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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432280

RESUMO

A series of mononuclear seven-coordinate Co(ii) complexes [CoII(BPA-TPA)](ClO4)2·H2O (2-ClO4), [CoII(BPA-TPA)](PF6)2 (3-PF6) and [CoII(BPA-TPA)](BPh4)2 (4-BPh4) have been synthesized based on the ligand 2,6-bis(bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amino)methylpyridine (BPA-TPA), and their structures have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. All these complexes feature an intermediate coordination polyhedron between a capped trigonal prism and a capped octahedron, which is perturbed by the variation of the counter anions. Easy-plane magnetic anisotropies for all complexes were revealed via the analyses of the direct-current magnetic data and high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) spectra. They show slow magnetic relaxation under applied direct current field, which is similar to the previously reported complex [CoII(BPA-TPA)](BF4)2 (1-BF4) with a capped trigonal prism. This work provides a new example of modulating the properties of single-ion magnets (SIMs) by changing the counter anions.

2.
iScience ; 23(3): 100926, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146324

RESUMO

Long decoherence time is a key consideration for molecular magnets in the application of the quantum computation. Although previous studies have shown that the local symmetry of spin carriers plays a crucial part in the spin-lattice relaxation process, its role in the spin decoherence is still unclear. Herein, two nine-coordinated capped square antiprism neodymium moieties [Nd(CO3)4H2O]5- with slightly different local symmetries, C1 versus C4 (1 and 2), are reported, which feature in the easy-plane magnetic anisotropy as shown by the high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (HF-EPR) studies. Detailed analysis of the relaxation time suggests that the phonon bottleneck effect is essential to the magnetic relaxation in the crystalline samples of 1 and 2. The 240 GHz Pulsed EPR studies show that the higher symmetry results in longer decoherence times, which is supported by the first principle calculations.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(21): 14440-14448, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626540

RESUMO

The magnetic properties of single-molecule magnets can be controlled by external conditions such as light, pressure, and temperature. Among these conditions, photochemical control is the best approach due to the accessibility and rapid conduction of light. In this work, an Er(III)-based complex with photoactive ligand bpe, [Er(nat)3·MeOH·bpe] (1, bpe = 1,2-bis(2-pyridyl)ethylene, nat = 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(2-naphthyl)-1,3-butanedione), was synthesized. The auxiliary ligand nat and cyclized ligand bpe stacked reasonably in the crystal structure. Two molecules of 1 experienced the [2, 2]-cycloaddition reaction under the UV irradiation in the solid state and [{Er(nat)3MeOH}2(tpcb)] (2, tpcb = tetrakis(4-pyridyl)cyclobutane) was produced. The slight change in the structure around Er(III) ions leads to the different magnetic properties, which illustrates the photochemical control of the magnetic properties of single-molecule magnets.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(12): 3748-3753, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30589197

RESUMO

A new free carbon radical was obtained in a microwave-assisted solvothermal reaction of the primary amine (1-methyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methanamine with FeCl3 ⋅6 H2 O in methanol at 140 °C. Through a combination of crystallography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, the reaction process was studied. The longest domino reaction includes 14 steps and forms up to 12 new covalent bonds (9 C-N and 3 C-C bonds) and 3 five-membered heterocycles. For the first time, the homolytic cleavage of a C-O bond was used to synthesize a triarylmethyl radical.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 47(46): 16596-16602, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30417917

RESUMO

Although a great number of single-ion magnets (SIMs) and spin-crossover (SCO) compounds have been discovered, multifunctional materials with the combination of SCO and SIM properties are extremely scarce. Here magnetic studies have been carried out for a mononuclear, five-coordinate cobalt(ii) complex [Co(3,4-lut)4Br]Br (1) with square pyramidal geometry. Direct-current magnetic measurement confirms the spin transition between the S = 1/2 and 3/2 states in the range of 150-290 K with a small hysteresis loop. Frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility reveals slow magnetization relaxation under an applied dc field of 3000 Oe. The work here presents the first instance of the five-coordinate mononuclear cobalt(ii)-based SIM exhibiting the thermally induced complete SCO.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 47(30): 10162-10171, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30010170

RESUMO

Experimental and theoretical studies of magnetic anisotropy and relaxation behavior of six-coordinate tris(pivalato)-Co(ii) and -Ni(ii) complexes (NBu4)[M(piv)3] (piv = pivalate, M = Co, 1; M = Ni, 2), with a coordination configuration at the intermediate between an octahedron and a trigonal prism, are reported. Direct current magnetic data and high-frequency and -field EPR spectra (HFEPR) of 1 have been modeled by a general Hamiltonian considering the first-order orbital angular momentum, while the spin Hamiltonian was used to interpret the data of 2. Both 1 and 2 show easy-axis magnetic anisotropies, which are further supported by ab initio calculations. Alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibilities reveal slow magnetic relaxation at an applied dc field of 0.1 T in 1, which is characteristic of a field-induced single-ion magnet (SIM), but 2 does not exhibit single-ion magnetic properties at 1.8 K. Detailed analyses of relaxation times show a dominant contribution of a Raman process for spin relaxation in 1.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 57(13): 7757-7762, 2018 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29905464

RESUMO

By utilizing the quinolinic derivative, 8-carboxymethoxy-2-carboxylicquinoline (L), five transition metal coordination complexes, [M(L)(H2O)3]·H2O] (M = Mn (1), Co (2)), [Ni(L)(H2O)2] (3), and {[M(L)](H2O)} n (M = Ni (4), Cu (5)), were synthesized by hydrothermal methods employing similar synthetic strategies. The crystal structures, magnetism and high-field EPR were characterized for the obtained compounds. 1-3 are mononuclear compounds. 1 and 2 have pentagonal bipyramidal geometry, while 4 and 5 exhibit one-dimensional zig-zag chain. Direct current magnetic and EPR studies demonstrate that compound 2 has large and positive D value (∼70.4 cm-1), indicating the easy plane magnetic anisotropies of 2. This D value is the largest one in the reported Co(II) complexes with pentagonal bipyramidal geometry. Field-induced slow magnetic relaxation behavior was observed for 2 by the dynamic ac magnetic susceptibility measurements. The dc magnetic susceptibility studies of 4 and 5 give similar weak MII-MII antiferromagnetic interactions ( J = -1.50 and -3.55 K for 4 and 5, respectively). High-field EPR results show that 4 can be considered as a quantum antiferromagnet.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 47(8): 2506-2510, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384533

RESUMO

The coordination geometries of the Co(ii) site in the two complexes [Co(imidazole)6][BPh4]2·0.3CH3CN (1) and [Co(imidazole)6][NO3]2 (2) were observed to display the ideal symmetries Ci and D3d, respectively. Both complexes were shown to be field-induced single-ion magnets. The effective energy barrier was found to decrease as the local symmetry changed from low-symmetry Ci to high-symmetry D3d.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 57(5): 2577-2583, 2018 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29465993

RESUMO

By utilizing a preselected functional ligand produced by 1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid, three isostructural lanthanide coordination polymers (CPs), denoted as {[Ln2(OH)2(L)2]·(DMF)·(H2O)4} n (Ln = Gd (1), Eu (2), Dy (3); L = 1-(4-carboxybenzyl)imidazole-4-carboxylic acid), containing a 1D infinite [Ln4(OH)4] subchain have been successfully constructed. The highly connected mode between the multifunctional ligand and 1D building units is responsible for the exceptional chemical stability of three lanthanide CPs. In addition, a study of the magnetic properties reveals that 1 displays a large magnetic entropy change (-Δ Sm = 30.33 J kg-1 K-1 with T = 2 K and Δ H = 7 T). Furthermore, genetic algorithm and quantum Monte Carlo methods were combined to simulate the magnetic coupling parameters of compound 1, shedding light on the effect of linking bridges on magnetic propagation. 2 shows intense luminescence in the range of 350-710 nm. Comparably, magnetic studies of 3 reveal the existence of a metamagnetic transformation from an antiferromagnetic interaction to a ferromagnetic interaction along with a decrease in temperature. Through fitting of the results of HF-EPR measurements, a component of the g tensor is obtained, g|| = 16.4(5), indicating the large anisotropy of 3.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 46(47): 16663-16670, 2017 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29168858

RESUMO

Herein, quasi-square planar CuII(Hmbm)Cl2 (CBC, Hmbm = (1-methyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methanol) was arranged in a pseudo orthogonal way to form Cl-bridged chains, and further ππ interactions resulted in distorted hexagonal layers. DFT calculations reveal a bond strength order of Cu-Cl > Cu-O/N ≫ CuCl. ESI-MS data reveal several small fragments from CBC, but oligomeric [Cu], [Cu], and [Cu] for non-zero in-source energies; MS data indicates the occurrence of several chemical processes, viz. splitting of the ligand, oligomerization, and redox reaction of alcohol to aldehyde and CuII to CuI. Gibbs free energies for the fragments were estimated using DFT. The magnetic susceptibility was modeled with the ferromagnetic coupling J(Cu-Cl2aCu) = +0.99(30) cm-1 and J'(ππ) = +0.35(16) cm-1 and g = 2.38(2). HF-EPR determined the anisotropic g-values, gx = 2.24, gy = 2.16, and gz = 2.09, and a hyperfine constant of Az = 450 G. DFT calculations from crystal structure data reveal a J(Cu-Cl2aCu) of +3.6 at 296 K and +4.1 cm-1 at 90 K that dominates the magnetic properties, whereas J'(ππ) = 0.04 cm-1 is negligibly small.

11.
Chem Sci ; 8(8): 5356-5361, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28970914

RESUMO

The very rare occurrence of a gas-solid chemical reaction has been found to take place on a molecule within a compact non-porous crystal without destroying its long-range structural order and retaining similar crystal structures when yellow crystals of FeII4(mbm)4Cl4(MeOH)4 were exposed to air to give black [FeIII4(mbm)4Cl4(OH)4]·2H2O. The latter cannot be synthesised directly. The original cluster underwent an exchange of methanol to hydroxide, an oxidation of Fe(ii) to Fe(iii), a change in stereochemistry and hydration while the packing and space-group remained unaltered.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 56(14): 8018-8025, 2017 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28671823

RESUMO

An octacoordinated Fe(II) complex, [FeII(dpphen)2](BF4)2·1.3H2O (1; dpphen = 2,9-bis(pyrazol-1-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline), with a pseudo-D2d-symmetric metal center has been synthesized. Magnetic, high-frequency/-field electron paramagnetic resonance (HF-EPR), and theoretical investigations reveal that 1 is characterized by uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with a negative axial zero-field splitting (ZFS) (D ≈ -6.0 cm-1) and a very small rhombic ZFS (E ≈ 0.04 cm-1). Under applied dc magnetic fields, complex 1 exhibits slow magnetic relaxation at low temperature. Fitting the relaxation time with the Arrhenius mode combining Orbach and tunneling terms affords a good fit to all the data and yields an effective energy barrier (17.0 cm-1) close to the energy gap between the ground state and the first excited state. The origin of the strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy for 1 has been clearly understood from theoretical calculations. Our study suggests that high-coordinated compounds featuring a D2d-symmetric metal center are promising candidates for mononuclear single-molecule magnets.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(38): 11475-11479, 2017 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28719109

RESUMO

The largest Ln-Fe metal cluster [Gd12 Fe14 (µ3 -OH)12 (µ4 -OH)6 (µ4 -O)12 (TEOA)6 (CH3 COO)16 (H2 O)8 ]⋅(CH3 COO)2 (CH3 CN)2 ⋅(H2 O)20 (1) and the core-shell monodisperse metal cluster of 1 a@SiO2 (1 a=[Gd12 Fe14 (µ3 -OH)12 (µ4 -OH)6 (µ4 -O)12 (TEOA)6 (CH3 COO)16 (H2 O)8 ]2+ ) were prepared. Experimental and theoretical studies on the magnetic properties of 1 and 1 a@SiO2 reveal that encapsulation of one cluster into one silica nanosphere not only effectively decreases intermolecular magnetic interactions but also significantly increases the zero-field splitting effect of the outer layer Fe3+ ions.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 46(15): 5069-5075, 2017 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28361131

RESUMO

The reaction of the multisite coordination ligand (H2L) with Co(Ac)2·4H2O in the absence of any base affords a homometallic tetranuclear mixed-valence complex, [Co4(L)4(CH3CO2)2(CH3OH)2]·Et2O (1). This mixed-valence metallogrid [Co4(L)4(CH3CO2)2 (CH3OH)2]·Et2O (1) has been theoretically and experimentally analyzed to assign the valence and spin state in the form of trans-[Co-Co-Co-Co]. HF-EPR reveals the presence of axial anisotropy (D = -34.4 cm-1) with a significant transverse component (E = 9.5 cm-1) in the local high spin cobalt centers. Slow magnetic relaxation effects were observed in the presence of a dc field, demonstrating field-induced single ion magnetic behavior, which is associated with the unusual electronic structure of Co(ii) within the metallogrid.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 46(13): 4317-4324, 2017 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28281709

RESUMO

Three Fe(iii) dimers, [Fe2(L-H)2]·2CH3CN (1), [Fe2(L-OCH3)2] (2) and [Fe2(L-OC2H5)2]·2CH3CN (3), containing the pentadentate O,N,N,O,O-donor Schiff-base ligands with variable size pendants, were synthesized and structurally characterized. The three ligands were generated in situ from 2-(iminomethyl)phenol, 2-methoxy-6-(iminomethyl)phenol and 2-ethoxy-6-(iminomethyl)phenol, respectively. All three crystal structures contain centrosymmetric dimers of edge-sharing octahedra of Fe(iii) ions through a pair of µ2-phenoxido bridges. The exchange coupling is ferromagnetic for 1 (J = +0.47(1) cm-1, ∠Fe-O-Fe = 98.02°) and 2 (J = +0.86(1) cm-1, ∠Fe-O-Fe = 97.17°), but antiferromagnetic for 3 (J = -0.72(1) cm-1, ∠Fe-O-Fe = 98.53°), which are correlated by high-field electron paramagnetic resonance revealing moderate magneto-anisotropy of D = -0.24(3) cm-1, E = 0.08(1) cm-1 for 1, D = -0.38(1) cm-1, E = 0.11(1) cm-1 for 2, and D = 0.30(3) cm-1, E = 0.02(1) cm-1 for 3. The exchange couplings were further estimated by DFT calculations, which gave the finest Fe-O-Fe angle of 97.83° for the ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic crossover.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(1): 373-380, 2017 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27936686

RESUMO

The pursuit of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) with better performance urges new molecular design that can endow SMMs larger magnetic anisotropy. Here we report that two-coordinate cobalt imido complexes featuring highly covalent Co═N cores exhibit slow relaxation of magnetization under zero direct-current field with a high effective relaxation barrier up to 413 cm-1, a new record for transition metal based SMMs. Two theoretical models were carried out to investigate the anisotropy of these complexes: single-ion model and Co-N coupling model. The former indicates that the pseudo linear ligand field helps to preserve the first-order orbital momentum, while the latter suggests that the strong ferromagnetic interaction between Co and N makes the [CoN]+ fragment a pseudo single paramagnetic ion, and that the excellent performance of these cobalt imido SMMs is attributed to the inherent large magnetic anisotropy of the [CoN]+ core with |MJ = ± 7/2⟩ ground Kramers doublet.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 55(24): 12603-12617, 2016 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27989182

RESUMO

Three mononuclear cobalt(II) tetranitrate complexes (A)2[Co(NO3)4] with different countercations, Ph4P+ (1), MePh3P+ (2), and Ph4As+ (3), have been synthesized and studied by X-ray single-crystal diffraction, magnetic measurements, inelastic neutron scattering (INS), high-frequency and high-field EPR (HF-EPR) spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations. The X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the structure of the tetranitrate cobalt anion varies with the countercation. 1 and 2 exhibit highly irregular seven-coordinate geometries, while the central Co(II) ion of 3 is in a distorted-dodecahedral configuration. The sole magnetic transition observed in the INS spectroscopy of 1-3 corresponds to the zero-field splitting (2(D2 + 3E2)1/2) from 22.5(2) cm-1 in 1 to 26.6(3) cm-1 in 2 and 11.1(5) cm-1 in 3. The positive sign of the D value, and hence the easy-plane magnetic anisotropy, was demonstrated for 1 by INS studies under magnetic fields and HF-EPR spectroscopy. The combined analyses of INS and HF-EPR data yield the D values as +10.90(3), +12.74(3), and +4.50(3) cm-1 for 1-3, respectively. Frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the slow magnetization relaxation in 1 and 2 at an applied dc field of 600 Oe, which is a characteristic of field-induced single-molecule magnets (SMMs). The electronic structures and the origin of magnetic anisotropy of 1-3 were revealed by calculations at the CASPT2/NEVPT2 level.

18.
Chemistry ; 22(42): 14821-14825, 2016 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27519123

RESUMO

Magnetic anisotropy is the key element in the construction of single-ion magnets, a kind of nanomagnets for high-density information storage. This works describes an unusual large easy-plane magnetic anisotropy (with a zero-field splitting parameter D of +40.2 cm-1 ), mainly arising from the second-order spin-orbit coupling effect in a trigonal-planar CoII complex [Li(THF)4 ][Co(NPh2 )3 ], revealed by combined studies of magnetism, high frequency/field electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and ab initio calculations. Meanwhile, the field-induced slow magnetic relaxation in this complex was mainly attributed to the Raman process.

19.
Chemistry ; 22(39): 13900-13907, 2016 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27514321

RESUMO

Two polymorphs of supramolecular isomers, a discrete dimer and a zig-zag chain, having the same chemical composition, [Mn(Hbit)Cl2 ] (Hbit=1-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole), were obtained solvothermally in a one-pot synthesis. The isomers differ in a number of ways: orange blocks versus pale-yellow needles, triclinic P1‾ versus orthorhombic Pbcn, double µ2 -Cl versus alternate single and triple µ2 -Cl, coordination number 5 versus 6, and antiparallel versus parallel near-neighbor orientation of Hbit. The packing in each case is driven by the supramolecular interactions, H-bonds (N-H⋅⋅⋅Cl, C-H⋅⋅⋅Cl) and π⋅⋅⋅π overlaps, calculated to be in the range 20-36 kcal mol-1 . Calculations gave a difference of only 2 kcal mol-1 in favor of the dimer, which confirms with the observation of principally the dimer at short reaction time. ESI-MS spectra of the dissolved crystals reveal the same fragments with similar distributions. The presence of two fragments at m/z 286.96 [MnIV (Hbit)Cl-2H]+ and 323.94 [MnIII (Hbit)Cl2 ]+ indicates that [Mn(Hbit)Cl2 ] is the building unit in both cases; thus, the different orientations of the ligands lead to the two polymorphs stabilized by the respective supramolecular interactions. Importantly, the chain form represents the first example with alternate single and triple µ2 -Cl bridges. The magnetic interactions are weakly antiferromagnetic in both cases, with J in the range 0.07-0.34 cm-1 ; however, high-field EPR analysis reveals moderate magneto-anisotropy with D=0.26(1) cm-1 , E=0.06(1) cm-1 and D=0.17(1) cm-1 , E=0.03(1) cm-1 , respectively.

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