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ChemSusChem ; 10(14): 2978-2989, 2017 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28594114


The perovskite series Sr2 CoNb1-x Tix O6-δ (0≤x≤1) was investigated in the full compositional range to assess its potential as cathode material for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The variation of transport properties and thus, the area specific resistances (ASR) are explained by a detailed investigation of the defect chemistry. Increasing the titanium content from x=0-1 produces both oxidation of Co3+ to Co4+ (from 0 up to 40 %) and oxygen vacancies (from 6.0 to 5.7 oxygen atom/formula unit), although each charge compensation mechanism predominates in different compositional ranges. Neutron diffraction reveals that samples with high Ti-contents lose a significant amount of oxygen upon heating above 600 K. Oxygen is partially recovered upon cooling as the oxygen release and uptake show noticeably different kinetics. The complex defect chemistry of these compounds, together with the compositional changes upon heating/cooling cycles and atmospheres, produce a complicated behavior of electrical conductivity. Cathodes containing Sr2 CoTiO6-δ display low ASR values, 0,13â€…Ω cm2 at 973 K, comparable to those of the best compounds reported so far, being a very promising cathode material for SOFC.

Condutividade Elétrica , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Óxidos/química , Eletrodos , Oxigênio/química , Pressão , Temperatura
Inorg Chem ; 50(15): 7129-35, 2011 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21736295


Neutron diffraction techniques have been used to determine the low temperature crystal structure and to shed light on the magnetic behavior of the [Mn(3)(suc)(2)(ina)(2)](n) (suc = succinate and ina = isonicotinate) complex. The ferromagnetic signal observed below T(c) ≈ 5 K in this compound is due to a noncompensation of homometallic spins in the 3D framework. The Mn(II) magnetic moments obtained from neutron diffraction refinements are slightly lower than those observed for isolated Mn(II) ions; this can be due to covalent spin delocalization or geometrical magnetic fluctuations. A small discrepancy between the value of the magnetic moments of each Mn(II) site is also observed [Mn(1) 4.1(2) µ(B) and the Mn(2) 3.9(1) µ(B)]. These differences between the theoretical and observed manganese magnetic moments are not unexpected in this large spin metal complex, and qualitatively reasonable given the synergistic interaction between the metal ions through oxo-bridge. The competition among different interactions, principally those covalent through organic ligands and dipolar interaction, drive to a final 3D ferrimagnetic order.