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1.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 12(1): 11-21, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4539

RESUMO

This study aimed to address how multiple risk factors that were previously related and derived from ecological levels, when taken together, could explain child-to-mother and child-to-father violence. A total of 298 Spanish adolescents (140 girls) who had committed CPV, with a mean age of 15.91 (SDage = 1.89), offender residents of specialized closed institutions for adolescents who had aggressed their parents (49.5%) and educational centres (50.6%) completed all measures. Both models obtained adequate fit indexes and explained about 50% of the variance in the two types of violence. At contextual (exosystem) level, peer deviance was indirectly related to both types of CPV. At family level (microsystem), the strongest direct predictor in both models was parental ineffectiveness in applying discipline. An additional direct path to child-to-mother violence was the use of corporal punishment. At individual level (ontogenic), the two strongest direct predictors in both models were adolescents' impulsivity and substance abuse. The models highlight the complexity of the variables involved in the development of CPV. Regarding intervention implications, the models show the importance of paying attention to family variables, such as parents' mode of implementation of disciplinary measures, and individual factors, such as adolescents' impulsivity and substance abuse


Este estudio tuvo como fin abordar de qué modo podría explicar la violencia filio-parental (VFP) hacia la madre y hacia el padre los múltiples factores de riesgo relacionados previamente y derivados de niveles ecológicos en su conjunto. Un total de 298 adolescentes españoles (140 chicas) que presentaban índices elevados de VFP, con una edad media de 15.91 (DT = 1.89) y pertenecientes a centros psicoterapéuticos cerrados especializados en el trabajo de la VFP (49.5%) y a centros educativos (50.6%) cumplimentaron todas las medidas. Ambos modelos obtuvieron índices de ajuste adecuados y explicaron aproximadamente el 50% de la varianza de los dos tipos de VPF. En el nivel contextual (exosistema), la influencia de compañeros conflictivos se relacionó indirectamente con ambos tipos de VFP. A nivel familiar (microsistema), el mayor predictor directo en ambos modelos fue la ineficacia parental en la aplicación de la disciplina. Una relación directa adicional en el caso de la VFP hacia la madre fue el uso del castigo físico. Al nivel individual (ontogénico), los dos mejores predictores directos en ambos modelos fueron la impulsividad y el abuso de sustancias por parte de los adolescentes. Los modelos subrayan la complejidad de las variables involucradas en el desarrollo de la VFP. Respecto a las implicaciones para la intervención, los modelos enfatizan la importancia de prestar atención a las variables familiares, como el modo en el que los progenitores implementan las estrategias disciplinarias, y a factores individuales, como la impulsividad y el abuso de sustancias de los adolescentes

2.
Psicothema ; 32(1): 130-137, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Mindfulness in Parenting Questionnaire (MIPQ) is a self-report instrument to measure how much parents practice mindful parenting. The main aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the MIPQ. METHOD: A total of 271 parents of adolescents completed the MIPQ along with questionnaires about their mindfulness trait, parenting style, and their children's resilience and symptoms of depression. Their adolescent children completed questionnaires about their own depressive symptoms, their perception of their parents' parenting style, and their perceived stress. RESULTS: Factor analyses suggested a two-factor structure corresponding to Being in the Moment with the Child and Mindful Discipline. Moreover, the MIPQ showed good internal consistency and was related to parent's dispositional mindfulness and positive parenting as well as to adolescents' resilience and (negatively) to their depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: The Spanish version of the MIPQ exhibits good psychometric properties and is an easily applicable test for the assessment of mindful parenting.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224755, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730643

RESUMO

The incremental theory of personality interventions (ITPI) teaches adolescents that people can change. Researchers have found that these interventions can reduce the perpetration of bullying and cyberbullying. Moreover, there is reciprocity between perpetrating bullying behaviors and being a victim of them. The objective of this study was to examine whether the ITPI reduces the reciprocity between victimization and perpetration of bullying and cyberbullying. A sample of 858 high school students (52% boys) aged 12 to 17 at pretest (M = 14.56, SD = 0.97) participated in a double-blind randomized controlled trial (452 participants were assigned to the experimental condition and 406 to the control condition). Measures of bullying and cyberbullying were taken at baseline, six-month, and 12-month follow-ups. The results indicated that victimization was a strong predictor of perpetration for bullying and cyberbullying over time. Perpetration was not a predictor of victimization. Consistently, for both forms of aggressive behavior, the intervention reduced the intensity of the association between victimization and perpetration. This effect was not moderated by the age or sex of the participants. Finally, the effectiveness of the ITPI was moderated by age. Specifically, among the youngest (< 14.48 years), those who received the ITPI showed a slight tendency to reduce aggressive behavior that contrasted with the growing trend in the control group. Among the oldest participants (> 14.48), the trajectories were similar in the two groups. Our findings show that influencing adolescents' reactions to peer aggression victimization is one of the mechanisms that could explain the beneficial effects of the ITPI and other preventive interventions.

4.
J Youth Adolesc ; 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631232

RESUMO

Adolescence is often accompanied by an increase in stress and depression. Although there is considerable consensus about the benefits of mindfulness-based interventions to reduce these problems, the results for the role of dispositional mindfulness facets have been mixed. Recent studies have contributed to clarifying this role by identifying subtypes of individuals according to their profiles in mindfulness facets and examining the functioning of these profiles in relation to several self-reported indicators of wellbeing and health. The current study extends previous research by exploring mindfulness profiles in adolescents and by providing several sources of indicators (self-reports, parent-reports, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones) to examine the adaptive role of these profiles. A sample of 571 adolescents (50.61% girls; 12-17 years old) completed measures of mindfulness, depression, maladaptive schemas, and temperament (neuroticism, extraversion, and effortful control), and provided salivary samples for cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. In addition, 331 adolescents' parents completed measures of their children' temperaments. The results of latent profile analyses supported a three-profile solution: (1) moderate mindfulness (65.5%), (2) judgmental observing (24.2%), and (3) nonjudgmentally aware (10.3%). The judgmental observing profile was associated with a worse adjustment, indicated by higher depressive symptoms, maladaptive schemas, perceived stress, stress-associated hormones, and neuroticism, as well as lower scores on extroversion and effortful control. This profile was more frequent among the oldest adolescents. In contrast, the nonjudgmentally aware group presented a better adjustment and was more frequent among the youngest adolescents. These findings have implications for preventive interventions. Analyzing the specific profile of each adolescent can help improve individual intervention, taking into account the strengths and weaknesses of each adolescent.

5.
J Pers Assess ; : 1-12, 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166802

RESUMO

The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) assesses several dimensions of mindfulness. The objective of this study was to develop a short version of the FFMQ for children and adolescents. The main sample consisted of 829 participants (51% boys; 10-18 years old). From this initial sample, 789 participants (49% boys) completed the FFMQ at a 6-month follow-up. A second independent sample (N = 418, 50% boys; 12-16 years old) was used to confirm the factor structure. Confirmatory factor analyses with the full version supported a structure composed of 5 correlated factors (1 per facet) plus 2 correlated method factors representing the method effect (positive and negative) of the items. From this model, the FFMQ-A-SF was derived, consisting of 25 items (5 per facet). The measure displayed adequate internal consistency, and invariance was confirmed over time and across different age groups. The analysis of the relationship between mindfulness facets and temperament and psychological problems provided additional evidence for the construct validity of the questionnaire. It is concluded that the FFMQ-A-SF presents acceptable validity and reliability in children and adolescents. However, the positive versus negative wording of the items could affect the responses of younger participants.

6.
J Abnorm Child Psychol ; 47(9): 1533-1546, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903540

RESUMO

Interest is increasing in developing universal interventions to prevent depression in adolescents that are brief enough to be scaled up. The aim of this study was to test the effects on depressive symptoms, cognitive schemas, and Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Hormones of an intervention focused on teaching an element of an incremental theory of personality, namely, the belief that people can change. We also examined whether grade level moderated the effects of the intervention. A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted with 867 Spanish adolescent participants (51.9% boys, Grades 8-10) randomly assigned to an incremental theory intervention (n = 456) or an educational control intervention (n = 411). The adolescents completed measures of depressive symptoms and negative cognitive schemas at pretest, at 6-month follow-up, and at 12-month follow-up. A subsample of 503 adolescents provided salivary samples for cortisol and DHEA-S testing. In 8th grade, adolescents who received the incremental theory intervention displayed a greater decrease in depressive symptoms and cognitive schemas and a lower increase in DHEA-S. Moreover, in adolescents who received the intervention, the rate of adolescents with high depression scores decreased by almost 18% whereas in the control group, the rate increased by 37%. Surprisingly, the effects of the intervention were in the opposite direction among adolescents in 9th grade. These data indicate that a brief universal intervention could prevent depressive symptoms under some conditions, but developmental characteristics can moderate the effectiveness of this approach.

7.
J Interpers Violence ; : 886260519831395, 2019 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30795707

RESUMO

The purpose of this longitudinal study was to assess the relationship between early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) and child-to-parent aggression (CPA) and to test whether social information processing (SIP) mediates this association. A total of 903 adolescents (50.9% girls) completed measures of EMSs at Time 1, SIP at Time 1 and Time 2 (1 year later), and CPA at Time 1, Time 2, and Time 3 (2 years later) to determine whether SIP measured at Time 2 mediated between the EMSs measured at Time 1 and CPA measured at Time 3. The results showed that each schema evaluated in this study had a different effect on SIP components and CPA. The SIP components of anger and aggressive response access in turn predicted CPA, mediating the relationship between two EMSs and CPA. More specifically, the schemas of defectiveness and the justification of violence predicted the response access component of SIP, which in turn predicted CPA. The results also showed bidirectional relationships between SIP components and CPA; whereas SIP components predicted CPA, the latter also predicted a worsening in SIP, perpetuating the problem. Furthermore, several gender differences were found in these paths. The findings indicate that intervention in the social-cognitive mechanisms is important to reduce adolescents' aggression directed toward their parents.

8.
J Res Adolesc ; 29(3): 763-776, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900616

RESUMO

This study's main objective was to explore whether beliefs legitimizing dating violence predict dysfunctional social information processing (SIP) when adolescents deal with ambiguous dating situations, and whether this more proximal cognitive processing acts as a mediator between acceptance of violence beliefs and dating violence perpetration. Participants were 855 high school students who completed self-report measures at three time points, with a 1-year interval between them. SIP did not act as a mediator, but the emergence of anger emotions in dating conflict situations, along with aggression-justifying beliefs, were revealed as essential in explaining dating violence. Previous aggression also explained a subsequent higher anticipation of positive consequences for aggressive acts. We discuss the implications for prevention and treatment strategies with adolescents.

9.
J Interpers Violence ; 34(11): 2313-2332, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27436091

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to test a model in which psychopathic traits (callous-unemotional, grandiose-manipulative, and impulsive-irresponsible) and moral disengagement individually and interactively predict two types of bullying (traditional and cyberbullying) in a community sample of adolescents. A total of 765 adolescents (464 girls and 301 boys) completed measures of moral disengagement and psychopathic traits at Time 1, and measures of bullying and cyberbullying at Time 1 and 1 year later, at Time 2. The results showed that callous-unemotional traits predicted both traditional bullying and cyberbullying, grandiose-manipulative and impulsive-irresponsible traits only predicted traditional bullying, and moral disengagement only predicted cyberbullying. Callous-Unemotional Traits × Moral Disengagement and Grandiose-Manipulative × Moral Disengagement were significantly correlated with the residual change in cyberbullying. Callous-unemotional traits were positively related to cyberbullying at high levels of moral disengagement but not when moral disengagement was low. In contrast, grandiose-manipulative traits were positively related to cyberbullying at low levels of moral disengagement but not when moral disengagement was high. These findings have implications for both prevention and intervention. Integrative approaches that promote moral growth are needed, including a deeper understanding of why bullying is morally wrong and ways to stimulate personality traits that counteract psychopathic traits.

10.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 21(11): 703-710, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421997

RESUMO

Few studies have examined the protective factors that contribute to reducing long-term involvement in cyberbullying (CB). This study examined whether dispositional mindfulness is associated with the reduced stability over time (i.e., long-term involvement) of CB victimization and perpetration and with the lower reciprocity of both. This was a three-wave longitudinal study spaced 6 months apart. The sample consisted of 985 high school students from the Basque Country (Spain). The participants completed a mindfulness measure at time one and measures of CB victimization and perpetration at three time points. Dispositional mindfulness was negatively associated with both CB victimization and CB perpetration over time. The predictive association between CB victimization and perpetration was reciprocal from time two to time three. Moreover, the interaction between dispositional mindfulness and CB victimization indicated that victimization was less stable over time when mindfulness was higher. The model was invariant across gender or age. The results indicate that CB is a long-term problem and that dispositional mindfulness can be beneficial because it predicts a lower frequency of CB victimization and perpetration over time.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Atenção Plena , Estudantes/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Espanha
11.
Span J Psychol ; 21: E18, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29852888

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of domestic violence (DV) on women and their children. The records of women who were admitted to one of two types of shelter (an emergency shelter [n = 834] and a medium-long stay shelter [n = 84]) for victims of DV in Bizkaia (Spain) from 2006-2015 were analyzed. The results showed that up to 80% of the women had mental health problems. In about 20% of cases, a problematic mother-child relationship was identified. Inadequate parenting was present in around 35% of cases. Around 80-90% of the children had witnessed the abuse suffered by their mother, and more than half had been direct victims of some type of abuse. The findings point to actions that shelters can take to address the needs of DV victims. They also highlight the need for separate interventions targeting the needs of children, as well as mothers.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Socorro em Desastres , Adulto , Criança , Filho de Pais Incapacitados/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Socorro em Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
Child Abuse Negl ; 81: 161-169, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747063

RESUMO

This study examined whether exposure to family violence, both in the form of direct victimization and witnessing violence, predicted dating violence victimization in adolescents through maladaptive schemas. A sample of 933 adolescents (445 boys and 488 girls), aged between 13 and 18 (M = 15.10), participated in a three-year longitudinal study. They completed measures of exposure to family violence, maladaptive schemas of disconnection/rejection, and dating violence victimization. The findings indicate that witnessing family violence predicts the increase of dating violence victimization over time, through the mediation of maladaptive schemas in girls, but not in boys. Direct victimization in the family predicts dating violence victimization directly, without the mediation of schemas. In addition, maladaptive schemas contribute to the perpetuation of dating violence victimization over time. These findings provide new opportunities for preventive interventions, as maladaptive schemas can be modified.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Exposição à Violência/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Bullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
13.
Violence Vict ; 33(2): 203-217, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609672

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to validate the child-to-parent aggression questionnaire (CPAQ) in a clinical sample of adolescents who aggress against their parents. The second aim was to analyze the child-to-parent violence (CPV) prevalence and gender and age differences among these adolescents. The third aim was to analyze the frequency of CPV against mothers and fathers. The CPAQ was completed by 169 adolescents (49 girls) with a mean age of 16.26 years (SD = 1.56) who had committed CPV. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good model fit for four related factors (physical-aggression against mother, physical-aggression against father, psychological-aggression against mother, psychological-aggression against father). Hierarchical models indicated that these factors could be accounted for by broader dimensions of psychological versus physical aggression, and aggression against mother versus father.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil , Violência Doméstica , Relações Pais-Filho , Abuso Físico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Coerção , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Emoções , Análise Fatorial , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Pais , Abuso Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
14.
Span. j. psychol ; 21(1): e18.1-e18.10, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4064

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of domestic violence (DV) on women and their children. The records of women who were admitted to one of two types of shelter (an emergency shelter [n = 834] and a medium-long stay shelter [n = 84]) for victims of DV in Bizkaia (Spain) from 2006-2015 were analyzed. The results showed that up to 80% of the women had mental health problems. In about 20% of cases, a problematic mother-child relationship was identified. Inadequate parenting was present in around 35% of cases. Around 80-90% of the children had witnessed the abuse suffered by their mother, and more than half had been direct victims of some type of abuse. The findings point to actions that shelters can take to address the needs of DV victims. They also highlight the need for separate interventions targeting the needs of children, as well as mothers


No disponible

15.
Psicol. conduct ; 26(3): 437-455, 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176045

RESUMO

En este estudio se evaluaron las propiedades psicométricas de la "Escala de acoso escolar homofóbico" en una muestra de adolescentes españoles. En el estudio participaron 791 adolescentes de edades entre 12 y 17 años (M= 13,96; DT= 1,18), quienes completaron este cuestionario junto a la "Escala de homofobia moderna" que mide actitudes homófobas. Los resultados de los análisis factoriales confirmaron una estructura de cuatro factores intercorrelacionados: 1) observación de conductas de acoso escolar homofóbicas contra chicos gays, 2) observación de conductas de acoso escolar homofóbicas contra lesbianas, 3) perpetración de acoso escolar homofóbico contra chicos gays, y 4) perpetración de acoso escolar homofóbico contra lesbianas. La escala mostró una buena fiabilidad y las puntuaciones en perpetración se asociaron con las actitudes homófobas. Se encontraron cifras más altas de acoso escolar hacia chicos gays que hacia chicas lesbianas. Estos resultados demuestran que se trata de un cuestionario de fácil aplicación con el cual se obtienen puntuaciones válidas para la evaluación del acoso escolar homofóbico en adolescentes españoles


In this study we evaluated the psychometric properties of the Homophobic Bullying Scale in a sample of Spanish adolescents. The study comprised 791 adolescents between 12 and 17 years old (M= 13.96, SD= 1.18) who completed this questionnaire along with the Modern Homophobia Scale that measures homophobic attitudes. The results of the factor analyses confirmed a structure of four intercorrelated factors: 1) observation of homophobic bullying behaviors against gay boys, 2) observation of homophobic bullying behaviors against lesbians, 3) perpetration of homophobic bullying against gay boys, and 4) perpetration of homophobic bullying against lesbians. The questionnaire showed good reliability and perpetration scores were associated with homophobic attitudes. Higher prevalence of bullying was found against gay boys than against lesbian girls. These results show that this is a simple and valid questionnaire for the evaluation of homophobic bullying among Spanish adolescents


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Bullying/fisiologia , Homofobia/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes/normas , Psicologia do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Psicothema ; 29(2): 241-246, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28438249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to analyse the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Acceptance of Dating Violence (ADV) scale, which assesses attitudes that justify the use of aggression in adolescents’ dating relationships. METHOD: A total of 1,579 high school students (49% girls) from Bizkaia (Spain), aged between 14 and 18 years (M = 15.79, SD = 1.16), completed this questionnaire along with the Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents and the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory. RESULTS: The factor analyses suggested a one-factor structure, which fits data well for both girls and boys. Moreover, the ADV showed good internal consistency (α = .83) and was related to general justification of violence and dating violence (perpetration and victimization). Boys (compared to girls) and adolescents who had had a dating relationship in the past year (compared to those who had not) displayed a higher acceptance of dating violence. CONCLUSIONS: The ADV is a useful, brief and easily applicable instrument for the assessment of attitudes toward dating violence.


Assuntos
Atitude , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Psicometria , Autorrelato , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha
17.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 26(1): 9-17, abr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161121

RESUMO

La investigación sobre las características de mujeres víctimas de violencia de género en centros de acogida es escasa. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo principal describir las características sociodemográficas y del maltrato sufrido por este colectivo, así como analizar los cambios en las variables de estudio a lo largo de los 10 últimos años. Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo mediante la técnica de análisis de documentos. La muestra estuvo compuesta por los expedientes de las mujeres acogidas entre los años 2006 y 2015 en 2 centros para víctimas de violencia de género de Bizkaia (País Vasco), los cuales fueron un centro de urgencia (n=834) y un centro de media-larga estancia (n=84). Los resultados indicaron que, en general, la usuaria de estos centros de acogida es una mujer joven, en más de la mitad de los casos extranjera, con pocos recursos socioeconómicos y una historia de maltrato de larga duración. Muchas mujeres habían experimentado polivictimización y revictimización. Los cambios más sustanciales en los últimos 10 años se encontraron en relación con el país de origen y las situaciones laboral y económica en el centro de urgencia, así como con el tiempo de estancia en este centro. Los resultados tienen implicaciones para la mejora de las intervenciones (AU)


Research on the profiles of women victims of gender violence in shelters is scarce. This study aimed to describe the sociodemographic and abuse characteristics of this group, as well as to analyze changes in the study variables over the last 10 years. A descriptive study was conducted using the document analysis technique. The sample consisted of records of women who had been assisted in two shelters of the Provincial Council of Bizkaia between 2006 and 2015, an emergency shelter (n=834) and a medium-long stay shelter (n=84). The results indicate that, in general, the user of these shelters is a young woman, in more than half of the cases a foreigner, with few socioeconomic resources and a history of long-term abuse. Many women had experienced poly-victimization and repeated victimization. The most substantial changes in the past ten years were found for the country of origin and work and economic situation in the emergency center, as well as the time spent at the center. The results have implications for improving interventions (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Violência contra a Mulher , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados no Lar de Adoção/estatística & dados numéricos , Política Pública , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia
18.
J Interpers Violence ; : 886260517699953, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29294700

RESUMO

This 4-year longitudinal study explored the stability of dating violence (DV) during adolescence and the reciprocal associations between perpetration and victimization over time. Participants were 991 high school students (52.4% females; mean age at baseline = 14.80 years) from Bizkaia (Spain), who completed a measure of DV perpetration and victimization at four measurement points spaced 1 year apart. Findings evidenced stability of teen perpetration and victimization of DV, which appears to increase in late adolescence. Moreover, longitudinal reciprocal influences were demonstrated, but in general, the cross-lagged paths from one's partner's aggression to one's own perpetration and vice versa were lower than the autoregressive paths obtained from stability. The model showed an adequate fit for both females and males, although some paths were significantly higher for the females than for the males. Preventive interventions should consider these findings about stability and longitudinal reciprocal associations of DV during adolescence.

19.
Anxiety Stress Coping ; 30(1): 26-38, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27224837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social looming constitutes a specific cognitive vulnerability that acts as a danger schema and biases the processing of threat-related information associated with the development of social anxiety disorder. This model characterizes early negative experiences as critical to the formation of looming cognitive style. Furthermore, research has found links between parental emotional abuse and peer victimization and social anxiety. DESIGN: A three-wave longitudinal design was used to analyze the role of parents' emotional abuse and peer victimization in the onset of social anxiety symptoms through the development of this cognitive style. METHODS: The final sample was made up of 307 females and 243 males (Mage = 16.97, SDage = .81). Perceived parents' emotional abuse and peer victimization by participants were measured at Time 1, social looming was measured at Time 1 and 2, and social anxiety symptoms were measured at Times 1, 2, and 3. RESULTS: Parents' emotional abuse and peer victimization were related to social anxiety cross-sectionally. Longitudinally, social looming acted as a mediator in the relationship between parents' emotional abuse and social anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need to better understand the mechanisms through which emotional abuse and peer victimization impact social looming and contribute to social anxiety.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Cognição , Emoções , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Interpers Violence ; 31(7): 1159-83, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25524267

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the reciprocal associations among social information processing (SIP) in dating conflicts and the perpetration of dating aggression. A first step involved the development of a measure (The Social Information Processing Questionnaire in Dating Conflicts, SIPQ-DC) to assess social information in scenarios of conflict with dating partners. A sample of 1,272 adolescents (653 girls, 619 boys; Mage = 14.74 years, SD = 1.21) completed measures of SIP and dating aggression perpetration in two different times, which were spaced 1 year apart. Confirmatory factor analyses provided support for a model with five correlated factors for the SIPQ-DC, namely, hostile attribution, anger, aggressive response access, anticipation of positive consequences for oneself, and anticipation of negative consequences for partners. Although the perpetration of dating aggression at T1 was cross-sectionally associated with all the SIP components, anger was the only component that predicted the residual increase in dating aggression behavior over time. The perpetration of dating aggression predicted a worsening of cognitive-emotional processes involved in dating conflicts. Some longitudinal paths were significant only in male adolescents. In conclusion, relationships among SIP and aggression are reciprocal. Gender differences in longitudinal paths can contribute to explaining men's higher perpetration of violence in adulthood.


Assuntos
Agressão , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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