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1.
Europace ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384937

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to assess the novel concept of using the paced PR interval (PRI) on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) to prove trans-isthmus block after cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation for typical atrial flutter (AFl). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients with AFl underwent linear radiofrequency ablation of the inferior CTI (6 o'clock). After AFl termination and/or presumed completion of the CTI line, CTI block was proven by atrial pacing by the ablation catheter medial (5 o'clock) and lateral to the line (7 and 9 o'clock). Corresponding PRIs were measured on the surface ECG. CTI block was assumed, if a sudden increase in the PRI was observed by moving the pacing site from 5 to 7 o'clock, and if the latter was longer than at 9 o'clock. Afterwards, bidirectional CTI block was confirmed by differential pacing. Thirty-one patients (mean age 67 ± 16 years, 81% male) underwent CTI ablation, and 18/31 (58%) were in AFl at the time of ablation (cycle length 249 ± 31 ms). Successful CTI block as defined by the PRI method was achieved in 31/31 (100%), and the mean PRIs during pacing at 5, 7, and 9 o'clock were 203 ± 56 ms, 329 ± 70 ms, and 296 ± 66 ms, respectively. Cavotricuspid isthmus block was confirmed in all patients (100%) by coronary sinus pacing with a reversal of the local activation sequence lateral to the isthmus line. CONCLUSION: The method of PRI analysis on the surface ECG to guide CTI ablation is easy to apply and highly accurate in confirming CTI block. This simple technique enables the novel concept of CTI ablation and proof of block with a single catheter.

2.
Heart ; 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prognostic value of left atrial (LA) dimensions may differ between patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for studies that investigated the association between LA echocardiographic parameters measured by transthoracic echocardiography and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with or without AF. Data were independently abstracted by two reviewers and pooled using random-effects meta-analysis. The primary outcome was incident stroke or thromboembolic events. Secondary outcomes were heart failure, all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE). RESULTS: Twenty-three studies of patients with AF (14 939 patients) and 68 studies of patients without AF (50 720 patients) in this systematic review. Increasing LA diameter was significantly associated with stroke and thromboembolic events in patients without AF (risk ratio (RR) 1.38, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.87; p=0.03), but not in patients with AF (RR 1.02, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.07; p=0.27; p for difference=0.05). Increasing LA diameter index was significantly associated with MACE in patients with AF (RR 1.13, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.17; p<0.001) and in patients without AF (RR 2.98, 95% CI 1.90 to 4.66; p<0.001), with stronger effects in non-AF populations (p for difference <0.001). Greater LA volume index was significantly associated with the risk of MACE in patients with AF (RR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.02; p=0.03) and in non-AF populations (RR 1.08, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.10; p<0.001), the association being stronger in individuals without AF (p for difference <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Larger LA parameters were associated with various adverse cardiovascular events. Many of these associations were stronger in individuals without AF, highlighting the potential importance of LA myopathy.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

6.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(2): 020902, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223266

RESUMO

Introduction: Difference between high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T concentrations (hs-cTnT) before and after ablation procedure (delta concentration) reflects the amount of myocardial injury. The aim of the study was to investigate hs-cTnT prognostic power for predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after repeat pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) procedure. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing repeat PVI using a focal radiofrequency catheter were included in the study. Hs-cTnT was measured before and 18-24 hours after the procedure. Standardized 3, 6 and 12-month follow-up was performed. Cox-regression analysis was used to identify predictors of AF recurrence. Results: A total of 105 patients undergoing repeat PVI were analysed (24% female, median age 61 years). Median (interquartile range) hs-cTnT delta after repeat PVI was 283 (127 - 489) ng/L. After a median follow-up of 12 months, AF recurred in 24 (23%) patients. A weak linear relationship between the total radiofrequency energy delivery time and delta hs-cTnT was observed (Pearson R2 = 0.31, P = 0.030). Delta Hs-cTnT was not identified as a significant long-term predictor of AF recurrence after repeated PVI (P = 0.920). Conclusion: This was the first study evaluating the prognostic power of delta hs-cTnT in predicting AF recurrence after repeat PVI. Delta hs-cTnT does not predict AF recurrence after repeat PVI procedures. Systematic measurement of hs-cTnT after repeat PVI does not add information relevant to outcome.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Veias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Heart ; 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the setting of left bundle branch block (LBBB) present an important diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the clinician. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the incidence of AMI and diagnostic performance of specific ECG and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) criteria in patients presenting with chest discomfort to 26 emergency departments in three international, prospective, diagnostic studies. The final diagnosis of AMI was centrally adjudicated by two independent cardiologists according to the universal definition of myocardial infarction. RESULTS: Among 8830 patients, LBBB was present in 247 (2.8%). AMI was the final diagnosis in 30% of patients with LBBB, with similar incidence in those with known LBBB versus those with presumably new LBBB (29% vs 35%, p=0.42). ECG criteria had low sensitivity (1%-12%) but high specificity (95%-100%) for AMI. The diagnostic accuracy as quantified by the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI concentrations at presentation (area under the ROC curve (AUC) 0.91, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.96 and AUC 0.89, 95% CI 0.83 to 0.95), as well as that of their 0/1-hour and 0/2-hour changes, was very high. A diagnostic algorithm combining ECG criteria with hs-cTnT/I concentrations and their absolute changes at 1 hour or 2 hours derived in cohort 1 (45 of 45(100%) patients with AMI correctly identified) showed high efficacy and accuracy when externally validated in cohorts 2 and 3 (28 of 29 patients, 97%). CONCLUSION: Most patients presenting with suspected AMI and LBBB will be found to have diagnoses other than AMI. Combining ECG criteria with hs-cTnT/I testing at 0/1 hour or 0/2 hours allows early and accurate diagnosis of AMI in LBBB. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: APACE: NCT00470587; ADAPT: ACTRN12611001069943; TRAPID-AMI: RD001107;Results.

8.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619842988, 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008655

RESUMO

AIM: Exercise stress testing is used to detect myocardial ischaemia, but is limited by low sensitivity and specificity. The authors investigated the value of the analysis of high-frequency QRS components as a marker of abnormal depolarization in addition to standard ST-deviations as a marker of abnormal repolarization to improve the diagnostic accuracy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing bicycle exercise stress nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging were prospectively enrolled. Presence of myocardial ischaemia, the primary diagnostic endpoint, was adjudicated using MPI and coronary angiography. Automated high-frequency QRS analysis was performed in a blinded fashion. The prognostic endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during two years of follow-up. Exercise-induced ischaemia was detected in 147/662 patients (22%). The sensitivity of high-frequency QRS was similar to ST-deviations (46% vs. 43%, p=0.59), while the specificity was lower (75% vs. 87%, p<0.001). The combined use of high-frequency QRS and ST-deviations classified 59% of patients as 'rule-out' (both negative), 9% as 'rule-in' (both positive) and 32% in an intermediate zone (one test positive). The sensitivity for 'rule-out' and the specificity for 'rule-in' improved to 63% and 97% compared with ST-deviation analysis alone (both p<0.001). MACE-free survival was 90%, 80% and 42% in patients in the 'rule-out', intermediate and 'rule-in' groups ( p<0.001). After adjustment for age, gender, ST-deviations and clinical post-test probability of ischaemia, high-frequency QRS remained an independent predictor for the occurrence of MACEs. CONCLUSION: The use of high-frequency QRS analysis in addition to ST-deviation analysis improves the diagnostic accuracy during exercise stress testing and adds independent prognostic information.

9.
Heart ; 105(18): 1423-1431, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Assess the relative incidence and compare characteristics and outcome of unstable angina (UA) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). DESIGN: Two independent prospective multicentre diagnostic studies (Advantageous Predictors of Acute Coronary Syndromes Evaluation [APACE] and High-Sensitivity Troponin in the Evaluation of Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome [High-STEACS]) enrolling patients with acute chest discomfort presenting to the emergency department. Central adjudication of the final diagnosis was done by two independent cardiologists using all clinical information including serial measurements of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn). All-cause death and future non-fatal MI were assessed at 30 days and 1 year. RESULTS: 8992 patients were enrolled at 11 centres. UA was adjudicated in 8.9%(95% CI 8.0 to 9.7) and 2.8% (95% CI 2.3 to 3.3) patients in APACE and High-STEACS, respectively, and NSTEMI in 15.1% (95% CI 14.0 to 16.2) and 13.4% (95% CI 12.4 to 14.3). Coronary artery disease was pre-existing in 73% and 76% of patients with UA. At 30 days, all-cause mortality in UA was substantially lower as compared with NSTEMI (0.5% vs 3.7%, p=0.002 in APACE, 0.7% vs 7.4%, p=0.004 in High-STEACS). Similarly, at 1 year in UA all-cause mortality was 3.3% (95% CI 1.2 to 5.3) vs 10.4% (95% CI 7.9 to 12.9) in APACE, and 5.1% (95% CI 0.7 to 9.5) vs 22.9% (95% CI 19.3 to 26.4) in High-STEACS, and similar to non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). In contrast, future non-fatal MI in APACE was comparable in UA and NSTEMI (11.2%, 95% CI 7.8 to 14.6 and 7.9%, 95% CI 5.7 to 10.2), and higher than in NCCP (0.6%, 95% CI 0.2 to 1.0). CONCLUSIONS: The relative incidence and mortality of UA is substantially lower than that of NSTEMI, while the rate of future non-fatal MI is similar.

10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(9): 989-999, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have an increased risk of cognitive decline, potentially resulting from clinically unrecognized vascular brain lesions. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the relationships between cognitive function and vascular brain lesions in patients with AF. METHODS: Patients with known AF were enrolled in a multicenter study in Switzerland. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cognitive testing using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were performed in all participants. Large noncortical or cortical infarcts (LNCCIs), small noncortical infarcts (SNCIs), microbleeds, and white matter lesions were quantified by a central core laboratory. Clinically silent infarcts were defined as infarcts on brain MRI in patients without a clinical history of stroke or transient ischemic attack. RESULTS: The study included 1,737 patients with a mean age of 73 ± 8 years (28% women, 90% taking oral anticoagulant agents). On MRI, LNCCIs were found in 387 patients (22%), SNCIs in 368 (21%), microbleeds in 372 (22%), and white matter lesions in 1715 (99%). Clinically silent infarcts among the 1,390 patients without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack were found in 201 patients with LNCCIs (15%) and 245 patients with SNCIs (18%). The MoCA score was 24.7 ± 3.3 in patients with and 25.8 ± 2.9 in those without LNCCIs on brain MRI (p < 0.001). The difference in MoCA score remained similar when only clinically silent LNCCIs were considered (24.9 ± 3.1 vs. 25.8 ± 2.9; p < 0.001). In a multivariable regression model including all vascular brain lesion parameters, LNCCI volume was the strongest predictor of a reduced MoCA (ß = -0.26; 95% confidence interval: -0.40 to -0.13; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AF have a high burden of LNCCIs and other brain lesions on systematic brain MRI screening, and most of these lesions are clinically silent. LNCCIs were associated with worse cognitive function, even among patients with clinically silent infarcts. Our findings raise the question of MRI screening in patients with AF.

11.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(7): 1057-1064, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces morbidity and mortality in selected heart failure patients, but decision-making regarding selection of CRT-defibrillator or CRT-pacemaker is an ongoing debate. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to construct predictive models and scoring systems for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy and death without ICD therapy (prior death). METHODS: We pooled 2 prospective cohorts of CRT-D patients with primary prevention indication and used Fine and Gray models to develop independent prognostic models for time to first ICD therapy (event of interest) or death without prior ICD therapy (competing event). We defined CRT-D benefit as a high probability of ICD therapy combined with moderate/low probability of prior death. RESULTS: Seven hundred twenty patients were included. Median follow-up was 7.2 years, and 247 patients (34%) died. Cumulative incidence of ICD therapy/prior death at 5 years was 24%/17%. In multivariable models, higher New York Heart Association classes, diuretic use, and ischemic cardiomyopathy were predictors of ICD therapy (hazard ratio 1.89 [1.30-2.75], 1.91 [1.12-3.24], and 1.40[1.02-1.92], respectively) but not of prior death. Males with comorbidities (cancer, renal failure, peripheral artery disease, body mass index >30) or systolic blood pressure ≤100 were at higher risk for prior death. Higher age was associated with lower risk of ICD therapy but higher risk of prior death. One-quarter of patients had low predicted benefit from CRT-D implantation using a scoring system for the dual prediction of appropriate ICD therapy and death without appropriate ICD-therapy. CONCLUSION: Different factors predict ICD therapy or prior death in CRT-D patients using competing risk models. Scoring allows identifying patients with predicted low benefit of CRT-D (low chance of ICD therapy, high chance of prior death).

12.
J Cardiol ; 74(1): 53-59, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) by means of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) focuses on the PVs as the putative trigger of AF. However, which classification should be used to identify patients that are most suitable for PVI is uncertain. The aim of the study was to evaluate rhythm-, burden-, and anatomically-based classification schemes to predict success rates after up to two procedures of an ablation strategy strictly aimed at isolation of the PVs. METHODS: Patients with paroxysmal or non-longstanding persistent AF undergoing PVI-only ablation with the option of one repeat PVI in case of AF recurrence were included. An AF burden score (AFB) was determined based on frequency, episode duration, and number of previous cardioversions and then categorized as minimal, mild, moderate, or severe. Two- and three-dimensional anatomical assessment of the left atrium (LA) was performed based on pre-interventional imaging by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Of 195 patients analyzed, 24 presented with recurrence after the last intervention (12%, median follow up: 16±11 months). In multivariable analysis, a more than 6-fold increase of risk for AF recurrence was identified for patients with a severe compared to a mild AFB [hazard ratio: 6.241 (95% confidence interval: 1.914-20.167, p=0.002)]. In contrast to univariable analysis, no other parameter was associated with recurrence in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Burden-based (AFB) classification was identified as a significant predictor for AF recurrence even after repeat PVI, while neither anatomical parameters nor the established rhythm-based classification of paroxysmal and persistent AF did.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685314

RESUMO

Recent reports have described the incidence of atrioesophageal fistulas (AEF), often resulting in death, from radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF).1 Cases of esophageal perforation without concomitant AEF have not been described as extensively.1 The precise mechanisms leading to esophageal injury after catheter ablation without involvement of the left atrium are not fully understood. The surgical approach to treat esophageal perforation is strongly recommended.2 However, a unified surgical treatment approach has not yet been established. We describe a case of successful surgical repair of an esophageal perforation after ablation using surgical repair in combination with an omental wrap.

14.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210821, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) prevents thrombotic events after coronary stent implantation but may induce bleedings, specifically in elderly patients. However, a competitive risk analysis is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess the determinants of major bleeding and the balance between the competing risks of major bleeding and thrombotic events during prasugrel-based DAPT after stent implantation. METHODS: Overall, 2,291 patients randomized to drug-eluting or bare metal stents and treated with prasugrel 10mg/day for 1 year were followed over 2 years for major bleeding (BARC 3/5) and thrombotic events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definitive/probable stent thrombosis). Prasugrel dose was reduced to 5mg in patients >75 years and/or <60kg. Predictors of major bleeding and competing risks of major bleeding and thrombotic events were assessed. RESULTS: Two-year rates of major bleeding and thrombotic events were 2.9% and 9.0%, respectively. The only independent predictor of major bleeding was age (hazard ratio per year increase 1.05 [1.02,1.07], p<0.001). The relationship between major bleeding and age was non-linear, with lowest hazard ratios at 57 years and an exponential increase only above 65 years. In contrast, the relationship between thrombotic events and age was linear and continuously increasing with older age. While the competing risk of thrombotic events was higher than that of major bleeding in younger patients, the two risks were similar in older patients. After discontinuation of prasugrel, bleeding events leveled off in all patients, while thrombotic events continued to increase. CONCLUSIONS: In prasugrel-based DAPT, age is the strongest risk factor for major bleeding, increasing exponentially >65 years. In younger patients, thrombotic events represent a higher risk than bleeding, while thrombotic and bleeding risks were similar in older patients. Important clinical implications relate to prasugrel dose in the elderly, duration of DAPT and the competing risk balance necessitating individualized treatment decisions.

16.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 148: w14652, 2018 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30378644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered to be a progressive disease, starting with intermittent episodes that progress over time to more sustained events. However, little is known about the prevalence of and predictors for AF type among patients with recent-onset AF. We aimed to address these issues among a selected population of patients with AF. METHODS: The Basel atrial fibrillation cohort (BEAT-AF) study is an ongoing prospective multicentre cohort study among patients with AF. At baseline, we obtained information on the date of AF diagnosis, AF type, comorbidities, medication and lifestyle factors. For this analysis, 486 (31.4%) out of 1550 participants with recent-onset AF (defined as AF duration <24 months) were included. Predictors for AF type (non-paroxysmal vs paroxysmal) were obtained using multivariable adjusted logistic regression models. RESULTS: Mean age was 67 (59-75) years and 136 (28%) were women. Recent-onset paroxysmal AF was observed in 301 (62%) participants, 185 (38%) had non-paroxysmal AF - persistent AF in 148 (30.4%) and permanent AF in 37 (7.6%). In multivariable models, odds ratios for having non-paroxysmal AF around AF diagnosis were 1.03 per year increasing in age (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.05, p = 0.01); 2.70 (1.5-4.68, p = 0.0004) for history of heart failure; 3.82 (1.05-13.87, p = 0.04) for a history of hyperthyroidism and 1.04 (1.02-1.05, p <0.0001) per beat increase in heart rate. CONCLUSION: We found a substantial proportion of AF patients with the non-paroxysmal form shortly after diagnosis. Predictors for non-paroxysmal AF were increasing age, history of heart failure or hyperthyroidism, and a higher heart rate.

17.
Heart Rhythm ; 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30366160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More sustained forms of atrial fibrillation (AF) are less amenable to treatment and associated with worse outcomes, but the incidence and predictors of AF-progression are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the incidence and predictors of AF-progression. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to August 2017. AF-progression was defined as progression from paroxysmal to persistent/permanent or from persistent to permanent AF. Random effect models were used to calculate pooled cumulative incidence rates. Predictors related to between-study variability were assessed using meta-regression analyses. RESULTS: We identified 47 studies with 27,266 patients who were followed for 105,912 patient-years (py). The pooled incidence of AF-progression was 8.1 per 100 py of follow-up (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.1;9.1; I2=98%, p<0.0001). The incidence was 7.1 ([95%CI 6.2;8.0], 42 studies) for progression from paroxysmal to non-paroxysmal AF, compared to 18.6 ([95%CI 8.9;28.3], 5 studies) for progression from persistent to permanent AF. Higher age (ß=5.4, [95%CI 1.4;9.4], p=0.01, R214.3%) and prevalence of hypertension (ß=5.2, [95%CI 1.0;9.4], p=0.02, R218.0%) were associated with a higher AF-progression rate. Follow-up duration (ß=-4.5, [95%CI -5.8;-3.3], p<0.0001, R268.0%) and prevalence of paroxysmal AF (ß=-9.5, [95%CI -18.7;-0.3], p=0.04, R24.4%) were inversely associated with AF-progression. Together these variables explained 73.8% of the observed between-study heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: The incidence of AF-progression appears to be relatively low, and the incidence seems to go down with longer follow-up. Age, hypertension, baseline AF type and follow-up duration explained a high proportion of the observed between-study heterogeneity.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 2018 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30274750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of the 12-lead ECG in the diagnosis of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is limited due to insufficient sensitivity and specificity of standard ECG criteria. The QRS-T angle reflects depolarization-repolarization heterogeneity and might assist in detecting patients with a NSTEMI (diagnosis) as well as predicting patients with an increased mortality risk (prognosis). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 2705 consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of NSTEMI. The QRS-T angle was automatically derived from the standard 10 s 12-lead ECG recorded at presentation to the ED. Patients were followed up for all-cause mortality for 2 years. RESULTS: NSTEMI was the final diagnosis in 15% (n = 412) of patients. QRS-T angles were significantly greater in patients with NSTEMI compared to those without (p < 0.001). The use of the QRS-T angle in addition to standard ECG criteria indicative of ischemia improved the diagnostic accuracy for NSTEMI as quantified by the area under the ROC curve from 0.68 to 0.72 (p < 0.001). An algorithm for the combined use of standard ECG criteria and the QRS-T angle improved the sensitivity of the ECG for NSTEMI from 45% to 78% and the specificity from 86% to 91% (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). The 2-year survival rates were 98%, 97% and 87% according to QRS-T angle tertiles (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients with suspected NSTEMI, the QRS-T angle derived from the standard 12-lead ECG provides incremental diagnostic accuracy on top of standard ECG criteria indicative of ischemia, and independently predicts all-cause mortality during 2 years of follow-up.

19.
Lancet ; 392(10150): 849-856, 2018 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-coated balloons (DCB) are a novel therapeutic strategy for small native coronary artery disease. However, their safety and efficacy is poorly defined in comparison with drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS: BASKET-SMALL 2 was a multicentre, open-label, randomised non-inferiority trial. 758 patients with de-novo lesions (<3 mm in diameter) in coronary vessels and an indication for percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly allocated (1:1) to receive angioplasty with DCB versus implantation of a second-generation DES after successful predilatation via an interactive internet-based response system. Dual antiplatelet therapy was given according to current guidelines. The primary objective was to show non-inferiority of DCB versus DES regarding major adverse cardiac events (MACE; ie, cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and target-vessel revascularisation) after 12 months. The non-inferiority margin was an absolute difference of 4% in MACE. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01574534. FINDINGS: Between April 10, 2012, and February 1, 2017, 382 patients were randomly assigned to the DCB group and 376 to DES group. Non-inferiority of DCB versus DES was shown because the 95% CI of the absolute difference in MACE in the per-protocol population was below the predefined margin (-3·83 to 3·93%, p=0·0217). After 12 months, the proportions of MACE were similar in both groups of the full-analysis population (MACE was 7·5% for the DCB group vs 7·3% for the DES group; hazard ratio [HR] 0·97 [95% CI 0·58-1·64], p=0·9180). There were five (1·3%) cardiac-related deaths in the DES group and 12 (3·1%) in the DCB group (full analysis population). Probable or definite stent thrombosis (three [0·8%] in the DCB group vs four [1·1%] in the DES group; HR 0·73 [0·16-3·26]) and major bleeding (four [1·1%] in the DCB group vs nine [2·4%] in the DES group; HR 0·45 [0·14-1·46]) were the most common adverse events. INTERPRETATION: In small native coronary artery disease, DCB was non-inferior to DES regarding MACE up to 12 months, with similar event rates for both treatment groups. FUNDING: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Basel Cardiovascular Research Foundation, and B Braun Medical AG.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Int J Cardiol ; 269: 114-121, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30224031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various scores have been derived for the assessment of syncope patients in the emergency department (ED) but stay inconsistently validated. We aim to compare their performance to the one of a common, easy-to-use CHADS2 score. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients ≥ 40 years old presenting with syncope to the ED in a multicenter study. Early clinical judgment (ECJ) of the treating ED-physician regarding the probability of cardiac syncope was quantified. Two independent physicians adjudicated the final diagnosis after 1-year follow-up. Major cardiovascular events (MACE) and death were recorded during 2 years of follow-up. Nine scores were compared by their area under the receiver-operator characteristics curve (AUC) for death, MACE or the diagnosis of cardiac syncope. RESULTS: 1490 patients were available for score validation. The CHADS2-score presented a higher or equally high accuracy for death in the long- and short-term follow-up than other syncope-specific risk scores. This score also performed well for the prediction of MACE in the long- and short-term evaluation and stratified patients with accuracy comparative to OESIL, one of the best performing syncope-specific risk score. All scores performed poorly for diagnosing cardiac syncope when compared to the ECJ. CONCLUSIONS: The CHADS2-score performed comparably to more complicated syncope-specific risk scores in the prediction of death and MACE in ED syncope patients. While better tools incorporating biochemical and electrocardiographic markers are needed, this study suggests that the CHADS2-score is currently a good option to stratify risk in syncope patients in the ED. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01548352.

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