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1.
Indian J Radiol Imaging ; 31(3): 560-565, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790298

RESUMO

Background Presence of extramural venous invasion (EMVI) is a poor prognostic factor for rectal cancer as per literature. However, India-specific data are lacking. Aim The aim of the study is to determine the prognostic significance of EMVI in locally advanced rectal cancer on baseline MRI. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed 117 MRIs of operable non-metastatic locally advanced rectal cancers in a tertiary cancer institute. Three dedicated oncoradiologists determined presence or absence of EMVI, and its length and thickness, in consensus. These patients were treated as per standard institutional protocols and followed up for a median period of 37 months (range: 2-71 months). Kaplan-Meier curves (95% CI) were used to determine disease-free survival (DFS), distant-metastases free survival (DMFS), and overall survival (OS). Univariate analysis was performed by comparing groups with log-rank test. Results EMVI positive cases were 34/114 (29%). More EMVI-positive cases developed distant metastasis compared with EMVI-negative cases (14/34-41% vs. 22/83-26%). The difference, however, was not statistically significant ( p = 0.146). After excluding signet-ring cell cancers ( n = 14), EMVI showed significant correlation with DMFS ( p = 0.046), but not with DFS or OS. The median thickness and length of EMVI was 6 and 14 mm, respectively in patients who developed distant metastasis, as compared with 5 and 11 mm in those who did not, although this difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion EMVI is a predictor of distant metastasis in locally advanced non-metastatic, non-signet ring cell rectal cancers. EMVI can be considered another high-risk feature to predict distant metastasis.

2.
Am J Surg ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756584

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to assess the impact of treatment sequencing on long-term survival, in distal gastric cancers (GCs) (stage IB/II/III). METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with distal GC undergoing D2 resection. Outcomes were compared between group 1 (surgery with adjuvant chemotherapy) and group 2 (perioperative chemotherapy with surgery). 1:1 matching for baseline characteristics (age, cT, and cN stage) was performed for outcome comparison. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 47.5 months in the included 342 patients, the 5-year overall survival (OS) was 61.1% and disease-free survival (DFS) was 50.5%. OS was comparable in the unmatched (group 1, n = 118; group 2, n = 224) (HR 0.905, 95%CI 0.64-1.33, P = 0.615) and matched groups (group 1, n = 97; group 2, n = 97) (HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.48-1.26, P = 0.3). CONCLUSION: D2 resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy provides similar long-term outcomes as compared to perioperative chemotherapy approach for stage IB/II/III distal GCs.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757580

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The data on the prognostic significance of red cell distribution width (RDW) in gallbladder cancers is sparse, especially in the potentially resectable cohort of patients. The aim was to assess the prognostic significance of RDW in gallbladder cancer patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained database of gallbladder cancer patients undergoing surgery at a tertiary cancer institute from 2010 till 2018. Baseline values were collected. Patients were grouped as per the median RDW value and compared. Survival analysis was done using the Kaplan Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 605 patients were included. The median follow up period was 23 months (range: 6-120 months). The median value of RDW was 14. Comparison between RDW > 14 and RDW < 14 groups showed no difference in outcomes. RDW did not predict overall survival or recurrences. However, in combined stages II and III, a statistically significant improvement in OS and DFS (p < 0.001) was noted in the RDW < 14 group. CONCLUSION: RDW did not predict recurrence or survival in potentially resectable gallbladder cancer patients. However, in the subset of stages II and III in combination, lower RDW value was associated with better outcomes. More prospective studies are needed to conclusively establish the prognostic value of RDW.

4.
Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716986

RESUMO

AIM: The outcome of radical surgery in nonmetastatic anorectal melanoma (AM) patients is studied infrequently. Here, we aimed to explore the stage-wise outcomes and the impact of radical resections in these patients. METHODS: In this single-centre retrospective study, data of 154 eligible patients were recorded and analysed. Data were obtained from November 2010 to September 2019 with follow-up until November 2020. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was calculated by Kaplan Meir method and univariate analysis of prognostic factors by Cox regression. RESULTS: Of 154 patients, 110 were metastatic (stage III) and 44 were nonmetastatic (stage I:22, stage II:22) and underwent curative resections. Median follow-up was 48 months (14-119 months). A total of 39 patients underwent total mesorectal excisions (TME) and five transanal excision (TAE) were performed. Seven patients underwent extended resections. Stage I and II patients had 3- and 5-year OS of 40% and 36%; and DFS of 45% and 33.2%, respectively. Median OS and DFS were 31 and 24 months, respectively. Stage II (node-positive) patients had better median OS compared to stage III (21 vs. 4 months; p = 0.000), and 54.5% patients had recurrences, most commonly both systemic and nodal (45.83%). Median OS of patients without recurrence was 34 months. CONCLUSION: In this large surgical series of AMs, outcome in stage I and II patients was significantly better than stage III and patients with stage II disease can have acceptable oncological outcomes. Radical surgical resections with or without lymphadenectomy could be considered in these patients. The role of adjuvant systemic therapy and radiation needs to be explored as part of multimodality treatment.

5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 710585, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568037

RESUMO

Background: Treatment of malignant melanoma has undergone a paradigm shift with the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and targeted therapies. However, access to ICI is limited in low-middle income countries (LMICs). Patients and Methods: Histologically confirmed malignant melanoma cases registered from 2013 to 2019 were analysed for pattern of care, safety, and efficacy of systemic therapies (ST). Results: There were 659 patients with a median age of 53 (range 44-63) years; 58.9% were males; 55.2% were mucosal melanomas. Most common primary sites were extremities (36.6%) and anorectum (31.4%). Nearly 10.8% of the metastatic cohort were BRAF mutated. Among 368 non-metastatic patients (172 prior treated, 185 de novo, and 11 unresectable), with a median follow-up of 26 months (0-83 months), median EFS and OS were 29.5 (95% CI: 22-40) and 33.3 (95% CI: 29.5-41.2) months, respectively. In the metastatic cohort, with a median follow up of 24 (0-85) months, the median EFS for BSC was 3.1 (95% CI 1.9-4.8) months versus 3.98 (95% CI 3.2-4.7) months with any ST (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.52-0.92; P = 0.011). The median OS was 3.9 (95% CI 3.3-6.4) months for BSC alone versus 12.0 (95% CI 10.5-15.1) months in any ST (HR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.28-0.50; P < 0.001). The disease control rate was 51.55%. Commonest grade 3-4 toxicity was anemia with chemotherapy (9.5%) and ICI (8.8%). In multivariate analysis, any ST received had a better prognostic impact in the metastatic cohort. Conclusions: Large real-world data reflects the treatment patterns adopted in LMIC for melanomas and poor access to expensive, standard of care therapies. Other systemic therapies provide meaningful clinical benefit and are worth exploring especially when the standard therapies are challenging to administer.

6.
Int J Epidemiol ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In India, as elsewhere, the incidence of gall-bladder cancer (GBC) is substantially higher in women than in men. Yet, the relevance of reproductive factors to GBC remains poorly understood. METHODS: We used logistic regression adjusted for age, education and area to examine associations between reproductive factors and GBC risk, using 790 cases of histologically confirmed GBC and group-matched 1726 visitor controls. We tested the interaction of these associations by genetic variants known to increase the risk of GBC. RESULTS: Parity was strongly positively associated with GBC risk: each additional pregnancy was associated with an ∼25% higher risk {odds ratio [OR] 1.26 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.17-1.37]}. After controlling for parity, GBC risk was weakly positively associated with later age of menarche [postmenopausal women, OR 1.11 (95% CI 1.00-1.22) per year], earlier menopause [OR 1.03 (95% CI 1.00-1.06) per year] and shorter reproductive lifespan [OR 1.04 (95% CI 1.01-1.07) per year], but there was little evidence of an association with breastfeeding duration or years since last pregnancy. Risk alleles of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the ABCB4 and ABCB1 genetic regions had a multiplicative effect on the association with parity, but did not interact with other reproductive factors. CONCLUSIONS: We observed higher GBC risk with higher parity and shorter reproductive lifespan, suggesting an important role for reproductive and hormonal factors.

7.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(8): 1417-1430, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351625

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The results of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) for locally advanced rectal cancers (LARC) cannot be extrapolated to signet-ring cell cancers (SRCC) that have an extremely aggressive biology. METHODS: A retrospective study comparing long course chemoradiation (CTRT) against short course radiation (SCRT) and 12 weeks of chemotherapy for high-risk LARC. Primary endpoints were treatment failure and disease-free survival (DFS) RESULTS: CTRT was given to 74 (59.7%) and SCRT/Chemotherapy to 50 patients (40.3%). Additional chemotherapy was required in 54.1% and 28%, respectively. Except for nodal staging, no other MRI parameter down-staged. Treatment failures were seen in 33.9% and 25.8% had progression. The peritoneum was the commonest site of progression (59.4%). Of the patients that were surgically explored, 63.7% had R0 resections and pathological complete response was seen in 9.7%. At a median follow-up of 35 months, 56.5% had DFS events with a 3-year DFS of 39.5%. Recurrences were noted in 45.1% after curative resections and the 3-year OS/DFS of these patients were 67.2%/56.4%. On multivariate regression, the type of preoperative therapy did not influence treatment failures or DFS. CONCLUSIONS: SRCC is a very aggressive disease and none of the treatment strategies could show superiority over the other with very high peritoneal progression rates and relapses.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/normas , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379866

RESUMO

AIM: The aim was to compare oncological and short-term outcomes between open and laparoscopic surgery in locally advanced rectal cancers. METHODS: It is a retrospective analysis conducted in a high volume tertiary centre. Matching was carried out for nine variables, including preoperative factors, neoadjuvant treatment and sphincter preservation. RESULTS: Both the open and laparoscopic surgery arms had 239 patients each. The distributions of pretreatment MRI T3, T4, circumferential resection margin (CRM) positive tumours, neoadjuvant long-course chemoradiation and sphincter preservation were 80.3%, 13.6%, 50%, 89% and 56.4% respectively. The mean number of nodes harvested (12.9 vs. 12.7, P = 0.716), pathological CRM positivity (6.3% in open vs. 5.4% in laparoscopic, P = 0.697) and distal resection margins were similar. The mean blood loss was higher in open surgeries (910 ml vs. 349 ml, P < 0.001). Anastomotic leaks and Clavien-Dindo Grade 3-4 complications were higher in the open arm than in the laparoscopy arm (5.9% vs. 1.7%, P = 0.024, and 12.5% vs. 6.7%, P = 0.015 respectively). The median postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the laparoscopy arm (7 vs. 6, P = 0.015). In CRM positive and threatened cases, the measured outcomes were similar between the two groups except for blood loss which was significantly higher in the open surgery (872 vs. 379, P = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: In high volume centres, in the hands of experienced colorectal surgeons, laparoscopic rectal surgery is oncologically safe in locally advanced rectal cancers and has lesser morbidity and shorter hospital stay than open surgery. In CRM positive and threatened cases the laparoscopic surgery showed less blood loss compared to open surgery, while other outcome measures were similar to open surgery.

10.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 46(12): 5536-5549, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427742

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Signet Ring Rectal Cancer (SRRC) of rectum is rare high-grade subtype with poor prognosis and characteristic histopathology. We evaluated its imaging appearance and correlated its outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the rectal MRIs of 97 patients with rectal SRRC, evaluating tumor morphology, T2 signal, length, location, pattern of tumor growth, nodal status and location, EMVI (extramural vascular invasion), site of metastases, and response to chemotherapy. The tumor signal on T2W images was categorized into intermediate, T2 hyperintense, and fluid/mucin bright. Imaging findings were correlated with risk of metastatic/ recurrent disease, disease-free survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: The median age of patients of SRRC in our study was 35 years and more frequently found in male patients. The common imaging features of SRRC were T2-hyperintense signal (63%), infiltrative growth pattern (76%), positive MR CRM (Circumferential Resection Margin on MRI) (84%), presence of EMVI (51%), and advanced T and N stage (97% and 84%, respectively). Peritoneum and nodes were the most common sites of metastases. Raised serum CEA (Carcino-embryonic Antigen) levels, positive MR CRM status, extramesorectal adenopathy, and advanced N stage had statistically significant predictive value for recurrence or metastases. Elevated serum CEA levels (p = 0.019) and intermediate T2 signal (p = 0.012) demonstrated significant independent association with poor overall survival, while advanced N stage (p = 0.033) demonstrated significant independent association with worse disease-free survival in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: SRRC affected young patients and demonstrated T2-hyperintense signal and subepithelial spread in an infiltrative pattern. Elevated CEA levels and T2-intermediate signal intensity are independent predictors for worse overall survival and advanced nodal stage is independent prognostic factor of poor disease-free survival. MRI rectum can pinpoint the pathology given the distinct MRI morphology and age of presentation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Reto , Adulto , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: pN3 or ypN3 stage gastric cancers (GCs) are known to have aggressive clinical behaviour. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting survival and pattern of recurrences of N3 stage GCs, treated with curative intent. METHODS: A total of 196 GC patients, operated on at the Tata Memorial Centre from 2003 to 2017 and reported as pN3 or ypN3 status on histopathology after D2 gastrectomy were included in this retrospective analysis. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, use of NACT (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) and LN ratio (≤ 0.5/> 0.5) emerged as significant predictors for long-term survival. Patients who received NACT but were still harbouring N3 nodes (ypN3; n = 102) had a worse prognosis than those operated on upfront (pN3; n = 94), with a median survival of 19 months versus 24 months respectively (p = 0.003). The 5-year overall survival of the entire cohort was 16.3% (95% CI 12.8-19.8%), while 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 14.6% (95% CI 12.6-20%). Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, though offered in a small number of patients (n = 38) resulted in improvement in DFS. Median DFS of adjuvant CT versus adjuvant CRT was 13 months versus 23 months (p = 0.020). The commonest site of relapse was the peritoneum (49.18%) and incidence of isolated loco-regional failure was 10.7%. CONCLUSION: In GCs with N3 stage determined after radical D2 gastrectomy, LN ratio of > 0.5 and ypN3 status are predictors of poor prognosis. Considering the high incidence of peritoneal and loco-regional relapse in these patients, the role of more radical surgery, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after upfront resection and intraperitoneal chemotherapy should be evaluated in prospective randomized clinical trials.

12.
J Surg Oncol ; 124(4): 572-580, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Presence of jaundice in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is considered a sign of inoperability with no defined treatment pathways. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all surgically treated GBC patients from January 2010 to December 2019 was performed for evaluating etiology of obstructive jaundice, resectability, postoperative morbidity, mortality, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Out of 954 patients, 521 patients (54.61%) were locally advanced gallbladder carcinoma (LAGBC: Stage III and IV) and 113 patients (11.84%) had jaundice at presentation. Thirty-four (30%) patients had benign cause of obstructive jaundice. Median OS of the whole cohort (n=113) was 22 months (16.5-27.49 months) with resectability rate of 62% (70/113). Median OS of curative resection group (n=70) was 32 months and DFS was 25 months. Treatment completion was achieved in 30% (n= 21/70) patients with median OS of 46 months and median DFS of 27 months. Isolated bile duct infiltration subgroup fared the best with median OS of 74 months with a 5-year survival of 66.7%. CONCLUSION: Surgical resection as a part of multimodality treatment improves survival in carefully selected locally advanced gallbladder cancer patients with jaundice. Early introduction of systemic therapy is the key in the management of this disease with aggressive tumor biology.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Colecistectomia/normas , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/terapia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/complicações , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e047376, 2021 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187825

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: The Cancer Aging Research Group (CARG) toxicity score is used to assess toxicity risk in geriatric patients receiving chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to validate the CARG score in geriatric patients treated with curative intent chemotherapy in predicting grade 3-5 toxicities. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal prospective observational study. SETTING: Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India, a tertiary cancer care referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Patients, aged ≥65 years, with gastrointestinal, breast or gynaecological stage I-III cancers being planned for curative intent chemotherapy. A total of 270 patients were required for accrual in the study. EXPOSURES: Total risk score ranged from 0 (lowest toxicity risk) to 19 (highest toxicity risk). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary endpoint of the study was to evaluate whether the CARG risk score predicted for grade 3-5 toxicities. RESULTS: The study cohort of 270 patients had a mean age of 69 (65-83) years, with the most common cancers being gastrointestinal (79%). Fifty-two per cent of patients had atleast one grade 3-5 toxicity. The risk of toxicity was increased with an increasing risk score (42% low risk, 51% medium risk and 79% high risk; p<0.001). There was no association between either Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (p=0.69) or age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (p=0.79) risk categories and grade 3-5 chemotherapy toxicities. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study validates the CARG risk score in predicting for grade 3-5 toxicities in geriatric oncology patients receiving curative intent chemotherapy and can be considered as the standard of care before planning chemotherapy in every elderly patient. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CTRI/2016/10/007357; Results.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Índia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
14.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 406(3): 821-831, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733285

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the oncological outcomes and the prognostic factors following pelvic exenteration (PE) in cT4 and fixed cT3 stage primary rectal adenocarcinoma and to study the impact of consolidation chemotherapy following neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (NACRT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of PE from 2013 to 2018. RESULTS: Out of 2900 colorectal resections, there were 131 pelvic exenterations that were performed, and 100 of these patients had undergone exenteration for primary rectal adenocarcinoma. Of these 100 patients, there were 81 patients who had received NACRT followed by surgery, 50 of whom who had received consolidation chemotherapy and 31 who had undergone surgery without consolidation chemotherapy. R0 resection was achieved in 90% cases. At a median follow-up of 32 months, 2-year disease free survival was 61.8% and estimated 5-year overall survival was 62%. The incidence of distant metastases was 44% vs. 19% (p = 0.023), and the 2-year distant recurrence-free survival was 58% vs. 89% (p = 0.025), respectively, in the 'consolidation chemotherapy group' and the 'no chemotherapy group'. The poorly differentiated grade of tumours, presence of lympho-vascular-invasion, consolidation chemotherapy, and disease recurrence were all found to affect the survival. CONCLUSION: PE with R0 resection achieves excellent survival rates in cT4 and fixed cT3 stage primary rectal adenocarcinoma. The distant recurrence rate may not be altered by consolidation chemotherapy in the subset of high-risk patients. However, further research on consolidation chemotherapy following NACRT in cT4 and fixed cT3 stage primary rectal adenocarcinoma will give a definite answer in the future.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Retais , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(8): 1784-1791, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751581

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A subcentimeter distal resection margin (DRM) appears to be acceptable for most patients, however, long-term follow up and specific subsets where DRM would influence recurrences have not been adequately investigated. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all sphincter-preserving resections for mid and low rectal cancers between July 2011 and May 2015 was performed. Extended total mesorectal excisions (TME) and patients with positive pathologic circumferential margins (CRM) were excluded. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-six patients fit the inclusion criteria. DRM > 20 mm was obtained in 117 patients (49.6%), between 10 and 20 mm in 78 (33%) and <10 mm in 41 (17.4%) patients. Pathological DRM was positive in 4 patients (1.7%). Sixty-five recurrences occurred at a median follow up of 78.5 months. DRM did not influence any of the oncological outcomes. In a subset analysis of patients with poor pathological response to neoadjuvant radiation, that is, tumor regression grade > 3, DRM influenced disease-free survival (DFS) but not overall survival with a hazard ratio of 4.4 (p = 0.02). This was confirmed on multivariate regression analysis in this subgroup as well where pathological nodal status and DRM < 10 mm were independent predictors of DFS. CONCLUSIONS: A subcentimeter DRM may be acceptable in most patients except those who have an inadequate response to neoadjuvant radiation.


Assuntos
Margens de Excisão , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(11): 6758-6766, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus on the ideal time interval and therapeutic value of revision surgery in patients with incidental gallbladder cancer (iGBC) in the context of multimodality management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of an institutional database of patients with iGBC who underwent surgery from January 2010 to December 2019 was performed. Patients who underwent upfront surgery were divided into four time interval groups: A, B, C, and D (< 6 weeks, 6-10 weeks, 10-14 weeks, and > 14 weeks, respectively). RESULTS: A cohort of 517 patients planned for revision surgery was analyzed. Overall, 382 (73.9%) patients underwent upfront surgery while 135 (26.1%) were given neoadjuvant treatment. With median follow-up of 18 months, 2-year overall survival (OS) was 66% and disease-free survival (DFS) was 52.6%, with inferior survival outcomes observed with advancing stage and presence of residual disease on final histopathology. Propensity score-matched analysis after matching for pT stage of cholecystectomy specimen suggested a survival benefit for patients operated between 10 and 14 weeks in terms of OS (p = 0.049) and DFS (p = 0.006). Patients with locally advanced iGBC at presentation had superior OS when operated after neoadjuvant therapy [3-year estimated OS of 59.9% vs 32.3%, respectively (p = 0.001)]. CONCLUSIONS: Revision surgery is at best the most accurate staging procedure guiding timely initiation of systemic therapy. Patients with iGBC operated between 10 and 14 weeks after initial cholecystectomy tend to have favorable survival outcomes, although this depends on final disease stage. Revision surgery should also be offered to all patients presenting at any later point of time, if deemed operable.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Colecistectomia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Nucl Med ; 62(11): 1558-1563, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637590

RESUMO

We assessed 177Lu-DOTATATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in the neoadjuvant setting in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). We also evaluated the variables associated with resectability of the primary tumor after PRRT. Methods: This study included 57 GEP-NET patients who had a primary tumor that was unresectable (because of vascular involvement as defined using the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma criteria of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network) and who underwent 177Lu-DOTATATE therapy without any prior surgery. They were categorized into 2 groups: 23 patients without liver metastases (group 1) and 34 patients with potentially resectable liver metastases (group 2). 177Lu-DOTATATE was administered with mixed amino acid-based renal protection at a dose of 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) per cycle. Surgical resectability was evaluated using triphasic contrast-enhanced abdominal CT imaging at 3 different time points during the PRRT course. Four broad categories of overall PRRT response were evaluated. The Kaplan-Meier product-limit method was used to calculate progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Associations between variables and a resectable primary tumor after PRRT were analyzed using the χ2 test, with a P value of less than 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: After 177Lu-DOTATATE therapy, the unresectable primary tumor became resectable in 15 of 57 (26.3%) patients (7 patients in group 1 and 8 patients in group 2). A complete or partial response to PRRT was seen in 48 patients (84%), 23 patients (40%), 18 patients (31%), and 23 patients (40%) using symptomatic, biochemical, molecular imaging, and anatomic imaging criteria, respectively. Estimated rates of PFS were 95% and 90% at 2 y in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The 2-y OS of the 2 groups combined was 92.1%. The rate at which the primary tumor was resectable after PRRT was significantly higher in patients who had duodenal neuroendocrine tumors, patients who had GEP-NETs with no regional lymph node involvement, patients for whom the primary tumor was smaller than 5 cm, patients for whom liver metastases were no larger than 1.5 cm, patients for whom there were no more than 3 liver metastases, and patients for whom 18F-FDG uptake in the primary tumor had an SUVmax of less than 5. Conclusion: In a moderate fraction of GEP-NET patients, with or without liver metastases, whose primary tumor was unresectable because of vascular involvement, the primary tumor converted from unresectable to resectable after 177Lu-DOTATATE therapy, signifying that neoadjuvant PRRT can be considered in such patients. The effective control of symptoms, favorable morphologic and functional imaging response, and durable PFS and OS that we observed after 177Lu-DOTATATE PRRT may lead to less morbidity and mortality in these patients.

18.
Neuroendocrinology ; 111(10): 998-1004, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017827

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Capecitabine-temozolomide (CAPTEM) chemotherapy, alone or with concurrent peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), has activity in advanced WHO grade 2 and grade 3 neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity of the CAPTEM in patients with grade 2 and grade 3 NENs and identify prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with metastatic grade 2 and grade 3 NENs, who were having baseline significant dual uptake on 68Ga-DOTATATE/18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET-CT scan and treated with CAPTEM chemotherapy between January 2014 and December 2019 at Tata Memorial Hospital, was conducted. The clinical variables and survival data were collected. Progression-free survival (PFS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 68 patients received the CAPTEM regimen, of whom 29 patients (43%) received CAPTEM alone and 39 patients (57%) received concurrent PRRT. The primary sites were pancreas in 32 (47%) and small intestine in 12 (18%) patients. Mean Ki-67 index was 12.6% (range: 3-50). Forty-five patients (65%) were treatment naïve. There were no significant differences in baseline clinical variables between patients treated with CAPTEM alone or with CAPTEM-PRRT. Both regimens were well tolerated. With a median follow-up of 22.1 months, the median PFS for the entire cohort was 27.5 months. There was no statistical difference in the median PFS between patients receiving CAPTEM alone or CAPTEM-PRRT (33.7 vs. 22 months; p = 0.199). A Ki-67 index of >5% predicted for inferior PFS on multivariate analysis (24 versus 73.8 months; p = 0.04; hazard ratio -3.77; 95% confidence interval: 1.07-13.26). CONCLUSION: CAPTEM, alone or concurrent with PRRT, has a significant activity in grade 2 and grade 3 NENs with dual SSTR and 18FDG expression. A Ki-67 index >5% predicts strongly for inferior outcomes and should be further explored as a prognostic cutoff in grade 2 NENs. Early initiation of CAPTEM should be considered in this group of tumors with significant baseline 18FDG expression.

19.
JAMA Oncol ; 7(3): 436-439, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270098

RESUMO

Importance: There is therapeutic uncertainty regarding use of combination or single-agent chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with gallbladder cancer who experience disease progression after first-line chemotherapy. Objective: To compare the efficacy of capecitabine plus irinotecan (CAPIRI) vs irinotecan (IRI) alone in patients with advanced gallbladder cancer (GBC) who have disease progression after gemcitabine-based first-line treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: The GB-SELECT trial was a multicenter, open-label, phase 2, randomized clinical trial of CAPIRI vs IRI alone for treatment of gallbladder cancer in patients who had disease progression after prior gemcitabine-based chemotherapy.The study was carried out in 2 tertiary care institutions in India. Patients aged between 18 and 70 years with histopathologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma gallbladder, advanced or metastatic disease, previous treatment with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy, adequate hematologic, liver, and renal functions, and ECOG performance status of 1 or less were included in the study between August 2018 and January 2020. The data were analyzed for this report with cutoff on May 19, 2020. Interventions: Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive capecitabine, 1700 mg/m2 per day, on days 1 to 14 plus intravenous irinotecan, 200 mg/m2, on day 1 or intravenous irinotecan, 240 mg/m2, on day 1, in 21-day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxic effects. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was overall survival (OS) at 6 months. The secondary end points were progression-free survival and quality of life. Results: A total of 98 patients were randomized, 49 in each arm, with median (range) age of 51 (29-70) years, with 60 (61%) being women. In the CAPIRI vs IRI arms, the number of deaths at 6 months, 6-month OS, and median OS were 35, 34, 38.4% (95% CI, 24.2%-52.6%) and 5.16 (95% CI, 4.26-6.06) months vs 34, 29, 54.2% (95% CI, 39.4%-69.0%) and 6.28 (95% CI, 4.25-8.30) months, respectively, with a hazard ratio of 1.02 (95% CI, 0.64-1.49, P = .93). There were no chemotherapy-related deaths but more patients required dose modification in CAPIRI compared with the IRI arm (13 [27%] vs 4 [9%], respectively, P = .03). Conclusions and Relevance: There was no significant difference in OS between treatment with capecitabine plus irinotecan or irinotecan alone among previously treated patients with gallbladder cancer. Single-agent irinotecan should be the preferred treatment option for such patients. Trial Registration: CTRI/2017/10/010112.

20.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 17(2): e70-e76, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030912

RESUMO

AIM: To study the outcomes of patients presenting with locally advanced rectal cancers with distant metastasis (mLARC), treated with short course radiotherapy (SCRT). METHOD: Between May 2012 and August 2015, 70 patients diagnosed with mLARC, treated with SCRT (25 Gy/5#) and three to six cycles of CAPOX chemotherapy (CT), were assessed for surgical feasibility for the primary and metastatic sites. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients could complete the planned SCRT and three to six cycles of CT. Response rate and disease control rate for the primary was 68% and 97%, respectively. Radiologically, CRM became free in 44 (72%) patients out of 61 initially involved. Fifty-two (74%) were planned to receive treatment with a potentially curative intent and 18 (26%) with palliative intent. Of those treated with curative intent, 34 (65%) underwent primary tumor resection (PTR). Successful intervention for metastatic disease was done in 27 (52%) patients. At a median follow up of 43 months, the median overall survival (OS) for patients undergoing PTR was 36 months versus 12 months for those in which the tumor was still unresectable or had distant progression (P < .001). Of the operated patients, 56% were alive at the end of 3 years. The median pelvic recurrence free survival was 29 months. Symptom control in the form of pain and bleeding control was observed in 80%. CONCLUSION: The addition of SCRT to CT in mLARC can downstage the primary tumor to undergo surgery, thereby, achieving better loco-regional control and survival. It achieves good palliation in patients unable to undergo surgery due to extensive primary or metastatic disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
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