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1.
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep ; 20(11): 49, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880775

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2016, the World Health Organization declared the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern following a cluster of associated neurological disorders and neonatal malformations. Our aim is to review the clinical and neuroimaging findings seen in congenital Zika syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: ZIKV injures neural progenitor cells in the hippocampus, a brain region important for learning, memory, cognition, and emotion/stress response. Positron emission tomography has revealed global neuroinflammation in ZIKV infection in animal models. Congenital Zika syndrome is associated with a spectrum of brain abnormalities, including microcephaly, parenchymal calcifications, malformations of cortical development and defective neuronal migration, corpus callosum abnormalities, ventriculomegaly, and brainstem and cerebellar abnormalities.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 31(42): 425703, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516755

RESUMO

Enhancing the rate of decomposition or removal of organic dye by designing novel nanostructures is a subject of intensive research aimed at improving waste-water treatment in the textile and pharmaceutical industries. Despite radical progress in this challenging area using iron-based nanostructures, enhancing stability and dye adsorption performance is highly desirable. In the present manuscript alkali cations are incorporated into iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) to tailor their structural and magnetic properties and to magnify methyl blue (MB) removal/decomposition capability. The process automatically functionalizes the IONPs without any additional steps. The plausible mechanisms proposed for IONPs incubated in alkali chloride and hydroxide solutions are based on structural investigation and correlated with the removal/adsorption capabilities. The MB adsorption kinetics of the incubated IONPs is elucidated by the pseudo second-order reaction model. Not only are the functional groups of -OH and -Cl attached to the surface of the NPs, the present investigation also reveals that the presence of alkali cations significantly influences the MB adsorption kinetics and correlates with the cation content and atomic polarizability.

3.
Anim Genet ; 51(4): 611-616, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378756

RESUMO

The Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is a prominent farmed fish in aquaculture worldwide. Crossbreeding has recently been carried out between the Red-Stirling and the wt Chitralada strains of Nile tilapia, producing a heterotic hybrid (7/8 Chitralada and 1/8 Red-Stirling) that combines the superior growth performance of the Chitralada with the reddish coloration of the Red-Stirling strain. While classical selective breeding and crossbreeding strategies are well known, the molecular mechanisms underlying the phenotypic expression of economically advantageous traits in tilapia remain largely unknown. Molecular investigations have shown that variable expression of growth hormone (gh), insulin-like growth factors (igf1 and 2) and somatolactin (smtla) - components of the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor (GH/IGF) axis - and myostatin (mstn) genes can affect traits of economic relevance in farmed animals. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the gene expression signature among Chitralada, Red-Stirling and their backcross hybrid in order to gain insights into the effects of introgressive breeding in modulation of the GH/IGF axis. Gene expression analyses in distinct tissues showed that most genes of the GH/IGF axis were up-regulated and mstn was down-regulated in backcross animals in comparison with Red-Stirling and Chitralada animals. These gene expression profiles revealed that backcross animals displayed a distinctive expression signature, which attests to the effectiveness of the introgressive breeding technique. Our findings also suggest that the GH/IGF axis and mstn genes might be candidate markers for fish performance and prove useful within genetic improvement programs aimed at the production of superior-quality tilapia strains using introgressive breeding.

5.
Prev Vet Med ; 176: 104938, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143028

RESUMO

Diseases that affect cattle represent obstacles to the development of livestock activity. Brucellosis is a significant such disease because it is transmissible, has a chronic nature, and causes health and economic damages to the herd and rural producer. Data from surveys performed in 2002 and 2014 were compared to identify the spatial distribution of bovine brucellosis and to evaluate clusters of outbreaks and areas of greater risk to have infected cattle in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The present study analyzed the data obtained in the aforementioned investigations with a statistical model based on a spatial point process called a generalized additive model (GAM). The analysis made it possible to identify the regions of highest and lowest risk in the state of Mato Grosso. Of the 1001 properties analyzed in 2002, 198 were in areas with high-odds ratio, and 121 were in a low-odds ratio area. Of the 1248 properties sampled in 2014, 119 were in a high-odds ratio area, and 162 were in a low-odds ratio area. Areas with high-odds ratio are more likely to have infected cattle and can be considered to be at higher risk for the disease. The results of the present study highlight the reduction in foci, prevalence, and its relationship with the spatial distribution of bovine brucellosis. The study results should help the official defense service of Mato Grosso direct its activities according to the profile of each region.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006273

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study described and compared the oral characteristics of Brazilian individuals with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) and without MPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 29 individuals with MPS and 29 without MPS and their parents/guardians. The individuals were aged between 3 and 21 years and attended at two hospitals in Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil. The dental characteristics were evaluated by clinical examination of dental caries, gingivitis, malocclusion, dental anomalies and developmental defects of enamel. The parents/guardians answered a questionnaire about the sociodemographic and behavioural aspects of their children. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. RESULTS: The average age of the individuals was 13.9 years (± 7.2). The majority were male (58.6%), had black/brown skin (70.7%) and were from favored economic class (89.7%). Dental caries, gingivitis, malocclusion and dental anomalies were more prevalent in the MPS group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The individuals with MPS had a higher prevalence of oral diseases and dental anomalies than the group without MPS.

7.
Theriogenology ; 147: 10-17, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074494

RESUMO

Numerous studies have reported the importance of thyroid hormones on the development of later preantral and antral follicles, but their interactions with other hormones and effects in regulating early preantral follicle growth remain unclear. Here we investigated the in vitro effects of thyroxine combined with insulin on caprine preantral follicle survival and development. Sliced ovarian tissues were cultured for 1 or 7 days using 10 ng/mL (low) or 10 µg/mL (high) insulin in the presence of thyroxine at 0, 0.5, 1 or 2 µg/mL. Post-culture, we evaluated the follicular survival and development, assessed the expression of apoptotic-related genes (Bcl2/Bax) and receptors of insulin and thyroid hormones, and quantified the estradiol and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production levels. Follicular survival in low-insulin culture conditions was enhanced by the presence of 0.5 µg/mL thyroxine (P < 0.05) as compared to the thyroxine-free medium but remained similar to non-cultured control in the presence of 2 µg/mL (P > 0.05). Significantly higher ROS production was measured from Day 1 to Day 7 in low-insulin culture media containing 0.5 or 2 µg/mL thyroxine (P < 0.05). When compared to high insulin level, the presence of thyroxine in low insulin culture conditions yielded higher stromal cell density (P < 0.05), increased estradiol production on Day 1, and higher Bcl2/Bax ratio on Day 7. Cultures with high levels of both insulin and thyroxine led to follicles and oocytes with larger diameters (P < 0.05). The RNA transcript levels of insulin and thyroid receptors were reduced in the presence of high insulin cultures when compared to controls (non-cultured). In conclusion, the combination of low concentrations of insulin and thyroxine better maintained follicle survival, while high levels ensured better follicular development.

8.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 25(2): e283-e290, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this experimental study was to compare the immunohistochemical expression of SOX2 and BCL-2 in Odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) and Ameloblastoma (AB) specimens, and to identify a possible correlation in their expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to evaluate SOX2 and BCL-2 expression in OKC (n = 20) and AB (n = 20). The immunoexpression was analyzed by a quantitative and qualitative scoring system. The comparison between the immunoexpression of SOX 2 and BCL-2 was assessed by the Mann-Whitney U-test. Spearman's correlation coefficient evaluated the correlation between SOX2 and BCL-2 expressions. RESULTS: SOX2 and BCL-2 expression was observed in all specimens of OKC in the full thickness of the epithelium lining. SOX2 immunostaining was higher in OKC, in comparison with AB samples (P<0.05). BCL-2 immunostaining between OKC and AB was not statistically significant. There was no significant correlation between SOX2 and BCL-2 in OKC and AB specimens. CONCLUSIONS: SOX2 and BCL-2 expressions in OKC may suggest their relationship with the biological behavior of this lesion, and the higher expression of SOX2 might be an upstream influence on the Hh signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Ameloblastoma , Cistos Odontogênicos , Tumores Odontogênicos , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1
9.
Physiotherapy ; 106: 145-153, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of ventilation mode and manual chest compression (MCC) application on the flow bias generated during positive end-expiratory pressure-zero end-expiratory pressure (PEEP-ZEEP) in mechanically ventilated patients. PEEP-ZEEP is an airway clearance manoeuvre with the potential to exceed the flow bias required to remove secretions. However, the ventilation mode applied during the manoeuvre has not been standardised. DESIGN: Randomised crossover trial. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen mechanically ventilated patients. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomised to receive PEEP-ZEEP in volume-controlled and pressure-controlled modes, and with or without MCC. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The difference in flow bias - assessed by the peak expiratory flow (PEF) and peak inspiratory flow (PIF) ratio and difference - between PEEP-ZEEP applied in both ventilation modes, and with and without MCC. RESULTS: The expiratory flow bias was significantly higher in the volume-controlled mode than the pressure-controlled mode. This result was caused by a lower PIF in the volume-controlled mode. PEEP-ZEEP applied in the pressure-controlled mode did not achieve the PEF-PIF difference threshold to clear mucus. Moreover, in the majority of cycles of PEEP-ZEEP applied in the pressure-controlled mode, an inspiratory flow bias was generated, which might embed mucus. PEF was 8l/minute higher with MCC compared with without MCC, which increased the PEF-PIF difference by the same amount. No haemodynamic or respiratory adverse effects were found. CONCLUSIONS: If applied in the volume-controlled mode, PEEP-ZEEP can achieve the flow bias needed to expel pulmonary secretions. However, this is not the case in the pressure-controlled mode. MCC can augment the flow bias generated by PEEP-ZEEP, but its application may be dispensable. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-223xv8/.

10.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8688, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389493

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise on oxidative stress markers in a group of women with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to a group of healthy women (CT). Twenty-one women diagnosed with FM and 21 age- and weight-matched healthy women were enrolled the study. Plasma oxidative stress markers (primary outcomes) were evaluated at rest and after WBV, and included thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), iron reduction capacity (FRAP), superoxide dismutase antioxidant enzymes activity (SOD), and catalase (CAT). At rest, the FM group had higher TBARS (P<0.001) and FRAP (P<0.001), and lower CAT (P=0.005) compared to the CT. In the CT group, the WBV had no effect on TBARS (P=0.559) and FRAP (P=0.926), whereas it increased both SOD (P<0.001) and CAT (P<0.001). In the FM group, the WBV reduced TBARS (p <0.001), FRAP (P<0.001), and CAT (P=0.005), while it increased SOD (P=0.019). There was an interaction effect (moments vs groups) in the TBARS (effect size=1.34), FRAP (effect size=0.93), CAT (effect size=1.45), and SOD (effect size=1.44) (P<0.001). A single trial of WBV exercise improved all oxidant and antioxidant parameters towards a greater adaptation to the stress response in FM women.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Fibromialgia/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Vibração , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
J Appl Microbiol ; 127(4): 1018-1027, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278820

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the activity and effectiveness of impregnated central venous catheters (CVC) against Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilms. METHODS AND RESULTS: The antimicrobial activity and durability of impregnated-CVCs were evaluated over time and the size of zones of inhibition (ZI) was measured. Biofilm formation was observed by quantitative culture and also by scanning electron microscopy. The catheters impregnated with chlorhexidine/silver sulfadiazine (CHX/SS) reduced bacteria counts by 0·3 log and were most effective (P < 0·01) against Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilms N-acetylcysteine/levofloxacin (NAC/LEV) catheters. It was observed that the catheter impregnated with NAC/LEV had initially the largest average ZI size being statistically significant (P < 0·01). The NAC/LEV combination remained active until day 30, whereas the combination of CHX/SS was completely inactivated from day 15 on. CONCLUSIONS: The NAC/LEV combination showed greater durability on the catheters, but it was the CHX/SS combination that had the greater initial efficacy in bacterial inhibition. It was also observed that NAC/LEV-impregnated catheters do not prevent the emergence of resistant subpopulations inside the inhibition halos during antimicrobial susceptibility tests. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Our results highlighted that the in vitro efficacy of antimicrobial-impregnated CVCs is limited by time and that their colonization occurred earlier than expected. Our data also demonstrated that NAC/LEV remained active until day 30 of evaluation and CHX/SS combination was completely inactivated from day 15 on. Our findings suggested that implantable devices should be carefully used by medical community.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Cateteres/microbiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Klebsiella pneumoniae/fisiologia , Levofloxacino/farmacologia , Sulfadiazina de Prata/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo
12.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(5): e0006967, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042700

RESUMO

Several studies suggest that HTLV-1 infection may be associated with a wider spectrum of neurologic manifestations that do not meet diagnostic criteria for HAM/TSP. These conditions may later progress to HAM/TSP or constitute an intermediate clinical form, between asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers and those with full myelopathy. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of HTLV-1-associated disease in subjects without HAM/TSP, and the relationship between these findings with HTLV-1 proviral load (PVL). METHODS: 175 HTLV-1-infected subjects were submitted to a careful neurological evaluation, during their regular follow up at the HTLV outpatient clinic of the Institute of Infectious Diseases "Emilio Ribas", São Paulo city, Brazil. Clinical evaluation and blinded standardized neurological screening were performed for all the subjects by the same neurologist (MH). RESULTS: After the neurological evaluation, 133 patients were classified as asymptomatic and 42 fulfilled the criteria for intermediate syndrome (IS). The mean age of the enrolled subjects was 46.3 years and 130 (74.3%) were females. Clinical classification shows that neurological symptoms (p<0.001), visual disorders (p = 0.001), oral conditions (p = 0.001), skin lesions (p<0.001), bladder disorders (p<0.001), and rheumatological symptoms (p = 0.001), were strongly associated to IS, except for disautonomy (p = 0.21). A multivariate analysis revealed that HTLV-1 proviral load, oral conditions, bladder disorders and rheumatological symptoms were independently associated with the IS. CONCLUSIONS: We found some early alterations in 42 patients (24%), particularly the presence of previously not acknowledged clinical and neurological symptoms, among subjects previously classified as "asymptomatic", who we reclassified as having an intermediate syndrome.


Assuntos
Portador Sadio/virologia , Infecções por HTLV-I/complicações , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/fisiologia , Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/diagnóstico , Provírus/fisiologia , Carga Viral , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Infecções por HTLV-I/virologia , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Neurológico , Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/etiologia , Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/virologia , Provírus/genética
13.
Public Health ; 171: 31-40, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were (1) to identify attributes for patient safety at a primary healthcare level and (2) to analyze conceptions of patients, professionals, and managers about how these attributes are being addressed. STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three primary care settings in Brazil. A total of 37 subjects (four physicians, three nurses, three dentists, three managers, five community assistants, and 19 patients) participated on interviews about their perceptions of safety attributes at the primary care settings involved in the study. Some of these participants attended a focus group meeting. A thematic categorical analysis was carried out to interpret the interviews. RESULTS: The main attributes for patient safety were valued by the participants. However, barriers such as discontinuity of care, interruptions during consultations, breakdowns in the communication, and ineffective teamwork were reported as frequent sources of patient safety issues. Reports of patients left unattended for excessive time because of the lack of accurate information and disruptions that took up to 35 min show that there is still a long way to go for primary care to be safe and effective in the study settings. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary that the strategies meet the patient safety needs more effectively and efficiently. Further research is needed to understand the complex nature of the problems that affect patient safety in these settings so that appropriate decisions can be made.


Assuntos
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Segurança do Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Pessoal Administrativo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Comunicação , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
14.
PLoS negl. trop. dis ; 13(5): e0006967, May 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IIERPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1017052

RESUMO

Several studies suggest that HTLV-1 infection may be associated with a wider spectrum of neurologic manifestations that do not meet diagnostic criteria for HAM/TSP. These conditions may later progress to HAM/TSP or constitute an intermediate clinical form, between asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers and those with full myelopathy. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of HTLV-1-associated disease in subjects without HAM/TSP, and the relationship between these findings with HTLV-1 proviral load (PVL). METHODS: 175 HTLV-1-infected subjects were submitted to a careful neurological evaluation, during their regular follow up at the HTLV outpatient clinic of the Institute of Infectious Diseases "Emilio Ribas", São Paulo city, Brazil. Clinical evaluation and blinded standardized neurological screening were performed for all the subjects by the same neurologist (MH). RESULTS: After the neurological evaluation, 133 patients were classified as asymptomatic and 42 fulfilled the criteria for intermediate syndrome (IS). The mean age of the enrolled subjects was 46.3 years and 130 (74.3%) were females. Clinical classification shows that neurological symptoms (p<0.001), visual disorders (p = 0.001), oral conditions (p = 0.001), skin lesions (p<0.001), bladder disorders (p<0.001), and rheumatological symptoms (p = 0.001), were strongly associated to IS, except for disautonomy (p = 0.21). A multivariate analysis revealed that HTLV-1 proviral load, oral conditions, bladder disorders and rheumatological symptoms were independently associated with the IS. CONCLUSIONS: We found some early alterations in 42 patients (24%), particularly the presence of previously not acknowledged clinical and neurological symptoms, among subjects previously classified as "asymptomatic", who we reclassified as having an intermediate syndrome


Assuntos
Humanos , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano , Carga Viral , Manifestações Neurológicas
15.
Poult Sci ; 98(9): 3860-3869, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877746

RESUMO

Aiming to reduce feed costs, cottonseed oil (CSO) has been used as an alternative component in diets for broilers. However, this oil contains gossypol, an antinutritional agent that impacts the use of mineral elements, inhibits glucose uptake, and has a direct inhibitory action on intestinal enzymes. Nevertheless, toxic effects of gossypol can be prevented by the addition of iron salts, such as ferrous sulfate (FS), to the diet. This work was conducted to evaluate performance and gene expression of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the intestines of 21- and 42-day-old broilers fed 0, 2, 4, or 6% concentrations of CSO, with or without FS. All CSO diets led to weight gain (WG) at 21 D. At 42 D, an increase in WG and a decrease in feed conversion (FCR) in the diets containing FS were observed. In 21-day-old birds supplemented with 4% CSO and FS, an increase in GPx gene expression was observed when compared to the 6% level. Animals (42 day old) supplemented with 6% CSO and FS presented greater expression of SOD gene when compared to 2% CSO and FS. In addition, a higher GPx expression in broilers supplemented with 6% CSO and FS compared to 6% CSO without FS was achieved. In conclusion, including CSO in the diets of broiler favors WG in animals at 21 D of age, independent of the presence or absence of FS; and including 4% CSO and FS in the diet of these animals alters the expression of the GPx gene in the intestine, so it is not necessary to add FS at 21 D. On the other hand, in 42-day-old broilers, the addition of FS is indicated, due to increases WG, decreased FCR and at the 6% CSO level without FS increase in the expression of the SOD and GPx genes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Galinhas/fisiologia , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/metabolismo , Compostos Ferrosos/metabolismo , Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/administração & dosagem , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Compostos Ferrosos/administração & dosagem , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/fisiologia , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
16.
Brain Behav Immun ; 79: 186-194, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716391

RESUMO

It is well-established that bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) can promote neuroinflammation through receptor Toll-like 4 activation and induces sickness behavior in mice. This phenomenon triggers changes in membranes lipid dynamics to promote the intracellular cell signaling. Desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) is a powerful technique that can be used to image the distribution of lipids in the brain tissue directly. In this work, we characterize the LPS-induced neuroinflammation and the lipid dynamics in C57BL/6 mice at 3 and 24 h after LPS injection. We have observed that intraperitoneal administration of LPS (5 mg/kg body weight) induces sickness behavior and triggers a peripheral and cerebral increase of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels after 3 h, but only IL-10 was upregulated after 24 h. Morphological analysis of hypothalamus, cortex and hippocampus demonstrated that microglial activation was present after 24 h of LPS injection, but not at 3 h. DESI-MS revealed a total of 14 lipids significantly altered after 3 and 24 h and as well as their neuroanatomical distribution. Multivariate statistical analyzes have shown that ions associated with phosphatidylethanolamine [PE(38:4)] and docosatetraenoic acid [FA (22:4)] could be used as biomarkers to distinguish samples from the control or LPS treated groups. Finally, our data demonstrated that monitoring cerebral lipids dynamics and its neuroanatomical distribution can be helpful to understand sickness behavior and microglial activation after LPS administration.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/imunologia , Inflamação Neurogênica/imunologia , Neuroimunomodulação/imunologia , Animais , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Hipocampo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Comportamento de Doença/fisiologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos
17.
Int Endod J ; 52(4): 400-406, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30284719

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the frequency of post-treatment apical periodontitis associated with root filled teeth with at least one untreated root canal. METHODOLOGY: Eight hundred and seven cone beam computed tomography images containing at least one root filled tooth were selected from a collection of 1543 images from Brazilian individuals. Scans were taken using ICAT Classic devices (Imaging Sciences, Hatfield, PA, USA) in a private oral radiology clinic from January to April 2015. All root filled teeth were analysed for the presence of missed canals and apical periodontitis. The chi-square and odds ratio tests were used to verify if there were an association and risk relationship between the occurrence of untreated canals and apical periodontitis. RESULTS: A total of 2294 teeth with evidence of root fillings were identified. Two hundred and eighty-one teeth had at least one untreated missed canal (12%). The frequency of apical periodontitis in teeth with at least one untreated canal was significantly greater in comparison to teeth with all canals treated (274/281, 98% versus 1736/2013, 86%) (P < 0.01). The odds for apical periodontitis to be present was 6.25 times greater for teeth with an untreated canal. The mesiobuccal roots of maxillary first molars had the greatest frequency of untreated canals (114/154, 74%), with the second mesiobuccal canal being the most frequently missed (n = 106/114, 93%). CONCLUSION: Root filled teeth with at least one missed canal had a high prevalence of post-treatment apical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Brasil , Cavidade Pulpar , Humanos , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8688, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011611

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise on oxidative stress markers in a group of women with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to a group of healthy women (CT). Twenty-one women diagnosed with FM and 21 age- and weight-matched healthy women were enrolled the study. Plasma oxidative stress markers (primary outcomes) were evaluated at rest and after WBV, and included thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), iron reduction capacity (FRAP), superoxide dismutase antioxidant enzymes activity (SOD), and catalase (CAT). At rest, the FM group had higher TBARS (P<0.001) and FRAP (P<0.001), and lower CAT (P=0.005) compared to the CT. In the CT group, the WBV had no effect on TBARS (P=0.559) and FRAP (P=0.926), whereas it increased both SOD (P<0.001) and CAT (P<0.001). In the FM group, the WBV reduced TBARS (p <0.001), FRAP (P<0.001), and CAT (P=0.005), while it increased SOD (P=0.019). There was an interaction effect (moments vs groups) in the TBARS (effect size=1.34), FRAP (effect size=0.93), CAT (effect size=1.45), and SOD (effect size=1.44) (P<0.001). A single trial of WBV exercise improved all oxidant and antioxidant parameters towards a greater adaptation to the stress response in FM women.

19.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 51(12): e7813, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462774

RESUMO

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare autosomal dominant disease due to C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH). The disease is characterized by subcutaneous and submucosal edema in the absence of urticaria due to the accumulation of bradykinin. This descriptive study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HAE referred to our Outpatient Clinic between December 2009 and November 2017. Fifty-one patients (38 F, 13 M) with a mean age of 32 years (range: 7-70 y) were included. Family history of HAE was reported in 70% (36/51) of the cases; 33/46 patients became symptomatic by 18 years of age. The median time between onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 13 years (3 mo-50 y). The most frequent triggering factors for attacks were stress (74.4%), trauma (56.4%), and hormonal variations (56%). The main symptoms were subcutaneous edema in 93.5% (43/46) of patients, gastrointestinal symptoms in 84.8% (39/46), and obstruction in the upper airways in 34.8% (16/46). Hospitalization occurred in 65.2%, of whom 13.3% had to be transferred to the Intensive Care Unit. Prophylactic treatment was instituted in 87% (40/46) of patients, and 56.5% (26/46) required additional treatment to control attacks. Owing to our data collection over a period of 8 years, a significant number of patients were identified by this HAE reference center. Despite early recognition and prophylactic treatment, a high percentage of patients were hospitalized. HAE is still diagnosed late, reinforcing the need for more reference centers specialized in diagnosis and educational projects for health professionals.


Assuntos
Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/análise , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/sangue , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/tratamento farmacológico , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/prevenção & controle , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefelometria e Turbidimetria/métodos , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição/métodos , Fatores Desencadeantes , Trauma Psicológico/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 51(11): e7356, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304130

RESUMO

Essential oils (EO) are volatile liquids responsible for the aroma of plants. Pterodon polygalaeflorus seeds have received widespread use in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. For this reason and because Pterodon polygalaeflorus seeds have great EO content, which is frequently pharmacologically active, the present study aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of EO from Pterodon polygalaeflorus (EOPPgfl) and its acute toxic effects. The EEOPPgfl sample, which was extracted by steam distillation of the seeds, had a yield of 2.4% of the seeds weight and had, as major constituents, beta-elemene (48.19%), trans-caryophyllene (19.51%), and epi-bicyclosesquiphellandrene (12.24%). The EOPPgfl sample showed mild acute toxicity and its calculated median lethal dose (LD50) was 3.38 g/kg. EOPPgfl (20-60 mg/kg) showed antinociceptive activity as evidenced by several tests and inhibited writhing induced by acetic acid. The maximum effect was obtained with the 30 mg/kg dose and at 60 min after its administration. EOPPgfl also decreased formalin-induced nociception, as verified by the inhibition of the first and second phase of the formalin test. At 30 mg/kg, EOPPgfl also decreased thermally stimulated nociception. Nociception may be related to inflammatory and antiedematogenic activity and at doses ranging 10-100 mg/kg, EOPPgfl blocked dextran- and carrageenan-induced edema. The results demonstrated that EOPPgfl presented, at doses approximately 100 times smaller than LD50, an antinociceptive effect that probably was due to anti-inflammatory activities.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Fabaceae/química , Nociceptividade/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Camundongos , Medição da Dor , Distribuição Aleatória , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sementes/química , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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