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1.
Suma psicol ; 25(1): 30-40, Jan.-June 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-979366

RESUMO

Abstract This study assesses the relationship between food satisfaction and family satisfaction and their relationships to university student life satisfaction, while also exploring the moderating role of the place of student residence, student self-health perception and the importance students assign to food in relation to well-being. A survey was applied to a convenience sample of 269 university students. The questionnaire included: the Satisfaction with Life Scale, Satisfaction with Food-related Life, the family subscale of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale and the first item of the Health-related Quality of Life Index. Having controlled for gender and socioeconomic status, it was found that a student's life satisfaction was significantly related to food satisfaction and, to a lesser extent, family satisfaction. Food satisfaction was positively and significantly related to family satisfaction. A moderating role of student residence was not found. Student health self-perception was found to moderate the relationship between family and life satisfaction, whereas the importance assigned to food in relation to well-being was found to moderate the relationship between food and student life satisfaction. These findings suggest that, in order to increase student life satisfaction, it is important to improve family satisfaction for those students who have a negative health self-perception. Likewise, improving food satisfaction is relevant for those students who gave low importance to food in regard to their well-being.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la relación entre la satisfacción con la alimentación y la satisfacción familiar, sus relaciones con la satisfacción con la vida de estudiantes universitarios y explorar el rol moderador del lugar donde el estudiante vive, su autopercepción de la salud y de la importancia asignada a la alimentación para el bienestar. Se aplicó una encuesta a una muestra por conveniencia de 269 estudiantes universitarios. El cuestionario incluyó la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida, Satisfacción con la Alimentación, la subescala de Familia de la Escala Multidimensional de Satisfacción con la Vida de Estudiantes y el primer ítem del Índice de Calidad de Vida Relacionado con la Salud. Habiendo controlado por género y nivel socioeconómico, se encontró que la satisfacción con la vida del estudiante se relacionó significativamente con la satisfacción con la alimentación y, en menor medida, con su satisfacción familiar. La satisfacción con la alimentación se relacionó positiva y significativamente con la satisfacción familiar. No se encontró un rol moderador del lugar donde el estudiante vive. La autopercepción de salud del estudiante moderaría la relación entre la satisfacción con la vida y la familia, mientras la importancia asignada a la alimentación para el bienestar moderaría la relación entre la satisfacción con la vida y la alimentación. Estos resultados sugieren que para incrementar la satisfacción con la vida de los estudiantes, es importante mejorar la satisfacción con la familia en los estudiantes que tienen una mala autopercepción de salud, mientras que mejorar la satisfacción con la alimentación es relevante en los estudiantes que asignan baja importancia a la alimentación para su bienestar.

2.
Suma psicol ; 24(2): 97-106, jul.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-904065

RESUMO

Abstract The Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale is an instrument to assess life satisfaction in children and adolescents in five life domains. However, research on multidimensional life satisfaction in older students, such as those attending university, is still scarce. This paper undertook to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale in a sample of university students from five state universities in Chile. The Multidimensional Students' Scale and Satisfaction with Life Scale were applied to 369 participants. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the expected correlated five-factor model of the long version (40 items) and the abbreviated version (30 items) of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale. The goodness-of-fit values obtained from confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the data fit better to the 30-items and five-factor structure than to the 40-item structure. The convergent, concurrent and discriminant validity of the 30-item version was demonstrated. The 30-item version of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale may be a promis ing alternative to measure satisfaction in different life domains in university students, and a valuable tool for differential assessments that guide research and intervention on this population.


Resumen La Escala Multidimensional de Satisfacción con la Vida en Estudiantes mide la satisfacción con la vida en la niñez y adolescencia en cinco dominios de la vida. La investigación sobre satisfacción multidimensional con la vida es escasa en estudiantes de mayor edad, como aquellos que asisten a la Universidad. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala Multidimensional de Satisfacción con la Vida en Estudiantes en una muestra de estudiantes de cinco universidades estatales de Chile. La Escala Multidi mensional de Satisfacción con la Vida en Estudiantes y la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida fueron respondidas por 369 participantes. Se utilizó el análisis factorial confirmatorio para evaluar el modelo esperado de cinco factores de las versiones larga (40 items) y abreviada (30 items) de la Escala Multidimensional de Satisfacción con la Vida en Estudiantes. Los val ores de bondad de ajuste obtenidos revelaron que los datos se ajustaron mejor a la escala de 30 items y a la estructura de cinco factores. La validez convergente, concurrente y discrimi nante de esta versión fue demostrada. La versión de 30 items de la Escala Multidimensional de Satisfacción con la Vida en Estudiantes puede constituir una alternativa prometedora para medir la satisfacción de estudiantes universitarios en distintos dominios de la vida, así como una herramienta valiosa para la evaluación diferencial que guie la investigación e intervención en esta población.

3.
Suma psicol ; 24(1): 25-33, ene.-jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-904057

RESUMO

ABSTRACT This study aimed to characterize dieting and non-dieting university students by gender, Received 14 September 2016 based on their satisfaction with life and their food-related life, self-discrepancy, food behavior and health-related aspects. A non-probabilistic sample of 305 students from five Chilean state universities responded a questionnaire that included the Revised Restraint Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale, the Health-related Quality of Life Index, the Nutrition Interest Scale and the Self-Discrepancy Index. Sociodemographic characteristics, food behavior, and approximate weight and height were also enquired. Chronic dieters and non-dieters were distinguished according to the median score of the Revised Restraint Scale. 51.1% of women and 55.5% of men classified as chronic dieters, sharing characteristics such as nutrition concern, mental health problems, higher body mass index, and physical and economic self-discrepancy. Women dieters reported lower life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life, more health problems and health-related restriction of food, while men dieters showed higher social and emotional self-discrepancy.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar a estudiantes universitarios dietantes y no dietantes de distinto género, según su satisfacción con la vida y con la alimentación, discrepancia del yo, comportamiento alimentario y aspectos relacionados con la salud. Se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra no probabilística de 305 estudiantes de cinco universidades estatales de Chile. El cuestionario incluyó la Escala Revisada de Restricción Alimentaria, la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida, la Escala de Satisfacción con la Alimentación, el Índice de Calidad de Vida relativo a la Salud, la Escala de Interés por la Nutrición y la Escala de Discrepancia del Yo. Se consultaron características sociodemográficas, comportamiento alimentario y el peso y estatura aproximados. Con base en la mediana de la Escala Revisada de Restricción Alimentaria se distinguieron dietantes crónicos y no dietantes. El 51.1% de las mujeres y el 55.5% de los hombres fueron clasificados como dietantes crónicos, quienes comparten características como la preocupación por la nutrición, problemas de salud mental, mayor índice de masa corporal, y discrepancia del yo en los ámbitos físico y económico. Las mujeres dietantes estuvieron menos satisfechas con su vida y con su alimentación, reportaron más problemas de salud y superior restricción de alimentos por motivos de salud. Los hombres dietantes mostraron mayor discrepancia del yo en los ámbitos social y emocional.

4.
Food Res Int ; 96: 198-205, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28528100

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to test the relationships between food neophobia, satisfaction with food-related life and food technology neophobia, distinguishing consumer segments according to these variables and characterizing them according to willingness to purchase food produced with novel technologies. A survey was conducted with 372 university students (mean aged=20.4years, SD=2.4). The questionnaire included the Abbreviated version of the Food Technology Neophobia Scale (AFTNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and a 6-item version of the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS). Using confirmatory factor analysis, it was confirmed that SWFL correlated inversely with FNS, whereas FNS correlated inversely with AFTNS. No relationship was found between SWFL and AFTNS. Two main segments were identified using cluster analysis; these segments differed according to gender and family size. Group 1 (57.8%) possessed higher AFTNS and FNS scores than Group 2 (28.5%). However, these groups did not differ in their SWFL scores. Group 1 was less willing to purchase foods produced with new technologies than Group 2. The AFTNS and the 6-item version of the FNS are suitable instruments to measure acceptance of foods produced using new technologies in South American developing countries. The AFTNS constitutes a parsimonious alternative for the international study of food technology neophobia.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Preferências Alimentares , Alimentos , Satisfação Pessoal , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Comportamento do Consumidor , Feminino , Embalagem de Alimentos , Tecnologia de Alimentos , Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Fóbicos/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
5.
Cad Saude Publica ; 33(3): e00165615, 2017 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28380146

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to categorize university students based on their association between food neophobia and levels of subjective well-being, in general and in the food domain, and their perception of their family's eating habits. A survey was conducted among 372 university students from southern Chile. The questionnaire included the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4), and Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ). Three student types were distinguished by cluster analysis: Group 1 (26.9%) had the highest scores on the FNS, SWLS and SWFL. Group 2 (40.8%) had a high score on the FNS but the lowest scores on the SWLS and SWFL. Group 3 (32.3%) had the lowest FNS score and high scores on the SWLS and SWFL. Group 2 stood out in having a low score on the FEHQ's component for cohesiveness of family eating. These results suggest that both neophobic and non-neophobic students have positive levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and that satisfaction among neophobic students is related to family eating patterns, especially cohesiveness in family eating.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha , Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Transtornos Fóbicos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil , Chile/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
6.
Appetite ; 113: 91-99, 2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28215544

RESUMO

This study examined longitudinal measurement invariance in the Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) scale using follow-up data from university students. We examined this measure of the SWFL in different groups of students, separated by various characteristics. Through non-probabilistic longitudinal sampling, 114 university students (65.8% female, mean age: 22.5) completed the SWFL questionnaire three times, over intervals of approximately one year. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine longitudinal measurement invariance. Two types of analysis were conducted: first, a longitudinal invariance by time, and second, a multigroup longitudinal invariance by sex, age, socio-economic status and place of residence during the study period. Results showed that the 3-item version of the SWFL exhibited strong longitudinal invariance (equal factor loadings and equal indicator intercepts). Longitudinal multigroup invariance analysis also showed that the 3-item version of the SWFL displays strong invariance by socio-economic status and place of residence during the study period over time. Nevertheless, it was only possible to demonstrate equivalence of the longitudinal factor structure among students of both sexes, and among those older and younger than 22 years. Generally, these findings suggest that the SWFL scale has satisfactory psychometric properties for longitudinal measurement invariance in university students with similar characteristics as the students that participated in this research. It is also possible to suggest that satisfaction with food-related life is associated with sex and age.


Assuntos
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Análise de Variância , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Psicometria , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
7.
Cad. saúde pública ; 33(3): e00165615, 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-839679

RESUMO

Abstract: The aim of this study was to categorize university students based on their association between food neophobia and levels of subjective well-being, in general and in the food domain, and their perception of their family's eating habits. A survey was conducted among 372 university students from southern Chile. The questionnaire included the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4), and Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ). Three student types were distinguished by cluster analysis: Group 1 (26.9%) had the highest scores on the FNS, SWLS and SWFL. Group 2 (40.8%) had a high score on the FNS but the lowest scores on the SWLS and SWFL. Group 3 (32.3%) had the lowest FNS score and high scores on the SWLS and SWFL. Group 2 stood out in having a low score on the FEHQ's component for cohesiveness of family eating. These results suggest that both neophobic and non-neophobic students have positive levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and that satisfaction among neophobic students is related to family eating patterns, especially cohesiveness in family eating.


Resumen: El objetivo fue categorizar a los estudiantes universitarios en base a la asociación entre la neofobia alimentaria y los niveles de bienestar subjetivo general (y específico del dominio alimentario), además de la percepción de los estudiantes, en relación con los hábitos alimentarios de la familia. Se realizó una encuesta entre 372 universitarios del sur de Chile. El cuestionario incluyó la Food Neophobia Scale (FNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4) y Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ). El análisis de clústeres distinguió tres tipos de universitarios: el grupo 1 (26,9%) obtuvo las puntuaciones más altas en la FNS, SWLS y SWFL. El grupo 2 (40,8%) tuvo una puntuación alta en la FNS, aunque con puntuaciones más bajas en la SWLS y SWFL. El grupo 3 (32,3%) tuvo la FNS más baja y puntuaciones altas en la SWLS y SWFL. El grupo 2 se destacó por tener una puntuación baja en el componente del FEHQ, referente a la cohesión de la alimentación familiar. Los resultados sugieren que estudiantes neofóbicos y no-neofóbicos tienen niveles positivos de satisfacción con la vida, y con la vida relacionada con la alimentación, y que la satisfacción entre estudiantes neofóbicos está relacionada con los patrones alimentarios de la familia, sobre todo con la cohesión de la alimentación familiar.


Resumo: Objetivou-se categorizar os estudantes universitários com base na associação entre a neofobia alimentar e níveis de bem-estar subjetivo geral (e específico ao domínio alimentar), além da percepção dos estudantes em relação aos hábitos alimentares da família. Foi realizado um inquérito entre 372 universitários do Sul do Chile. O questionário incluiu a Food Neophobia Scale (FNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4) e Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ). A análise de clusters distinguiu três tipos de universitários: o grupo 1 (26,9%) obteve as pontuações mais altas na FNS, SWLS e SWFL. O grupo 2 (40,8%) teve pontuação alta na FNS, porém as pontuações mais baixas na SWLS e SWFL. O grupo 3 (32,3%) teve a FNS mais baixa e pontuações altas na SWLS e SWFL. O Grupo 2 se destacou por ter pontuação baixa no componente do FEHQ referente à coesão da alimentação familiar. Os resultados sugerem que estudantes neofóbicos e não-neofóbicos têm níveis positivos de satisfação com a vida, e com a vida relacionada à alimentação, e que a satisfação entre estudantes neofóbicos está relacionada aos padrões alimentares da família, sobretudo à coesão da alimentação familiar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Comportamento de Escolha , Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Transtornos Fóbicos/epidemiologia , Brasil , Chile/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
9.
Nutr. hosp ; 33(2): 451-458, mar.-abr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-153327

RESUMO

Aim: To characterize typologies of university students according to the perception of their families’ eating habits. Material and method: A questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 372 students of both genders at the Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile. The instrument included: the Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale (SWFL) and the Family Resources Scale (FRS). Estimated weight and height were asked about as well as sociodemographic variables. Results: Using an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) three factors were detected in the FEHQ: importance of eating to family members, cohesiveness of family eating, and pressure to eat. The EFA detected two factors on the FRS: intangible and tangible support. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) validated the structure of the FEHQ and the FRS with good goodness-of-fit indicators. A cluster analysis distinguished four typologies that differed significantly in the scores of the components on the FEHQ and FRS, scores on the SWLS and SWFL, body mass index, gender and socioeconomic level. Typologies with higher scores in "cohesiveness of family eating" report greater intangible support from their families and higher scores on the SWLS and SWFL. Conclusions: The results show that the frequency and importance assigned to family meals are associated positively with perceived family support, particularly in intangible resources, as well as with the overall satisfaction with life and in the food domain (AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar tipologías de estudiantes universitarios según la percepción de los hábitos alimentarios de sus familias. Material y método: se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra no probabilística de 372 estudiantes de ambos géneros de la Universidad de La Frontera, Chile. El instrumento incluyó: Cuestionario de Hábitos Alimentarios Familiares (FEHQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) y la Escala de Recursos Familiares (FRS). Se consultó peso y estatura aproximada, así como variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: mediante análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE) se detectaron tres factores en el FEHQ: importancia de la alimentación para los miembros de la familia, cohesión en las comidas familiares y presión por comer. Mediante AFE se detectaron dos factores en la FRS: apoyo intangible y tangible. Mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio se validó la estructura del FEHQ y de la FRS con aceptables niveles de bondad de ajuste. Mediante análisis clúster se distinguieron cuatro tipologías que difirieron significativamente en las puntuaciones de los componentes del FEHQ y de la FRS, puntajes de la SWLS y SWFL, índice de masa corporal, género y nivel socioeconómico. Las tipologías con mayores puntuaciones en "cohesión en las comidas familiares" reportan mayor apoyo intangible de sus familias y superiores puntuaciones en la SWLS y SWFL. Conclusiones: los resultados muestran que la frecuencia y la importancia asignada a las comidas en familia se asocian positivamente con el apoyo familiar percibido, especialmente en recursos intangibles, así como también con la satisfacción global con la vida y en el dominio de la alimentación (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamento Alimentar , Relações Familiares , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Características da Família , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Psicometria/instrumentação
10.
Eat Behav ; 21: 123-8, 2016 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26835591

RESUMO

Self-discrepancy describes the distance between an ideal and the actual self. Research suggests that self-discrepancy and dietary restraint are related, causing a significant impact on the person's well-being. However, this relationship has been mostly reported in female and mixed populations. In order to further explore dietary behaviors and their relations to self-discrepancy and well-being-related variables in men, a survey was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 119 male students from five Chilean state universities (mean age=21.8, SD=2.75). The questionnaire included the Revised Restraint Scale (RRS) with the subscales weight fluctuations (WF) and diet concern (DC), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), the Satisfaction with Food-Related Life Scale (SWFL), the Nutrition Interest Scale (NIS), and the Self-discrepancy Index (SDI). Questions were asked about socio-demographic characteristics, eating and drinking habits, and approximate weight and height. A cluster analysis applied to the Z-scores of the RRS classified the following typologies: Group 1 (22.7%), men concerned about weight fluctuations; Group 2 (37.0%), men concerned about diet and weight fluctuations; Group 3 (40.3%), unconcerned about diet and weight fluctuations. The typologies differed in their SDI score, restriction on pastry consumption and reported body mass index (BMI). Students with higher DC and WF scores had a higher BMI, and tended to report high self-discrepancy not only on a physical level, but also on social, emotional, economic and personal levels. This study contributes to the literature on subjective well-being, dietary restraint and self-discrepancy in men from non-clinical samples.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Dieta Redutora/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Chile , Análise por Conglomerados , Emoções , Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Ciências da Nutrição , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nutr Hosp ; 31(6): 2752-63, 2015 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26040392

RESUMO

AIM: To characterize types of university students based on satisfaction with life domains that affect eating habits, satisfaction with food-related life and subjective happiness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was applied to a nonrandom sample of 305 students of both genders in five universities in Chile. The questionnaire included the abbreviated Multidimensional Student's Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale (SWFL) and the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS). Eating habits, frequency of food consumption in and outside the place of residence, approximate height and weight and sociodemographic variables were measured. RESULTS: Using factor analysis, the five-domain structure of the MSLSS was confirmed with 26 of the 30 items of the abbreviated version: Family, Friends, Self, Environment and University. Using cluster analysis four types of students were distinguished that differ significantly in the MSLSS global and domain scores, SWFL and SHS scores, gender, ownership of a food allowance card funded by the Chilean government, importance attributed to food for well-being and socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of life satisfaction and happiness are associated with greater satisfaction with food-related life. Other major life domains that affect students' subjective well-being are Family, Friends, University and Self. Greater satisfaction in some domains may counterbalance the lower satisfaction in others.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Felicidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Chile , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
Span J Psychol ; 18: E38, 2015 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26083311

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the effect of satisfaction with food-related life on life satisfaction among inhabitants of the main municipalities of central Chile. A survey was applied to a sample of 1,277 people, distributed proportionally by municipality. The questionnaire included the following scales: SWLS (Satisfaction with Life Scale), SWFL (Satisfaction with Food-related Life) and the Health-Related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL). Questions were asked regarding eating habits inside and outside the home, time available for meals at home, the assessment of five sources of happiness and the demographic characteristics of those surveyed. An ordered logit model was proposed, in which the dependent variable was satisfaction with life. Satisfaction with life was significantly related to the respondent's socioeconomic status, self-perception of health, degree of satisfaction with food-related life, monthly food expenditure, time available for supper with the family (p < .01); gender, self-reported number of days affected by mental health problems, frequency of supper with the family, the degree of agreement with respect to family being an important source of happiness (p < .05); and family size and frequency of food consumption in fast food outlets (p < .10). Satisfaction with life in the study sample is related to aspects associated with health, family and eating, and the family interaction associated with eating may play an important role in overall satisfaction with life.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos/etnologia , Família/etnologia , Alimentos , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Chile/etnologia , Humanos , Renda
13.
Nutr. hosp ; 31(6): 2752-2763, jun. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-142266

RESUMO

Aim: to characterize types of university students based on satisfaction with life domains that affect eating habits, satisfaction with food-related life and subjective happiness. Materials and methods: a questionnaire was applied to a nonrandom sample of 305 students of both genders in five universities in Chile. The questionnaire included the abbreviated Multidimensional Student’s Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale (SWFL) and the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS). Eating habits, frequency of food consumption in and outside the place of residence, approximate height and weight and sociodemographic variables were measured. Results: using factor analysis, the five-domain structure of the MSLSS was confirmed with 26 of the 30 items of the abbreviated version: Family, Friends, Self, Environment and University. Using cluster analysis four types of students were distinguished that differ significantly in the MSLSS global and domain scores, SWFL and SHS scores, gender, ownership of a food allowance card funded by the Chilean government, importance attributed to food for well-being and socioeconomic status. Conclusions: higher levels of life satisfaction and happiness are associated with greater satisfaction with food-related life. Other major life domains that affect students’ subjective well-being are Family, Friends, University and Self. Greater satisfaction in some domains may counterbalance the lower satisfaction in others (AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar tipologías de estudiantes universitarios según la satisfacción en dominios de la vida que afectan a los hábitos alimentarios, satisfacción con la alimentación y nivel de felicidad subjetiva. Material y método: se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra no probabilística de 305 estudiantes de ambos géneros de cinco universidades de Chile. El cuestionario incluyó: Escala Multidimensional de Satisfacción con la Vida para Estudiantes (MSLSS) abreviada, Satisfacción con la Alimentación (SWFL) y la Escala de Felicidad Subjetiva (SHS). Se consultaron hábitos de consumo de alimentos, frecuencia de comidas dentro y fuera del lugar de residencia, peso y estatura aproximada y variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: mediante análisis factorial se confirmó la estructura de cinco dominios de la MSLSS, con 26 de los 30 ítems de la versión abreviada: Familia, Amigos, Sí mismo, Entorno de vida y Universidad. Mediante análisis clúster se distinguieron cuatro tipologías que difirieron significativamente en los puntajes de los dominios de la MSLSS y en su puntaje global, en los puntajes de la SWFL, SHS, género, contar con una tarjeta de alimentación financiada por el Estado chileno, importancia asignada a la alimentación para el bienestar personal y nivel socioeconómico Conclusiones: mayores niveles de satisfacción con la vida y de felicidad se asocian con una mayor satisfacción con la alimentación. Otros dominios importantes que afectan al bienestar subjetivo de los estudiantes corresponden a la familia, los amigos, la universidad y el sí mismo. La mayor satisfacción en unos dominios compensaría la menor satisfacción en otros (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Felicidade , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Estudantes/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Satisfação Pessoal
14.
Appetite ; 89: 203-14, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25675858

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to distinguish and characterize university student typologies according to their life satisfaction and satisfaction with their food-related life. An online survey was applied between June and August 2013 in five state universities in Chile, to 369 university students (mean age = 20.9 years, SD = 2.27). The survey included the Health-related Quality of Life Index-4 (HRQOL), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale (SWFL), as well as questions about the place of residence, importance of food for well-being, frequency of meals in the place of residence and the frequency of consumption of eight food groups. A cluster analysis was used to determine student typologies. Three typologies of students were distinguished with significant differences in the average scores of the SWLS and SWFL scales, self-perception of health, days with mental health problems, number of days of health-related incapacity, place of residence, socioeconomic status, importance of food for well-being, frequency of breakfast and dinner in the place of residence, frequency of consumption of meat, milk, fruits and vegetables. It was found that most students with higher levels of life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life live with their parents, eat at home more frequently, report fewer health problems, have healthful eating habits and consider food very important for their well-being. Although it is necessary to promote or improve the campaigns that foster healthful eating in the entire university population, these campaigns must be specifically targeted to students who do not receive direct support from their families.


Assuntos
Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Saúde , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Chile , Análise por Conglomerados , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Refeições , Pais , Características de Residência , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Span. j. psychol ; 18: e38.1-e38.14, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-137227

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the effect of satisfaction with food-related life on life satisfaction among inhabitants of the main municipalities of central Chile. A survey was applied to a sample of 1,277 people, distributed proportionally by municipality. The questionnaire included the following scales: SWLS (Satisfaction with Life Scale), SWFL (Satisfaction with Food-related Life) and the Health-Related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL). Questions were asked regarding eating habits inside and outside the home, time available for meals at home, the assessment of five sources of happiness and the demographic characteristics of those surveyed. An ordered logit model was proposed, in which the dependent variable was satisfaction with life. Satisfaction with life was significantly related to the respondent’s socioeconomic status, self-perception of health, degree of satisfaction with food-related life, monthly food expenditure, time available for supper with the family (p < .01); gender, self-reported number of days affected by mental health problems, frequency of supper with the family, the degree of agreement with respect to family being an important source of happiness (p < .05); and family size and frequency of food consumption in fast food outlets (p < .10). Satisfaction with life in the study sample is related to aspects associated with health, family and eating, and the family interaction associated with eating may play an important role in overall satisfaction with life (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Satisfação Pessoal , Alimentos , Família/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Chile
16.
Nutr Hosp ; 30(2): 453-61, 2014 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25208802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize university students typologies according to chronic food restriction, satisfaction with life and food consumption. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A questionnaire was applied on a non-probability sample of 369 male and female students from five Chilean universities. The questionnaire included: Revised Restraint Scale (RRS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) and the Health-related Quality of Life Index. The survey included food and drink consumption habits, weight and approximate height and sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: Two factors in the RRS were detected by exploratory factor analysis: Preoccupation with Diet (PD) and Weight fluctuations (WF). A confirmatory factor analysis validated the bifactor structure of the RRS with an acceptable adjustment kindness. The cluster analysis allowed a distinction of four typologies with a significant variation in PD, WF, SWLS and SWFL scoring, number of days with mental health problems, frequency of alcoholic drinks consumption, restraint on the consumption of certain foods, drinks and spices, consumption frequency of fruit out of the main meals and types. Typologies did not differ on their body mass index. CONCLUSIONS: Both, students preoccupied with diet and those who are not, experience higher levels of satisfaction with life and with food. Lower levels of global life satisfaction and satisfaction with food are related with the fluctuations in weight.


Assuntos
Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
17.
Nutr. hosp ; 30(2): 453-461, ago. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-142546

RESUMO

Objective: To characterize university students typologies according to chronic food restriction, satisfaction with life and food consumption. Materials and method: A questionnaire was applied on a non-probability sample of 369 male and female students from five Chilean universities. The questionnaire included: Revised Restraint Scale (RRS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) and the Health-related Quality of Life Index. The survey included food and drink consumption habits, weight and approximate height and sociodemographic variables. Results: Two factors in the RRS were detected by exploratory factor analysis: Preoccupation with Diet (PD) and Weight fluctuations (WF). A confirmatory factor analysis validated the bifactor structure of the RRS with an acceptable adjustment kindness. The cluster analysis allowed a distinction of four typologies with a significant variation in PD, WF, SWLS and SWFL scoring, number of days with mental health problems, frequency of alcoholic drinks consumption, restraint on the consumption of certain foods, drinks and spices, consumption frequency of fruit out of the main meals and types. Typologies did not differ on their body mass index. Conclusions: Both, students preoccupied with diet and those who are not, experience higher levels of satisfaction with life and with food. Lower levels of global life satisfaction and satisfaction with food are related with the fluctuations in weight (AU)


Objetivo: Caracterizar tipologías de estudiantes universitarios según restricción alimentaria crónica, satisfacción con la vida y con la alimentación. Material y método: Se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra no probabilística de 369 estudiantes de ambos géneros de cinco universidades de Chile. El cuestionario incluyó: Escala Revisada de Restricción Alimentaria (RRS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) y el Índice de Calidad de Vida relativo a la Salud. Se consultaron hábitos de consumo de alimentos y bebidas, peso y estatura aproximada y variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: Mediante análisis factorial exploratorio se detectaron dos factores en la RRS: Preocupación por la Dieta (PD) y Fluctuaciones de Peso (FP). Mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio se validó la estructura bifactorial de la RRS con una aceptable bondad de ajuste. Mediante análisis clúster se distinguieron cuatro tipologías que difirieron significativamente en los puntajes de PD y FP, los puntajes de la SWLS y SWFL, número de días con problemas de salud mental, frecuencia de consumo de bebidas alcohólicas, restricción del consumo de algunos alimentos, bebidas y condimentos, frecuencia de consumo de fruta a deshora y género. Las tipologías no difirieron en su índice de masa corporal. Conclusiones: Tanto los estudiantes que se preocupan por la dieta como los que no, experimentan mayores niveles satisfacción con la vida y con su alimentación. Menores niveles de satisfacción global y en el dominio de la alimentación se relacionan con las fluctuaciones de peso (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Restrição Calórica/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamento Alimentar , Psicometria/instrumentação , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Mental
18.
Suma psicol ; 21(1): 54-62, ene.-jun. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-735191

RESUMO

El presente estudio tiene por objeto identificar variables que influyen en la satisfacción con la vida de personas pertenecientes a distintos niveles socioeconómicos (NSE) en el sur de Chile. Para lograr este objetivo, 316 residentes en las principales ciudades de esta parte del país, distribuidos proporcionalmente por comuna, respondieron un cuestionario que incluía las escalas SWLS (Satisfacción con la vida) y SWFL (Satisfacción con la alimentación), el Índice de Calidad de Vida Relativo a la Salud (ICVRS) y la Escala de Discrepancia del Yo. Además se consultaron las características demográficas de los encuestados. Como resultado se obtuvo que la mayor proporción de personas extremadamente satisfechas con su vida y su alimentación se encuentran en el NSE más alto.Asimismo, se plantearon cuatro modelos logit ordinales, en los cuales la variable dependiente fue la satisfacción con la vida, considerando la muestra total y tres submuestras: estratos alto y medio-alto, medio-medio y en conjunto los niveles medio-bajo, bajo y muy bajo. Estos cuatro modelos resultaron significativos, pero difirieron en las variables explicativas que fueron significativas. También se evidenció que, independientemente del NSE, las personas con alta satisfacción con su alimentación tienen mayor probabilidad de tener alta satisfacción con la vida. Por último, se obtuvo que otras variables que se relacionan con la satisfacción con la vida son la salud, la familia, la discrepancia con el yo ideal, la edad y la tenencia de bienes en el hogar.


This study aimed to identify the variables influencing satisfaction with life in people from different socioeconomic groups in southern Chile.To do this, a questionnaire was applied to a sample of 316 residents in the main cities of the southern side of the country, distributed Ordinal logit Socioeconomic level proportionally by municipality. The questionnaire included the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), the Health-Related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL), the Self-Discrepancy Scale, and questions on demographic characteristics of those surveyed. The highest proportion of people extremely satisfied with their life and food-related life was found in the highest socioeconomic group. Four multinomial logit models were considered, in which the dependent variable was satisfaction with life. This analysis comprised the total sample and three sub-samples: high and upper-middle class, middle-middle class, and lower-middle, low and very-low classes considered jointly. The four models were significant, but differed in the explanatory variables that were significant. Regardless of socioeconomic status, individuals who experienced high satisfaction with their food-related life were more likely to report high life satisfaction. Other variables related to satisfaction with life were health, family, discrepancy with the ideal self, age and ownership of certain goods in the home.

19.
Nutr. hosp ; 28(6): 2221-2228, nov.-dic. 2013. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-120432

RESUMO

Objetivo: Distinguir tipologías de estudiantes universitarios en el sur de Chile, en base a su nivel de satisfacción con la vida y la alimentación, y caracterizarlas según sus hábitos alimentarios dentro y fuera del lugar de residencia, aspectos asociados a la salud y características demográficas. Material y método: Se aplicó un cuestionario estructurado a una muestra no probabilística de 347 estudiantes de la Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco-Chile. El instrumento de recogida de información incluyó las escalas SWLS (Satisfaction with Life Scale), SWFL (Satisfaction with Food-related Life) y el ICVRS (Índice de calidad de vida relativo a la salud). Se consultaron los hábitos de consumo de alimentos dentro y fuera del lugar de residencia, el peso y estatura aproximada y, variables de clasificación demográfica. Resultados: Mediante análisis clúster se distinguieron tres tipologías de estudiantes con diferencias significativas en los puntajes de la SWLS y SWFL. Las tipologías difirieron en el número de días afectados por problemas de salud emocional, clasificación de su estado nutricional (IMC), auto percepción de su estado de salud, importancia de la alimentación para el bienestar personal, lugar de residencia durante el periodo de estudios, frecuencia de alimentación en el lugar donde vive y frecuencia de comidas a deshora. Conclusiones: La posibilidad de vivir con los padres durante el periodo de estudios universitarios se asocia con mejores hábitos de alimentación, mejor salud emocional y auto percepción de la salud, menor prevalencia de sobre peso y obesidad y, con una mayor satisfacción con la vida y la alimentación (AU)


Aim: To distinguish typologies of university students in southern Chile on the basis of their level of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and to characterize them according to their eating habits inside and outside the place of residence, aspects associated with health and demographic characteristics. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 347 students at the Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile. The instruments for collecting information included the SWLS (Satisfaction with Life Scale), SWFL (Satisfaction with Food-related Life) and the HRQOL (Health-related Quality of Life Index). Questions were asked about eating habits inside and outside the place of residence, weight and approximate height, and variables for demographic classification. Results: Using a cluster analysis, three student typologies were distinguished, with significant differences in the SWLS and SWFL scores. The typologies differed in the number of days affected by emotional health problems, classification of their nutritional status (BMI), self-perception of their state of health, importance of food to personal well-being, place of residence during the period of studies, frequency of eating in the place of residence and frequency of meals at inconvenient times. Conclusions: The possibility of living with parents during the period of university studies is associated with better eating habits, better emotional health and self-perception of health, lower prevalence of overweight and obesity, and greater satisfaction with the life and food-related life (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Comportamento Alimentar , Satisfação Pessoal , Nível de Saúde , Estado Nutricional , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Rev. mex. trastor. aliment ; 4(1): 15-22, ene.-jun. 2013. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-714460

RESUMO

En la promoción de la salud y la prevención de enfermedades a través de la alimentación han predominado modelos cognoscitivos que asumen que la información es un motor de cambio, pero el consumidor suele decidir en función de motivos más complejos que los valores nutricionales de la comida. El propósito de esta investigación es indagar los significados psicológicos que estudiantes universitarios le otorgan a los conceptos de Comer carne, Vegetarianismo, Persona vegetariana y Alimentación saludable. Se utilizó un diseño transeccional descriptivo-comparativo, con la metodología cualitativa-cuantitativa del Método de Redes Semánticas Naturales, con 60 estudiantes universitarios. A los conceptos Comer carne y Vegetarianismo los estudiantes atribuyen significados a partir de productos alimenticios concretos más que de características subjetivas que relacionen a ellos. A Persona vegetariana asocian palabras que la definen como saludable y enfermiza al mismo tiempo, mientras que Alimentación saludable se describe, según las definidoras, como una dieta "balanceada" con muchas frutas y verduras y poca carne. Se destacan también las diferencias entre hombres y mujeres en estas conceptualizaciones, que señalan dinámicas de género relacionadas con la alimentación y la salud.


The prevailing cognitive models for the promotion of health and prevention of disease through good diet assume that information is an incentive for change. However, consumers tend to choose their food based on motives more complex than nutritional values. The purpose of this study is to investigate the psychological meanings that Chilean university students attribute to the concepts of Eating meat, Vegetarianism, Vegetarian person and Healthy diet. A descriptive-comparative cross-sectional design was used, applying a quantitative-qualitative Natural Semantic Network instrument to 60 university students. Students attribute meanings to Eating meat and Vegetarianism by citing concrete food products more than subjective characteristics they associate with these concepts. Vegetarian person is defined as simultaneously healthy and sickly, while Healthy diet is described as a "balanced" diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables and less meat. Differences between concepts men and women are also discussed to highlight gender dynamics related to food and health.

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