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2.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 68: 101797, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the relation between maternal prenatal pesticides use and childhood lymphoma risk, some reporting a positive association with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We investigated the association between maternal exposure to pesticides during pregnancy and childhood Hodgkin (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: We pooled data from the two French national population-based case-control studies ESCALE (2003-2004) and ESTELLE (2010-2011). Data on domestic and occupational exposures to pesticides during pregnancy were obtained through standardised maternal interviews. Logistic regression models were used to compute odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for HL and NHL, by pesticide category adjusted for potential confounders. Analyses by histological subtypes were also performed. RESULTS: We included 328 H L, 305 non-Hodgkin NHL and 2,415 controls. Around 40% of control mothers reported having used pesticides during index pregnancy, of whom 95% reported insecticides use. Maternal use of herbicides and fungicides occurred mostly in combination with insecticides. Insecticides use was more frequently reported in cases than controls (ORNHL = 1.6 [95%CI 1.3-2.1], p = 0.0001; ORHL = 1.3 [95%CI 1.0-1.7], p = 0.03). This association appeared more marked for Burkitt lymphoma and mixed cellularity classical HL. No obvious association was observed with occupational pesticides exposure during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that maternal domestic use of insecticides during pregnancy might be related to both childhood NHL and HL. Further larger studies are urgently needed.

3.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 66: 101706, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247207

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Wilms' tumor is the most frequently diagnosed renal tumor in children. Little is known about its etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of specific exposures related to parental habits such as parental smoking, maternal alcohol consumption and the use of household pesticides during pregnancy. METHODS: The ESTELLE study was a nationwide case-control study that included 117 Wilms' tumor cases and 1100 control children from the general French population, frequency-matched by age and gender. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals. RESULTS: After controlling for matching variables and potential confounders, the maternal use of any type of pesticide during pregnancy was associated with the risk of Wilms' tumor in children (OR 1.6 [95 % CI 1.1-2.3]). Insecticides were the most commonly reported type of pesticide and there was a positive association with their use (OR 1.7 [95 % CI 1.1-2.6]. The association was stronger when they were used more often than once a month (OR 1.9 [95 % CI 1.2-3.0]. Neither maternal smoking during pregnancy nor paternal smoking during preconception/pregnancy was associated with a risk of Wilms' tumor (ORs 1.1[95 % CI 0.7-1.8] and 1.1 [95 % CI 0.7-1.7], respectively). No association was observed with maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy (OR 1.2 [95 % CI 0.8-2.0]). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest an association between the maternal use of household pesticides during pregnancy and the risk of Wilms' tumor.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Hábitos , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Pais/psicologia , Assistência Perinatal/métodos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Tumor de Wilms/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
4.
Cancer Causes Control ; 31(5): 491-501, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Wilms tumor (WT), or nephroblastoma, is an embryonic tumor that constitutes the most common renal tumor in children. Little is known about the etiology of WT. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal or perinatal characteristics were associated with the risk of WT. METHODS: The ESTELLE study is a national-based case-control study that included 117 cases of WT and 1,100 controls younger than 11 years old. The cases were children diagnosed in France in 2010-2011 and the controls were frequency matched with cases by age and gender. The mothers of case and control children responded to a telephone questionnaire addressing sociodemographic and perinatal characteristics, childhood environment, and lifestyle. Unconditional logistic regression models adjusted on potential cofounders were used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and their confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: High birth weight and the presence of congenital malformation were associated with WT (OR 1.9 [95% CI 1.0-3.7] and OR 2.5 [95% CI 1.1-5.8], respectively). No association with breastfeeding or folic acid supplementation was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Although potential recall bias cannot be excluded, our findings reinforce the hypothesis that high birth weight and the presence of congenital malformation may be associated with an increased risk of WT. Further investigations are needed to further elucidate the possible role of maternal characteristics in the etiology of WT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/patologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(10): 1075-1085, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although some specific genetic syndromes such as neurofibromatosis (NF) have been identified as risk factor of childhood brain tumors (CBT), the potential role of inherited susceptibility in CBT has yet to be elucidated. METHODS: To further investigate this, we conducted a pooled analysis of two nationwide case-control studies ESCALE and ESTELLE. The mothers of 509 CBT cases and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years who resided in France at diagnosis/interview, frequency-matched by age and gender, responded to a telephone interview conducted by trained interviewers. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression. RESULTS: CBT was significantly associated with the family history of cancer in relatives (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.0-1.5). The OR was slightly higher for maternal relatives than for paternal relatives, and when at least two relatives had a history of cancer. CBT was significantly associated with a family history of brain tumor (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.7). This association seemed stronger for first-degree relatives (mother, father, and siblings), for whom, by contrast, no association was seen for cancers other than CBT. No specificity by CBT subtypes or by age of the children were found for any of these findings. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the hypothesis of a familial susceptibility of CBT, not due to being a known NF carrier.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Família , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Anamnese , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
6.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 62: 101581, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dietary habits during pregnancy have been inconsistently linked to childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML), given the putative intrauterine onset of the disease as a result of triggering events during the critical period of fetal hematopoiesis. We investigated the potential association of maternal coffee and tea consumption during pregnancy with childhood AML risk, pooling primary data from eight case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. METHODS: Information on coffee and/or tea consumption was available for 444 cases and 1255 age- and sex-matched controls, on coffee consumption for 318 cases and 971 controls and on tea consumption for 388 cases and 932 controls. Categories for cups of daily coffee/tea consumption were created in order to explore potential dose-response associations. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Associations were found neither in the analysis on coffee or tea nor in the analysis on coffee only consumption (any versus no). A positive association with increasing coffee intake was observed (>1 cup per day; OR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.03-1.92, increment of one cup per day; OR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.01-1.39). No associations were observed with tea consumption. Interaction analyses showed non-significant associations between coffee/tea and smoking. Hyperdiploidy was inversely associated with tea consumption, with other cytogenetic markers having no association with coffee/tea. CONCLUSION: Given the widespread consumption of caffeinated beverages among pregnant women, our finding is of important public health relevance, suggesting adverse effects of maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy in the offspring.


Assuntos
Café/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/etiologia , Chá/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int J Cancer ; 145(11): 2907-2916, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30697705

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extra-cranial tumour in children. Little is known about the aetiology of NB. The early age at onset and the embryonic nature suggest a role for perinatal exposures. We conducted a pooled analysis of two French national population-based case-control studies to explore whether there was an association between parental smoking and alcohol consumption and the risk of NB. The mothers of 357 NB cases and 1,783 controls from general population, frequency matched by age and sex, were interviewed on demographic, socioeconomic and perinatal characteristics, maternal reproductive story, and life-style and childhood environment. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. A meta-analysis of our findings with those of previous studies was also conducted. Maternal smoking during pregnancy was slightly more often reported for the cases (24.1%) than for the controls (19.7%) (OR 1.3 [95% CI 0.9-1.7]; summary OR from meta-analysis 1.1 [95% CI 1.0-1.3]. Paternal smoking in the year before child's birth were not associated with NB as independent exposure (OR 1.1 [95% CI 0.9-1.4] but the association was stronger when both parents reported having smoked during pregnancy (OR 1.5 [95% CI 1.1-2.1]. No association was observed with maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy (OR 1.0 [95% CI 0.8-1.4], summary OR from meta-analysis 1.0 [95% CI 0.9-1.2]. Our findings provide some evidence of an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and NB and add another reason to recommend that women refrain from smoking during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Neuroblastoma/epidemiologia , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Razão de Chances , Exposição Paterna/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos
8.
Occup Environ Med ; 75(11): 798-806, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30121582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational exposure to aromatic hydrocarbon solvents and risk of multiple myeloma (MM) in a large, consortium-based study. METHODS: We pooled data on 2854 cases and 10 743 controls from nine studies participating in the InterLymph consortium. Occupational exposures to benzene, toluene and xylene were assigned by a job-exposure matrix, coupled with 'correction' of exposure probability by self-reported or expert-assessed exposure from the individual studies. Cumulative intensity was calculated as the job-specific exposure intensity multiplied by job duration, summed across jobs. Associations were estimated using logistic regression, with inclusion of covariates for study matching factors and other potential confounders. We repeated our main analysis using random-effects meta-analysis to evaluate heterogeneity of effect. RESULTS: Benzene, toluene and xylene were each associated with MM. For the three solvents, the highest quartile of high-probability cumulative intensity exposure (vs unexposed) was associated with 42% to 63% increased risks of MM. Associations with toluene and xylene exposures were fairly consistent and robust to sensitivity analyses. The estimated effect for benzene was moderately heterogeneous between the studies. Each solvent's association with MM was stronger for exposure occurring within 20 years of diagnosis than with exposure lagged by more than 20 years. CONCLUSIONS: Our study adds important evidence for a role of aromatic hydrocarbon solvents in causation of MM. The difficulty in disentangling individual compounds in this group and a lack of data on potential carcinogenicity of toluene and xylene, in widespread current use, underscore a need for further epidemiological evaluation.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Mieloma Múltiplo/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Profissionais/induzido quimicamente , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Solventes/toxicidade , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Fatores de Risco
9.
Cancer Med ; 7(6): 2665-2681, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29663688

RESUMO

The associations between childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and several factors related to early stimulation of the immune system, that is, farm residence and regular contacts with farm animals (livestock, poultry) or pets in early childhood, were investigated using data from 13 case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. The sample included 7847 ALL cases and 11,667 controls aged 1-14 years. In all studies, the data were obtained from case and control parents using standardized questionnaires. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, sex, study, maternal education, and maternal age. Contact with livestock in the first year of life was inversely associated with ALL (OR = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.50, 0.85). Inverse associations were also observed for contact with dogs (OR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.86, 0.99) and cats (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.80, 0.94) in the first year of life. There was no evidence of a significant association with farm residence in the first year of life. The findings of these large pooled and meta-analyses add additional evidence to the hypothesis that regular contact with animals in early childhood is inversely associated with childhood ALL occurrence which is consistent with Greaves' delayed infection hypothesis.


Assuntos
Animais Domésticos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Fazendas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/etiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
10.
Cancer Causes Control ; 29(6): 539-550, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600472

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The early onset of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) suggests that critical exposures occurring during pregnancy may increase risk. We investigated the effects of maternal coffee and tea consumption during pregnancy on ALL risk by pooling data from eight case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. METHOD: Data on maternal coffee intake were available for 2,552 cases and 4,876 controls, and data on tea intake were available for 2,982 cases and 5,367 controls. Coffee and tea intake was categorized into 0, > 0-1, > 1-2, and > 2 cups/day, and covariates were combined and harmonized. Data on genetic variants in NAT2, CYP1A1, and NQO1 were also available in a subset. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression, and linear trends across categories were assessed. RESULTS: No association was seen with 'any' maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy, but there was evidence of a positive exposure-response; the pooled OR for > 2 cups/day versus none was 1.27 (95% CI 1.09-1.43), p trend = 0.005. No associations were observed with tea consumption. No interactions were seen between coffee or tea intake and age, maternal smoking or genotype, and there was little or no evidence that associations with coffee or tea differed among cases with and without chromosomal translocations. CONCLUSIONS: Despite some limitations, our findings suggest that high coffee intake during pregnancy may increase risk of childhood ALL. Thus, current advice to limit caffeine intake during pregnancy to reduce risk of preterm birth may have additional benefits.


Assuntos
Café , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Chá , Adolescente , Adulto , Arilamina N-Acetiltransferase/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
11.
Int J Cancer ; 142(3): 489-497, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28949017

RESUMO

Some previous epidemiological studies have suggested that pesticide exposure during pregnancy may have a possible role in the development of childhood brain tumors (CBT). We pooled data from two French national population-based, case-control studies to investigate the association between maternal residential use of pesticides during pregnancy and the risk of CBT. The mothers of 437 CBT cases and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years who resided in France at diagnosis/interview, frequency-matched by age and gender, answered a structured telephone interview conducted by trained interviewers. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). CBT was significantly associated with the maternal home use of pesticides during pregnancy (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.2-1.8) and, more specifically, with insecticide (OR 1.4, 1.2-1.8). We could not draw any conclusions about herbicides and/or fungicides because few women used them during pregnancy and most of these mothers also used insecticides. Although potential recall bias cannot be excluded, our findings of this pooled analysis support the hypothesis that residential maternal use of pesticides during pregnancy and particularly insecticides may increase the risk of CBT. Future investigations to verify these findings and to explore for CBT subtypes and dose-response are necessary to have a better understanding of the possible role of pesticides in etiology of CBT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Praguicidas/envenenamento , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Risco , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 52: 1-9, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29128708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated whether early infections and factors potentially related to early immune stimulation might be involved in the aetiology of childhood brain tumours (CBT). In this study, we investigated the associations between CBT with early day-care attendance, history of early common infections, atopic conditions (asthma/wheezing, eczema, allergic rhinitis), early farm residence/visits and contact with animals. METHODS: We pooled data from two nationwide French case-control studies, the ESCALE and ESTELLE studies. Children with a CBT diagnosed between 1 and 14 years of age were identified directly from the French National Registry of Childhood Cancers, while population controls were recruited from telephone subscribers. Odds-ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using logistic regression adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: The analyses included 469 cases and 2719 controls. We found no association between attending a day-care centre (OR: 0.9, 95%CI: 0.7-1.2) or having had repeated common infections (OR: 0.9, 95%CI: 0.7-1.2) in the first year of life and the risk of CBT. There was also no association with a history of asthma/wheezing (OR: 0.8, 95%CI: 0.56-1.1). Farm visits (OR: 0.6, 95%CI: 0.5-0.8) as well as contact with pets (OR: 0.8, 95%CI: 0.6-1.0) in the first year of life were inversely associated with CBT. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a protective effect of early farm visits and contact with pets, but not with other markers of early immune stimulation. This might be related to immune stimulation but needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/complicações , Infecções/complicações , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/fisiopatologia , Lactente , Infecções/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
13.
Cancer Causes Control ; 28(10): 1075-1083, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28770363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a previous nationwide ecological study based on 20 years of registration and 7,443 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we reported a positive association between residential solar ultraviolet (UV) light at diagnosis and childhood precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (PBC-ALL). OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the influence of suspected individual risk factors for ALL on the association between UV and PBC-ALL, and evaluated this association at the residence at birth. METHODS: Individual data collected by interviews in the ESCALE (2003-2004) and ESTELLE (2010-2011) nationwide case-control studies, which included 1,511 cases of leukemia aged less than 15 years and 3,102 population controls, were analyzed. Municipalities of residences at birth and at diagnosis/interview were extracted and assigned UV radiation exposure from the EUROSUN database. The potential confounders or effect modifiers considered were strongly suspected risk factors for ALL that were available in the ESCALE and ESTELLE studies. RESULTS: UV exposure at diagnosis was associated with PBC-ALL (OR = 1.27 [1.08-1.48]) for UV > 105.5 J/cm2 compared to UV ≤ 105.5 J/cm2. Considering exposure to UV at birth rather than at diagnosis/inclusion yielded almost identical results as both variables were strongly correlated. Taking into account the suspected ALL risk factors did not affect this association in the pooled study. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that our previous observation of an ecological association between residential UV radiation exposure at diagnosis and PBC-ALL was not confounded or modified by individual risk factors, and that the critical exposure time window may be prenatal.


Assuntos
Habitação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Exposição à Radiação , Raios Ultravioleta , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cancer Causes Control ; 28(10): 1125-1132, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28840389

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Neuroblastoma (NB) is an embryonic tumor that occurs almost exclusively in infancy and early childhood. While considerable evidence suggests that it may be initiated during embryonic development, the etiology of NB is still unknown. The aim of this study was to explore whether there is an association between maternal use of household pesticides during pregnancy and the risk of NB in the offspring. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of two French national-based case-control studies. The mothers of 357 NB cases and 1,783 controls younger than 6 years, frequency-matched by age and gender, responded to a telephone interview that focused on sociodemographic and perinatal characteristics, childhood environment, and life-style. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: After controlling for matching variables, study of origin, and potential confounders, the maternal use of any type of pesticide during pregnancy was associated with NB (OR 1.5 [95% CI 1.2-1.9]). The most commonly used type of pesticides were insecticides and there was a positive association with their use alone (OR 1.4 [95% CI 1.1-1.9]) or with other pesticides (OR 2.0 [95% CI 1.1-3.4]). CONCLUSIONS: Although there is the potential for recall bias due to the study design, our findings add to the evidence of an association between the household use of pesticides and NB. Until a better study design can be found, our findings add yet another reason why to advise pregnant women to limit pesticide exposure during the periconceptional period.


Assuntos
Exposição Materna , Troca Materno-Fetal , Neuroblastoma/epidemiologia , Praguicidas , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
15.
Cancer Causes Control ; 28(7): 719-732, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28477209

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether parental smoking around the time of pregnancy or maternal consumption of beverages (alcohol, coffee, or tea) during pregnancy were associated with the risk of CBT. METHODS: We pooled data from two French national population-based case-control studies with similar designs conducted in 2003-2004 and 2010-2011. The mothers of 510 CBT cases (directly recruited from the national childhood cancer register) and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years, frequency matched by age and gender, were interviewed through telephone, which included questions about prenatal parental smoking and maternal consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression, adjusted for age, sex and study of origin. RESULTS: No association was seen between CBT and the mother smoking or drinking alcohol, coffee, or tea during the index pregnancy. The OR between CBT and paternal smoking in the year before birth (as reported by the mother) was 1.25 (95% CI 1.03, 1.52) with an OR of 1.09 (0.99, 1.19) for every 10 cigarettes per day (CPD) smoked. The association between paternal smoking and CBT appeared to be stronger in children diagnosed before the age of five years (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.14, 2.02) and for astrocytoma (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.26, 2.74). CONCLUSION: We found some evidence of a weak association between paternal smoking in the year before the child's birth and CBT, especially astrocytomas. These findings need to be replicated in other samples, using similar classifications of tumour subtypes.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Pai , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Café , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Mães , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Chá
16.
Int J Cancer ; 140(8): 1757-1769, 2017 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28054353

RESUMO

Little is known of the causes of childhood brain tumors (CBT). The aims of this study were to investigate whether extremes of birth weight were associated with increased risk of CBT and whether maternal preconceptional folic acid supplementation or breastfeeding reduced the risk. In addition, other maternal characteristics and birth related factors were also investigated. We pooled data from two French national population-based case-control studies with similar designs conducted in 2003-2004 and 2010-2011. The mothers of 510 CBT cases (directly recruited from the national childhood cancer register) and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years, frequency matched by age and gender did a telephone interview, which focussed on demographic and perinatal characteristics, and maternal life style habits and reproductive history. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression, adjusted for age, sex, study of origin and relevant confounders. No association was found between CBT and birth weight or fetal growth. The use of preconceptional folic acid supplementation was rare (5.3% in cases and 7.8% in controls) and the OR was 0.8 (95% CI 0.5, 1.4). There was no association with breastfeeding, even prolonged (six months or more; OR 1.0, 95% CI 0.8, 1.4). Neither was there any association between CBT and other investigated factors (maternal body mass index, gestational weight gain, congenital abnormality, maternal reproductive history or use of fertility treatments. Although large, this study was underpowered for subtype analyses. Pooling data with other population-based studies may provide further insight into findings by CBT subtypes.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Aleitamento Materno , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , França , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Mães , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
17.
Blood Adv ; 1(20): 1717-1728, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29296818

RESUMO

The incidence and mortality rates of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) differ by age and sex. To determine if inherited genetic susceptibility contributes to these differences we performed 2 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) by age, sex, and subtype and subsequent meta-analyses. The GWAS included 446 B-ALL cases, and 3027 healthy unrelated blood and marrow transplant (BMT) donors as controls from the Determining the Influence of Susceptibility Conveying Variants Related to One-Year Mortality after BMT (DISCOVeRY-BMT) study. We identified 1 novel variant, rs189434316, significantly associated with odds of normal cytogenetic B-ALL (odds ratio from meta-analysis [ORmeta] = 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.5, 6.2; P value from meta-analysis [Pmeta] = 6.0 × 10-9). The previously reported pediatric B-ALL GWAS variant, rs11980379 (IKZF1), replicated in B-ALL pediatric patients (ORmeta = 2.3; 95% CI, 1.5, 3.7; Pmeta = 1.0 × 10-9), with evidence of heterogeneity (P = .02) between males and females. Sex differences in single-nucleotide polymorphism effect were seen in those >15 years (OR = 1.7; 95% CI, 1.4, 2.2, PMales = 6.38 × 10-6/OR = 1.1; 95% CI, 0.8, 1.5; PFemales = .6) but not ≤15 years (OR = 2.3; 95% CI, 1.4, 3.8; PMales = .0007/OR = 1.9; 95% CI, 1.2, 3.2; PFemales = .007). The latter association replicated in independent pediatric B-ALL cohorts. A previously identified adolescent and young-adult onset ALL-associated variant in GATA3 is associated with B-ALL risk in those >40 years. Our findings provide more evidence of the influence of genetics on B-ALL age of onset and we have shown the first evidence that IKZF1 associations with B-ALL may be sex and age specific.

18.
Am J Epidemiol ; 184(4): 261-73, 2016 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27492895

RESUMO

The association between tobacco smoke and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is well established in adults but not in children. Individual-level data on parental cigarette smoking were obtained from 12 case-control studies from the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium (CLIC, 1974-2012), including 1,330 AML cases diagnosed at age <15 years and 13,169 controls. We conducted pooled analyses of CLIC studies, as well as meta-analyses of CLIC and non-CLIC studies. Overall, maternal smoking before, during, or after pregnancy was not associated with childhood AML; there was a suggestion, however, that smoking during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk in Hispanics (odds ratio = 2.08, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20, 3.61) but not in other ethnic groups. By contrast, the odds ratios for paternal lifetime smoking were 1.34 (95% CI: 1.11, 1.62) and 1.18 (95% CI: 0.92, 1.51) in pooled and meta-analyses, respectively. Overall, increased risks from 1.2- to 1.3-fold were observed for pre- and postnatal smoking (P < 0.05), with higher risks reported for heavy smokers. Associations with paternal smoking varied by histological type. Our analyses suggest an association between paternal smoking and childhood AML. The association with maternal smoking appears limited to Hispanic children, raising questions about ethnic differences in tobacco-related exposures and biological mechanisms, as well as study-specific biases.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Pais , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol ; 30(6): 612-622, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27555468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Socio-economic status is related to many life style and environmental factors, some of which have been suggested to influence the risk of childhood cancer. Studies requiring subject participation are usually hampered by selection of more educated parents. To prevent such bias, we used unselected nationwide Geographical Information System (GIS)-based registry data, to investigate the influence of socio-economic disparities on the risk of childhood cancer. METHODS: The Geocap study included all French residents diagnosed with cancer aged up to 15 years over the period 2002-2010 (15 111 cases) and 45 000 contemporaneous controls representative of the childhood population. Area socio-economic characteristics used to calculate the European Deprivation Index (EDI) were based on census data collected on the fine scale of the Merged Islet for Statistical Information (IRIS). RESULTS: Overall, the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) was lower in the most deprived quintile than in the other quintiles of EDI (ORQ5vs

Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estilo de Vida , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Saúde da População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Saúde da População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
J Occup Environ Med ; 58(10): 1046-1052, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27525525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors associated with parental occupational pesticide exposure. METHODS: We pooled three population-based case-control studies from France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Cases were children below 15 years of age with CNS tumors; controls were matched by gender and age. A general population job-exposure matrix assessed parental occupational pesticide exposure. Logistic regressions estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: The study included 1361 cases and 5498 controls. Prevalence of maternal occupational pesticide exposure during pregnancy was low and no association with childhood CNS tumors was detected (OR 0.76, 95% CI: 0.41 to 1.41). Around conception, OR for childhood CNS tumors associated with paternal occupational pesticide exposure was 0.71 (95% CI: 0.53 to 0.95). CONCLUSION: Our results do not suggest a role of parental occupational pesticide exposure in the etiology of childhood CNS tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Reino Unido
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