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1.
Glob Pediatr Health ; 6: 2333794X19889243, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799338

RESUMO

The present study characterized the plasma glycemic and lipid profiles in full-term newborn babies at birth and correlated these variables with growth markers and maternal clinical and metabolic conditions, to observe if maternal pregnancy conditions can influence metabolic programming in these newborn babies. Anthropometric and biochemical data were collected from 162 mother/newborn binomials at birth and at 6 months at a public hospital in Western Paraná State, Brazil. Samples of blood tests for glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, and triglycerides were obtained. Two classes of mothers/babies were statistically defined. The glycemic profiles in Class 1, at birth, were 63.0 ± 19.6 mg/dL and at 6 months 80.4 ± 10.6 mg/dL; in Class 2, at birth, they were 66.1 ± 20.8 mg/dL and at 6 months 78.2 ± 9.4 mg/dL. The triglycerides levels in Class 1 and Class 2, at birth, were 124.5 ± 47.8 mg/dL and 132.6 ± 60.2 mg/dL, respectively, and at 6 months they were 139.0 ± 51.5 mg/dL and 115.2 ± 39.9 mg/dL, respectively. Even though most of the pregnant women were overweight at the end of the gestation period, the anthropometric patterns found for babies followed the desirable standards. Furthermore, the average glycemic profile values were between the cutoff standards at birth and at 6 months; however, the triglycerides were above the expected values.

2.
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 28(1): 18-26, Jan.-Mar. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-958503

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Due to advances in recent decades in maternal-foetal and neonatal medicine, a greater survival of preterm infants with progressively smaller birth weight and gestational age is observed, increasing the risk of future morbidities on those infants. Among these morbidities, alterations in growth and metabolism are found. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evolution of the growth and the metabolic profile of preterm infants' cohort from birth at six months of corrected age (CA) METHODS: A descriptive and prospective study with a sample of 107 mothers and 115 preterm infants at birth and 72 preterm infants and 68 mothers at the end of follow-up. Growth (body weight, height, cephalic perimeter) was evaluated at six time points. Plasma concentrations of cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose and insulin of premature infants were assessed during three periods, from birth to 6 months of CA. Comparative analysis of the initial sample and the sample that finished the follow-up was used in chi-square family tests. To Evaluate the growth over the 6-month period by using repeated measurements. RESULTS: Sociodemographic variables and maternal biochemical profile without statistical differences in the comparison of the mothers of the initial sample with those who completed the follow-up. Linear growth of preterm infants at six months of CA, however without recovery of growth. Plasma concentrations of triglycerides (birth = 48.1, 6 months = 151.1) and cholesterol (birth = 82.7, 6 months = 139.9) increased during the evaluations. Glycaemia remained stable (birth 80.4, 6 months = 83.3) and insulin decreased from 11.0 to 4.2. CONCLUSION: Growth of preterm infants, although linear, was lower than expected for age. Lipid profiles presented an ascending curve from birth onward. Therefore, this group is prone to delayed growth and to developing cardiovascular changes throughout life.


INTRODUÇÃO: Com os avanços nas últimas décadas na medicina materno-fetal e neonatal, observa-se maior sobrevida de crianças prematuras com peso de nascimento e idade gestacional progressivamente menores, elevando riscos de morbidades futuras. Dentre as quais, alterações do crescimento e no metabolismo dessas crianças. OBJETIVO: Analisar a evolução do crescimento e o perfil metabólico de uma coorte de prematuros do nascimento aos seis meses de idade corrigida. MÉTODO: Estudo de descritivo, prospectivo, amostra de 107 mães e 115 recém-nascidos prematuros, ao nascimento e 72 lactentes prematuros e 68 mães ao término do seguimento. Crescimento (peso corporal, estatura, perímetro cefálico) avaliado em seis momentos. Concentrações plasmáticas de colesterol, triglicerídeos, glicose e insulina dos prematuros avaliadas em três períodos, do nascimento aos seis meses de Idade Corrigida (IC). Análise da comparação da amostra inicial com amostra que finalizou o seguimento mediante testes da família qui quadrado. Para a avaliação do crescimento ao longo dos seis meses, a análise ocorreu por meio de delineamento de medidas repetidas. RESULTADOS: Variáveis sociodemográficas e perfil bioquímico materno sem diferenças estatísticas entre mães da amostra inicial e aquelas que finalizaram o seguimento. Crescimento linear dos prema turos da alta aos seis meses de IC, contudo sem recuperação do crescimento. Concentrações plasmáticas de triglicerídeos (nascimento=48,1; 6 meses=151,1) e colesterol (nascimento=82,7; 6 meses=139,9), aumentaram no decorrer das avaliações. Glicemia permaneceu estável (nascimento=80,4; 6 meses=83,3) e insulina reduziu de 11,0, para 4,2). CONCLUSÃO: O crescimento dos recém-nascidos prematuros, apesar de linear, inferior ao esperado para idade. Perfil lipídico apresentou curva ascendente desde o nascimento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Biomarcadores , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Crescimento , Metabolismo
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