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1.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147187

RESUMO

AIM: To describe the clinical manifestations, evolution and treatment of patients with rheumatoid vasculitis. METHODS: Retrospective study (1975-2017) of all patients diagnosed with rheumatoid vasculitis in 2 Rheumatology Services. RESULTS: A total of 41 patients were included, 17 (41.5%) males and 24 (58.5%) females; mean age at diagnosis: 67 ± 9 years; duration of rheumatoid arthritis: 10 ± 8.3 years. Most patients had erosive disease, 33 (80%). Rheumatoid factor and anticitrullinated antibodies were positive in all patients. Constitutional symptoms were present in 30 (73%) patients and extra-articular manifestations in 17 (41%) patients. The clinical manifestations of rheumatoid vasculitis were mainly: cutaneous 28 (68%), and polyneuritis 26 (63%). All patients were treated with glucocorticoids. An immunosuppressant was associated in 24 (58.5%) patients. Five (12%) patients were treated with the association of glucocorticoids and a biologic treatment. The mortality after 2years of follow-up was 33%, the most common causes being infection and progression of the vasculitis. The frequency of rheumatoid vasculitis has decreased over the last decade. CONCLUSION: The clinical manifestations of rheumatoid vasculitis were similar to previous studies. The frequency of rheumatoid vasculitis seems to decrease. However, the clinical picture and severity remains invariable.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 123(1): 47-52, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) differs depending on the population studied. The main objective of the EPISER2016 study was to estimate the prevalence of FM in adults in Spain. The secondary objective was to evaluate the association with sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics and smoking. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional multicentre study. The random selection was based on multistage stratified cluster sampling. The final sample comprised 4916 persons aged ≥20 years. Participants were contacted by telephone for completion of a screening survey. Investigating rheumatologists evaluated positive results (review of medical records and/or telephone interview, with medical visit if needed) to confirm the diagnosis. Prevalence and 95% confidence interval were calculated, taking into account the sample design. Weighing was applied based on age, sex, and geographic origin. Predictive models were constructed to analyse which sociodemographic, anthropometric and lifestyle variables in the call centre questionnaire were associated with the presence of FM. RESULTS: 602 subjects (12.25%) had a positive screening result for FM, of which 24 were missing (3.99%). A total of 141 cases of FM were recorded. The estimated prevalence was 2.45% (95% CI, 2.06-2.90). Female sex was the variable most associated with FM, with an odds ratio (OR) of 10.156 (95% CI, 5.068-20.352). Peak prevalence was at 60-69 years (p=0.009, OR=6.962). FM was 68% more frequent in obese individuals (OR, 1.689; 95% CI, 1.036-2.755). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of FM in adults in Spain barely changed between 2000 and 2016 and it is similar to that observed in Europe as a whole.

4.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(2): 216-224, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and analyze any cancer-associated factors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), differentiating between hormone-sensitive (HS) and non-HS cancers. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter study of a patient cohort from the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Registry of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology. Included were the first cancer post-SLE diagnosis, clinical and sociodemographic information, cumulative damage, severity, comorbidities, treatments, and refractoriness. Cancers were classified as HS (prostate, breast, endometrium, and ovarian) and non-HS (the remainder). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was calculated and logistic regression models were built. RESULTS: A total of 3,539 patients (90.4% women) were included, 154 of whom had cancer (91% female), and 44 had HS cancer (100% female). The cancer SIR was 1.37 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.15-1.59), with higher values in women age <65 years (SIR 2.38 [95% CI 1.84-2.91]). The SIR in women with HS versus non-HS cancer was 1.02 (95% CI 0.13-1.91) and 1.93 (95% CI 0.98-2.89). In HS versus non-HS cancers, SLE diagnostic age (odds ratio [OR] 1.04 [P = 0.002] versus 1.04 [P = 0.019]), and period of disease evolution (OR 1.01 [P < 0.001] versus 1.00 [P = 0.029]) were associated with cancer. The Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (OR 1.27 [P = 0.022]) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor prescriptions (OR 2.87 [P = 0.048]) were associated with non-HS cancers. CONCLUSION: Cancer incidence in patients with SLE was higher than in the Spanish population, particularly among young women. This increase might be due to non-HS cancers, which would be associated with SLE involving greater cumulative damage where more ACE inhibitors are prescribed.


Assuntos
Hormônios/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Rheumatol ; 47(2): 234-240, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of bacteremia in a large multicentric cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their clinical characteristics and to identify risk factors. METHODS: All bacteremic episodes from the Spanish RELESSER registry were included. Clinical and laboratory characteristics concerning bacteremia and SLE status, as well as comorbidities at the time of infection, were retrospectively collected. A comparison with sex- and age-matched SLE controls without bacteremia was made. A logistic regression was conducted. RESULTS: The study included 114 episodes of bacteremia in 83 patients. The incidence rate was 2.7/1000 patient-years. At the time of bacteremia, the median age was 40.5 (range: 8-90) years, and 88.6% of patients were female. The Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index was 4 [interquartile range (IQR) 8]; 41% had an SLE flare (66% severe); Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index was 3 (IQR 4). A comorbidity was recorded in 64% of cases. At the time of bacteremia, 88.6% received corticosteroids (68.6% > 10 mg/day) and 57% immunosuppressors. Gram-negative bacilli, most frequently Escherichia coli (29.8%), caused 52.6% of the episodes. The bacteremia-related mortality was 14% and bacteremia was recurrent in 27.2% of cases. A dose-response relationship was found between corticosteroids and bacteremia risk. In the multivariate analysis, these factors were associated with bacteremia: elevated creatinine (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.70; p = 0.045), diabetes (OR 6.01, 95% CI 2.26-15.95; p < 0.001), cancer (OR 5.32, 95% CI 2.23-12.70; p < 0.001), immunosuppressors (OR 6.35, 95% CI 3.42-11.77; p < 0.001), and damage (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.31-2.09; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Bacteremia occurred mostly in patients with active SLE and was frequently associated with severe flares and corticosteroid use. Recurrence and mortality were high. Immunosuppressors, comorbidities, and disease-related damage were associated with bacteremia.

6.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 30(7): 364-365, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464688

RESUMO

: Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) remain the treatment of choice for catastrophic antiphosphilipid syndrome (CAPS). However, when VKAs do not work for a specific patient, direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) may be a valid therapeutic alternative. We present a patient with a psychiatric disorder and CAPS who was noncompliant to VKA and low-molecular-weight heparin. He was started on dabigatran and has remained thrombosis-free for 8 years. Due to CAPS he has developed progressive renal failure but dabigatran levels were within the expected range. In conclusion, this case report provides anecdotic evidence that dabigatran may be of use in patients with high-risk APS in whom VKA are not an option.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Doença Catastrófica , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(12): 2081-2089, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) versus adalimumab (ADA) as a first-line biologic drug over 1 year of treatment in a large series of patients with refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We conducted an open-label multicenter study of IFX versus ADA for BD-related uveitis refractory to conventional nonbiologic treatment. IFX or ADA was chosen as the first-line biologic agent based on physician and patient agreement. Patients received 3-5 mg/kg intravenous IFX at 0, 2, and 6 weeks and every 4-8 weeks thereafter, or 40 mg subcutaneous ADA every other week without a loading dose. Ocular parameters were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The study included 177 patients (316 affected eyes), of whom 103 received IFX and 74 received ADA. There were no significant baseline differences between treatment groups in main demographic features, previous therapy, or ocular sign severity. After 1 year of therapy, we observed an improvement in all ocular parameters in both groups. However, patients receiving ADA had significantly better outcomes in some parameters, including improvement in anterior chamber inflammation (92.31% versus 78.18% for IFX; P = 0.06), improvement in vitritis (93.33% versus 78.95% for IFX; P = 0.04), and best-corrected visual acuity (mean ± SD 0.81 ± 0.26 versus 0.67 ± 0.34 for IFX; P = 0.001). A nonsignificant difference was seen for macular thickness (mean ± SD 250.62 ± 36.85 for ADA versus 264.89 ± 59.74 for IFX; P = 0.15), and improvement in retinal vasculitis was similar between the 2 groups (95% for ADA versus 97% for IFX; P = 0.28). The drug retention rate was higher in the ADA group (95.24% versus 84.95% for IFX; P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Although both IFX and ADA are efficacious in refractory BD-related uveitis, ADA appears to be associated with better outcomes than IFX after 1 year of follow-up.

9.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 90-96, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184355

RESUMO

Objetivos: Describir la metodología del estudio de prevalencia de las enfermedades reumáticas en la población adulta en España, EPISER 2016, así como sus fortalezas y limitaciones. El objetivo del proyecto es estimar la prevalencia de artritis reumatoide (AR), artropatía psoriásica (APs), espondilitis anquilosante (EA), lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), síndrome de Sjögren (SS), artrosis (de rodilla, cadera, manos, columna cervical y lumbar), fibromialgia, gota y fractura osteoporótica clínica. Material y método: Estudio transversal multicéntrico de base poblacional en el que participan 45 municipios de las 17 comunidades autónomas. La población de referencia está compuesta por adultos de 20 o más años residentes en España. La recogida de información se llevará a cabo mediante encuesta telefónica empleando el sistema Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI). Las sospechas diagnósticas y los diagnósticos autorreferidos serán estudiadas por reumatólogos del hospital de referencia de los municipios seleccionados. Análisis estadístico: se calcularán las prevalencias de enfermedades reumáticas mediante estimadores y sus IC del 95%. Se calcularán factores de ponderación en función de la probabilidad de selección en cada una de las etapas del muestreo. Se tendrá en cuenta la distribución de la población en España según datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Conclusiones: Los cambios sociodemográficos y en hábitos de vida durante los últimos 16 años justifican la realización de EPISER 2016. El estudio ofrecerá datos actualizados de prevalencia en AR, EA, APs, LES, SS, artrosis, fibromialgia, gota y fractura osteoporótica clínica. Los resultados permitirán comparar los datos con estudios de otros países y con el EPISER 2000


Aims: To describe the methodology of the EPISER 2016 (study of the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in adult population in Spain), as well its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), osteoarthritis (knee, hip, hands, and cervical and lumbar spine), fibromyalgia, gout and clinical osteoporotic fracture. Material and method: Population-based, multicenter, cross-sectional study, with the participation of 45 municipalities in the 17 Spanish autonomous communities. The reference population will consist of adults aged 20 years and over residing in Spain. A computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) system will be used for data collection. Diagnostic suspicions and diagnoses received by the participants will be studied by rheumatologists in the referral hospitals in the selected municipalities. Statistical analysis: the prevalence of the rheumatic diseases will be calculated using estimators and their 95% confidence intervals. Weights will be calculated in each of the sampling stages in accordance with the probability of selection. The distribution of the population in Spain will be obtained from the Spanish Statistics Institute. Conclusions: Sociodemographic and lifestyle changes over the last 16 years justify EPISER 2016. This study will provide current data about the prevalences of RA, AS, PsA, SLE, SS, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, gout and clinical osteoporotic fracture. The results will allow comparisons with studies from other countries and EPISER 2000


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Gota/epidemiologia , Artropatias/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Fibromialgia/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos
10.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(6): 991-999, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891620

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to assess the ESSDAI index characteristics in the SJÖGRENSER cohort (Spanish Rheumatology Association's registry of patients with Primary Sjögren Syndrome [PSS]). SJÖGRENSER is a prospective multicentric study on a cohort of Spanish patients with PSS who meet the 2002 American-European consensus from rheumatology units. 298 variables were studied in patients for the inclusion of the study from an anonymous list from each department. The ESSDAI (EULAR Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index) includes 12 domains and measures systematic activity in PSS patients. Each domain is divided into 3-4 levels, (0: no activity; 1: low activity; 2: moderate activity; 3: high activity) and is attributed a weight. Each domain score is obtained by multiplying the activity level by the weight assigned. According to ESSDAI: low activity < 5; moderate activity 5-13, and high activity ≥ 14. ESSDAI was compared between several European PSS cohorts (EULAR, ASSES, GEAS, GRISS, Ducth). 437 patients were included from 33 Spanish rheumatology units. 95.2% were women with a median age of 58.63 years [p25-p75: 50.02-67.98 years] and average PSS evolution of 10.4 years (6-16 years). ESSDAI median on entering the study was 2 (0-4). 31% of patients had ESSDAI 0; low activity 49%, moderate activity 15%, and high activity 5%. Those with greater activity were the joint, haematological and biological domains, whereas the lung was the most affected organ with pleural and parenchymatous involvement. Unlike other European cohorts, the initial SJÖGRENSER cohort was characterised by low-zero systemic activity in 80% of patients, which differentiates it from other cohorts and provides a prospective study opportunity.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Espanha
12.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(1): 34-42, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176075

RESUMO

Objectives: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. Results: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. Conclusions: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis


Objetivos: Los conocimientos sobre el curso y el desenlace a largo plazo de la nefritis lúpica membranosa (NLM) pura son todavía escasos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las características clínicas, curso, desenlace e indicadores pronósticos de la NLM y determinar el impacto de la etnicidad y tipo de cobertura sanitaria en el curso y pronóstico de la NLM. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las historias de 150 pacientes con NLM de España y Estados Unidos. Resultados: La edad media fue 34,2±12,5 y el 80% eran mujeres. El 68% de los pacientes tenían síndrome nefrótico al diagnóstico. La creatinina sérica media fue 0,98±0,78mg/dl. El 6% de los pacientes fallecieron y el 5,3% desarrollaron insuficiencia renal terminal (IRT). El sexo masculino, la hipertensión, la dislipemia, la alta proteinuria basal, la alta creatininemia y un aclaramiento de creatinina reducido predijeron el desarrollo de IRT. La edad, la insuficiencia cardíaca, la arteriopatía periférica, la hemodiálisis y el no haber recibido micofenolato de mofetilo o antimaláricos predijeron el fallecimiento. Conclusiones: La NLM pura suele debutar con síndrome nefrótico, alta proteinuria y creatininemia normal. Su pronóstico es favourable en términos de mantenimiento de la función renal aunque la proteinuria habitualmente persiste durante el seguimiento. La enfermedad cardiovascular basal y no tener cobertura sanitaria se relacionan con mal pronóstico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Creatinina/sangue
13.
Reumatol Clin ; 15(1): 34-42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28528869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. RESULTS: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. CONCLUSIONS: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/diagnóstico , Nefrite Lúpica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/mortalidade , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/fisiopatologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/terapia , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/mortalidade , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Reumatol Clin ; 15(2): 90-96, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28774657

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe the methodology of the EPISER 2016 (study of the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in adult population in Spain), as well its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), osteoarthritis (knee, hip, hands, and cervical and lumbar spine), fibromyalgia, gout and clinical osteoporotic fracture. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Population-based, multicenter, cross-sectional study, with the participation of 45 municipalities in the 17 Spanish autonomous communities. The reference population will consist of adults aged 20 years and over residing in Spain. A computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) system will be used for data collection. Diagnostic suspicions and diagnoses received by the participants will be studied by rheumatologists in the referral hospitals in the selected municipalities. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: the prevalence of the rheumatic diseases will be calculated using estimators and their 95% confidence intervals. Weights will be calculated in each of the sampling stages in accordance with the probability of selection. The distribution of the population in Spain will be obtained from the Spanish Statistics Institute. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic and lifestyle changes over the last 16 years justify EPISER 2016. This study will provide current data about the prevalences of RA, AS, PsA, SLE, SS, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, gout and clinical osteoporotic fracture. The results will allow comparisons with studies from other countries and EPISER 2000.


Assuntos
Projetos de Pesquisa , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia
16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 280, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact on mortality of primary respiratory disease in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All adult patients in the RELESSER-TRANS (Registry of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], cross-sectional phase) registry were retrospectively investigated for the presence of primary pleuropulmonary manifestations. RESULTS: In total 3215 patients were included. At least one pleuropulmonary manifestation was present in 31% of patients. The most common manifestation was pleural disease (21%), followed by lupus pneumonitis (3.6%), pulmonary thromboembolism (2.9%), primary pulmonary hypertension (2.4%), diffuse interstitial lung disease (2%), alveolar hemorrhage (0.8%), and shrinking lung syndrome (0.8%). In the multivariable analysis, the variables associated with the development of pleuropulmonary manifestation were older age at disease onset (odds ratio (OR) 1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.04), higher SLEDAI (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index) scores (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.07), the presence of Raynaud's phenomenon (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.09-1.84), secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.63-2.97), and the previous or concomitant occurrence of severe lupus nephritis, (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.95) neuropsychiatric manifestations (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.11-2.02), non-ischemic cardiac disease (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.90-4.15), vasculitis (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.62), hematological manifestations (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.00-1.71), and gastrointestinal manifestations, excluding hepatitis (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.14-3.66). Anti-RNP positivity had a clear tendency to significance (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.00-1.75; P = 0.054). The development of pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributes to a diminished survival (hazard ratio of 3.13). However, not all complications will influence the prognosis in the same way. Whereas the occurrence of pleural disease or pulmonary thromboembolism has a minimal impact on the survival of these patients, the remaining manifestations have a major impact on mortality. CONCLUSION: Except for pleural disease, the remaining respiratory manifestations are very uncommon in SLE (<4%). Pleuropulmonary manifestations independently contributed to a decreased survival in these patients.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ophthalmology ; 125(9): 1444-1451, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602570

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) therapy optimization in a large series of patients with uveitis due to Behçet disease (BD) who achieved remission after the use of this biologic agent. DESIGN: Open-label multicenter study of ADA-treated patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressants. SUBJECTS: Sixty-five of 74 patients with uveitis due to BD, who achieved remission after a median ADA duration of 6 (range, 3-12) months. ADA was optimized in 23 (35.4%) of them. This biologic agent was maintained at a dose of 40 mg/subcutaneously/2 weeks in the remaining 42 patients. METHODS: After remission, based on a shared decision between the patient and the treating physician, ADA was optimized. When agreement between patient and physician was reached, optimization was performed by prolonging the ADA dosing interval progressively. Comparison between optimized and nonoptimized patients was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness in optimized and nonoptimized groups. To determine efficacy, intraocular inflammation (anterior chamber cells, vitritis, and retinal vasculitis), macular thickness, visual acuity, and the sparing effect of glucocorticoids were assessed. RESULTS: No demographic or ocular differences were found at the time of ADA onset between the optimized and the nonoptimized groups. Most ocular outcomes were similar after a mean ± standard deviation follow-up of 34.7±13.3 and 26±21.3 months in the optimized and nonoptimized groups, respectively. However, relevant adverse effects were only seen in the nonoptimized group (lymphoma, pneumonia, severe local reaction at the injection site, and bacteremia by Escherichia coli, 1 each). Moreover, the mean ADA treatment costs were lower in the optimized group than in the nonoptimized group (6101.25 euros/patient/year vs. 12 339.48; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: ADA optimization in BD uveitis refractory to conventional therapy is effective, safe, and cost-effective.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Acuidade Visual , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/etiologia
18.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(6): 1075-1082, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29556704

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and other organs, resulting in dry eye, dry mouth and extraglandular systemic findings. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of severe or very severe dry eye with extraocular involvement in patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: SJOGRENSER registry is a multicenter cross-sectional study of pSS patients. For the construction of our main variable, severe/very severe dry eye, we used those variables that represented a degree 3-4 of severity according to the 2007 Dry Eye Workshop classification. First, bivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the effect of each independent variable on severe/very severe dry eye. Secondly, multivariate analysis using regression model was used to establish the independent effect of patient characteristics. RESULTS: Four hundred and thirty-seven patients were included in SJOGRENSER registry; 94% of the patients complained of dry eye and 16% developed corneal ulcer. Schirmer's test was pathological in 92% of the patients; 378 patients presented severe/very severe dry eye. Inflammatory articular involvement was significantly more frequent in patients with severe/very severe dry eye than in those without severe/very severe dry eye (82.5 vs 69.5%, p = 0,028). Inflammatory joint involvement was associated with severe/very severe dry eye in the multivariate analysis, OR 2.079 (95% CI 1.096-3.941). CONCLUSION: Severe or very severe dry eye is associated with the presence of inflammatory joint involvement in patients with pSS. These results suggest that a directed anamnesis including systemic comorbidities, such as the presence of inflammatory joint involvement or dry mouth in patients with dry eye, would be useful to suspect a pSS.


Assuntos
Ceratoconjuntivite Seca/patologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Xerostomia
19.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(1): 22-27, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) in patients with ILD associated to RA. METHODS: National multicenter, non-controlled, open-label registry study of RA patients with ILD treated with ABA. RESULTS: 63 patients (36 women) with RA-associated ILD undergoing ABA therapy were studied. The mean ± standard deviation age at the time of the study was 63.2 ± 9.8 years. The median duration of RA and ILD from diagnosis were 6.8 and 1 year, respectively. RA was seropositive in 55 patients (87.3%). In 15 (23.8%) of 63 patients the development of ILD was closely related to the administration of synthetic or biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. After a follow-up of 9.4 ± 3.2 months, two-thirds of patients remained stable whereas one-quarter experienced improvement in the Modified Medical Research Council scale. At that time forced vital capacity remained stable in almost two-thirds of patents and improved in one out of five patients assessed. Also, diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide remained stable in almost two-thirds and showed improvement in a quarter of the patients assessed. At 12 months, 50% of the 22 patients in whom chest HRCT scan was performed due persistence of respiratory symptoms showed stabilization, 8 (36.4%) improvement and 3 worsening of the HRCT scan pattern. Eleven of 63 patients had to discontinue ABA, mainly due to adverse events. CONCLUSION: ABA appears to be an effective in RA-associated ILD.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 105(3): 28-34, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28240585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess fibromyalgia (FM) prevalence in a large cohort of primary Sjögren's syndrome patients (pSS) from a National Database. METHODS: Data included in the national retrospective register of pSS patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SJOGRENSER) were analysed. RESULTS: 437 pSS patients were included and a 14.6% of FM prevalence was found. FM-pSS patients significantly showed more constitutional, fatigue and arthralgia symptoms, splenomegaly, genital, skin and ear involvement and dyslipidaemia (p<0.05), as well as higher ESSPRI and SSDAI scores (p<0.01). Several symptomatic treatments were more frequently used in FM-pSS patients. No differences were observed in laboratory markers, imaging techniques or histologic inflammatory findings. Patients with FM showed statistically more fatigue than pSS without FM. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis several features were associated to pSS-FM patients. CONCLUSIONS: We show data on a reliable prevalence of FM in pSS patients and its multiple associated factors along with the presence of higher disease activity scores than patients who did not show FM. The presence of fatigue, arthralgia, constitutional symptoms and dyslipidaemia were more likely to coexist in pSS-FM patients.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artralgia/epidemiologia , Artralgia/etiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/etiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reumatologia , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Sociedades Médicas , Espanha/epidemiologia , Esplenomegalia/epidemiologia , Esplenomegalia/etiologia
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