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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6197, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277152

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to be important in a variety of cancer types. The specific expression and roles of miR-520f-3p in the context of gastric cancer (GC), however, remains unknown. Herein we determined miR-520f-3p expression to be significantly reduced in human GC cells compared to cells of the gastric epithelium, with comparable down-regulation also being evident in gastric cancer tissue samples and the low expression of this miRNA was positively correlated with features of more aggressive large tumor size (p = 0.019), depth of invasion (p = 0.008), and distant metastasis (p = 0.037). We further found that lower levels of miR-520f-3p corresponded with poorer GC patient overall (p = 0.003) and disease-free (p = 0.036) survival. When over-expressed in GC cells, miR-520f-3p was able to impair their growth, proliferation, and survival, instead leading to the induction of apoptosis. We further found that miR-520f-3p was able to bind the SOX9 3'-UTR, thereby negatively regulating its expression in GC cells. Consistent with this model, SOX9 and miR-520f-3p expression were negatively correlated with one another in GC tissues. When SOX9 was upregulated, this was also able to abrogate miR-520f-3p-mediated inactivation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Together our findings thus suggest that miR-520f-3p can act to suppress GC progression, at least in part via suppressing SOX9 expression and thus disrupting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Our results thus highlight potential novel therapeutic targets in GC worthy of future investigation.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9820, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285444

RESUMO

MicroRNA-212-3p inhibits several human cancers but its effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. In this study, we show that miR-212-3p is down-regulated in HCC cell lines and tissues, and correlates with vascular invasion (p = 0.001), and the absence of capsule formation (p = 0.009). We found that miR-212-3p influenced the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HCCLM3 and Huh7 cells. Mechanistically, miR-212-3p repressed cell invasion through the suppression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). We therefore validate the anti-HCC effects of miR-212-3p through its ability to suppress CTGF and subsequent EMT.

3.
Oncol Lett ; 17(2): 2317-2327, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30675297

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve an important regulatory role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Aberrant expression of miR-197-3p has been reported in various human malignancies. However, the role of miR-197-3p in the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The present study demonstrated that miR-197-3p was downregulated in HCC tissues and that the low level of miR-197-3p expression in HCC tumours correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics; thus, miR-197-3p may serve as a predictor for poor prognosis in patients with HCC. Additionally, miR-197-3p markedly inhibited the metastasis of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis further identified zinc finger protein interacted with K protein 1 (ZIK1) as a novel target of miR-197-3p in HCC cells. These findings suggest that miR-197-3p may regulate the survival of HCC cells, partially through the downregulation of ZIK1. Therefore, the miR-197-3p/ZIK1 axis may serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with HCC.

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