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1.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(10): 2685-2694, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reducing mortality is a key target in critical care and perioperative medicine. The authors aimed to identify all nonsurgical interventions (drugs, techniques, strategies) shown by randomized trials to increase mortality in these clinical settings. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature followed by a consensus-based voting process. SETTING: A web-based international consensus conference. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty-one physicians from 46 countries. INTERVENTIONS: The authors performed a systematic literature search and identified all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a significant increase in unadjusted landmark mortality among surgical or critically ill patients. The authors reviewed such studies during a meeting by a core group of experts. Studies selected after such review advanced to web-based voting by clinicians in relation to agreement, clinical practice, and willingness to include each intervention in international guidelines. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The authors selected 12 RCTs dealing with 12 interventions increasing mortality: diaspirin-crosslinked hemoglobin (92% of agreement among web voters), overfeeding, nitric oxide synthase inhibitor in septic shock, human growth hormone, thyroxin in acute kidney injury, intravenous salbutamol in acute respiratory distress syndrome, plasma-derived protein C concentrate, aprotinin in high-risk cardiac surgery, cysteine prodrug, hypothermia in meningitis, methylprednisolone in traumatic brain injury, and albumin in traumatic brain injury (72% of agreement). Overall, a high consistency (ranging from 80% to 90%) between agreement and clinical practice was observed. CONCLUSION: The authors identified 12 clinical interventions showing increased mortality supported by randomized controlled trials with nonconflicting evidence, and wide agreement upon clinicians on a global scale.

2.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(5): 1430-1439, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600204

RESUMO

The authors aimed to identify interventions documented by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reduce mortality in adult critically ill and perioperative patients, followed by a survey of clinicians' opinions and routine practices to understand the clinicians' response to such evidence. The authors performed a comprehensive literature review to identify all topics reported to reduce mortality in perioperative and critical care settings according to at least 2 RCTs or to a multicenter RCT or to a single-center RCT plus guidelines. The authors generated position statements that were voted on online by physicians worldwide for agreement, use, and willingness to include in international guidelines. From 262 RCT manuscripts reporting mortality differences in the perioperative and critically ill settings, the authors selected 27 drugs, techniques, and strategies (66 RCTs, most frequently published by the New England Journal of Medicine [13 papers], Lancet [7], and Journal of the American Medical Association [5]) with an agreement ≥67% from over 250 physicians (46 countries). Noninvasive ventilation was the intervention supported by the largest number of RCTs (n = 13). The concordance between agreement and use (a positive answer both to "do you agree" and "do you use") showed differences between Western and other countries and between anesthesiologists and intensive care unit physicians. The authors identified 27 clinical interventions with randomized evidence of survival benefit and strong clinician support in support of their potential life-saving properties in perioperative and critically ill patients with noninvasive ventilation having the highest level of support. However, clinician views appear affected by specialty and geographical location.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Internet , Médicos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cuidados Críticos/tendências , Estado Terminal/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Internet/tendências , Mortalidade/tendências , Médicos/tendências
3.
Int J Cardiol ; 250: 195-200, 2018 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29107357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aim of the study was to investigate whether late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) predict reverse remodeling (RR) in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). METHODS: Seventy-one NIDCM patients (age 57±14years, 43 males, median left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] 35%, [interquartile range 27-41%]) with two CMR scans within 5years were included. RR was defined as ≥10% reduction in left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume and ≥10% LVEF increase. The end-point was a composite of all-cause death, cardiovascular hospitalization or appropriate defibrillator discharge. LGE was assessed both visually and as percentage of LV mass (LGE%). RESULTS: LGE was present in 42 patients (59%). During the interval between the 2 CMR scans (median 28 [15-44]months), 22 patients (31%) displayed RR. LGE absence predicted RR irrespectively of baseline LV volumes and LVEF. Over a median 42[15-73]-month follow-up, the endpoint occurred in 36 patients (51%). LGE absence was associated with better prognosis (P=0.043), with best quantitative LGE cut-point <7% at ROC analysis (P=0.017), but RR was the strongest prognostic predictor. Among 35 patients with baseline LVEF <35%, 25 (69%) crossed the 35% LVEF threshold. Both LGE absence and quantitative LGE <7% were associated with crossing of the 35% LVEF threshold for defibrillator implantation; patients with either LGE or quantitative LGE≥7% had a worse prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: In NIDCM, the absence of LGE at baseline CMR is associated with RR. When baseline LVEF is <35%, LGE absence is associated with more frequent crossing of the 35% LVEF threshold for defibrillator implantation.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/tendências , Gadolínio DTPA , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gadolínio/administração & dosagem , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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