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1.
Zootaxa ; 4695(2): zootaxa.4695.2.9, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719360

RESUMO

Metanteon poirieri sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae: Anteoninae) is described from New Caledonia. The genus Metanteon Olmi, 1984, was known only from the southern region of Argentina and Chile. The unique species attributed previously to this genus is M. aerias (Walker, 1839), collected in Chile by Charles Darwin during his famous trip on the HMS Beagle. M. aerias is associated only with leafhoppers feeding on Southern Beeches (Nothofagus spp.), a genus of Nothofagaceae including species of trees and shrubs native to the southern Hemisphere in southern South America (Argentina, Chile) and Australasia (east and southeast Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia). Like Nothofagus, Metanteon is a transantarctic organism.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Argentina , Australásia , Austrália , Chile , Nova Caledônia , Nova Guiné , Nova Zelândia
2.
Zootaxa ; 4630(1): zootaxa.4630.1.1, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712497

RESUMO

An updated revision of Afrotropical Dryinidae is presented. Nine subfamilies, 23 genera and 430 species (including 60 new species) are treated. Six new species-level synonymies and three new combinations are proposed. Descriptions, geographic distribution, known hosts, natural enemies and type material of each species are presented, together with illustrations of the main morphological characters and keys to the subfamilies, genera and species. A complete list of references concerning the Afrotropical Dryinidae and their hosts is provided. The following new species are described: Anteon ambrense, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon beankanum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon elongatum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon hoekense, sp. nov. (South Africa), Anteon mabibiense, sp. nov. (South Africa), Anteon majunganum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon malagasy, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon musmani, sp. nov. (Kenya), Anteon nigropictum, sp. nov. (South Africa), Anteon nimbense, sp. nov. (Guinea), Anteon pseudohova, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon sakalavense, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Anteon tulearense, sp. nov. (Kenya, Madagascar), Aphelopus sequeirai, sp. nov. (Kenya), Apoaphelopus fisheri, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Apoaphelopus wallacei, sp. nov. (Kenya), Bocchus forestalis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus granulatus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Bocchus harinhalai, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus nigroflavus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus parkeri, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Bocchus ruvidus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Conganteon hawleyi, sp. nov. (Kenya), Conganteon sensitivum, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Crovettia afra, sp. nov. (Kenya, Madagascar), Deinodryinus ambrensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Deinodryinus granulatus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Deinodryinus nigropictus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Deinodryinus piceus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus bellicosus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus dentatiforceps, sp. nov. (South Africa), Dryinus erenianus, sp. nov. (Ivory Coast), Dryinus milleri, sp. nov. (Kenya), Dryinus mobotensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus nigrithorax, sp. nov. (Ivory Coast), Dryinus teres, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus tulearensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Dryinus whittleorum, sp. nov. (Kenya), Gonatopus avontuurensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus bellicosus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus comorensis, sp. nov. (Union of the Comoros), Gonatopus costalis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus flavotestaceus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus gumovskyi, sp. nov. (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Gonatopus hantamensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus harinhalai, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus karooensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus koebergensis, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus marojejyanus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus minutus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus nigropictus, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus ranomafanensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Gonatopus robertsoni, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus rugithorax, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus scholtzi, sp. nov. (South Africa), Gonatopus wikstrandae, sp. nov. (Kenya), Lonchodryinus madagascolus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Madecadryinus ranomafanensis, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Neodryinus bimaculatus, sp. nov. (Madagascar), Neodryinus keleboensis, sp. nov. (Democratic Republic of the Congo). The ♀ of Deinodryinus danielssoni Olmi, 1998, is described for the first time. The following new synonymies are presented: Anteon fiorii Olmi, 1984 (=A. proteicolum Olmi, 2006, syn. nov.); Anteon madagascolum (Benoit, 1954) (=Anteon brooksi Olmi, 2003, syn. nov.); Anteon zairense Benoit, 1951 (=A. terminale Olmi, 2007, syn. nov.); Aphelopus incisus Olmi, 1984 (=A. himyarita Olmi van Harten, 2006, syn. nov.); Bocchus watshami Olmi, 1987 (=Bocchus simoni Olmi, 2005, syn. nov.); Dryinus ugandanus Olmi, 1984 (=Dryinus constantiae Olmi, 2006, syn. nov.). The following new combinations are presented: Dryinus luweli (Benoit, 1951) new comb. in place of Lestodryinus luweli Benoit, 1951; Gonatopus africanus (Benoit, 1951) new comb. in place of Aphelopus africanus Benoit, 1951; Gonatopus ghanensis (Olmi, 1987) new comb. in place of Pseudogonatopus ghanensis Olmi, 1987. Gynander specimens of Deinodryinus rusticus Olmi, 2004 and Deinodryinus steineri Olmi, 1994 are described (first gynander specimens of Dryinidae from the Afrotropical region). The authors provide well-illustrated identification keys to all species of Afrotropical Dryinidae. Online Lucid Phoenix and Lucid matrix interactive keys are provided at http://www.waspweb.org.


Assuntos
Vespas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Comores , Costa do Marfim , República Democrática do Congo , Quênia , Madagáscar , África do Sul
3.
Zootaxa ; 4615(3): zootaxa.4615.3.7, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716335

RESUMO

A checklist of 23 species of Dryinidae and one species of Sclerogibbidae from Hong Kong is presented for the first time. Five subfamilies and seven genera of Dryinidae and one genus of Sclerogibbidae are recorded: eight species of Anteon; five species of Dryinus (belonging to groups 1 and 3); four species of Gonatopus (belonging to groups 1, 2, 4 and 7); two species of Aphelopus and Thaumatodryinus and one species each for Echthrodelphax, Neodryinus and Sclerogibba. Sixteen species are newly recorded from Hong Kong and three from China. Their geographical distribution are reported and illustrations of collected specimens are provided.


Assuntos
Araceae , Himenópteros , Vespas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Hong Kong
4.
Zookeys ; 874: 83-99, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558884

RESUMO

A checklist of 20 extant species of Dryininae (Hymenoptera, Dryinidae) from the Western Palaearctic subregion is presented.

5.
Zookeys ; 871: 41-47, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435184

RESUMO

A new species of Dryinus Latreille, 1804, is described from Georgia (USA). D. georgianus sp. nov. is morphologically similar to D. mexicanus (Perkins, 1907) and D. splendidus Guglielmino and Olmi, 2013, but is distinguished by the lateral ocelli not touching the occipital carina (in the other two species, the lateral ocelli touch the occipital carina). The key to the females of the Nearctic species of Dryinus group 1 is modified to include the new taxon.

6.
Zookeys ; (818): 35-42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30697097

RESUMO

A new species of Gonatopus Ljungh, 1810, G.jaliscanus sp. n., from Jalisco, Mexico, is described and illustrated. In the Neotropical region, G.jaliscanus is similar to G.forestalis Olmi, 1998, but it is distinguished by the black mesosoma (except prothorax, mesoscutum, and mesoscutellum that are yellow), and the metapostnotum being granulated and not rugose; in G.forestalis the mesosoma is completely black and the metapostnotum is granulated and strongly rugose. In the Nearctic region, the new species is morphologically similar to G.curriei Krombein, 1962, but it is distinguished by the dull and granulated metapostonotum; in G.curriei the metapostnotum is shiny and unsculptured. The new species belongs to Gonatopus group 7. The keys to the females of the Nearctic and Neotropical species of this group are modified to include the new taxon.

7.
Zootaxa ; 4497(4): 586-592, 2018 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30313650

RESUMO

Ampulicomorpha thauma Rasnitsyn Matveev (Hymenoptera: Embolemidae) and Sclerogibba rossi Olmi (Hymenoptera: Sclerogibbidae) were newly recorded from Japan. Females of Embolemus walkeri Westwood were found in the soil together with nymphs of Cixiidae. Trogloembolemus okanoi sp. nov. is described and illustrated. The holotype ♀ was collected in the soil at a depth of one meter. A key to species of Japanese Embolemidae was updated.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Feminino , Japão , Ninfa
8.
Zootaxa ; 4457(2): 296-304, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30314171

RESUMO

Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) are recorded for the first time from Rovno amber (Ukraine), following the discovery of one female of Dryinus janzeni Olmi. Holotypes of D. balticus (Olmi) and D. bruesi (Olmi) previously assigned to the Baltic amber, were actually collected on the coast of Denmark, so that they have to be recorded as specimens in Scandinavian (Danish) amber. As a result, true records of Dryinus species of group 3 (Olmi 1993) in Baltic amber are three: D. janzeni, D. bruesi, because of a second specimen found in true Baltic amber, and D. velteni Olmi. Dryinidae are the 33th hymenopteran family known from Rovno amber. Three species, D. janzeni, D. bruesi and D. balticus are known from understudied Rovno and Scandinavian amber originated from the warmer south coast of the Subparathetys. Dryinus janzeni is the 115th hymenopteran species known from Rovno amber and the first Dryinus record from Ukraine.


Assuntos
Âmbar , Vespas , Animais , Países Bálticos , Dinamarca , Feminino , Fósseis , Ucrânia
9.
Zootaxa ; 4394(3): 443-448, 2018 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29690365

RESUMO

Dryinus maderai sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) is described from Upper Cretaceous Lower Cenomanian, Burmese amber (Myanmar). It is the first species of Dryinus Latreille found in this amber.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Âmbar , Animais , Fósseis , Mianmar
10.
Zookeys ; (747): 63-69, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29674903

RESUMO

A new species of Gonatopus Ljungh, 1810 is described from the USA, Florida: G. jackisp. n. Morphologically, the new species is similar to G. ashmeadi Kieffer, 1905 and G. agropyrus Fenton, 1921, but it is distinguished by the different shape of the mesoscutum (very slender in G. jacki; broader in G. ashmeadi and G. agropyrus). Published identification keys to the Nearctic species of Gonatopus are modified to include the new species.

11.
Zookeys ; (809): 31-39, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598613

RESUMO

A new species of Deinodryinus Perkins, 1907, is described from the USA, Texas: D.bimaculatus sp. n. Morphologically the new species is similar to D.masneri (Olmi, 1984), but it is distinguished by the head lacking a frontal line and the forewing crossed by two dark transverse bands; in D.masneri the head shows a conspicuous frontal line and the forewing is hyaline and without dark transverse bands.

12.
Zootaxa ; 4238(3): 440-444, 2017 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28603268

RESUMO

Gonadryinus bicarinatus Olmi, Marletta, Guglielmino & Speranza, sp. nov., from Ranomafana National Park (Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar) is described and illustrated. This represents the first record of Gonadryinus from the Afrotropical region. The genus was previously known only from the Neotropical region, where only one species, G. hansoni Olmi, 1991, is recorded. The new taxon is different from G. hansoni because of the palpal formula 5/3 (4/2 in G. hansoni), the occipital carina complete (incomplete in G. hansoni) and two longitudinal keels present on the dorsal surface of the metapectal-propodeal complex (no longitudinal keels in G. hansoni).


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Lepidópteros , Madagáscar , Vespas
13.
Zookeys ; (632): 93-98, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27920607

RESUMO

Fiorianteon sulcatumsp. n. is described from Fianarantsoa Province (Madagascar). It is the first species of Fiorianteon found in the Afrotropical region. The genus Fiorianteon can be distinguished from the closely related genus Conganteon by the distal part of the stigmal vein, which is as long as, or shorter than the proximal part of the stigmal vein (longer than the proximal part of the vein in Conganteon).

14.
Zootaxa ; 4085(1): 127-34, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27394292

RESUMO

Protosclerogibba australis Olmi, Marletta, Guglielmino & Speranza, gen. et sp. nov. is described and illustrated from specimens collected in Kimberley (Northern Cape Province, South Africa). The female of the new taxon is the first micropterous sclerogibbid. Females of other extant Sclerogibbidae are always apterous, whereas fossil females can be apterous or macropterous.


Assuntos
Vespas/classificação , Âmbar/química , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Fósseis/anatomia & histologia , Tamanho do Órgão , África do Sul , Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
15.
Zootaxa ; 4117(3): 411-20, 2016 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27395183

RESUMO

Three species of the genus Dryinus Latreille, 1804 from Iran are reviewed and keyed. Dryinus tamaricicola sp. nov. is described and illustrated. Dryinus tarraconensis Marshall, 1868 is newly recorded from Iran. Key to the Palaearctic species of Dryinus group 3 are modified.


Assuntos
Vespas/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia , Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
Zookeys ; (578): 45-95, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27110196

RESUMO

An updated checklist of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae from Central African Republic and Uganda is presented. The following new species of Dryinidae are described: from Central African Republic: Anteon dzanganum sp. n. (Anteoninae); from Uganda: Anteon granulatum sp. n., Anteon kibalense sp. n., Anteon makererense sp. n., Anteon mubfs sp. n. (Anteoninae); Bocchus kibalensis sp. n. (Bocchinae); Dryinus kibalus sp. n. (Dryininae); Gonatopus kanyawarus sp. n. (Gonatopodinae). The following species have been recorded for the first time from Central African Republic: Embolemidae: Ampulicomorpha madecassa Olmi, 1999a; Embolemus capensis Olmi, 1997; Dryinidae: Aphelopus mediocarinatus (Benoit, 1951d), Aphelopus testaceus Olmi, 1991, Aphelopus wittei Benoit, 1951c (Aphelopinae); Anteon cautum Olmi, 1994a, Anteon evertsi Olmi, 1989, Anteon gutturnium (Benoit, 1951b), Anteon inflatrix Benoit, 1951b, Anteon kivuanum (Benoit, 1951c), Anteon semajanna Olmi, Copeland & Guglielmino, 2015, Anteon zairense Benoit, 1951d (Anteoninae); Pseudodryinus townesi (Olmi, 1984) (Dryininae); Echthrodelphax tauricus Ponomarenko, 1970, Gonatopus camerounensis Olmi, 2011, Gonatopus kolyadai Olmi, 2007b, Neodryinus antiquus Benoit, 1954, Neodryinus tussaci Olmi, 2004b (Gonatopodinae); Sclerogibbidae: Probethylus callani Richards, 1939b; Sclerogibba algerica Benoit, 1963, Sclerogibba rapax Olmi, 2005a. The following species have been recorded for the first time from Uganda: Embolemidae: Ampulicomorpha magna Olmi, 1996; Dryinidae: Anteon cautum Olmi, 1994a, Anteon fisheri Olmi, 2003, Anteon hoyoi Olmi, 1984, Anteon kivuanum (Benoit, 1951c), Anteon townesi Olmi, 1984, Anteon zairense Benoit, 1951d (Anteoninae); Bocchus bini Olmi, 1984 (Bocchinae); Dryinus saussurei (Ceballos, 1936) (Dryininae); Echthrodelphax migratorius Benoit, 1954, Neodryinus tussaci Olmi, 2004b (Gonatopodinae). The following further species has been recorded for the first time from Mali: Sclerogibba algerica Benoit, 1963 (Sclerogibbidae); from Ivory Coast: Adryinus oweni Olmi, 1984 (Gonatopodinae); from Cameroon and South Africa: Gonatopus operosus Olmi, 1993 (Gonatopodinae); from Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia: Neodryinus antiquus Benoit, 1954 (Gonatopodinae); from South Africa: Anteon striatum Olmi, 2005b (Anteoninae). Including the above new records, 23 species of Dryinidae (previously six), two species of Embolemidae (previously none) and three species of Sclerogibbidae (previously two) are now known from Central African Republic. For Uganda, 39 species of Dryinidae (previously 23), one species of Embolemidae (previously none) and four species of Sclerogibbidae (previously four) are now known. Additional new faunistic records are provided for Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Mali, South Africa and Zambia.

17.
Zookeys ; (561): 31-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27006614

RESUMO

A new species of Anteon Jurine, 1807 is described from Laos, Houaphanh Province: Anteon holzschuhi sp. n. Morphologically the new species is similar to Anteon semipolitum Olmi, 2008, but it is distinguished by the sculpture of the face partly reticulate rugose and partly with deep punctures similar to areolae; in Anteon semipolitum the face is completely punctate and unsculptured among punctures. In addition, in the new species the distance from the outer edge of a lateral ocellus to the compound eye (OOL) is about 3.3 times as long as the distance between the inner edges of a lateral ocellus and the median ocellus (OL); in Anteon semipolitum OOL is less than twice as long as OL. Published identification keys to the Oriental species of Anteon are modified to include the new species.

18.
Zootaxa ; 3996: 1-253, 2015 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26250320

RESUMO

An updated revision of Eastern Palaearctic Dryinidae is presented. Six subfamilies, 17 genera and 160 species are treated. Descriptions, geographic distribution, known hosts, natural enemies and type material of each species are presented, together with illustrations of the main morphological characters and keys to the subfamilies, genera and species. Complete lists of references concerning the Eastern Palaearctic Dryinidae and their hosts are given. The lectotype is designated for Anteon flaviscapus Jansson, 1950. A new combination is proposed for Mirodryinus olmii (Móczár, 1983), comb. nov. (from Radiimancus Móczár). The following new records are reported: Aphelopus prolatus Mita & Olmi, 2014 and Gonatopus formicicolus Richards, 1939 from Sweden; Aphelopus querceus Olmi, 1984, Aphelopus serratus Richards, 1939 and Anteon reticulatum Kieffer, 1905 from Bulgaria; Gonatopus nigricans (R. Perkins, 1905) from Solomon Islands; Haplogonatopus oratorius (Westwood, 1833) from Germany and Sweden.


Assuntos
Distribuição Animal , Vespas/classificação , Animais , Feminino , Larva/anatomia & histologia , Larva/classificação , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/fisiologia , Masculino , Pupa/anatomia & histologia , Pupa/classificação , Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pupa/fisiologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Vespas/anatomia & histologia , Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Vespas/fisiologia
19.
Zookeys ; (504): 141-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26019680

RESUMO

A new species of Anteon Jurine, 1807 is described from Thailand, Nan Province: Anteonhuettingeri sp. n. Morphologically the new species is similar to Anteonborneanum Olmi, 1984, Anteonjurineanum Latreille, 1809, Anteoninsertum Olmi, 1991, Anteonyasumatsui Olmi, 1984, Anteonsarawaki Olmi, 1984, Anteonthai Olmi, 1984 and Anteonkrombeini Olmi, 1984, but it is clearly different for the numerous sensorial processes present on the inner side of the paramere; these processes are absent in the other above species. Published identification keys to the Oriental species of Anteon are modified to include the new species.

20.
Biodivers Data J ; (3): e4186, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25859127

RESUMO

Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all living European land and freshwater animals, their geographical distribution at country level (up to the Urals, excluding the Caucasus region), and some additional information. The Fauna Europaea project covers about 230,000 taxonomic names, including 130,000 accepted species and 14,000 accepted subspecies. This represents a huge effort by more than 400 contributing specialists throughout Europe and is a unique (standard) reference suitable for many users in science, government, industry, nature conservation and education. Hymenoptera is one of the four largest orders of insects, with about 130,000 described species. In the Fauna Europaea database, 'Hymenoptera - Apocrita (excluding Ichneumonoidea)' comprises 13 superfamilies, 52 families, 91 subfamilies, 38 tribes and 13,211 species. The paper includes a complete list of taxa dealt with, the number of species in each and the name of the specialist responsible for data acquisition. As a general conclusion about the European fauna of Hymenoptera, the best known countries in terms of recorded species are those from northwestern Europe, with the least known fauna probably in the more eastern and southeastern parts of Europe.

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