Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 349
Filtrar
1.
J Sports Sci ; : 1-11, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727847

RESUMO

Hamstring strain often occurs when an opponent unanticipatedly perturbs an athlete's movements. We examined the neuromuscular responses of hamstring and trunk muscles during unanticipated trunk perturbations in athletes with and without a history of hamstring strain injury. Male college athletes (11 with a history of a unilateral hamstring injury and 10 without prior injury) knelt while wearing a chest harness attached to a cable that was pulled backward. They were instructed to resist the force isometrically and maintain their position when the perturbations were applied. The pressure was released with or without a cue (CUE or NoCUE). We measured trunk acceleration, three-dimensional kinematic data, and surface electromyography (EMG) signals of the erector spinae, internal oblique, gluteus maximus, biceps femoris long head, and semitendinosus muscles. Maximum trunk acceleration and displacement were greater with NoCUE in both groups (p < 0.05). EMG amplitude did not differ after perturbation of any investigated muscle. The injured group demonstrated a delayed onset of the gluteus maximus and erector spinae muscles in NoCUE versus CUE stimuli (p < 0.05). Athletes with a history of hamstring strain injury exhibited a reduced neuromuscular coordination of the lumbopelvic muscles in response to unanticipated trunk movement.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of perioperative antithrombotic agent (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) discontinuation in elective posterior spinal surgery in terms of bleeding complications, such as epidural hematoma and postoperative thromboembolism. METHODS: We enrolled patients undergoing elective posterior spinal surgery at 9 hospitals between April 2017 and August 2020.We collected data regarding patients' baseline characteristics, surgical details, intraoperative estimated blood loss, and postoperative complication rates, including epidural hematoma and thromboembolism. We divided the patients into a discontinuation group, in which antithrombic agents were discontinued perioperatively, and a control group without antithrombic agents. Propensity scores for taking any antithrombic agents were calculated, with one-to-one matching based on the estimated propensity scores to adjust for patients' baseline characteristics and surgical details. Intraoperative estimated blood loss and 30-day postoperative complication rates were compared between the groups. RESULTS: We enrolled 9,853 patients, including 1,123 patients (11.4%) who discontinued antithrombic agents perioperatively. One-to-one propensity score matching yielded 1,111 pairs with and without antithrombic agents. Intraoperative estimated blood loss per 10 minutes (8.2 mL vs. 8.9 mL) and the incidence of epidural hematoma requiring revision (0.97% vs. 0.72%) were similar between the groups. Although postoperative cardiac events and stroke were observed only in the discontinuation group (0.27% and 0.09%, respectively), these incidences were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative antithrombic agent discontinuation in elective posterior spinal surgery normalized the intraoperative bleeding tendency and the incidence of postoperative epidural hematoma and did not influence in a significative way the incidence of postoperative thromboembolism.

3.
Case Rep Ophthalmol ; 12(2): 699-705, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594207

RESUMO

Although a few cases of dermatitis or keratitis caused by exposure to the sap of Euphorbia trigona have been reported, we present a rare case of transient corneal endothelial dysfunction following exposure to the sap, resulting in corneal edema. A woman in her 70s complained of reduced vision, redness, and teariness in her left eye 2 days after exposure to the sap of E. trigona at home. Upon examination, hyperemia, serious corneal edema, and anterior uveitis with hypopyon were observed in her left eye, without corneal epithelial defects or keratic precipitates. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 2.0 (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution), and the measured central corneal thickness (CCT) was 812 µm. The patient was treated with topical instillation of 1.5% levofloxacin and 0.1% dexamethasone to reduce intraocular inflammation and corneal edema. Three weeks later, the BCVA reached 0, the CCT was 519 µm, and the corneal endothelial cell density was 3,233 cells/mm2. Six months after the injury, the patient had good visual acuity, and the cornea was completely transparent. No recurrence of corneal edema or anterior uveitis was observed. Exposure to the sap of E. trigona can lead to severe corneal edema with anterior uveitis, impairing visual acuity. Taking precautions to prevent the exposure of the eye to the sap of this plant is crucial.

4.
Spine J ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) represents the smallest change in an outcome measure recognized as clinically meaningful to a patient after receiving a clinical intervention. Most studies that discussed the MCIDs for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) included mixed pathologies or procedures despite that the MCID value should be different depending on the intervention. Moreover, despite the efficacy of adopting percentage-change improvement for the MCID threshold, there are limited reports and discussions in the field of lumbar surgery. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to elucidate the MCIDs for the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), EuroQOL 5-dimension 3-level (EQ-5D-3L), physical component summary (PCS) of the Short Form of the Medical Outcomes Study, and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) in patients with degenerative LSS treated with decompression surgery without fusion. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed. PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 422 patients who underwent decompression surgery for LSS and answered a complete set of questionnaires were included in the study. Patients who underwent endoscopic or revision surgery were excluded. OUTCOME MEASURES: Preoperative and 1-year postoperative scores of each health-related quality of life questionnaires (HRQOLs) and patient satisfaction questionnaire response METHODS: The patient satisfaction question was used as an anchor, and the cutoff values were estimated based on absolute point improvement from baseline using a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and the "mean change" method for MCIDs. The MCID values for percentage-change in HRQOLs were also calculated using ROC curve analysis. The three cutoff values for each HRQOL were validated using the Youden index for determining the most robust MCIDs. RESULTS: Of the patients, 356 (84.4%) were at least "somewhat satisfied" with the treatment results. The two cutoff values of absolute point-change in each HRQOL, which were estimated by two different anchor-based methods, were similar. The area under the curve of the ROC curve for percentage-change tended to be higher than that for absolute point-change. Moreover, the Youden index of the percentage-change in each HRQOL was higher than that of the absolute point-change calculated by either the "mean change" method or the ROC curve analysis. Based on these results, it was proposed that MCID was 42.4% for percentage-change in ODI, 22.0% for EQ-5D-3L, 13.7% for PCS, 25.0% for NRS (low back pain), 55.6% for NRS (leg pain), 22.2% for NRS (leg numbness). CONCLUSIONS: The MCIDs of HRQOLs were calculated in patients with LSS treated with decompression surgery without concomitant fusion procedure. The MCID cutoffs based on percentage-change from baseline were more effective than those of absolute point-change.

5.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689288

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of a combination therapy of prednisolone and cyclosporine and corticosteroid pulse therapy in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, randomized, non-inferiority trial. METHODS: Patients of new-onset acute VKH disease at 11 centers in Japan between 2014 and 2018 were randomized to a combination (oral prednisolone 60 mg daily with gradual taper-off to 35 mg/day and cyclosporine 3 mg/kg/day) and corticosteroid (methylprednisolone 1000 mg for 3 days followed by oral prednisolone) groups, and were followed for 1 year. RESULTS: Thirty-four were assigned to the combination and thirty-six patients to the corticosteroid group. Recurrence/worsening risk was 0.15 (95% confidence-interval [CI] 0.03-0.27) in the combination group and 0.25 (95% CI 0.11-0.39) in the corticosteroid group, with a risk difference of - 0.10 (90% CI - 0.27 to 0.06), demonstrating non-inferiority of the combination group with a non-inferiority margin of 0.20 (P = 0.0013). Serious adverse events occurred in three patients (two with hyponatremia and one with severe headaches) in the combination group and none in the corticosteroid group. Sunset glow fundus grades and cataract rates at 1 year were 0.57 (95% CI 0.42-71) and 4.3% in the combination group and 0.91 (95% CI 0.78-1.04) and 34.0% in the corticosteroid group, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy was noninferior to corticosteroid therapy with respect to recurrence/worsening risk. Notably, the recurrence/worsening risk, sunset glow fundus grade, and cataract rate were lower in the combination group than in the corticosteroid group.

6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 464, 2021 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have indicated that self-stigma is associated with depressive symptoms and could be a barrier to recovery in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. More recently, an association between autistic symptoms and self-stigma was found in schizophrenia-spectrum patients. This study aimed to investigate the association between self-stigma, autistic and depressive symptoms, and recovery in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: In total, 105 participants were evaluated using the Autism Spectrum Quotient, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, and the Recovery Assessment Scale to investigate autistic symptoms, self-stigma, depressive symptoms, and recovery, respectively. The relationship between self-stigma, autistic symptoms, depressive symptoms, and recovery was assessed using structural equation modeling analysis. RESULTS: Impaired attention switching, one symptom of autism, was found to positively affect stereotype endorsement, which negatively influenced recovery through depressive symptoms. Moreover, problems with communication skills negatively affected recovery through depressive symptoms. Concerning self-stigma, stereotype endorsement and perceived discrimination had a negative effect on recovery through depressive symptoms, whereas stigma resistance had a direct negative effect on recovery. CONCLUSIONS: This study may provide meaningful insight into the psychological structure of recovery and could inform effective interventions for patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. This was a cross-sectionally designed study; therefore, further longitudinal studies are needed to identify the causal relationships between self-stigma, autistic and depressive symptoms, and recovery.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , Esquizofrenia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/complicações , Humanos , Esquizofrenia/complicações , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Autoimagem , Estigma Social
7.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 10(11): 13, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515760

RESUMO

Purpose: To the best of our knowledge, few detailed investigation of astigmatism with recurrent pterygium currently exists. We aimed to evaluate corneal irregularity after recurrent pterygium surgery. Methods: This observational study included consecutive patients who underwent recurrent pterygium surgery and were observed for >12 months postoperatively via corneal examination. Patients who underwent primary pterygium surgery during the same period served as controls. Pterygium size and corneal irregularity evaluated with Fourier harmonic analysis (spherical component, regular astigmatism, asymmetry component, and higher-order irregularity) were compared between groups preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Results: Overall, 203 eyes of 203 patients (age, 66.5 ± 9.5 years) were included, of which 44 eyes had recurrent pterygium and 159 had primary pterygium. Regular astigmatism in the recurrent pterygium group was higher than that in the primary pterygium group preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. The asymmetry component and higher-order irregularity in the recurrent pterygium group were higher than those in the primary pterygium group at all observation points. Conclusions: Fourier harmonic analysis showed that larger corneal irregularity that could not be corrected with spectacles persisted for a long time after recurrent pterygium excision than after primary pterygium excision. Thus, recurrence prevention is critical for primary pterygium surgery. Translational Relevance: We demonstrated that larger corneal irregularity that could not be corrected with spectacles remained long after excision of recurrent pterygium compared with excision of primary pterygium; thus, the prevention of recurrence is clinically important for primary pterygium surgery in terms of corneal irregularity.


Assuntos
Pterígio , Idoso , Túnica Conjuntiva , Córnea/cirurgia , Topografia da Córnea , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pterígio/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18224, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521951

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the cell density and morphology of the corneal endothelium in ophthalmologically healthy young Japanese, given the lack of normative data in literature. This observational study included eyes without ophthalmologic diseases, besides refractive errors, examined between 1996 and 2015 at Miyata Eye Hospital. Eyes with a history of ophthalmologic diseases or contact lens usage were excluded. Correlation of corneal endothelial cell density (ECD), coefficient of variation (CV), appearance rate of hexagonal cells (6A), and cell area with age were examined. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of corneal parameters. We included 16842 eyes of 8421 individuals (19.6 ± 8.7 years). ECD was 3109.0 ± 303.7 cells/mm2 and significantly reduced with age (p < 0.001). The ECD reduction rate was 0.42%/year in the total population. On multivariate analysis, age and sex were significantly correlated with ECD, CV, 6A, and cell area (all p < 0.001). ECD, 6A, CV, and cell area are significantly associated with age in healthy young Japanese individuals. Monitoring their corneal endothelium is essential to assess the risk of endothelial damage.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468830

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify the prognosis of corneal perforation, we compared the etiology and characteristics of patients with traumatic and non-traumatic corneal perforations. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included patients treated for traumatic or non-traumatic corneal perforations at a single tertiary hospital from 1989 to 2019. The variables collected included the primary cause of corneal perforation, final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and treatment administered. The initial treatment administered and treatment success rates were compared between the traumatic and non-traumatic groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of final visual acuity. RESULTS: Ninety eyes of 90 patients (mean age, 61.1 ± 19.7 years) were included. Traumatic and non-traumatic corneal perforations occurred in 40 (44.4%) and 50 eyes (55.6%), respectively. Among non-traumatic causes, infection and autoimmune disease were the causes for corneal perforation in 18 (20.0%) and 12 eyes (13.3%), respectively. The success rate for the closure of the perforated site with the initial procedure was significantly higher in traumatic corneal perforations than in non-traumatic corneal perforations (90.0% and 72.2%, respectively; p = 0.038). Patients with traumatic corneal perforation had significantly better final BCVA than those with non-traumatic corneal perforation (0.71 ± 1.18 and 1.52 ± 1.12, respectively; p = 0.0016). On multivariate analysis, older age and non-traumatic corneal perforation were significantly related to the final lower BCVA (p < 0.001 and p = 0.029, respectively). CONCLUSION: Traumatic corneal perforation demonstrated a significantly better prognosis than non-traumatic corneal perforation. It is critical to consider the primary cause of corneal perforation to anticipate prognosis.

10.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 259(11): 3351-3357, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379184

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between fluoroquinolone susceptibility of gram-positive cocci (GPC) isolated from patients with bacterial keratitis and the age of the patients or the date of onset. METHODS: Bacterial isolates were obtained from corneal lesions of patients with infectious keratitis treated between January 2008 and December 2016. The fluoroquinolone susceptibility of GPC was assessed, and a retrospective review of microbiological records was performed. Fluoroquinolone susceptibility was measured through broth microdilution in accordance with protocols of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Statistical analysis was performed using a generalized estimating equation and cubic spline to determine the association between fluoroquinolone susceptibility of GPC isolated from corneal lesions and patient age. RESULTS: Of the 1200 bacterial isolates, 471 GPC were identified. They included Staphylococcus epidermidis (45.6%), other coagulase-negative Staphylococcus sp. (17.8%), and Staphylococcus aureus (18.3%). Levofloxacin susceptibility of GPC exhibited a negative relationship with age and had an odds ratio of 0.893 (95% confidence interval, 0.825-0.967) for every 10 years of age. A non-adjusted cubic spline curve was well correlated with year-adjusted data in a generalized additive model, and the levofloxacin susceptibility of GPC was initially stable but gradually declined after 40 years of age, before re-stabilizing again after 70 years of age. CONCLUSION: The fluoroquinolone susceptibility of GPC isolated from corneal lesions of infectious keratitis is high in children under 15 years of age and declines with an increase in age of patients using a generalized estimating equation and cubic spline.


Assuntos
Infecções Oculares Bacterianas , Cocos Gram-Positivos , Ceratite , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Criança , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Humanos , Ceratite/diagnóstico , Ceratite/tratamento farmacológico , Ceratite/epidemiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 22(9): 298-306, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402579

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Anatomical changes, such as shrinkage and aeration, can affect dose distribution in proton therapy (PT) for maxillary sinus carcinoma (MSC). These changes can affect the dose to the target and organs at risk (OARs); however, when these changes occur during PT is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the dosimetric impact of anatomical changes during PT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with MSC were enrolled in this study. Initial PT plans were generated based on initial computed tomography (CT) images. Several repeat CT images were obtained to confirm anatomical changes during PT. Evaluation PT plans were generated by copying initial PT plans to repeat CT images. The dose differences of the target and OARs were evaluated by comparing both the plans. RESULTS: At 3-4 weeks after the initiation of PT, the target volume reduced by approximately 10% as compared with the initial volume. Consequently, the target volumes gradually varied until the end of treatment. The value of V95 (volume that received 95% of the prescription dose) in the clinical target volume of the evaluation PT plan was similar to that of the initial PT plan. However, the dose to OARs, such as the contralateral optic nerve, contralateral eyeball, brainstem, and optic chiasm, increased significantly from the middle to the later phases of the treatment course. In contrast, there was a slight dose difference in the ipsilateral optic apparatus. CONCLUSION: The trend analysis in this study showed that anatomical changes appeared 3-4 weeks after the start of PT, and the dose to the OARs tended to increase. Therefore, it is recommended to check the status of tumor 3-4 weeks after the start of treatment to avoid the deterioration of dose distribution due to these changes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Terapia com Prótons , Humanos , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador
12.
J Periodontol ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive inflammation in the periodontal tissue after tooth replantation can lead to inflammatory root resorption and interrupt periodontal tissue regeneration. We tested the hypothesis that nuclear factor-κB decoy oligodeoxynucleotide-loaded poly lactic-co-glycolic acid nanospheres (NF-PLGA) inhibit excessive inflammation and promote healing of periodontal tissue after replantation in rats. METHODS: The upper right incisors of rats were extracted, immersed in different specific solutions, and replanted. The rats were euthanized at 7, 14, and 28 days after replantation. Morphological evaluation with micro-CT and histological assessment with hematoxylin and eosin and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was performed. Additionally, we examined the expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1), and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in the periodontal ligament (PDL) by performing immunohistological assessment. RESULTS: The NF-PLGA group showed significantly greater dental root thickness than the other experimental groups. Root resorption was not observed after the application of NF-PLGA on day 7. The application of NF-PLGA also resulted in a significantly lower number of TRAP-positive osteoclasts on days 7 and 14 after replantation. Significantly lower expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 and higher expression of TGF-ß1 and FGF-2 were observed under the application of NF-PLGA in the PDL. CONCLUSIONS: NF-PLGA promoted the healing process by inhibiting the initial excessive inflammatory response in the PDL, preventing root resorption, and promoting periodontal tissue regeneration. The findings also suggested that the PLGA nanospheres-mediated transfection of the decoy oligodeoxynucleotides can be useful for the clinical application of replanted tooth root surfaces.

13.
Front Physiol ; 12: 676270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220541

RESUMO

Activation of the sympathoadrenal system is associated with sleep apnea-related symptoms and metabolic dysfunction induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH). IH can induce hormonal imbalances and growth retardation of the craniofacial bones. However, the relationship between IH and ß2-adrenergic receptor signaling in the context of skeletal growth regulation is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of ß2-adrenergic receptors in IH-induced mandibular growth retardation and bone metabolic alterations. Male 7-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to IH for 3 weeks. IH conditions were established using original customized hypoxic chambers; IH was induced at a rate of 20 cycles per hour (oxygen levels changed from 4 to 21% in one cycle) for 8 h per day during the 12 h "lights on" period. The rats received intraperitoneal administration of a ß2-adrenergic antagonist (butoxamine) or saline. To exclude dietary effects on general growth, the normoxic rats with saline, normoxic rats with butoxamine, and IH rats with butoxamine were subjected to food restriction to match the body weight gains between IH and other three groups. Body weight, heart rate, blood pressure, and plasma concentrations of leptin, serotonin, and growth hormone were measured. Bone growth and metabolism were evaluated using radiography, microcomputed tomography, and immunohistochemical staining. Plasma leptin levels were significantly increased, whereas that of serotonin and growth hormone were significantly decreased following IH exposure. Leptin levels recovered following butoxamine administration. Butoxamine rescued IH-induced mandibular growth retardation, with alterations in bone mineral density at the condylar head of the mandible. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed significantly lower expression levels of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) in the condylar head of IH-exposed rats. Conversely, recovery of RANKL expression was observed in IH-exposed rats administered with butoxamine. Collectively, our findings suggest that the activation of ß2-adrenergic receptors and leptin signaling during growth may be involved in IH-induced skeletal growth retardation of the mandible, which may be mediated by concomitant changes in RANKL expression at the growing condyle.

14.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 12(7): 1093-1101, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267879

RESUMO

Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT), which catalyzes the methylation of nicotinamide, is a cytosolic enzyme that has attracted much attention as a therapeutic target for a variety of diseases. However, despite the considerable interest in this target, reports of NNMT inhibitors have still been limited to date. In this work, utilizing in vitro translated macrocyclic peptide libraries, we identified peptide 1 as a novel class of NNMT inhibitors. Further exploration based on the X-ray cocrystal structures of the peptides with NNMT provided a dramatic improvement in inhibitory activity (peptide 23: IC50 = 0.15 nM). Furthermore, by balance of the peptides' lipophilicity and biological activity, inhibitory activity against NNMT in cell-based assay was successfully achieved (peptide 26: cell-based IC50 = 770 nM). These findings illuminate the potential of cyclic peptides as a relatively new drug discovery modality even for intracellular targets.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(13)2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203485

RESUMO

There are no studies on the risk factors of radiation pneumonitis (RP) after carbon-ion radiotherapy at a dose of 50 Gy (relative biological effectiveness (RBE)) in a single fraction. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with RP after radiotherapy, including dose-volume parameters. Ninety-eight patients without a history of thoracic radiotherapy who underwent treatment for solitary lung tumors between July 2013 and April 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Treatment was planned using Xio-N. The median follow-up duration was 53 months, and the median clinical target volume was 32.3 mL. Three patients developed grade 2 RP, and one patient developed grade 3 interstitial pneumonitis. None of the patients developed grade 4 or 5 RP. The dose-volume parameters of the normal lung irradiated at least with 5-30 Gy (RBE), and the mean lung dose was significantly lower in patients with grade 0-1 RP than in those with grade 2-3 RP. Pretreatment with higher SP-D and interstitial pneumonitis were significant factors for the occurrence of symptomatic RP. The present study showed a certain standard for single-fraction carbon-ion radiotherapy that does not increase the risk of RP; however, further validation studies are needed.

16.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1243-1249, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121023

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of fluoride-releasing 4-META/MMA-TBB resin on the degree of enamel demineralization typically detected around orthodontic brackets using µCT. Enamel-dentin blocks were prepared from bovine teeth. Brackets were attached with either 4-META/MMA-TBB resin (SBC), fluoride-releasing 4-META/MMA-TBB resin (SBF), or fluoride-releasing RMGIC (FLC). The specimens were subjected to demineralization (pH 4.5, 21 days) and scanned by µCT (0, 7, and 21 days). Fluoride ion release under the experimental conditions was measured. The degree of demineralization detected in SBF and FLC was significantly lower than that in SBC; there were no significant differences in the degree of demineralization detected in SBF and FLC. The level of fluoride ion detected in FLC was significantly higher than that detected in SBC. Fluoride-releasing 4-META/MMA-TBB resin protected against enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets when compared to the results from the fluoride-free resin.


Assuntos
Braquetes Ortodônticos , Desmineralização do Dente , Animais , Compostos de Boro , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos , Metacrilatos , Metilmetacrilatos , Braquetes Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Cimentos de Resina , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle
17.
Cancer Sci ; 112(9): 3598-3606, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107139

RESUMO

There are no clinical reports of long-term follow-up after carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) using a dose of 51.6 Gy (relative biological effectiveness [RBE]) in 12 fractions for localized prostate cancer, or of a comparison of clinical outcomes between passive and scanning beam irradiation. A total of 256 patients with localized prostate cancer who received CIRT at a dose of 51.6 Gy (RBE) in 12 fractions using two different beam delivery techniques (passive [n = 45] and scanning [n = 211]), and who were followed for more than 1 year, were analyzed. The biochemical relapse-free (bRF) rate was defined by the Phoenix definition, and the actuarial toxicity rates were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Of the 256 patients, 41 (16.0%), 111 (43.4%), and 104 (40.6%) were classified as low, intermediate, and high risk, respectively, after a median follow-up of 7.0 (range 1.1-10.4) years. Androgen deprivation therapy was performed in 212 patients (82.8%). The 5-year bRF rates of the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk patients were 95.1%, 90.9%, and 91.1%, respectively. The 5-year rates of grade 2 late gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicities in all patients were 0.4% and 6.3%, respectively. No grade ≥3 toxicities were observed. There were no significant differences in the rates of bRF or grade 2 toxicities in patients who received passive irradiation versus scanning irradiation. Our long-term follow-up results showed that a CIRT regimen of 51.6 Gy (RBE) in 12 fractions for localized prostate cancer yielded a good therapeutic outcome and low toxicity rates irrespective of the beam delivery technique.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Radioterapia com Íons Pesados/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
J Oral Sci ; 63(3): 283-285, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078768

RESUMO

The condyle is the most common site of mandibular fracture. In the present study, an attempt was made to utilize three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) images to evaluate mandibular condyle fractures and identify prognostic indicators of malocclusion after closed treatment. Accurate morphometric measurements were performed using 3D-CT images obtained before trauma, after trauma, and after healing. Morphometry revealed significant differences in loss of ramus height (LRH) and lateral movement length in patients with malocclusion, and significant LRH differences in patients with other maxillomandibular fractures after healing, or in those with dislocation-displacement. The present method of 3D-CT image analysis appears useful for evaluation of condylar fractures.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Fraturas Mandibulares , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão/terapia , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Mandibulares/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Eur Spine J ; 30(9): 2661-2669, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003382

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To precisely assess the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) and its total score (Oswestry Disability Index: ODI) and reveal characteristics of non-responders of the 8th item of ODQ (ODI-8) relating to sexual function. Furthermore, we evaluated risk factors for aggravation of postoperative sexual function. METHODS: We enrolled patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery at eight hospitals between April 2017 and November 2018. Patients' background data and operative factors were collected. We also assessed pain or dysesthesia (lower back, buttock, leg, and plantar area) on a numerical rating scale, EuroQol 5 Dimension, core outcome measures index back, and ODI before and 1 year after surgery. Factor analysis was conducted for the ODQ. Non-responders of the ODI-8 were compared with full-responders using propensity score matching. Risk factors for worsening ODI-8 were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 2,610 patients enrolled, 601 (23.0%) answered all but the ODI-8 item; these patients were likely to show better preoperative clinical symptoms than full-responders, even after adjusting for age and gender using propensity scores. Age, spinal deformity, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) 3/4 were significant risk factors for postoperative aggravation of the ODI-8. Factor analysis revealed that the ODQ was composed of dynamic and static activities; the ODI-8 was considered a dynamic activity. CONCLUSION: Almost a fourth of the patients skipped the ODI-8. Age, the presence of spinal deformity, and worse ASA-PS were found to be risk factors for postoperative aggravation of sexual function. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE I: Diagnostic: individual cross-sectional studies with the consistently applied reference standard and blinding.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 22: 101088, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937582

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this report was to describe a case of cataract surgery and Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) after cytomegalovirus (CMV) corneal endotheliitis and bullous keratopathy (BK) following immunosuppressive treatment for Mooren's ulcer. Observations: A 64-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of peripheral ulcerative keratitis in his left eye. He had a history of trabeculectomy for open angle glaucoma in his left eye. He was diagnosed with Mooren's ulcer and treated with topical betamethasone and tacrolimus with systemic cyclosporine. The corneal ulcer improved, but the peripheral cornea thinned from 6 to 12 and 0-2 o'clock. Five months later, cells were observed in the left anterior chamber, and real-time polymerase chain reaction examination of the aqueous humor showed CMV-DNA-positive results. The patient was diagnosed with CMV corneal endotheliitis, and oral ganciclovir was administered. Fifteen months after the initial presentation, BK appeared with decreased vision to 20 cm/n. d. After confirmation of negative CMV-DNA in the aqueous humor, DSAEK was performed following cataract surgery. The postoperative visual acuity recovered to 0.3. Mooren's ulcer exacerbation and CMV corneal endotheliitis did not recur postoperatively. Conclusions and Importance: This is the first report of a case in which a patient with Mooren's ulcer developed BK due to CMV corneal endotheliitis and required DSAEK. Cataract surgery and DSAEK could be performed without issue by creating the main wound and side ports in a manner that avoids the thinned parts of the cornea.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...