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1.
BMJ Evid Based Med ; 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266765

RESUMO

A review of systematic reviews (SRs) and a critical appraisal study was conducted at Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp). The objectives of this review are (1) to identify all published SRs comparing the effectiveness and safety of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) versus carotid artery stenting (CAS) for carotid artery stenosis, (2) to assess their methodological quality and (3) to compare the primary studies contained in each SR. We included 17 SRs published between 2005 and 2017. None of the SRs fulfilled all items of AMSTAR-2. The overall confidence in the results was graded as critically low for 16 SRs (94%) and low for 1 SR (6%). Five items were judged inadequate in all SRs: reference to a published protocol, explanation to the selection of study design, comprehensive search of the literature, methods for statistical combination of findings and consideration of the risk of bias on the results of meta-analysis. In total, 15 randomised clinical trials (RCTs) were included at least in one SR. The number of included RCTs in each SR was inconsistent (4 to 15) and was not related to the year of publication of the SR. Our study found redundant and low methodological quality SR comparing CAS versus CEA for carotid stenosis.

2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(4): 324-332, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-962734

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Varicose veins affect nearly 30% of the world's population. This condition is a social problem and needs interventions to improve quality of life and reduce risks. Recently, new and less invasive methods for varicose vein treatment have emerged. There is a need to define the best treatment options and to reduce the risks and costs. Since there are cosmetic implications, treatments for which effectiveness remains unproven present risks to consumers and higher costs for stakeholders. These risks and costs justify conducting an overview of systematic reviews to summarize the evidence. DESIGN AND SETTING: Overview of systematic reviews within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Health, at Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). METHODS: Systematic reviews on clinical or surgical treatments for varicose veins were included, with no restrictions on language or publication date. RESULTS: 51 reviews fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Outcomes and comparators were described, and a narrative review was conducted. Overall, there was no evidence that compression stockings should be recommended for patients as the initial treatment or after surgical interventions. There was low to moderate evidence that minimally invasive therapies (endovenous laser therapy, radiofrequency ablation or foam sclerotherapy) are as safe and effective as conventional surgery (ligation and stripping). Among these systematic reviews, only 18 were judged to present high quality. CONCLUSIONS: There was evidence of low to moderate quality that minimally invasive treatments, including foam sclerotherapy, laser and radiofrequency therapy are comparable to conventional surgery, regarding effectiveness and safety for treatment of varicose veins.

3.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 136(4): 324-332, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Varicose veins affect nearly 30% of the world's population. This condition is a social problem and needs interventions to improve quality of life and reduce risks. Recently, new and less invasive methods for varicose vein treatment have emerged. There is a need to define the best treatment options and to reduce the risks and costs. Since there are cosmetic implications, treatments for which effectiveness remains unproven present risks to consumers and higher costs for stakeholders. These risks and costs justify conducting an overview of systematic reviews to summarize the evidence. DESIGN AND SETTING: Overview of systematic reviews within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Health, at Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). METHODS: Systematic reviews on clinical or surgical treatments for varicose veins were included, with no restrictions on language or publication date. RESULTS: 51 reviews fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Outcomes and comparators were described, and a narrative review was conducted. Overall, there was no evidence that compression stockings should be recommended for patients as the initial treatment or after surgical interventions. There was low to moderate evidence that minimally invasive therapies (endovenous laser therapy, radiofrequency ablation or foam sclerotherapy) are as safe and effective as conventional surgery (ligation and stripping). Among these systematic reviews, only 18 were judged to present high quality. CONCLUSIONS: There was evidence of low to moderate quality that minimally invasive treatments, including foam sclerotherapy, laser and radiofrequency therapy are comparable to conventional surgery, regarding effectiveness and safety for treatment of varicose veins.

4.
Diagn. tratamento ; 20(4)dez. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-764943

RESUMO

Contexto: O desenvolvimento de diretrizes na área da saúde é fundamental para tomadas de decisões clínicas e de gestão em saúde. O seu custo é elevado e demanda pessoal especializado. A ferramenta ADAPTE se propõe a adaptar diretrizes clínicas existentes para um diferente contexto ou situação, resultando em melhores práticas clínicas e de gestão em saúde para realidades locais. Objetivos: Descrever a ferramenta, mapear a literatura sobre os estudos publicados sobre o ADAPTE e avaliar as vantagens e desvantagens da utilização da ferramenta de acordo com a opinião dos autores que a utilizaram. Métodos: Revisão narrativa com busca sistematizada nas bases de dados eletrônicas MEDLINE, TRIP e LILACS, utilizando os termos ?ADAPTE working group? OR ?ADAPTE collaboration? OR ?ADAPTE?. Foram incluídos todos os estudos que aplicaram, descreveram ou avaliaram o ADAPTE. As características dos estudos que aplicaram o ADAPTE foram detalhadas. Resultados: A ferramenta ADAPTE foi desenvolvida pelo ADAPTE Working Group Collaboration, é validada e procura melhorar a eficiência de diretrizes existentes, estendendo o seu uso a realidades diferentes dos locais de origem. Utiliza metodologia consistentecom as fontes primárias, abordagem participativa e flexibilidade para acomodar necessidades locais. Conclusões: Com base na opinião dos autores que aplicaram o ADAPTE para adaptar diretrizes existentes à sua realidade, não foi observada redução de custos, esforços, tempo e infraestrutura necessária. São necessários estudos prospectivos comparando a aplicação do ADAPTE com o desenvolvimento de uma diretriz de novo para estabelecer a efetividade e a utilidade dessa ferramenta na prática da gestão em saúde.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Programas e Instrumentos de Pesquisa , Guia de Prática Clínica , Protocolos , Revisão
5.
J. vasc. bras ; 6(4): 359-365, dez. 2007. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-472931

RESUMO

CONTEXTO: A variabilidade hemodinâmica da pletismografia a ar é conhecida, mas o exato papel dessa variabilidade no cotidiano clínico não foi investigado, podendo ter algum significado clínico ainda não explorado. Sabe-se que há sobreposição entre as classes clínicas (C0 a C6) da classificação CEAP e mesmo entre membros inferiores de uma mesma classe clínica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a variabilidade hemodinâmica dos parâmetros da pletismografia a ar nas classes clínicas da classificação CEAP. MÉTODO: Este estudo retrospectivo confronta a doença varicosa de membros inferiores classificada de C0 a C6 pela classificação CEAP com os parâmetros hemodinâmicos venosos obtidos pela pletismografia a ar. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados em suas classes clínicas pelos testes de variância de Kruskal-Wallys e Barllett. RESULTADOS: Foram realizados 310 exames em 230 pacientes cujas idades variaram entre 19 a 81 anos, com uma média de 46,2 anos. Os parâmetros índice de enchimento venoso e volume venoso funcional mostraram aumento da variabilidade hemodinâmica quando analisados na classe clínica C0 do CEAP, demonstrada por meio do coeficiente de variabilidade que, para o índice de enchimento venoso foi de 28,12 por cento na classe clínica C0 e se manteve acima de 57 por cento nas classes de C2 a C6. A fração de ejeção e a fração de volume residual não aumentaram a variabilidade quando comparados com a classe clínica C0 do CEAP. CONCLUSÃO: O índice de enchimento venoso foi o melhor parâmetro para avaliação e triagem de pacientes com insuficiência venosa crônica, mas tem grande variabilidade nas classes clínicas C2 a C6 do CEAP.


BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic variability of air plethysmography is known in the literature, but the clinical significance of this event has not been investigated yet, and there may be some unexplored clinical meaning. There is known superpositioning of CEAP clinical classes (C0-C6) and even in lower limbs of the same clinical classes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hemodynamic variability of air plethysmography parameters in CEAP clinical classes. METHODS: This retrospective study compares lower limb varicose disease between C0 and C6 CEAP clinical classes with venous hemodynamic parameters obtained by air plethysmography. Data were tabled and analyzed according to their clinical classes by Kruskal-Wallys and Barllet variance tests. RESULTS: A total of 310 examinations were performed in 230 patients, aged between 19-81 years (mean = 46.2 years). Venous filling index and functional venous volume increased hemodynamic variability when compared with CEAP C0. This was demonstrated by the variability coefficient, which was 28.12 percent for venous filling index in C0 and higher than 57 percent between clinical classes C2 and C6. Ejection fraction and residual venous fraction had no increase in variability when compared with CEAP C0. CONCLUSION: Venous filling index is the best parameter for assessment and screening patients with chronic venous insufficiency, but has great variability in C2 to C6 CEAP clinical classes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Insuficiência Venosa/complicações , Pletismografia/métodos , Varizes/complicações , Extremidade Inferior
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