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1.
Rev. panam. salud publica ; 7(5): 319-324, May 2000. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-16928

RESUMO

In order to support the case for a certification of elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in some Caribbean countries, we compared the prevalence of circulating Wucheria bancrofti antigen in communities in Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad. For the study, we assayed school children in six communities in Guyana, five communities in Suriname, and three communities in Trinidad for the prevalence of circulating W. bancrofti antigen, using a new immunochromatographic test for LF. We also assayed adults in these three countries, with a special focus on Blanchisseusse, Trinidad, where mass treatment for LF elimination had been carried out in 1981. The prevalence of W. bancrofti circulating antigen found in the school children populations ranged from 1.7 percent to 33.2 percent in Guyana and were .22 percent overall in Suriname and 0.0 percent in Trinidad. Among adults in two Guyana communities the prevalences were 16.7 percent and 32.1 percent. The results were all negative from 211 adults in communities in the north, center, and south of Trinidad, as well as from 29 adults in Suriname. The data suggest that contrary to reports of LF endemicity from the World Health Organization, LF may no longer be present in Trinidad and may be of very low prevalence in Suriname. Trinidad and Tobago and other Caribbean nations proven negative could seek to be awarded a certificate of LF elimination. In Suriname the small localized pocket of infected persons who may serve as a reservoir of LF infection could be tested and appropriately treated to achieve LF elimination. Such LF-positive countries as Guyana should access new international resources being made available for LF elimination efforts. An adequate certification program would help identify which countries should seek the new LF elimination resources (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Filariose Linfática/prevenção & controle , Região do Caribe , Doenças Linfáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Linfáticas/epidemiologia , Wuchereria bancrofti , Antígenos de Helmintos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO | ID: pah-33049

RESUMO

In order to support the case for a certification of elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in some Caribbean countries, we compared the prevalence of circulating Wuchereria bancrofti antigen in communities in Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad. For the study, we assayed school children in six communities in Guyana, five communities in Suriname, and three communities in Trinidad for the prevalence of circulating W. bancrofti antigen, using a new immunochromatographic test for LF. We also assayed adults in these three countries, with a special focus on Blanchisseuse, Trinidad, where mass treatment for LF elimination had been carried out in 1981. The prevalences of W. bancrofti circulating antigen found in the school children populations ranged from 1.7 to 33.2 in Guyana and were 0.22 overall in Suriname and 0.0 in Trinidad. Among adults in two Guyana communities the prevalences were 16.7 and 32.1. The results were all negative from 211 adults in communities in the north, center, and south of Trinidad, as well as from 29 adults in Suriname. The data suggest that contrary to reports of LF endemicity from the World Health Organization, LF may no longer be present in Trinidad and may be of very low prevalence in Suriname. Trinidad and Tobago and other Caribbean nations proven negative could seek to be awarded a certificate of LF elimination. In Suriname the small localized pocket of infected persons who may serve as a reservoir of LF infection could be tested and appropriately treated to achieve LF elimination. Such LF-positive countries as Guyana should access new international resources being made available for LF elimination efforts. An adequate certification program would help identify which countries should seek the new LF elimination resources


Assuntos
Filariose Linfática , Wuchereria bancrofti , Região do Caribe
3.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 7(5): 319-24, may 2000. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-276741

RESUMO

In order to support the case for a certification of elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in some Caribbean countries, we compared the prevalence of circulating Wuchereria bancrofti antigen in communities in Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad. For the study, we assayed school children in six communities in Guyana, five communities in Suriname, and three communities in Trinidad for the prevalence of circulating W. bancrofti antigen, using a new immunochromatographic test for LF. We also assayed adults in these three countries, with a special focus on Blanchisseuse, Trinidad, where mass treatment for LF elimination had been carried out in 1981. The prevalences of W. bancrofti circulating antigen found in the school children populations ranged from 1.7 to 33.2 in Guyana and were 0.22 overall in Suriname and 0.0 in Trinidad. Among adults in two Guyana communities the prevalences were 16.7 and 32.1. The results were all negative from 211 adults in communities in the north, center, and south of Trinidad, as well as from 29 adults in Suriname. The data suggest that contrary to reports of LF endemicity from the World Health Organization, LF may no longer be present in Trinidad and may be of very low prevalence in Suriname. Trinidad and Tobago and other Caribbean nations proven negative could seek to be awarded a certificate of LF elimination. In Suriname the small localized pocket of infected persons who may serve as a reservoir of LF infection could be tested and appropriately treated to achieve LF elimination. Such LF-positive countries as Guyana should access new international resources being made available for LF elimination efforts. An adequate certification program would help identify which countries should seek the new LF elimination resources


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Filariose Linfática , Wuchereria bancrofti , Região do Caribe
5.
Surinaams Medisch Bulletin ; 13(3): 24-31, Nov.1998. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-1093

RESUMO

Ascariasis is soil transmitted disease that is endemic in Suriname. Usually it does not cause symptoms worth mentioning, but dependent on worm burden, location and migration of the worms, it may cause of ascariasis in children are reported and the pathogenesis of ascariasis is discussed.....(AU)


Assuntos
Relatos de Casos , Criança , Ascaríase/diagnóstico , Ascaríase/terapia , Ascaríase/fisiopatologia , Suriname
6.
Surinaams Medisch Bulletin ; 13(2): 37-47, 1998. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-1089

RESUMO

The occurrence of venomous spiders in the world is reviewed and special mention is made of those causing latrodectism and loxoscelism. The invasion of Latrodectus curacaviensis in the village of Cassipora, an Amerianindian village in Suriname, is reportedas well as three cases of latrodectism in this village. A historical review is made of the occurence of Latrodectus spiders in the Guianas in general andparticularly in Suriname. Finally, the treatment and prevention of latrodectism is discussed


Assuntos
Humanos , Aracnídeos , Suriname
7.
Surinaams Medisch Bulletin ; 13(2): 11-9, 1998.
Artigo em Nl | MedCarib | ID: med-1091

RESUMO

The curriculum vitae of Professor Paul Christiaan Flu is described. This Surinam physician did important scientific work in Suriname and the Netherlands East-Indie of that time. Finally, he was appointed to Professor at the State University of Leyden in the Netherlands. Striking was his great interest fortropical medicine and he can be considered as the pioneer of parasitology in Suriname. No wonder tha the Medical Scientific Institute(MWI) in Paramaribois named after him.....a.o


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , Médicos , Suriname
8.
Paramaribo; Anton de Kom University of Suriname; 1992. 91 p. maps, tab, gra.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-2173

RESUMO

Describes the basic health indicators and health problems by common causes. These are diseases related to the biological and physical environment, zoonotic diseases, vector-borne diseases and diseases related to social behaviour. Nutrition, health services, research institutions, national health policy and research programs are discussed. Also included are some health statistics


Assuntos
Humanos , Resumo em Inglês , Serviços de Saúde , Política de Saúde , Assistência à Saúde , Suriname
9.
Paramaribo; s.n; Nov. 1989. 16 p.
Monografia em Nl | MedCarib | ID: med-2176

RESUMO

Through food essential nutrients are ingested into the body. To prevent foodborne diseases, the food should be prepared hygienically. This applies to households, as well as mass catering. Each government should supervise mass catering. Food hygiene is also important for the food trade. The time between the preparation and eating of food, as well as the place where this happens, are also important. Food should be eaten shortly after its preparation (1-2 hours). It may contain unwanted chemical or biological substances. Various forms of mass catering are discussed. According to the WHO there is a small number of factors responsible for most of the foodborne diseases. That is why 10 golden rules for foodhandling were drawn up


Assuntos
Humanos , Resumo em Inglês , Ciências da Nutrição , Recursos Humanos em Nutrição/normas , Alimentos , Alimentos Integrais/microbiologia , Alimentos Integrais/envenenamento , Alimentos Integrais/normas , Alimentos Integrais , Consumo de Alimentos/normas , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Higiene dos Alimentos/métodos , Higiene dos Alimentos/normas , Comportamento Alimentar , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Inspeção de Alimentos , Conservação de Alimentos , Suriname
10.
Paramaribo; Universiteit van Suriname; 1976. 33 p. maps.
Monografia em Nl | MedCarib | ID: med-2175

RESUMO

An insufficient number of health workers are available in the rural areas. The most frequent diseases in these areas are the result of insanitary conditions, inappropriate nutrition and the occurrence of various insects and vermin. It is therefore not surprising that parasitical and infective diseases, most of them infectious, are very abundant in these areas. Suriname carries out a total community health care programme, which is an integration between preventive and curative care, with community development. The customs and cultural characteristics of the population should also be considered. Finally, a review of the health facilities in rural areas is given, which is illustrated by maps


Assuntos
Humanos , Resumo em Inglês , Assistência à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Rural , Saneamento Rural , Instalações de Saúde , Suriname , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
Paramaribo; Universiteit van Suriname; 1976. 40 p.
Monografia em Nl | MedCarib | ID: med-2174

RESUMO

Discusses 300 years of health and health care in Suriname, as well as medical parasitology, tropical medicine and various government and proprietary health facilities. The history of various diseases in Suriname, such as Typhus abdominalis (typhoid), cholera and smallpox, are also discussed. Some of these diseases have faded away, while others occur less frequently. Institutionalizing the General Health Insurance (National Health Insurance) appeared to be an important step towards the improvement of health care. In spite of the lack of man-power, health care in Suriname can be called satisfactory. The formation of a National Health Plan, with marked priorities, is recommended


Assuntos
Humanos , Resumo em Inglês , Diagnóstico da Situação de Saúde , Assistência à Saúde , Assistência à Saúde , Suriname
12.
Trop geogr med ; 25: 187-9, 1973.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-2177

RESUMO

The consequences of a snakebite by Bothrops atrox L., in the interior of Surinam, are reported in detail. In Surinam a bite by a poisonous snake occurs seldomly rarely, because most poisonous snakes do not attack and only bite when they are disturbed. The mortality from such a snakebite is estimated at 30 per cent. In this case a Dutch scientist was bitten by a 47 cm long Bothrops atrox in the top of his left thumb. He received an injection of polyvalent antivenim near the bite, but this could not penetrate properly. Later on he got 3 more injections, all within 50 minutes after the bite. From the first day until the tenth day, all symptoms were recorded. On the eleventh day, everything returned to normal


Assuntos
Relatos de Casos , Resumo em Inglês , Humanos , Adulto , Mordeduras de Serpentes/complicações , Bothrops , Suriname
13.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 20(4): 580-83, 1971. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-2179

RESUMO

A 15-year-old Negro boy, a native of Surinam, was admitted to the University Hospital in Paramaribo because of a small, slowly growing, painful tumor on the left side of the neck below the jaw. Tissue taken at biopsy of the tumor contained structures that suggested worm eggs and cross sections of worms. The patient was discharged without treatment. About 2 months later, his physician sent in a specimen of pus from a fistula that had developed in the tumor. The pus contained adult worms identified as Lagochilascaris minor, also eggs, larvae, and immature worms of this ascarid. The patient was readmitted to hospital and treated with 50 mg of thiabendazole per kg of body weight per day for 5 days. This treatment was repeated 1 week after completion of the first course of therapy, because treatment of another patient with L. minor infection, with smaller doses of thiabendazole, had not been succesful. During the next 8 months the tumor decreased in size and the fistula closed. Despite this favorable result, it is not certain that the infection with L. minor was destroyed.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Resumo em Inglês , Relatos de Casos , Masculino , Adolescente , Tiabendazol/uso terapêutico , Ascaríase/tratamento farmacológico , Ascaríase/parasitologia , Suriname/epidemiologia
14.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 17(4): 548-50, 1968. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-2178

RESUMO

In 1965 a 10-year-old Bushnegro girl was hospitalized in Paramaribo for a tumor of the neck. The disease began with a small pustule on the neck, accompanied by fever, approximately 6 months before the patient was hospitalized. The pustule was the size of a hen's egg when she came to the hospital and it developed into an abcess without much discharge. Four months later the diagnosis, Lagochilascaris minor infection, was made. The patient was then treated with thiabendazole, without success. Irradiation by x-ray to kill the eggs was unsuccessful. After a short period of dyspnea the girl died. This happened about a year after the first onset of the symptoms


Assuntos
Humanos , Relatos de Casos , Resumo em Inglês , Feminino , Adolescente , Ascaríase/tratamento farmacológico , Tiabendazol/uso terapêutico , Suriname/epidemiologia
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