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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113096, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693116

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Constipation is a functional gastrointestinal disorder and one of the most prevalent conditions encountered in primary care settings. Rhubarb navel dressings have been used for more than 2,000 years in Chinese medicine to treat constipation. However, the effect of topical rhubarb administration has still not been well recognized and this strategy is not yet established as an evidence-based approach. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we performed a prospective multicentric randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rhubarb navel plasters for patients with chronic constipation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 374 patients from six teaching hospitals were prospectively included between 09/2016 and 10/2017 in the study based on Rome III criteria. All participants were randomly assigned (1:1) into verum/placebo group and given either Rheum officinale rhubarb powder or a placebo flour stick on the navel for 6 h/day/8 days. Primary outcome measures were the Cleveland Constipation Score (CCS) for the feces condition and Bristol Stool Scale (BSS) for stool consistency and 24 h defecation frequency. RESULTS: The groups demonstrated no statistical differences in demographic data, clinical diagnoses and concomitant medication at baseline. In patients treated with the verum CCS was 5.61 (day 8, 95% CI 5.15-6.07) compared to 8.62 (95% CI 8.07-9.18) in placebo-treated controls (P < 0.001). The mean change of CCS at the end of treatment (day 8 versus [vs] day 0) was 6.04 in verum-treated vs 2.73 in placebo-treated controls (P < 0.001). Also 24 h defecation frequency (BSS) showed superior results (day 5: 0.84 vs 0.62, 95% CI 0.67-0.80, P < 0.001; day 6: 0.82 vs 0.60, 95% CI 0.64-0.78, P < 0.01 and day 8: 0.82 vs 0.60, 95% CI 0.64-0.78, P < 0.01) and better BSS type classification during treatment than controls (P < 0.05). No significant differences in adverse events between both groups became obvious. CONCLUSION: Rhubarb navel plaster administration over an 8-day-treatment period resulted in significantly improved bowel function as demonstrated by the CCS, 24 h defecating frequency and BSS. Our results suggest that rhubarb navel plasters represent a feasible, safe and efficient application route for the treatment of patients suffering from chronic constipation.

2.
J Asthma ; : 1-8, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922916

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of the modified hypertonic saline bronchial provocation test (HS-BPT) for children with asthma by using the high-power Aerosol Provocation System (APS).Methods: A total of 330 children suspected of having asthma and receiving HS-BPT-APS were included in this prospective survey conducted in Guangzhou, China from February 2017 to September 2018. The positive rate of HS-BPT-APS and the volume and types of adverse reactions were observed. There was also a retrospective cohort of 123 children with suspected asthma who underwent a methacholine BPT from 2015 to 2017. Using the method of nearest neighbor matching, a comparison was made of the positive rate and adverse reaction between the methacholine BPT group and HS-BPT-APS group.Results: The total positive rate of HS-BPT-APS was 43.9%. Common adverse reactions included cough, wheezing and chest tightness. There were no serious adverse reactions. Results of nearest neighbor matching showed a difference in the positive rate between the methacholine BPT group and HS-BPT-APS group (8.1% vs 18.2%, p = 0.026), but there was no statistically significant difference between the age groups in patients who received the methacholine BPT or HS-BPT-APS. There was a similar adverse reaction rate in the two groups (p = 0.609).Conclusions: HS-BPT-APS is simple, safe, and time-saving, with few adverse reactions. The positive rate of HS-BPT-APS was higher than that of methacholine BPT in children with asthma. HS-BPT-APS may be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of children with asthma, and further study is required.

3.
Trials ; 19(1): 367, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic, recurring condition, prevalent in the general population. Current medication treatments usually leave patients undertreated. Nowadays, Chinese medicine (CM) is being considered as a promising treatment approach for IBS. However, due to methodological limitations, there is no strong evidence to support CM. Although IBS relapses are common, the relapse assessment has always been neglected in CM study designs. Meanwhile, in clinical practice and studies, it has been found that certain CM formulas can only benefit certain kinds of patients. Discovering what population and illness characteristics likely respond to outcomes may help improve the effectiveness of CM. The aims of this study are to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tiao-Chang Ke-Min (TCKM) granules for IBS, especially in reducing IBS symptoms' relapse, by a high-quality randomized controlled trial and then to optimize the indication of the TCKM granules. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a parallel-group, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial embedded with outcome predictive factors. Eligible patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS will be randomized into either a TCKM granule group or a placebo group. Patients from both groups will receive health education. The treatment duration is 4 weeks and the follow-up is 12 weeks. The primary outcome is global improvement measured with adequate relief (AR). The second outcome measures include time until relief, time until first relapse, total relapse times, long-term effectiveness, individual symptoms, IBS-Symptom Severity Score (IBS-SSS), IBS-Quality of Life Questionnaire (IBS-QOL), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Predictive factors associated with patient and illness characteristics have been widely collected. These factors will be embedded in this trial for further identification. DISCUSSION: This trial may provide high-quality evidence on the efficacy and safety of TCKM granules for IBS and a more accurate indication. Importantly, this trial will provide a new research method for improving the therapeutic effects of CM for clinicians and researchers. To address IBS relapse assessment, a series of special definitions of relapse incidents has been made for this trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ID: ChiCTR-IOR-17010600 . Registered on 9 February 2017.


Assuntos
Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
Trials ; 17: 3, 2016 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26728982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a major public health issue causing chronic disability as well as a burden on healthcare resources. In China, a herbal drug tablet has been used as an effective and conventional therapy to alleviate clinical symptoms caused by KOA. However, evidence gathered from systematic reviews or randomized controlled trials that validated herbal drugs for the management of osteoarthritic pain is weak. The purpose of this study is to explore the efficacy and safety of the Shaoyao Shujin tablet for the management of KOA in a short-term study. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial is a multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. A total of 276 patients will be randomized into 3 groups: (1) the high-dose Shaoyao Shujin tablet group (HD group), (2) the low-dose Shaoyao Shujin tablet group (LD group), and (3) the placebo tablet group (control group). In the three groups, four tablets will be administered three times per day for 6 weeks. Follow-up will be at regular intervals during a 10-week period with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index (WOMAC) score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, and rescue medication use assessed as outcome measures. DISCUSSION: This study will provide clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of the Shaoyao Shujin tablet in treating KOA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Cochrane Center ChiCTR-IPR- 15006194 , registered 4 April 2015.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Tamanho da Amostra , Comprimidos
5.
Trials ; 16: 124, 2015 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25872665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is a major cause of disability in the aging population. Based on pathological, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and arthroscopy studies, progressive osteoarthritis involves all tissues of the joint and includes bone marrow lesions, synovial proliferation, fat pad inflammation, and high subchondral bone turnover. Recent research suggests that abnormal perfusion in bone marrow lesions, fat pads, and subchondral bone is associated with pain in knee osteoarthritis, and that dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI is a promising method for studying micro-perfusion alteration in knee osteoarthritis. Traditional Chinese Medicine approaches have been employed for thousands of years to relieve knee osteoarthritis pain. Among herbal medicines, the Jingui external lotion is the preferred and most commonly used method in China to reduce pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis; however, there is a lack of validated evidence for its effectiveness. The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of Jingui external lotion for the management of painful knee osteoarthritis in a short-term study. In addition, we will assess micro-perfusion alteration in the patellar fat pad as well as the femur and tibia subchondral bone via dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial is a randomized, controlled study. A total of 168 patients will be randomized into the following two groups: 1) the Jingui external lotion group (treatment group); and 2) the placebo lotion group (control group). In both groups, lotion fumigation and external washing of the patients' knees will be administered twice a day for 14 consecutive days. Follow-up will be at regular intervals during a 4-week period with a visual analog scale to assess pain, and additional characterization with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index score; rescue medication will be recorded as the extent and time pattern. In addition, micro-perfusion alteration in the patellar fat pad, femur and tibia subchondral bone will be assessed via dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. DISCUSSION: This study will provide clinical evidence of the efficacy of Jingui external lotion in treating knee osteoarthritis, and it will be the first randomized controlled trial to investigate micro-perfusion alteration of knee osteoarthritis with Traditional Chinese Medicine external lotion via dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: ChiCTR-TRC-14004727 ; 31 May 2014.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Fitoterapia , Preparações de Plantas/uso terapêutico , Creme para a Pele/uso terapêutico , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
6.
Trials ; 15: 245, 2014 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24958315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain control after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a great challenge. The management of pain in the immediate postoperative period is one of the most critical aspects to allow speedier rehabilitation and reduce the risk of postoperative complications. Recently, periarticular infiltration anesthesia has become popular, but the outcome is controversial. Some studies have shown transient effects, "rebound pain", or no effectiveness in pain control. Continuous intra-articular infusion technique has been introduced to improve these transient effects, but more clinical studies are needed. Furthermore, the potential risk of early periprosthetic joint infection is causing concerning. We plan to compare continuous intra-articular infusion anesthesia with epidural infusion anesthesia after TKA to assess the effectiveness of this technique in reducing pain, in improving postoperative function, and to look at the evidence for risk of early infection. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial is a randomized, controlled study. Patients (n = 214) will be randomized into two groups: to receive continuous intra-articular infusion anesthesia (group C); and epidural infusion anesthesia (group E). For the first 3 postoperative days, pain at rest, active range of motion (A-ROM), rescue analgesia and side effects will be recorded. At 3-month and 6-month follow-up, A-ROM, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and synovial fluid cell count and culture will be analyzed. DISCUSSION: The results from this study will provide clinical evidence on the efficacy of a continuous intra-articular infusion technique in reducing pain, postoperative functional improvement and safety. It will be the first randomized controlled trial to investigate infection risk with local anesthesia after TKA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: ChiCTR-TRC-13003999.


Assuntos
Anestesia/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Projetos de Pesquisa
7.
Chin J Integr Med ; 20(2): 101-6, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24619235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate Chinese medicine (CM) patterns and epidemiological characters of patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) syndromes in clinics in China. METHODS: A prospective multi-center observational epidemiology survey on the clinical CM patterns of ILI and its prevalence was conducted from September 2009 to April 2010. A unified survey questionnaire was developed for data collection of ILI symptoms and CM patterns. Totally 45 hospitals from 22 provinces, municipality cities and autonomous regions of China participated this study. The collected data were input by EPI-data v3.1 and analyzed by SPSS 18.0, which included descriptive analysis and Chi-square test for group comparison. RESULTS: A total of 5,967 ILI patients were included in the study. The proportion of the 18-34 aged group (56.2%) was the largest; students (41.0%) were more than other occupations. Majority of the patients had the wind-heat invading Lung (Fei) syndrome (76%), while in Southwest China mainly wind-heat invading Lung syndrome and wind-cold tightening the exterior syndrome occurred. The typical symptoms of ILI were ranked as fatigue (80.9%), cough (72.2%), sore throat (67.2%), muscular soreness (67.1%), headache (65.4%), aversion to cold (60.1%), thirst (55.1%) and nasal obstruction (48.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The ILI patients in clinics were mainly teenagers and young adults. In regard to CM syndrome, wind-heat invading Lung syndrome prevailed in all regions except the Southwest China. The characteristics of CM syndrome of ILI patients may be relevant to age and region distribution.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Temperatura Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estações do Ano , Caracteres Sexuais , Síndrome , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 14(2): 132-5, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21365508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluated the safety and efficacy of hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy(HIPC) in the prevention and treatment of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) recurrence after cytoreductive surgery(CRS). METHODS: Studies published in English before 2010 on HIPC after CRS for PMP were searched in PubMed database. Each study was carefully evaluated based on pre-determined criteria. Study results were comprehensively displayed in a form. A descriptive systematic review was performed. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies were included. The median survival time of patients in these studies ranged from 25.6 months to 156 months. The ranges of 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year survival rates were 72%-100%, 55%-96%, 59%-96%, 52%-96%, and 55%-96%, respectively. The overall complication rate ranged from 2%-15%, and the total perioperative mortality were from 0 to 7%. CONCLUSION: HIPC after CRS is effective and safe for patients with PMP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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