at our referral center over a 22-year period (1996-2018). Relevant clinical data were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: Among the 33 MEN-1 patients included in our study, pNETs were identified in 21 subjects with a penetrance of 48% by the age of 50. Non-functioning and functioning pNETs were diagnosed in sixteen (76%) and five (24%) patients, respectively. Two-thirds of the patients had multifocal tumors. The median number of pancreatic macroscopic lesions per individual was 4.0 ± 3.9 (range 1-8) with a mean size of 1.3 ± 2.1 cm (range 0.5-10). The metastatic rate according to the dominant pNET lesion reached 100%, 62% and 6% for tumors sized > 4 cm, 2.1-4 cm, and 1-2 cm, respectively. Over the study period, one or more therapeutic interventions for pNETs were required in 20 out of the 21 patients. pNET-related metastatic complication was the main cause of death within this MEN-1 cohort. The overall survival rate for the pNETs patients was 86% during a mean follow-up period of 8.0 ± 4.6 years. CONCLUSIONS: In our MEN-1 cohort, non-functioning pNETs were the most frequent type of pancreaticoduodenal tumor, and the tumor size correlated with the risks of metastasis and death. Increased awareness, early diagnosis, and a multidisciplinary approach may improve the associated morbidity and mortality in these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1 , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/terapia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Chest ; 158(1): 401-405, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare lung disease associated with proliferation of neuroendocrine cells in the lung and multifocal neuroendocrine tumorlets/tumors. Although usually considered an indolent condition, DIPNECH causes chronic, progressive cough and dyspnea which can adversely impact quality of life. There is very limited information on the treatment of this condition. The objective of this study was to assess changes in symptoms and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in response to somatostatin analog (SSA) treatment. METHODS: Patients with clinical and/or pathologic diagnosis of DIPNECH and chronic respiratory symptoms were treated with SSAs at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, and Mayo Clinic Cancer Center. Their charts were reviewed to assess changes in symptoms and PFTs. RESULTS: Forty-two patients were identified who had either chronic cough or dyspnea because of proven or suspected DIPNECH and who had received treatment with an SSA. Thirty-three patients experienced symptomatic improvement. Additionally, 14 of 15 patients in whom PFTs were checked were noted to have an improvement in FEV1 after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: SSA treatment can improve chronic respiratory symptoms and PFTs in patients with DIPNECH.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/complicações , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Células Neuroendócrinas/patologia , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos Cíclicos/uso terapêutico , Somatostatina/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Pneumopatias/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
EJNMMI Phys ; 7(1): 5, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After each cycle of [177Lu]-DOTA-TATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) dosimetry is performed to enable precise calculation of the radiation-absorbed dose to tumors and normal organs. Absorbed doses are routinely calculated from three quantitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies corrected by computed tomography (CT) acquired at t1 = 24 h, t2 = 96 h, and t3 = 168 h after the first cycle of treatment. After following cycles, a single SPECT/CT study is performed. The aim of the present study is to assess the feasibility of a "two time point" quantitative SPECT/CT protocol after the first PRRT cycle and its impact on patient management. Quantitative SPECT/CT data of 25 consecutive patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors after PRRT were retrospectively analyzed. Radiation-absorbed doses calculated using the standard protocol with three SPECT/CT studies acquired at (t1, t2, t3) were compared to those obtained from three different "two time point" protocols with SPECT/CT studies performed at (t1, t2), (t1, t3), or (t2, t3). RESULTS: The best agreement for the cumulative doses absorbed by the kidneys, bone marrow, liver, spleen, and tumors with the conventional protocol was obtained with the (t1, t3) protocol with mean relative differences of - 1.0% ± 2.4%, 0.4% ± 3.1%, - 0.9% ± 4.0%, - 0.8% ± 1.1%, and - 0.5% ± 2.0%, respectively, and correlation coefficients of r = 0.99 for all. In all patients, there was no difference in the management decision of whether or not to stop PRRT because of unsafe absorbed dose to risk organs using either the standard protocol or the (t1, t3) protocol. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results demonstrate that dosimetry calculations using two quantitative SPECT/CT studies acquired at 24 and 168 h after the first PRRT cycle are feasible and are in good agreement with the standard imaging protocol with no change in patient management decisions, while enabling improved patient comfort and reduced scanner and staff time.

16.
Endocr Pract ; 26(10): 1131-1142, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a rare and complex disease. In 1996, we described a 3 generation VHL 2A kindred with 11 mutation carriers. We aim to share our experience regarding the long-term follow-up of this family and the management of all our other VHL patients focusing on frequently encountered neuroendocrine neoplasms: pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma and pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNEN). METHODS: All VHL patients in follow-up at our tertiary center from 1980 to 2019 were identified. Clinical, laboratory, imaging, and therapeutic characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: We identified 32 VHL patients in 16 different families, 7/16 were classified as VHL 2 subtype. In the previously described family, the 4 initially asymptomatic carriers developed a neuroendocrine tumor; 7 new children were born, 3 of them being mutation carriers; 2 patients died, 1 due to metastatic PNEN-related liver failure. Pheochromocytoma was frequent (22/32), bilateral (13/22;59%), often diagnosed in early childhood when active screening was timely performed, associated with paraganglioma in 5/22, rarely malignant (1/22), and recurred after surgery in some cases after more than 20 years. PNEN occurred in 8/32 patients (25%), and was metastatic in 3 patients. Surgery and palliative therapy allowed relatively satisfactory outcomes. Severe disabling morbidities due to central-nervous system and ophthalmologic hemangiomas, and other rare tumors as chondrosarcoma in 2 patients and polycythemia in 1 patient were observed. CONCLUSION: A multidisciplinary approach and long-term follow-up is mandatory in VHL patients to manage the multiple debilitating morbidities and delay mortality in these complex patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor Von Hippel-Lindau , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau/epidemiologia , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau/genética
17.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 20(9): 70, 2019 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286272

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: Carcinoid syndrome (CS) is a complex disorder caused by functional neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). This debilitating disease is characterized by hyper-secretion of biologically active substances eliciting major hormonal symptoms burden and fibrotic changes that are often challenging for management. There have been a number of insights that have substantially advanced treatments since the introduction of somatostatin analogs (SSAs). Second-line treatments are needed in a substantial proportion of patients with advanced disease that have uncontrolled hormone secretion on the highest labeled doses of SSAs. International guidelines suggest several available options including dose escalation of SSAs, interferon alpha, everolimus, radionuclide therapy, liver-directed therapies, and the novel tryptophan hydroxylase 1 inhibitor, telotristat ethyl. The clear preference of one second-line therapy over the other is not stated since their relative and long-term efficacy are largely unknown, and standardized approach of hormonal response assessment is lacking in the literature. In the clinical setting, the treatment of CS is guided in conjunction with patients' performance status, tumor origin, grade, stage, and growth rate, with regard to both anti-hormonal, as well as anti-proliferative effect. There is an unmet need for further well-designed randomized placebo-controlled and head-to-head studies that systematically assess CS symptom control and biochemical response following a specific intervention.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Carcinoide Maligno/terapia , Algoritmos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Síndrome do Carcinoide Maligno/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Carcinoide Maligno/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Carcinoide Maligno/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(7): 2637-2647, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102458

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation (EUS-RFA) is rapidly emerging as feasible therapy for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) in selected cases, as a result of its favorable safety profile. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of EUS-RFA in a cohort of patients with functional and nonfunctional pNETs (NF-pNETs). DESIGN: Data on pNET patients treated with EUS-RFA between March 2017 and October 2018 at two tertiary centers was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The cohort included 18 adults (eight women, 10 men), aged 60.4 ± 14.4 years (mean ± SD), seven insulinoma patients, and 11 patients with NF-pNETs. Twenty-seven lesions with a mean diameter of 14.3 ± 7.3 mm (range 4.5 to 30) were treated. Technical success defined as typical postablative changes on a surveillance imaging was achieved in 26 out of 27 lesions. Clinical response with normalization of glucose levels was observed in all (seven of seven) insulinoma cases within 24 hours of treatment. Overall, there were no major complications 48 hours postprocedure. No clinically significant recurrences were observed during mean follow-up of 8.7 ± 4.6 months (range 2 to 21 months). CONCLUSIONS: EUS-guided RFA of pNETs is a minimally invasive, safe, and technically feasible procedure for selected patients.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Insulinoma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Endossonografia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Insulinoma/sangue , Insulinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Insulinoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/sangue , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/patologia , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
19.
Nephron ; 130(1): 59-65, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25925082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Familial hyperkalemia and hypertension (FHHt) is a rare genetic disorder manifested by hyperkalemia and early hypertension. Hypercalciuria is another accompanying feature. Mutations in WNK4 and WNK1 were found initially, and recently additional mutations were found in two genes, KLHL3 and CUL3, which are components of the Ubiquitin system. It was not reported whether these latter mutations are accompanied by hypercalciuria. METHODS: We compared urinary calcium excretion (UCa) in affected subjects with FHHt and KLHL3 mutations, and in their unaffected family members, and in affected subjects with FHHt and WNK4 Q565E mutation. RESULTS: Two new families with FHHt including a total number of 23 subjects, 10 of them affected, in whom previously described mutations in KLHL3 (Q309R and R528H) were identified. Presenting features were short stature in the first family, and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) in the second. Affected subjects had hypercalciuria. UCa levels in affected subjects in the two families were significantly higher than in unaffected subjects (0.608 ± 0.196 vs. 0.236 ± 0.053 mmol Ca per mmol creatinine, respectively (p < 0.0001)). Hypercalciuria in FHHt with KLHL3 mutations is less severe than that observed in FHHt with the Q565E WNK4 mutation (0.608 ± 0.196 (n = 10) mmol Ca per mmol creatinine versus 0.860 ± 0.295 (n = 29), respectively (p = 0.0168)). CONCLUSIONS: FHHt caused by KLHL3 mutations is accompanied by hypercalciuria as well as hyperkalemia and hypertension. The similar phenomena observed for FHHt caused by WNK4 mutations fits the other evidence that WNK4 mutations are activating, and the aberrant mechanism of calcium handling by the kidney in FHHt.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Hipercalciúria/etiologia , Hipercalciúria/genética , Pseudo-Hipoaldosteronismo/complicações , Pseudo-Hipoaldosteronismo/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Idoso , Árabes , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estatura , Cálcio/urina , Criança , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Linhagem , Taquipneia Transitória do Recém-Nascido/genética , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
20.
Harefuah ; 152(1): 21-2, 60, 59, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23461021

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids are widely used for the treatment of allergies and various inflammatory conditions. However, steroids can cause allergic reactions, even anaphylaxis. The incidence of adverse reactions induced by steroids is up to 0.3%. The most commonly reported steroids causing anaphylaxis are hydrocortisone, prednisone and methylprednisotone. In this report we describe an 86 years old patient who developed stridor and respiratory failure immediately after treatment with hydrocortisone. The risk factors and the management of these reactions are discussed. It is important that the medical community should recognize and be aware of such reactions.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/etiologia , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Hidrocortisona/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Respiratória/induzido quimicamente , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/uso terapêutico , Sons Respiratórios/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Risco
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