Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 6 de 6
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Rev Alerg Mex ; 64 Suppl 2: s5-s65, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28863425

RESUMO

Immunoglobulins are heterodimeric proteins composed of 2 heavy chains and 2 light chains. Human immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a plasma derivative and contains more than 95% of IgG. The composition of IgG subclasses is similar to that of normal human plasma. Immunoglobulin therapy was first introduced more than 50 years ago, and its use has been described in numerous diseases. In Colombia, the importance of this immunomodulatory resource prompted the need for clinical practice guidelines to be available for its use. For this reason, a multidisciplinary group of experts was brought together and distributed in working groups, by specialties, in order to develop an initial manuscript. Systematic literature searches were undertaken; identified evidences were evaluated and classified to support a preliminary draft that was discussed, analyzed and amended. Recommendations were issued on the use of intravenous immunoglobulin in pathologies that include primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, autoimmune diseas es, neurological disorders, infections, transplants and miscellaneous conditions; grades were assigned to each one of them according to the GRADE system. The final result translated into recommendations that are put forth with the purpose to inform, guide and support on optimal use of this immunomodulatory resource.

2.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 138(1): 241-248.e3, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26936803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency caused by inborn errors of the phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase complex. From the first year of life onward, most affected patients display multiple, severe, and recurrent infections caused by bacteria and fungi. Mycobacterial infections have also been reported in some patients. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effect of mycobacterial disease in patients with CGD. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the clinical features of mycobacterial disease in 71 patients with CGD. Tuberculosis and BCG disease were diagnosed on the basis of microbiological, pathological, and/or clinical criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-one (44%) patients had tuberculosis, and 53 (75%) presented with adverse effects of BCG vaccination; 13 (18%) had both tuberculosis and BCG infections. None of these patients displayed clinical disease caused by environmental mycobacteria, Mycobacterium leprae, or Mycobacterium ulcerans. Most patients (76%) also had other pyogenic and fungal infections, but 24% presented solely with mycobacterial disease. Most patients presented a single localized episode of mycobacterial disease (37%), but recurrence (18%), disseminated disease (27%), and even death (18%) were also observed. One common feature in these patients was an early age at presentation for BCG disease. Mycobacterial disease was the first clinical manifestation of CGD in 60% of these patients. CONCLUSION: Mycobacterial disease is relatively common in patients with CGD living in countries in which tuberculosis is endemic, BCG vaccine is mandatory, or both. Adverse reactions to BCG and severe forms of tuberculosis should lead to a suspicion of CGD. BCG vaccine is contraindicated in patients with CGD.


Assuntos
Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Infecções por Mycobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/etiologia , Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/etiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/mortalidade , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Infecções por Mycobacterium/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium/mortalidade , Micoses/diagnóstico , Micoses/epidemiologia , Micoses/etiologia , Micoses/mortalidade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/etiologia
3.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 160(2): 165-72, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23018588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papular urticaria by flea bite is a chronic allergic condition in which clinical improvement may occur at the age of 7 years, thus representing a natural model of acquired immunologic tolerance in humans. The aim of this study was to characterize regulatory cells and specific responses to flea antigens of CD4(+) T lymphocytes expressing cutaneous migration markers in patients with papular urticaria caused by flea bite and with different disease evolution times. METHODS: Cell populations were characterized by flow cytometry in samples from patients and healthy controls. Specific cell stimulation was performed with a complete flea body extract. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparisons. RESULTS: Total dendritic cells were lower in patients than in healthy controls. No quantitative differences were found in CD4 regulatory T cells. CD4(+) T cells from patients produced more IL-4, lL-10, IL-17, and IFN-γ. Patients who experienced the onset of symptoms within the first 5 years of age showed a greater percentage of local (cutaneous lymphocyte antigen +) IL-4- and IL-17-producing cells, while patients who experienced the onset of symptoms after the age of 5 years had a higher percentage of systemic (cutaneous lymphocyte antigen -) IL-10-producing cells. CONCLUSION: Analysis of the cellular immune response against whole flea antigen in patients with papular urticaria by flea bites suggests a possible participation of inflammatory cytokines in the skin reaction (Th17) and a systemic control mechanism (IL-10). This pattern of cytokine production in patients could be a consequence of an impaired dendritic cell population.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/imunologia , Sifonápteros/imunologia , Pele/imunologia , Urticária/imunologia , Idade de Início , Animais , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/complicações , Masculino , Pele/patologia , Urticária/etiologia , Urticária/metabolismo
4.
Univ. med ; 49(4): 453-466, oct.-dic. 2008. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-506625

RESUMO

Utilizando metodología del Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes (EISL), se diligencian 283 encuestas en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio de Bogotá, Colombia, en niños de 12 a 15 meses de edad, durante enero de 2006 a diciembre de 2007. Como estudio piloto tiene limitaciones en la discusión y conclusiones pero, contribuye de manera importante a considerar aspectos de prevalencia y diferentes características asociadas con la enfermedad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Bronquiolite , Estudos de Coortes , Lactente
5.
Univ. med ; 49(2): 187-205, abr.-jun. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-493538

RESUMO

La crisis asmática es un episodio de empeoramiento progresivo de la dificultad respiratoria que afecta de 5 a 10 de la población infantil. La información brindada por la historia clínica y el examen físico nos permite clasificar la enfermedad en grado leve, moderado ograve y, de acuerdo con éste, hacer el abordaje respectivo, considerando siempre revertir rápidamente la obstrucción de la vía aérea, corregir la hipoxemia, restaurar la función pulmonar y establecer un plan de manejo a largo plazo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Classificação/métodos , Oxigênio , Estado Asmático
6.
Univ. med ; 46(2): 48-51, abr.-jun. 2005. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-501145

RESUMO

Las inmunodeficiencias primarias son enfermedades de prevalencia en la comunidad. Con la presente revisión se pretende orientar el diagnóstico temprano de los pacientes para ofrecer un tratamiento eficaz y oportuno en aras de mejorar su calidad de vida.


Assuntos
Humanos , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum , Imunoglobulinas , Linfócitos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA