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J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(22): 5286-5293, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061531


Detonation nanodiamond (DND) is known to form aggregates that significantly reduce their unique nanoscale properties and require postprocessing to separate. How and when DND aggregates is an important question that has not been answered experimentally and could provide the foundation for approaches to limit aggregation. To answer this question, time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering was performed during the detonation of high-explosives that are expected to condense particulates in the diamond, graphite, and liquid regions of the carbon phase diagram. DND aggregation into low fractal dimension structures could be observed as early as 0.1 µs, along with a separate scattering population also observed from an explosive that produces primarily graphitic products. A counterexample is the case of a high-explosive that produces nano-onions, where no hierarchical scattering was observed for at least 10 µs behind the detonation front. These results suggest that DND aggregation occurs on time scales comparable to particle formation.

Rev Sci Instrum ; 84(10): 103909, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24182131


Recent advances in Graded Density Impactor fabrication technique have increased the maximum achievable pressure in gas gun quasi-isentropic experiments to 5 Mbars. In this report, we outline the latest methodologies and applications of Graded Density Impactors in experiments at extreme conditions. These new Graded Density Impactors are essentially metallic discs made of nearly one hundred layers of precisely mixed Mg, Cu, and W. The density gradients in these impactors are specifically designed to generate the desired thermodynamic path required for each experiment. We carried out a number of experiments at various pressures using these Graded Density Impactors. These experimental results and their simulations will be presented here.

Phys Rev Lett ; 96(11): 115502, 2006 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16605838


We have determined the lattice dynamics of molybdenum at high pressure to 37 GPa using high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering. Over the investigated pressure range, we find a significant decrease in the H-point phonon anomaly. We also present calculations based on density functional theory that accurately predict this pressure dependence. Based on these results, we infer that the likely explanation for the H-point anomaly in molybdenum is strong electron-phonon coupling, which decreases upon compression due to the shift of the Fermi level with respect to the relevant electronic bands.