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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(23): 9177-9185, 2020 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170799

RESUMO

According to the well-accepted mechanism, methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR) involves Ni-mediated thiolate-to-disulfide conversion that sustains its catalytic cycle of methane formation in the energy saving pathways of methanotrophic microbes. Model complexes that illustrate Ni-ion mediated reversible thiolate/disulfide transformation are unknown. In this paper we report the synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic properties and redox interconversions of a set of NiII complexes comprising a tridentate N2 S donor thiol and its analogous N4 S2 donor disulfide ligands. These complexes demonstrate reversible NiII -thiolate/NiII -disulfide (both bound and unbound disulfide-S to NiII ) transformations via thiyl and disulfide monoradical anions that resemble a primary step of MCR's catalytic cycle.

2.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 76(Pt 2): 159-163, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022710

RESUMO

The averages (average deviations from the mean are given in square brackets) of uncorrected Cl-O bond distances in a perchlorate anion from an X-ray diffraction analysis of (N-{2-[bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino]ethyl}pyridine-2-carboxamidato)(nitric oxide)manganese perchlorate acetonitrile disolvate, [Mn(C20H20N5O)(NO)]ClO4·2CH3CN or [Mn(PaPy3)(NO)]ClO4·2CH3CN, decrease from 1.447 [4] Šat 10 K to 1.428 [4] Šat 170 K. The 10 K value is close to the neutron value (1.441 [1] Å) at 18 K. Comparisons are made with a second X-ray study at 30 K [1.444 (8) Å] and to libration-corrected, density functional theory (DFT), and Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) values.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096996

RESUMO

The unsymmetrical coordination of gold(I) by 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) in some planar, three-coordinate cations has been examined by crystallographic and computational studies. The salts [(Ph3P)Au(bipy)]XF6 (X = P, As, Sb) form an isomorphic series in which the differences in Au-N distances range from 0.241(2) to 0.146(2) Å. A second polymorph of [(Ph3P)Au(bipy)]AsF6 has also been found. Both polymorphs exhibit similar structures. The salts [(Et3P)Au(bipy)]XF6 (X = P, As, Sb) form a second isostructural series. In this series the unsymmetrical coordination of the bipy ligand is maintained, but the gold ions are disordered over two unequally populated positions that produce very similar overall structures for the cations. Although many planar, three-coordinate gold(I) complexes are strongly luminescent, the salts [(R3P)Au(bipy)]XF6 (R = Ph or Et; X = P, As, Sb) are not luminescent as solids or in solution. Computational studies revealed that a fully symmetrical structure for [(Et3P)Au(bipy)]+ is 7 kJ/mol higher in energy than the observed unsymmetrical structure and is best described as a transition state between the two limiting unsymmetrical geometries. The Au-N bonding has been examined by natural resonance theory (NRT) calculations using the "12 electron rule". The dominant Lewis structure is one with five lone pairs on Au and one bond to the P atom, which results in a saturated (12 electron) gold center and thereby inhibits the formation of any classical, 2 e- bonds between the gold and either of the bipy nitrogen atoms. The nitrogen atoms may instead donate a lone pair into an empty Au-P antibonding orbital, resulting in a three-center, four-electron (3c/4e) P-Au-N bond. The binuclear complex, [µ2-bipy(AuPPh3)2](PF6)2, has also been prepared and shown to have an aurophillic interaction between the two gold ions, which are separated by 3.0747(3) Å. Despite the aurophillic interaction, this binuclear complex is not luminescent.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109053

RESUMO

Noncoordinating anions, which generally play a subordinate role in coordination chemistry, alter the structure, the luminescence, as well as the thermochromic and vapochromic behaviors of salts of the two-coordinate cation, [(C6H11NC)2Au]+. Thus whereas the yellow polymorphs of [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6) and [(C6H11NC)2Au](AsF6) contain single chains of cations and are vapochromic, yellow [(C6H11NC)2Au](SbF6) does not form the same polymorph and is not vapochromic but contains two distinct chains of cations connected through aurophilic interactions. Mixed crystals such as [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)0.50(AsF6)0.50 have been prepared by adding diethyl ether to a dichloromethane solution containing equimolar amounts of [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6) and [(C6H11NC)2Au](AsF6). The initial (kinetic) product for the three combinations of anions ((PF6)-/(AsF6)-, (PF6)-/(SbF6)-, and (AsF6)-/(SbF6)-) was a precipitate of fine yellow needles with a green emission, which were gradually transformed at rates that depended on the anions present into colorless crystals with a blue emission. Whereas neither polymorph of [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6) nor [(C6H11NC)2Au](SbF6) is thermochromic, the colorless mixed crystal [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)0.50(SbF6)0.50 is thermochromic and converts from blue-emitting to green-emitting at 87-95 °C. The temperature required to transform a crystal of the type [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)n(AsF6)1-n from colorless (blue-emitting) to yellow (green-emitting) increases as the fraction of hexafluorophosphate ion in the crystal increases. The yellow crystals of [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)0.75(AsF6)0.25, [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)0.50(AsF6)0.50, and [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)0.25(AsF6)0.75 are vapochromic, whereas the yellow crystals of [(C6H11NC)2Au](PF6)0.50(SbF6)0.50 and [(C6H11NC)2Au](AsF6)0.50(SbF6)0.50 are not.

5.
Org Lett ; 21(21): 8652-8656, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625758

RESUMO

The synthesis of pyreno[a]pyrene-based helicene hybrids was achieved in good yield via a four-fold alkyne benzannulation reaction that was promoted by Brønsted acid. The molecules are configurationally locked, allowing the enantiomers to be separated using chiral HPLC so that their photophysical and chiroptical properties, including circular dichroism and circularly polarized luminescence, could be studied.

6.
Chemistry ; 25(54): 12545-12551, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268197

RESUMO

Purified samples of Ho3 N@C2 (22010)-C78 and Tb3 N@C2 (22010)-C78 have been isolated by two distinct processes from the rich array of fullerenes and endohedral fullerenes present in carbon soot from graphite rods doped with Ho2 O3 or Tb4 O7 . Crystallographic analysis of the endohedral fullerenes as cocrystals with Ni(OEP) (in which OEP is the dianion of octaethylporphyrin) shows that both molecules contain the chiral C2 (22010)-C78 cage. This cage does not obey the isolated pentagon rule (IPR) but has two sites where two pentagons share a common C-C bond. These pentalene units bind two of the metal ions, whereas the third metal resides near a hexagon of the cage. Inside the cages, the Ho3 N or Tb3 N unit is planar. Ho3 N@C2 (22010)-C78 and Tb3 N@C2 (22010)-C78 use the same cage previously found for Gd3 N@C2 (22010)-C78 rather than the IPR-obeying cage found in Sc3 N@D3h -C78 .

7.
Chemistry ; 25(52): 12214-12220, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226239

RESUMO

Diastereoselective Lewis acid-mediated additions of nucleophilic alkenes to N-sulfonyl imines are reported. The canonical polar Felkin-Anh model describing additions to carbonyls does not adequately describe analogous additions to N-sulfonyl imines. Herein, we describe the development of conditions to produce both syn and anti products with high diastereoselectivity and good yields. A stereoelectronic model consistent with experimental outcomes is also proposed.

8.
Chemistry ; 25(3): 874-878, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30357994

RESUMO

The mono- and di-chloroform solvates of [Au2 (µ-1,2-bis(diphenylarsino)ethane)2 ](AsF6 )2 undergo single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformations that result in gain (over 12 hours) or slow loss (over five years) of only one chloroform molecule. The change in solvation results in changes in the structure and luminescence of the digold cation. The cation consists of a pair of slightly bent As-Au-As units that are connected through the two bridging dpae ligands and by aurophilic interactions with Au⋅⋅⋅Au contacts of 3.05152(15) Šin the disolvate or 2.9570(5) Šin the monosolvate.

9.
Chemistry ; 25(15): 3849-3857, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575132

RESUMO

Two new molecular boxes, the mono-bromo box [Au6 (Triphos)4 Br](SbF6 )5 ⋅6(CH2 Cl2 ), 4 mB, and the dibromo box, [Au6 (Triphos)4 Br2 ⋅H2 O](SbF6 )4 ⋅4(CH2 Cl2 ), 5 dB, have been prepared in crystalline form. Although constructed from non-luminescent components, both are strongly luminescent. Like its chloro counterpart, the mono-bromo box [Au6 (Triphos)4 Br](SbF6 )5 ⋅6(CH2 Cl2 ), 4 mB, is mechanochromic. Under grinding, it loses its luminescence. The bromo-bridged helicate, [(µ-Br){Au3 (Triphos)2 }2 ](CF3 SO3 )5 ⋅2(CH2 Cl2 ), 3µ-H, with a cation that is isomeric with the box [Au6 (Triphos)4 Br]5+ , has also been prepared and crystallographically characterized. Unlike its chloro analogue, [(µ-Br){Au3 (Triphos)2 }2 ](CF3 SO3 )5 ⋅2(CH2 Cl2 ) is not luminescent. Thus, the cation produced upon grinding may be the cation present in the bromo-bridged helicate, [(µ-Br){Au3 (Triphos)2 }2 ](CF3 SO3 )5 ⋅2(CH2 Cl2 ), 3µ-H. The dibromo box, [Au6 (Triphos)4 Br2 ⋅H2 O](SbF6 )4 ⋅4(CH2 Cl2 ), 5 dB, is not significantly mechanochromic.

10.
Chemistry ; 25(10): 2491-2496, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575144

RESUMO

Carbon disulfide is cleaved by n-propyldiphenylphosphine and nickel(II) bromide in a one-step process, to form two unprecedented complexes: orange, [Ni(S2 C2 (Pn PrPh2 )2 )Br(Pn PrPh2 )]Br⋅CS2 (1) and purple [Ni{η2 -SC(Pn PrPh2 )2 }Br(Pn PrPh2 )]Br⋅0.5CS2 (2). Orange (1) contains a dithiolene-related ligand that results from carbon-carbon bond formation, while purple (2) contains a remarkable ligand in which two n-propyldiphenylphosphine molecules have added to a carbon atom of a CS unit that is coordinated to nickel.

11.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(50): 9626-9636, 2018 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450901

RESUMO

The solid-state structures of seven solvates of C60 (C60·4tetrachloroethylene, C60·2tetrachloroethylene, C60·3benzene, C60· n-pentane, C60·diethyl ether, C60·chlorobenzene, and C60·benzene·dichloromethane) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at low temperature. At 90 K, the fullerene and solvate components are generally well-ordered and do not show the orientational disorder that plagues similar structures determined at room temperature. Interactions between the solvate molecules and the fullerene and between adjacent C60 molecules were examined and analyzed. Van der Waals and weak charge-transfer interactions are important to help to organize the individual components in these structures. The weak Lewis acid behavior of C60, such as when it cocrystallizes with diethyl ether or chlorinated solvents, is apparent. In addition, π-stacking interactions are prevalent. The solvates of C60 reported here were frequently obtained from attempts to cocrystallize C60 with another chemical compound. Although the desired cocrystals were never formed, the unincorporated molecules influenced solvate formation.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 57(21): 13713-13727, 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339375

RESUMO

Aliphatic thiolato-S-bridged tri- and binuclear nickel(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized as models for the Nip site of the A cluster of acetyl coenzyme A synthase (ACS)/carbon monooxide (CO) dehydrogenase. Reaction of the in situ formed N2Sthiol donor ligands with [Ni(H2O)6](ClO4)2 afforded the trinuclear complexes [Ni{(LMe(S))2Ni}2](ClO4)2·CH3CN (1·CH3CN) and [Ni{(LBr(S))2Ni}2](ClO4)2·5H2O (2·5H2O) following self-assembly. Complexes 1 and 2 react with [Ni(dppe)Cl2] and dppe [dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane] to afford the binuclear [Ni(dppe)Ni(LMe(S))2](ClO4)2·2H2O (3·2H2O) and [Ni(dppe)Ni(LBr(S))2](ClO4)2·0.75O(C2H5)2 [4·0.75O(C2H5)2], respectively. The X-ray crystal structures of 1-4 revealed a central NiIIS4 moiety in 1 and 2 and a NiIIP2S2 moiety in 3 and 4; both moieties have a square-planar environment around Ni and may mimic the properties of the Nip site of ACS. The electrochemical reduction of both terminal NiII ions of 1 and 2 occurs simultaneously, which is further confirmed by the isolation of [Ni{(LMe(S))2Ni(NO)}2](ClO4)2 (5) and [Ni{(LBr(S))2Ni(NO)}2](ClO4)2 (6) following reductive nitrosylation of 1 and 2. Complexes 5 and 6 exhibit νNO at 1773 and 1789 cm-1, respectively. In the presence of O2, both 5 and 6 transform to nitrite-bound monomers [(LMe(S-S))Ni(NO2)](ClO4) (7) and [(LBr(S-S))Ni(NO2)](ClO4)2 (8). The nature of the ligand modification is evident from the X-ray crystal structure of 7. To understand the origin of multiple reductive responses of 1-4, complex [(LMe(SMe))2Ni](ClO4)2 (9) is considered. The central NiS4 part of 1 is labile like the Nip site of ACS and can be replaced by phenanthroline. The treatment of CO to reduce 3 generates a 3red-(CO)2 species, as confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (νCO = 1997 and 2068 cm-1) and electron paramagnetic resonance ( g1 = 2.18, g2 = 2.13, g3 = 1.95, and AP = 30-80 G) spectroscopy. The CO binding to NiI of 3red is relevant to the ACS activity.


Assuntos
Acetato-CoA Ligase/química , Aldeído Oxirredutases/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Complexos Multienzimáticos/química , Níquel/química , Acetato-CoA Ligase/metabolismo , Aldeído Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Níquel/metabolismo
13.
Chemistry ; 24(51): 13479-13484, 2018 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30051509

RESUMO

A method has been developed for isolating a pure sample of Er2 C94 from the myriad of fullerenes and endohedral fullerenes that are formed in the electric arc process. Crystallographic analysis of Er2 C94 in a cocrystal formed with Ni(OEP) reveals that the molecule is the carbide Er2 C2 @D3 (85)-C92 . Crystals of Er2 C2 @D3 (85)-C92 ⋅Ni(octaethylporphyrin)⋅2 C7 H8 are isostructural with those of Sm2 @D3 (85)-C92 ⋅Ni(octaethylporphyrin)⋅2 (chlorobenzene). Comparisons are made between the four crystallographically characterized endohedrals (Er2 C2 @D3 (85)-C92 , Gd2 C2 @D3 (85)-C92 , La2 C2 @D3 (85)-C92 , and Sm2 @D3 (85)-C92 ) that utilize the chiral D3 (85)-C92 cage.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(24): 7533-7542, 2018 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29708743

RESUMO

Luminescent gold(I) complexes ([Au6(Triphos)4Cl](PF6)5·2(CH3C6H5), [Au6(Triphos)4Cl](AsF6)5·8(CH3C6H5), and [Au6(Triphos)4Cl](SbF6)5·7(CH3C6H5) where Triphos = bis(2-diphenylphosphinoethyl)phenylphosphine) with a boxlike architecture have been prepared and crystallographically characterized. A chloride ion resides at the center of the box with two of the six gold(I) ions nearby. Mechanical grinding of blue luminescent crystals containing the cation, [Au6(Triphos)4Cl]5+, results in their conversion into amorphous solids with green emission that contain the bridged helicate cation, [µ-Cl{Au3(Triphos)2}2]5+. A mechanism of the mechanochromic transformation is proposed. The structures of the blue-emitting helicate, [Au3(Triphos)2](CF3SO3)3·4(CH3C6H5)·H2O, and the green-emitting bridged-helicate, [µ-Cl{Au3(Triphos)2}2](PF6)5·3CH3OH have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 57(3): 1550-1561, 2018 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29355312

RESUMO

The proton-coupled reduction of CuII-bound nitrite (NO2-) to nitric oxide (NO2- + 2H+ + e- → NO(g) + H2O), such as occurs in the enzyme copper nitrite reductase, is investigated in this work. Our studies focus on the copper(II/I) model complexes [(L2)Cu(H2O)Cl] (1), [(L2)Cu(ONO)] (2), [(L2)Cu(CH3CO2)] (3), and [Co(Cp)2][(L2)Cu(NO2)(CH3CN] (4), where HL2 = N-[2-(methylthio)ethyl]-2'-pyridinecarboxamide. Complex 1 readily reacts with a NO2- anion to form the nitrito-O-bound copper(II) complex 2. Electrochemical reduction of CuII → CuI indicates coordination isomerization from asymmetric nitrito-κ2-O,O to nitro-κ1-N. Isolation and spectroscopic characterization of 4 support this notion of nitrite coordination isomerization (νCu-N ∼ 460 cm-1). A reduction of 2, followed by reaction with acetic acid, causes evolution of stoichiometric NO via the transient copper(II) nitrosyl species and subsequent formation of the acetate-bound complex 3. The probable copper nitrosyl intermediate [(L2)Cu(NO)(CH3CN)]+ of the {CuNO}10 type is evident from low-temperature UV-vis absorption (λmax = 722 nm) and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. A density functional theory (DFT)-optimized model of [(L2)Cu(NO)(CH3CN)]+ shows end-on NO binding to Cu with Cu-N(NO) and N-O distances of 1.989 and 1.140 Å, respectively, and a Cu-N-O angle of 119.25°, consistent with the formulation of CuII-NO•. A spin-state change that triggers NO release is observed. Considering singlet- and triplet-state electronic configurations of this model, DFT-calculated νNO values of 1802 and 1904 cm-1, respectively, are obtained. We present here important mechanistic aspects of the copper-mediated nitrite reduction pathway with the use of model complexes employing the ligand HL2 and an analogous phenyl-based ligand, N-[2-(methylthio)phenyl]-2'-pyridinecarboxamide (HL1).

16.
Inorg Chem ; 56(23): 14596-14604, 2017 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29130691

RESUMO

A simple exchange reaction between [AriPr4Sn(µ-Cl)]2 (1) and sodium azide afforded the doubly bridged Sn(II) azide, [AriPr4Sn(µ-N3)]2 (2) (AriPr4 = C6H3-2,6(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2) in 85% yield. Photolysis of a diethyl ether solution of 2 for ca. 16 h yielded an azepinyl-substituted insertion product, [C6H3-2-(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)-6-(C6H3N-3,7-iPr2)Sn]2 (3). The reaction of the Lewis acid, B(C6F5)3 (BCF), or the Lewis base, pyridine, with 2 dissociates the dimer to afford the corresponding complexed monomeric Sn(II) azide, AriPr4SnN3BCF (4) in which BCF coordinates the α-nitrogen, or AriPr4Sn(pyridine)N3 (6) in which pyridine coordinates to the tin atom. Photolysis of 4 in diethyl ether for 12 h results in the insertion of the α-nitrogen of the azide group into one of the B-C bonds of the BCF acceptor to yield the tin(II) amide, AriPr4SnN(C6F5)B(C6F5)2 (5). In contrast, photolysis of 6 for over 36 h afforded no apparent reaction. A highly reactive Sn nitride intermediate, AriPr4Sn≡N, is proposed as part of the mechanistic pathway for the formation of 3 and 5 as a result of trapping the tin-centered radical isomers. This was effected by immediate freezing the samples of 2 or 4 after ca. 30 min of UV photolysis and recording their electron paramagnetic resonance spectra. These exhibited a rhombic g tensor of [g1, g2, g3] = [2.029, 1.978, 1.933]. This radical intermediate could be related to the valence isomers of the nitride [-SnIV≡N] intermediate, in isomeric equilibrium with the nitrene [-SnII-N] and nitridyl [-SnIII═N·] forms, but with the spin density on the nitrogen being quenched, possibly by the H atom abstraction to form an S = 1/2 species of formula -Sn·â•N(H).

17.
Dalton Trans ; 46(41): 14186-14191, 2017 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28984335

RESUMO

Bio-inspired manganese [Mn(N5Py)(H2O)(CH3OH)](ClO4)2 (1) and iron [Fe(N5Py)(H2O)(ClO4)]ClO4 (2) complexes derived from a pentadentate ligand (N5Py = 2,6-bis((E)-1-phenyl-2-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)hydrazinyl)pyridine) framework containing a N5 binding motif were synthesized and characterized using different spectroscopic methods. The molecular structures of complexes 1 and 2 were determined by X-ray crystallography. These complexes were found to be stable under physiological conditions and exhibited an excellent superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. The SOD activity was determined by a xanthine-xanthine oxidase-nitro blue tetrazolium assay and the IC50 values were determined to be 1.53 and 2.09 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Manganês/química , Superóxido Dismutase/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Cinética , Ligantes , Conformação Molecular , Oxirredução , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Água/química
18.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 73(Pt 8): 1255-1258, 2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28932448

RESUMO

The crystal structure determination based on 90 K data of the title imine ligand, C18H10ClNO, revealed non-merohedral twinning with three twin domains. In our experience, this is an indication of an ordering phase transition. Consequently, the structure was redetermined with higher temperature data, and a reversible phase transition was discovered. The higher temperature phase is indeed an ordered structure. At the higher temperature, the 4-chloro-phenyl group has rotated by ca 7° into a crystallographic mirror plane. Warming the crystal from 90 K to 250 K changes the space group from triclinic P-1, to monoclinic P21/m. Diverse non-classical inter-actions are present in the crystal packing, and these are described for the phase change reported in this work. The crystal structure of the title imine ligand, measured at 100 K, has been reported on previously [Kovach et al. (2011 ▸). J. Mol. Struct.992, 33-38].

19.
Chemistry ; 23(63): 15937-15944, 2017 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28777873

RESUMO

A totally unanticipated regio- and stereoisomerically pure C2h -symmetric trans-1-(bis-pyrrolidine)-tetra-malonate hexa-adduct of C60 was obtained via a topologically controlled method, followed by a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction. The structures of the products were elucidated by 1 H and 13 C NMR and by X-ray crystallography. The unexpected regio- and stereoselectivity observed, supported by theoretical calculations, was found to be a consequence of malonate-pyrrolidine interactions.


Assuntos
Fulerenos/química , Malonatos/química , Pirrolidinas/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Reação de Cicloadição , Conformação Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Estereoisomerismo
20.
Acta Crystallogr B Struct Sci Cryst Eng Mater ; 73(Pt 3): 413-418, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28572551

RESUMO

The structure of Ni(Hpydc)2·3H2O (H2pydc = pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid, also known as dipicolinic acid) has been reinvestigated at variable temperatures. At room temperature, it matches the known structure in the space group P21/c, but at 180 K it undergoes a phase transformation to a twinned structure in Cc. By 120 K, the structure is ordered and twinned with Z' = 4, and shows interesting short hydrogen-bonding interactions that include the formation of hydroxonium species.

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