Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 44
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525669

RESUMO

A series of six-coordinate [Cu(L)L1][BF4]2 (L1 = 2,6-bis{1-oxyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl}pyridine) complexes are reported. Ferromagnetic coupling between the Cu and L1 ligand spins is enhanced by an L coligand with distal methyl substituents, which is attributed to a sterically induced suppression of its Jahn-Teller distortion.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32301949

RESUMO

Copper(ii) complexes with stable nitroxide radicals are capable of magnetostructural spin-crossover like anomalies induced by external stimuli. Photoswitching in such systems is particularly important; however, retrieving the properties of photoinduced states is challenging and requires development of novel approaches. In this work, we investigate the exchange interactions in metastable photoinduced states of two compounds containing copper(ii)-nitroxide dyads. Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) with photoexcitation we obtain temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility in the photoinduced state and estimates for the corresponding values of exchange coupling in the studied complexes. The interplay between intra- and inter-cluster exchange couplings is considered and analyzed. The proposed methodology is applicable also to other photoswitchable exchange-coupled systems.

3.
J Phys Chem A ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986040

RESUMO

We report a multifrequency nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study of heterospin complexes [Eu(SQ)3Ln], where SQ is 3,6-di(tert-butyl)-1,2-semiquinone, L is tetrahydrofuran (THF), pyridine (Py), or 2,2'-dipyridyl (Dipy), and n is the number of diamagnetic ligands. Multifrequency NMR experiments allowed us to determine the effective paramagnetic shifts of the ligands (L = THF or Py) and the chemical equilibrium constant for [Eu(SQ)3(THF)2]. In addition, we have found a strong magnetic field effect on the NMR line broadening, giving rise to very broad NMR lines at high magnetic fields. We attribute this effect to broadening under fast exchange conditions when the NMR spectrum represents a homogeneously broadened line with a width proportional to the square of the NMR frequency difference of the free and bound forms of L. Consequently, the line width strongly increases with the magnetic field. This broadening effect allows one to determine relevant kinetic parameters, i.e., the effective exchange time. The strong broadening effect allows one to exploit the [Eu(SQ)3(THF)2] complex as an efficient shift reagent, which not only shifts unwanted NMR signals but also broadens them, notably, in high-field NMR experiments. We have also found that [Eu(SQ)3Dipy] is a thermodynamically stable complex; hence, one can study [Eu(SQ)3Dipy] solutions without special precautions. We report an X-ray structure of the [Eu(SQ)3Dipy]·C6D6 crystals that have been grown directly in an NMR tube. This shows that multifrequency NMR investigations of heterospin compound solutions not only provide thermodynamic and kinetic data for heterospin species but also can be useful for the rational design of stable heterospin complexes and optimization of synthetic approaches.

4.
J Magn Reson ; 288: 11-22, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29360045

RESUMO

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) station at the Novosibirsk Free Electron Laser (NovoFEL) user facility is described. It is based on X-band (∼9 GHz) EPR spectrometer and operates in both Continuous Wave (CW) and Time-Resolved (TR) modes, each allowing detection of either direct or indirect influence of high-power NovoFEL light (THz and mid-IR) on the spin system under study. The optics components including two parabolic mirrors, shutters, optical chopper and multimodal waveguide allow the light of NovoFEL to be directly fed into the EPR resonator. Characteristics of the NovoFEL radiation, the transmission and polarization-retaining properties of the waveguide used in EPR experiments are presented. The types of proposed experiments accessible using this setup are sketched. In most practical cases the high-power radiation applied to the sample induces its rapid temperature increase (T-jump), which is best visible in TR mode. Although such influence is a by-product of THz radiation, this thermal effect is controllable and can deliberately be used to induce and measure transient signals of arbitrary samples. The advantage of tunable THz radiation is the absence of photo-induced processes in the sample and its high penetration ability, allowing fast heating of a large portion of virtually any sample and inducing intense transients. Such T-jump TR EPR spectroscopy with THz pulses has been previewed for the two test samples, being a useful supplement for the main goals of the created setup.

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(22): 5587-5592, 2017 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29087205

RESUMO

Molecular magnets Cu(hfac)2LR exhibit an unusual type of photoinduced magnetostructural switching in exchange-coupled copper(II)-nitroxide clusters. Such photoswitching from strongly coupled to weakly coupled spin state (SS → WS) was recently found to be ultrafast, thus enhancing the interest in these systems and the scope of their potential applications. However, to date such SS → WS photoswitching was demonstrated only at cryogenic temperatures, being limited by the absence of suitable SS states and short relaxation times at T > 100 K. In this work we selected model compound Cu(hfac)2Liso-Pr residing in the mixed SS/WS state at room temperature and investigated it using femtosecond optical spectroscopy. Photoinduced spin dynamics was detected, and an ultrafast SS → WS photoswitching was for the first time demonstrated at room temperature, constituting an important milestone in the development of copper(II)-nitroxide molecular magnets for practical purposes.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 56(19): 11729-11737, 2017 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28933835

RESUMO

Similar to spin-crossover (SCO) compounds, spin states of copper(II)-nitroxide based molecular magnets can be switched by various external stimuli including temperature and light. Although photoswitching and reverse relaxation of nitroxide-copper(II)-nitroxide triads were investigated in some detail, similar study for copper(II)-nitroxide spin pairs was still missing. In this work we address photoswitching and relaxation phenomena in exchange-coupled spin pairs of this family of molecular magnets. Using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy with photoexcitation, we demonstrate that compared to triad-containing compounds the photoinduced weakly coupled spin (WS) states of copper(II)-nitroxide pairs are remarkably more stable at cryogenic temperatures and relax to the ground strongly coupled spin (SS) states on the scale of days. The structural changes between SS and WS states, e.g., differences in Cu-Onitroxide distances, are much more pronounced for spin pairs than for spin triads in most of the studied copper(II)-nitroxide based molecular magnets. This results in higher energy barrier between WS and SS states of spin pairs and governs higher stability of their photoinduced WS states. Therefore, the longer-lived photoinduced states in copper(II)-nitroxide molecular magnets should be searched within the compounds experiencing largest structural changes upon thermal spin transition. This advancement in understanding of LIESST-like phenomena in copper(II)-nitroxide molecular magnets allows us to propose them as interesting playgrounds for benchmarking the basic factors governing the stability of photoinduced states in other SCO and SCO-like photoswitchable systems.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 46(38): 13108-13117, 2017 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28944812

RESUMO

Molecular magnets based on copper(ii) ions and stable nitroxide radicals exhibit promising switchable behavior triggered by a number of external stimuli; however, their spin-state-correlated optical properties vital for photoinduced switching have not been profoundly investigated to date. Herein, the electronic absorption spectra of single crystals of three representatives of this unique family are studied experimentally and theoretically in the visible and near-IR regions. We established that the color of the complexes is mainly determined by optical properties of the nitroxide radicals, whereas the Cu(hfac)2 fragment contributes to the near-IR range with the intensity smaller by an order of magnitude. The thermochromism of these complexes evident upon thermal spin state switching is mainly caused by a spectral shift of the absorption bands of the nitroxides. The vibrational progression observed in the visible range for single crystals as well as for solutions of pure nitroxides is well reproduced by DFT calculations, where the C-C stretching mode governs the observed progression. The analysis of the spectra of single crystals in the near-IR region reveals changes in the energy and in the intensity of the copper(ii) d-d transitions, which are well reproduced by SOC-NEVPT2 calculations and owe to the flip of the Jahn-Teller axis in the coordination environment of copper. Further strategies for designing bidirectional magnetic photoswitches using these appealing compounds are discussed.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 56(16): 9825-9833, 2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786665

RESUMO

The reaction of (dpp-Bian)EuII(dme)2 (3) (dpp-Bian is dianion of 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene; dme is 1,2-dimethoxyethane) with 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) in toluene proceeds with replacement of the coordinated solvent molecules with neutral bipy ligands and affords europium(II) complex (dpp-Bian)EuII(bipy)2 (9). In contrast the reaction of related ytterbium complex (dpp-Bian)YbII(dme)2 (4) with bipy in dme proceeds with the electron transfer from the metal to bipy and results in (dpp-Bian)YbIII(bipy)(bipy-̇) (10) - ytterbium(III) derivative containing both neutral and radical-anionic bipy ligands. Noteworthy, in both cases dianionic dpp-Bian ligands retain its reduction state. The ligand-centered redox-process occurs when complex 3 reacts with N,N'-bis[2,4,6-trimethylphenyl]-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene (mes-dad). The reaction product (dpp-Bian)EuII(mes-dad)(dme) (11) consists of two different redox-active ligands both in the radical-anionic state. The reduction of 3,6-di-tert-butyl-4-(3,6-di-tert-butyl-2-ethoxyphenoxy)-2-ethoxycyclohexa-2,5-dienone (the dimer of 2-ethoxy-3,6-di-tert-butylphenoxy radical) with (dpp-Bian)EuII(dme)2 (3) caused oxidation of the dpp-Bian ligand to radical-anion to afford (dpp-Bian)(ArO)EuII(dme) (ArO = OC6H2-3,6-tBu2-2-OEt) (12). The molecular structures of complexes 9-12 have been established by the single crystal X-ray analysis. The magnetic behavior of newly prepared compounds has been investigated by the SQUID technique in the range 2-310 K. The isotropic exchange model has been adopted to describe quantitatively the magnetic properties of the exchange-coupled europium(II) complexes (11 and 12). The best-fit isotropic exchange parameters are in good agreement with their density functional theory-computed counterparts.

9.
J Org Chem ; 82(15): 7764-7773, 2017 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28664730

RESUMO

The synthesis of four nitronyl nitroxide (NN) biradicals is described which are conjugatively linked through p-ter-phenyl (PPP), ter-thiophene (TTT) and alternating phenylene (P) and thiophene (T) units as PTP and TPT. We first utilized Suzuki and Stille coupling reactions through protection and deprotection protocols to synthesize these (NN) biradicals. Single crystals were efficiently grown for radical precursors of 3, 5, 6, PPP-NNSi, PTP-NNSi, and final biradicals of TTT-NN, TPT-NN, and PPP-NN, whose structures and molecular packing were examined by X-ray diffraction studies. As a result, much smaller torsions between the NN and thiophene units (∼10°) in TTT-NN and TPT-NN than for NN and phenyl units (∼29°) in PPP-NN were observed due to smaller hindrance for a five vs a six membered ring. All four biradicals TTT-NN, TPT-NN, PTP-NN, and PPP-NN were investigated by EPR and optical spectroscopy combined with DFT calculations. The magnetic susceptibility was studied by SQUID measurements for TTT-NN and TPT-NN. The intramolecular exchange interactions for TPT-NN and TTT-NN were found in good agreement with the ones calculated by broken symmetry DFT calculations.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 56(5): 2426-2431, 2017 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28212027

RESUMO

A new bis(3,6-di-tert-butyl-catecholato)manganese complex with two 4-NIT-Py ligands was synthesized and characterized [4-NIT-Py = pyridine substituted at position 4 with nitronyl-nitroxide radical, 2-(pyridin-4-yl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-3-oxide-1-oxyl]. X-ray diffraction indicated an octahedral environment of the manganese atom with a trans arrangement of ligands. Bonds lengths in the inner coordination core of the metal and in the chelate cycles that are representative of the charge distribution between the metal and ligands displayed a Mn(IV)(Cat2-)2 charge distribution. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements detected intramolecular ferromagnetic coupling between the Mn(IV) S = 3/2 spins and spins of nitronyl-nitroxyls and intermolecular ferromagnetic interactions of spins of adjacent nitronyl-nitroxide fragments in a chain of molecules at low temperatures. The last phenomenon is revealed by short contacts between nitronyl-nitroxide radicals of adjacent complex molecules.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 44(43): 18823-30, 2015 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26461851

RESUMO

Copper(ii)-nitroxide based molecular magnets Cu(hfac)2L(R) exhibit thermally-induced transitions between high- and low-temperature (HT/LT) magnetostructural states. In this work we report the first study on the spatial distribution of HT/LT phases during gradual transitions in these compounds. We explore the possibility of domain formation at intermediate temperatures, which has never been addressed before. For this purpose, we reexamine the available electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and X-ray diffraction data, and perform numerical calculations of EPR spectra for different models of exchange-coupled networks. A thorough analysis shows that during gradual transitions, molecular magnets Cu(hfac)2L(R) represent solid solutions of disordered HT and LT phases, and the formation of single-phase domains larger than a few nanometers in size is unlikely.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 54(14): 6891-9, 2015 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26125503

RESUMO

The gradual magnetostructural transition in breathing crystals based on copper(II) and pyrazolyl-substituted nitronyl nitroxides has been analyzed by means of DDCI quantum chemistry calculations. The magnetic coupling constants (J) within the spin triads of Cu(hfac)2L(Bu)·0.5C8H18 have been evaluated for the X-ray structures reported at different temperatures. The coupling is strongly antiferromagnetic at low temperature and becomes ferromagnetic when the temperature increases. The intercluster magnetic coupling (J') is antiferromagnetic and shows a marked dependence on temperature. The magnetostructural transition can be reproduced using the calculated J values for each structure in the simulation of the magnetic susceptibility. However, the µ(T) curve can be improved nicely by considering the coexistence of two phases in the transition region, whose ratio varies with temperature corresponding to both the weakly and strongly coupled spin states. These results complement a recent VT-FTIR study on the parent Cu(hfac)2L(Pr) compound with a gradual magnetostructural transition.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 54(14): 7007-13, 2015 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26121418

RESUMO

Low-temperature interaction of [1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (1) with MoMes2 (Mes = mesitylene/1,3,5-trimethylbenzene) in tetrahydrofuran gave the heterospin (S1 = S2 = (1)/2) radical-ion salt [MoMes2](+)[1](-) (2) whose structure was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD). The structure revealed alternating layers of the cations and anions with the Mes ligands perpendicular, and the anions tilted by 45°, to the layer plane. At 300 K the effective magnetic moment of 2 is equal to 2.40 µB (theoretically expected 2.45 µB) and monotonically decreases with lowering of the temperature. In the temperature range 2-300 K, the molar magnetic susceptibility of 2 is well-described by the Curie-Weiss law with parameters C and θ equal to 0.78 cm(3) K mol(-1) and -31.2 K, respectively. Overall, the magnetic behavior of 2 is similar to that of [CrTol2](+)[1](-) and [CrCp*2](+)[1](-), i.e., changing the cation [MAr2](+) 3d atom M = Cr (Z = 24) with weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC) to a 4d atom M = Mo (Z = 42) with stronger SOC does not affect macroscopic magnetic properties of the salts. For the XRD structure of salt 2, parameters of the Heisenberg spin-Hamiltonian were calculated using the broken-symmetry DFT and CASSCF approaches, and the complex 3D magnetic structure with both the ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) exchange interactions was revealed with the latter as dominating. Salt 2 is thermally unstable and slowly loses the Mes ligands upon storage at ambient temperature. Under the same reaction conditions, interaction of 1 with MoTol2 (Tol = toluene) proceeded with partial loss of the Tol ligands to afford diamagnetic product.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 54(12): 5827-38, 2015 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26017024

RESUMO

Template condensation of dichloroglyoxime with n-hexadecylboronic acid on the corresponding metal ion as a matrix under vigorous reaction conditions afforded n-hexadecylboron-capped iron and cobalt(II) hexachloroclathrochelates. The complexes obtained were characterized using elemental analysis, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, IR, UV-vis, (1)H and (13)C{(1)H} NMR, (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopies, SQUID magnetometry, electron paramagnetic resonance, and cyclic voltammetry (CV) and by X-ray crystallography. The multitemperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction, SQUID magnetometry, and differential scanning calorimetry experiments were performed to study the temperature-induced spin-crossover [for the paramagnetic cobalt(II) complex] and the crystal-to-crystal phase transitions (for both of these clathrochelates) in the solid state. Analysis of their crystal packing using the molecular Voronoi polyhedra and the Hirshfeld surfaces reveals the structural rearrangements of the apical long-chain alkyl substituents resulting from such phase transitions being more pronounced for a macrobicyclic cobalt(II) complex. Its fine-crystalline sample undergoes the gradual and fully reversible spin transition centered at approximately 225 K. The density functional theory calculated parameters for an isolated molecule of this cobalt(II) hexachloroclathrochelate in its low- and high-spin states were found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental data and allowed to localize the spin density within a macrobicyclic framework. CV of the cobalt(II) complex in the cathodic range contains one reversible wave assigned to the Co(2+/+) redox couple with the reduced anionic cobalt(I)-containing species stabilized by the electronic effect of six strong electron-withdrawing chlorine substituents. The quasireversible character of the Fe(2+/+) wave suggests that the anionic iron(I)-containing macrobicyclic species undergo substantial structural changes and side chemical reactions after such metal-centered reduction.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 54(7): 3446-55, 2015 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25760727

RESUMO

"Breathing crystals" based on copper(II) hexafluoroacetylacetonates and pyrazolyl-substituted nitronyl nitroxides comprise the exchange-coupled clusters within the polymeric chains. Owing to an interplay of exchange interaction between copper(II) and nitroxide spins and Jahn-Teller nature of copper(II) complex, the breathing crystals demonstrate thermally and light-induced magnetostructural transitions in many aspects similar to the classical spin crossover. Herewith, we report the first application of variable temperature (VT) far/mid Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and mid FTIR microscopy to breathing crystals. This VT-FTIR study was aimed toward clarification of the transitions mechanism previously debated on the basis of superconducting quantum interference device, X-ray diffraction, and electron paramagnetic resonance data. VT-FTIR showed the onset of new vibrational bands during phase transitions occurring at the expense of several existing ones, whose intensity was significantly reduced. The most pronounced spectral changes were assigned to corresponding vibrational modes using quantum chemical calculations. A clear-cut correlation was found between temperature-dependent effective magnetic moment of studied compounds and the observed VT-FTIR spectra. Importantly, VT-FTIR confirmed coexistence of two types of copper(II)-nitroxide clusters during gradual magnetostructural transition. Such clusters correspond to weakly coupled and strongly coupled spin states, whose relative contribution depends on temperature. The pronounced difference in the VT-FTIR spectra of two states in breathing crystals is a fingerprint of magnetostructural transition, and understanding of these characteristics achieved by us will be useful for future studies of breathing crystals as well as their diamagnetic analogues.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 53(40): 10636-40, 2014 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25138683

RESUMO

Molecular compounds with photoswitchable magnetic properties have been intensively investigated over the last decades due to their prospective applications in nanoelectronics, sensing and magnetic data storage. The family of copper-nitroxide-based molecular magnets represents a new promising type of photoswitchable compounds. We report the first study of these appealing systems using femtosecond optical spectroscopy. We unveil the mechanism of ultrafast (<50 fs) spin state photoswitching and establish its principal differences compared to other photoswitchable magnets. On this basis, we propose potential advantages of copper-nitroxide-based molecular magnets for the future design of ultrafast magnetic materials.

17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 136(28): 10132-8, 2014 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24960618

RESUMO

Most photoswitchable molecular magnets exhibit thermally induced switching, as is typical of spin crossover (SCO), valence tautomerism and SCO-like phenomena. We report a rare case of a copper-nitroxide based molecular magnet Cu(hfac)2L(i-Pr) that does not exhibit quantitative SCO-like behavior in the temperature range of its chemical stability (2-350 K); however, it can be switched to a metastable thermally inaccessible spin state via visible/near-IR light at cryogenic temperatures. By means of photogeneration, unique information on this otherwise unobservable spin state has been obtained using steady-state Q-band (34 GHz) and time-resolved W-band (94 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. In particular, we have found that the electronic structure and relaxation properties of the photoinduced state in Cu(hfac)2L(i-Pr) are very similar to those in its sister compound Cu(hfac)2L(n-Pr) that is thermally switchable and has been exhaustively characterized by many analytical methods, previously. The first observation of photoswitchable behavior in a thermally unswitchable copper-nitroxide based molecular magnet Cu(hfac)2L(i-Pr) paves the way for photoswitching applications of this and similar compounds in the remarkably broad temperature range of 2-350 K.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 53(2): 802-9, 2014 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24364815

RESUMO

Metal complexation reactions of N-t-butyl-N-oxidanyl-2-amino(nitronyl nitroxide) diradical (1) with M(hfac)2 (M: Mn or Cu) were investigated. These reactions were found to be very sensitive to the type of metal ion employed. Complex [Mn(hfac)2·1], consisting of Mn(hfac)2 and diradical 1, was readily prepared by mixing the components. However, the reaction of Cu(hfac)2 with 1 or N-t-butyl-N-oxidanyl-2-amino(iminonitroxide) diradical (2) involved the reduction of the diradical to the N-t-butyl-N-oxidanide-2-amino(iminonitroxide) radical anion (3) and finally produced the polymer-chain complex [Cu2(hfac)2·32·Cu(hfac)2]n. The structures of these complexes were elucidated by X-ray analysis, and their magnetic properties were investigated in detail. The temperature dependence of χpT (χp: magnetic susceptibility) for [Mn(hfac)2·1] exhibited a strong antiferromagnetic interaction (H = -2JS1·S2, J/kB = -217 K) between the Mn(II) spin (S = 5/2) and the diradical 1 spin (S = 1). However, the χpT-T plots for [Cu2(hfac)2·32·Cu(hfac)2]n indicated the presence of several magnetic interactions: a large ferromagnetic interaction (J/kB = 510 K) between iminonitroxide 3 and the imino-coordinating Cu(II) atom, a moderately large ferromagnetic interaction (J/kB = 58 K) between the iminonitroxide and (iminonitroxide oxygen)-coordinating Cu(hfac)2, and a weak antiferromagnetic interaction (J/kB = -1.4 K) between the two Cu(hfac)-3 moieties within a Cu2O2 square.

19.
J Phys Chem A ; 117(33): 8065-72, 2013 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23895219

RESUMO

The ESR spectrum of compact nitroxide (NO)-substituted nitronyl nitroxide (NN) triplet diradical N-tert-butyl-N-oxidanyl-2-amino-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-3-oxide-1-oxyl (1) was recorded in solid argon matrix at 15 K. The zero-field splitting (ZFS) parameters of 1 were derived from the recorded ESR spectrum: |D| = 0.0248 cm(-1) and E = 0.0025 cm(-1). Quantum chemical calculations have been performed using DFT and multiconfigurational ab initio (CAS) methods in order to establish equilibrium geometries of the conformational isomers resulting from twisted conformations of NO and NN moieties. The ZFS parameters of 1 were calculated at these levels of theory to test validity of the calculated structures. The calculation results were analyzed using the measured ZFS parameters and magnetic and structural data from the previous studies (Suzuki, S.; et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 15908; Tretyakov, E. V.; et al. Russ. Chem. Bull. 2011, 60, 2608). It was found that the ab initio method is most successful for accurate predictions of molecular and magnetic parameters. Diradical 1 has only one stable enantiomeric pair in pseudoeclipsed conformations. The two chiral isomers exist in racemic crystals 1 and in solid matrices with molecular parameters close to those attributed to a free molecule. The analysis of the spin density distribution suggests that one unpaired electron occupies NO group at the equilibrium geometry, whereas the torsion of NO group governs the spin density distribution of the second unpaired electron on a conjugated fragment in NN group. The increase in planarity by torsion of NO group enhances the trimethylenemethane-type properties and, therefore, gives rise to larger ferromagnetic exchange interaction. More planar equilibrium geometry and greater (three times) exchange interaction constant J were predicted for hypothetical diradical 1a, where bulky tert-butyl group is replaced by a methyl group in the nitroxide fragment.

20.
J Phys Chem A ; 117(30): 6483-8, 2013 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23806031

RESUMO

We report the study of light-induced magnetostructural anomalies in a polymer chain complex of Cu(hfac)2 (hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate) with an unusual acyclic tert-butylpyrazolylnitroxide radical (Ltert(Me)) using EPR. This complex ([Cu(hfac)2Ltert(Me)]n) belongs to the family of thermo- and photoswitchable molecular magnets "breathing crystals". Compared to previously studied breathing crystals with nitronyl nitroxides, [Cu(hfac)2Ltert(Me)]n shows much weaker absorption bands in the visible spectral region and therefore is superior for optical manipulation of the spin states. Illumination with light (λ ≈ 540 nm) at cryogenic temperatures leads to formation of a metastable weakly coupled spin state, which relaxes to the ground strongly coupled spin state on a time scale of hours. These phenomena are in many aspects similar to the light-induced excited spin state trapping (LIESST) well-known for spin-crossover compounds. Remarkably, the photoinduced spin state in [Cu(hfac)2Ltert(Me)]n is metastable at temperatures up to TLIESST ≈ 60 K, which is a significant improvement compared to that of previously studied breathing crystals with nitronyl nitroxides (TLIESST ≈ 20 K). We describe LIESST-like behavior observed in [Cu(hfac)2Ltert(Me)]n and discuss possible reasons for the increased stability of the photoinduced spin state.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA